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Title: Topological frequency conversion in a driven dissipative quantum cavity

Abstract

Recent work [Martin et al., Phys. Rev. X 7, 041008 (2017)] shows that a spin coupled to two externally supplied circularly polarized electromagnetic modes can effectuate a topological, quantized transfer of photons from one mode to the other. Here, we study the effect in the case when only one of the modes is externally provided, while the other is a dynamical quantum mechanical cavity mode. Focusing on the signatures and stability under experimentally accessible conditions, we show that the effect persists down to the few-photon quantum limit and that it can be used to generate highly entangled " cat states" of cavity and spin. By tuning the strength of the external drive to a " sweet spot," the quantized pumping can arise starting from an empty (zero-photon) cavity state. We also find that inclusion of external noise and dissipation does not suppress but rather stabilizes the conversion effect, even after multiple cavity modes are taken into account.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3]
  1. Univ. of Copenhagen (Denmark). The Niels Bohr Inst.
  2. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Materials Science Division
  3. California Inst. of Technology (CalTech), Pasadena, CA (United States). Inst. for Quantum Information and Matter
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22). Materials Sciences & Engineering Division; Danish National Research Foundation; Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation; National Science Foundation (NSF); USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1506416
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1503379
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review B
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 99; Journal Issue: 9; Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9950
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; 74 ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS; 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS

Citation Formats

Nathan, Frederik, Martin, Ivar, and Refael, Gil. Topological frequency conversion in a driven dissipative quantum cavity. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.99.094311.
Nathan, Frederik, Martin, Ivar, & Refael, Gil. Topological frequency conversion in a driven dissipative quantum cavity. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.99.094311.
Nathan, Frederik, Martin, Ivar, and Refael, Gil. Fri . "Topological frequency conversion in a driven dissipative quantum cavity". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.99.094311.
@article{osti_1506416,
title = {Topological frequency conversion in a driven dissipative quantum cavity},
author = {Nathan, Frederik and Martin, Ivar and Refael, Gil},
abstractNote = {Recent work [Martin et al., Phys. Rev. X 7, 041008 (2017)] shows that a spin coupled to two externally supplied circularly polarized electromagnetic modes can effectuate a topological, quantized transfer of photons from one mode to the other. Here, we study the effect in the case when only one of the modes is externally provided, while the other is a dynamical quantum mechanical cavity mode. Focusing on the signatures and stability under experimentally accessible conditions, we show that the effect persists down to the few-photon quantum limit and that it can be used to generate highly entangled " cat states" of cavity and spin. By tuning the strength of the external drive to a " sweet spot," the quantized pumping can arise starting from an empty (zero-photon) cavity state. We also find that inclusion of external noise and dissipation does not suppress but rather stabilizes the conversion effect, even after multiple cavity modes are taken into account.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevB.99.094311},
journal = {Physical Review B},
number = 9,
volume = 99,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {3}
}

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