skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: EISA (Energy Independence and Security Act) compliant ethanol fuel from corn stover in a depot-based decentralized system: EISA-Compliant Ethanol Fuel from Corn Stover in a Depot-Based Decentralized System

Abstract

Cellulosic biofuels confront significant problems of feedstock aggregation and logistics leading to poor economies of scale. The current model is for relatively small biorefineries using feedstock gathered locally. In this work a depot-based decentralized biorefinery system is explored to estimate the US Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) compliant corn stover ethanol production potential in the US Midwest. Depots serve to aggregate, pretreat, and densify biomass (via pellets) and thereby enable very large biorefineries using a decentralized system to collect these pellets. Such a corn-stover based decentralized system using depots would establish one or two very large-scale decentralized biorefineries capable of processing about 8–12% of the total corn stover available in the US Midwest. These decentralized biorefineries are economically competitive with the centralized biorefineries. About 55–153 depots could supply the pretreated pellets to the individual decentralized biorefineries leading to an annual production of 1.02–2.91 billion liters of cellulosic ethanol fuel. Most of the participating depots are located in Illinois and Iowa. The total EISA-compliant ethanol fuel produced in the decentralized system is 2.82–4.07 billion liters per year. The ethanol selling price in the depot-based decentralized biorefinery system varies between US$$\$$0.67 and US$$\$$ 0.72 L-1. The greenhouse gas (GHG) savings from cellulosic ethanol in the decentralized system compared to gasoline are 3.35–4.84 Tg CO2 year-1. Moreover, the total capital investment per annual volume of ethanol in the decentralized biorefinery ranges from US $0.71 L1 to US $1.15 L1, while the total capital investment per annual ethanol volume in the centralized biorefinery is US $1.98 L-1.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [1];  [3];  [3];  [4]
  1. Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States)
  2. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), College Park, MD (United States). Joint Global Change Research Inst.
  3. Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States)
  4. Texas A & M Univ., Temple, TX (United States). Texas AgriLife Research and Extension
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER); USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
OSTI Identifier:
1506657
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1454900
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0018409; AC05‐76RL01830; FC02‐07ER64494; AC05-76RL01830; FC02-07ER64494
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Biofuels, Bioproducts & Biorefining
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 12; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 1932-104X
Publisher:
Wiley
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; Biorefinery; Cellulosic biofuel; Corn stover; Depot-based decentralized system; Lifecycle greenhouse gas; Minimum ethanol selling price; Supply chain

Citation Formats

Kim, Seungdo, Zhang, Xuesong, Dale, Bruce E., Reddy, Ashwan D., Jones, Curtis D., and Izaurralde, Roberto C. EISA (Energy Independence and Security Act) compliant ethanol fuel from corn stover in a depot-based decentralized system: EISA-Compliant Ethanol Fuel from Corn Stover in a Depot-Based Decentralized System. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1002/bbb.1899.
Kim, Seungdo, Zhang, Xuesong, Dale, Bruce E., Reddy, Ashwan D., Jones, Curtis D., & Izaurralde, Roberto C. EISA (Energy Independence and Security Act) compliant ethanol fuel from corn stover in a depot-based decentralized system: EISA-Compliant Ethanol Fuel from Corn Stover in a Depot-Based Decentralized System. United States. doi:10.1002/bbb.1899.
Kim, Seungdo, Zhang, Xuesong, Dale, Bruce E., Reddy, Ashwan D., Jones, Curtis D., and Izaurralde, Roberto C. Tue . "EISA (Energy Independence and Security Act) compliant ethanol fuel from corn stover in a depot-based decentralized system: EISA-Compliant Ethanol Fuel from Corn Stover in a Depot-Based Decentralized System". United States. doi:10.1002/bbb.1899. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1506657.
@article{osti_1506657,
title = {EISA (Energy Independence and Security Act) compliant ethanol fuel from corn stover in a depot-based decentralized system: EISA-Compliant Ethanol Fuel from Corn Stover in a Depot-Based Decentralized System},
author = {Kim, Seungdo and Zhang, Xuesong and Dale, Bruce E. and Reddy, Ashwan D. and Jones, Curtis D. and Izaurralde, Roberto C.},
abstractNote = {Cellulosic biofuels confront significant problems of feedstock aggregation and logistics leading to poor economies of scale. The current model is for relatively small biorefineries using feedstock gathered locally. In this work a depot-based decentralized biorefinery system is explored to estimate the US Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) compliant corn stover ethanol production potential in the US Midwest. Depots serve to aggregate, pretreat, and densify biomass (via pellets) and thereby enable very large biorefineries using a decentralized system to collect these pellets. Such a corn-stover based decentralized system using depots would establish one or two very large-scale decentralized biorefineries capable of processing about 8–12% of the total corn stover available in the US Midwest. These decentralized biorefineries are economically competitive with the centralized biorefineries. About 55–153 depots could supply the pretreated pellets to the individual decentralized biorefineries leading to an annual production of 1.02–2.91 billion liters of cellulosic ethanol fuel. Most of the participating depots are located in Illinois and Iowa. The total EISA-compliant ethanol fuel produced in the decentralized system is 2.82–4.07 billion liters per year. The ethanol selling price in the depot-based decentralized biorefinery system varies between US$\$$0.67 and US$\$$ 0.72 L-1. The greenhouse gas (GHG) savings from cellulosic ethanol in the decentralized system compared to gasoline are 3.35–4.84 Tg CO2 year-1. Moreover, the total capital investment per annual volume of ethanol in the decentralized biorefinery ranges from US $0.71 L1 to US $1.15 L1, while the total capital investment per annual ethanol volume in the centralized biorefinery is US $1.98 L-1.},
doi = {10.1002/bbb.1899},
journal = {Biofuels, Bioproducts & Biorefining},
number = 5,
volume = 12,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {6}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 2 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Figures / Tables:

Table 1 Table 1: Characteristics of corn stover supply chains in the decentralized system in the eight compliant scenarios. The bolded cities are the first biorefinery locations in each scenario.

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Regional scale cropland carbon budgets: Evaluating a geospatial agricultural modeling system using inventory data
journal, January 2015


Advanced Regional Biomass Processing Depots: a key to the logistical challenges of the cellulosic biofuel industry
journal, July 2011

  • Eranki, Pragnya L.; Bals, Bryan D.; Dale, Bruce E.
  • Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining, Vol. 5, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1002/bbb.318

A distributed cellulosic biorefinery system in the US Midwest based on corn stover
journal, September 2016

  • Kim, Seungdo; Dale, Bruce E.
  • Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining, Vol. 10, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1002/bbb.1712

Strategic supply system design - a holistic evaluation of operational and production cost for a biorefinery supply chain: Strategic biorefinery feedstock supply system design
journal, August 2015

  • Lamers, Patrick; Tan, Eric C. D.; Searcy, Erin M.
  • Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining, Vol. 9, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1002/bbb.1575

A packed bed Ammonia Fiber Expansion reactor system for pretreatment of agricultural residues at regional depots
journal, January 2013

  • Campbell, Timothy J.; Teymouri, Farzaneh; Bals, Bryan
  • Biofuels, Vol. 4, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.4155/bfs.12.71

Techno-economic analysis of decentralized biomass processing depots
journal, October 2015


Optimization of the ammonia fiber explosion (AFEX) treatment parameters for enzymatic hydrolysis of corn stover
journal, December 2005

  • Teymouri, Farzaneh; Laureano-Perez, Lizbeth; Alizadeh, Hasan
  • Bioresource Technology, Vol. 96, Issue 18, p. 2014-2018
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.biortech.2005.01.016

    Figures / Tables found in this record:

      Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.