skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Potentials with small-angle neutron scattering technique for understanding structure-property relation of 3D-printed materials: SANS Investigation of 3D-Printed Materials

Abstract

Carbon fiber (CF)-embedded acrylonitrile butadiene styrene polymer composites printed on the large-scale printer at Oak Ridge National Laboratory were investigated by small-angle neutron scattering to correlate the microstructure of the composites with their mechanical strength. The microstructure of the polymer domains and the alignment of CF were characterized across the interfaces among layers of the hot-melt extruded material and were compared with CF-free ABS. The small-angle neutron scattering data show that the CF-containing material displays strong anisotropic scatterings indicating molecular alignment along the printing direction that is not present in the CF-free ABS. Scattering data analysis across the interfacial layer revealed enhanced molecular alignment along the printing direction near the boundaries and inhomogeneous size distribution of polymer domains upon the addition of CF. We attribute the compromised strength across interfacial layers from CF-containing material to this inhomogeneous size distribution which inhibits effective lateral interaction between layers.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [3]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  2. Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)
  3. Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States); Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES); USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
OSTI Identifier:
1506798
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1481318
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Polymer Engineering and Science
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 59; Journal Issue: s2; Journal ID: ISSN 0032-3888
Publisher:
Wiley
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Kang, Tae Hui, Compton, Brett G., Heller, William T., Qian, Shuo, Smith, Gregory S., Urban, Volker S., Duty, Chad E., and Do, Changwoo. Potentials with small-angle neutron scattering technique for understanding structure-property relation of 3D-printed materials: SANS Investigation of 3D-Printed Materials. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1002/pen.24960.
Kang, Tae Hui, Compton, Brett G., Heller, William T., Qian, Shuo, Smith, Gregory S., Urban, Volker S., Duty, Chad E., & Do, Changwoo. Potentials with small-angle neutron scattering technique for understanding structure-property relation of 3D-printed materials: SANS Investigation of 3D-Printed Materials. United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1002/pen.24960
Kang, Tae Hui, Compton, Brett G., Heller, William T., Qian, Shuo, Smith, Gregory S., Urban, Volker S., Duty, Chad E., and Do, Changwoo. Thu . "Potentials with small-angle neutron scattering technique for understanding structure-property relation of 3D-printed materials: SANS Investigation of 3D-Printed Materials". United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1002/pen.24960. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1506798.
@article{osti_1506798,
title = {Potentials with small-angle neutron scattering technique for understanding structure-property relation of 3D-printed materials: SANS Investigation of 3D-Printed Materials},
author = {Kang, Tae Hui and Compton, Brett G. and Heller, William T. and Qian, Shuo and Smith, Gregory S. and Urban, Volker S. and Duty, Chad E. and Do, Changwoo},
abstractNote = {Carbon fiber (CF)-embedded acrylonitrile butadiene styrene polymer composites printed on the large-scale printer at Oak Ridge National Laboratory were investigated by small-angle neutron scattering to correlate the microstructure of the composites with their mechanical strength. The microstructure of the polymer domains and the alignment of CF were characterized across the interfaces among layers of the hot-melt extruded material and were compared with CF-free ABS. The small-angle neutron scattering data show that the CF-containing material displays strong anisotropic scatterings indicating molecular alignment along the printing direction that is not present in the CF-free ABS. Scattering data analysis across the interfacial layer revealed enhanced molecular alignment along the printing direction near the boundaries and inhomogeneous size distribution of polymer domains upon the addition of CF. We attribute the compromised strength across interfacial layers from CF-containing material to this inhomogeneous size distribution which inhibits effective lateral interaction between layers.},
doi = {10.1002/pen.24960},
journal = {Polymer Engineering and Science},
number = s2,
volume = 59,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {11}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 1 work
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Science in three dimensions: The print revolution
journal, July 2012


Integrated 3D-printed reactionware for chemical synthesis and analysis
journal, April 2012

  • Symes, Mark D.; Kitson, Philip J.; Yan, Jun
  • Nature Chemistry, Vol. 4, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1038/nchem.1313

A review on 3D micro-additive manufacturing technologies
journal, November 2012

  • Vaezi, Mohammad; Seitz, Hermann; Yang, Shoufeng
  • The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, Vol. 67, Issue 5-8
  • DOI: 10.1007/s00170-012-4605-2

Microstructural characterization of additively manufactured multi-directional preforms and composites via X-ray micro-computed tomography
journal, August 2016


Surface characterization of vinyl polymer–silica colloidal nanocomposites using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy
journal, January 2002

  • Percy, M. J.; Amalvy, J. I.; Barthet, C.
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry, Vol. 12, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1039/b109044p

Synthesis and Characterization of Novel Film-Forming Vinyl Polymer/Silica Colloidal Nanocomposites
journal, August 2001

  • Amalvy, J. I.; Percy, M. J.; Armes, S. P.
  • Langmuir, Vol. 17, Issue 16
  • DOI: 10.1021/la010138a

Ultrapermeable, Reverse-Selective Nanocomposite Membranes
journal, April 2002


The colloidal and rheological properties of bentonite suspensions
journal, October 1999


X-ray scattering measurements of particle orientation in a sheared polymer/clay dispersion
journal, October 2010


Shear-induced orientation in polymer/clay dispersions via in situ X-ray scattering
journal, October 2010


Chemical Solid Free-Form Fabrication:  Making Shapes without Molds
journal, March 1997

  • Calvert, Paul; Crockett, Robert
  • Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 9, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1021/cm9604726

Clay nanolayer reinforcement ofcis-1,4-polyisoprene and epoxidized natural rubber
journal, January 2001

  • Vu, Yen T.; Mark, James E.; Pham, Ly H.
  • Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol. 82, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1002/app.1976

Improvement of properties of silica-filled styrene-butadiene rubber composites through plasma surface modification of silica
journal, June 2004

  • Mathew, G.; Huh, M. -Y.; Rhee, J. M.
  • Polymers for Advanced Technologies, Vol. 15, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1002/pat.482

The importance of carbon fiber to polymer additive manufacturing
journal, September 2014

  • Love, Lonnie J.; Kunc, Vlastamil; Rios, Orlando
  • Journal of Materials Research, Vol. 29, Issue 17
  • DOI: 10.1557/jmr.2014.212

3D-Printing of Lightweight Cellular Composites
journal, June 2014

  • Compton, Brett G.; Lewis, Jennifer A.
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 26, Issue 34, p. 5930-5935
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.201401804

The Effect of Layer Orientation on the Mechanical Properties and Microstructure of a Polymer
journal, August 2010

  • Vega, V.; Clements, J.; Lam, T.
  • Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance, Vol. 20, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1007/s11665-010-9740-z

Deformation of an amorphous polymer during the fused-filament-fabrication method for additive manufacturing
journal, March 2017

  • McIlroy, Claire; Olmsted, Peter D.
  • Journal of Rheology, Vol. 61, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1122/1.4976839

Highly oriented carbon fiber–polymer composites via additive manufacturing
journal, December 2014


Structure and mechanical behavior of Big Area Additive Manufacturing (BAAM) materials
journal, January 2017

  • Duty, Chad E.; Kunc, Vlastimil; Compton, Brett
  • Rapid Prototyping Journal, Vol. 23, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1108/RPJ-12-2015-0183

Mantid—Data analysis and visualization package for neutron scattering and μ SR experiments
journal, November 2014

  • Arnold, O.; Bilheux, J. C.; Borreguero, J. M.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 764
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2014.07.029

A small-angle neutron scattering study of activated carbon fibers
journal, January 2003


Orientation of a Dispersion of Kaolinite Flowing in a Jet
journal, February 2012

  • Qazi, S. Junaid S.; Rennie, Adrian R.; Cockcroft, Jeremy K.
  • Langmuir, Vol. 28, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1021/la204864p

Electric Field Induced Alignment of Concentrated Block Copolymer Solutions
journal, October 2003

  • Böker, A.; Elbs, H.; Hänsel, H.
  • Macromolecules, Vol. 36, Issue 21
  • DOI: 10.1021/ma021347k

Alignment of Dispersions of Plate-Like Colloidal Particles of Ni(OH) 2 Induced by Elongational Flow
journal, April 2011

  • Qazi, S. Junaid S.; Rennie, Adrian R.; Tucker, Ian
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry B, Vol. 115, Issue 13
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp108805m

Alignment of Plate-Like Particles in a Colloidal Dispersion under Flow in a Uniform Pipe Studied by High-Energy X-ray Diffraction
journal, December 2010

  • Qazi, S. Junaid S.; Rennie, Adrian R.; Wright, Jonathan P.
  • Langmuir, Vol. 26, Issue 24
  • DOI: 10.1021/la103537y

Scattering by an Inhomogeneous Solid. II. The Correlation Function and Its Application
journal, June 1957

  • Debye, P.; Anderson, H. R.; Brumberger, H.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 28, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1722830

Scattering by an Inhomogeneous Solid
journal, June 1949

  • Debye, P.; Bueche, A. M.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 20, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1698419

Structures and Thermodynamics of Nondilute Polymer Solutions Confined between Parallel Plates
journal, May 2000

  • Wang, Yongmei; Teraoka, Iwao
  • Macromolecules, Vol. 33, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1021/ma991856v

    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Three‐Dimensional Printing of Methacrylic Grafted Cellulose Nanocrystal‐Reinforced Nanocomposites With Improved Properties
    journal, April 2020

    • Wang, Bo; Liu, Jianxin; Chen, Ken
    • Polymer Engineering & Science, Vol. 60, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1002/pen.25336