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Title: Review of Transportation Hydrogen Infrastructure Performance and Reliability

Abstract

Hydrogen infrastructure for fueling vehicles has progressed in the last decade from stations with restricted access and limited operating hours to customer-friendly retail stations open to the public. There are now 121 retail hydrogen stations around the world. In California, the number of public retail hydrogen stations has increased from zero to more than 30 in less than two years, and the annual amount of hydrogen dispensed by retail stations has grown from 27,400 kg in 2015 to nearly 105,000 kg in 2016 and more than 440,000 kg in 2017 - an increase of about four times year over year. For more than a decade, government, industry, and academia have studied many aspects of hydrogen infrastructure, from renewable hydrogen production to retail hydrogen station performance. This paper reviews the engineering and deployment of modern hydrogen infrastructure, including the costs, benefits, and operational considerations (including safety, reliability, availability), as well as challenges to the scale-up of hydrogen infrastructure. The results identify hydrogen station reliability as a key factor in the expense of operating hydrogen systems, placing it in the context of the larger reliability engineering field.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [3]
  1. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
  2. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
  3. Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins, CO (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Fuel Cell Technologies Office (EE-3F)
OSTI Identifier:
1506613
Report Number(s):
NREL/JA-5400-70385
Journal ID: ISSN 0360-3199
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
International Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy; Journal ID: ISSN 0360-3199
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
08 HYDROGEN; hydrogen; station; operation; reliability; prognostics

Citation Formats

Kurtz, Jennifer M, Sprik, Samuel, and Bradley, Thomas H. Review of Transportation Hydrogen Infrastructure Performance and Reliability. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2019.03.027.
Kurtz, Jennifer M, Sprik, Samuel, & Bradley, Thomas H. Review of Transportation Hydrogen Infrastructure Performance and Reliability. United States. doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2019.03.027.
Kurtz, Jennifer M, Sprik, Samuel, and Bradley, Thomas H. Sat . "Review of Transportation Hydrogen Infrastructure Performance and Reliability". United States. doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2019.03.027.
@article{osti_1506613,
title = {Review of Transportation Hydrogen Infrastructure Performance and Reliability},
author = {Kurtz, Jennifer M and Sprik, Samuel and Bradley, Thomas H.},
abstractNote = {Hydrogen infrastructure for fueling vehicles has progressed in the last decade from stations with restricted access and limited operating hours to customer-friendly retail stations open to the public. There are now 121 retail hydrogen stations around the world. In California, the number of public retail hydrogen stations has increased from zero to more than 30 in less than two years, and the annual amount of hydrogen dispensed by retail stations has grown from 27,400 kg in 2015 to nearly 105,000 kg in 2016 and more than 440,000 kg in 2017 - an increase of about four times year over year. For more than a decade, government, industry, and academia have studied many aspects of hydrogen infrastructure, from renewable hydrogen production to retail hydrogen station performance. This paper reviews the engineering and deployment of modern hydrogen infrastructure, including the costs, benefits, and operational considerations (including safety, reliability, availability), as well as challenges to the scale-up of hydrogen infrastructure. The results identify hydrogen station reliability as a key factor in the expense of operating hydrogen systems, placing it in the context of the larger reliability engineering field.},
doi = {10.1016/j.ijhydene.2019.03.027},
journal = {International Journal of Hydrogen Energy},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {3}
}

Journal Article:
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This content will become publicly available on March 30, 2020
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