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Title: Correlation measurements between flow harmonics in Au+Au collisions at RHIC

Abstract

Flow harmonics (v n) in the Fourier expansion of the azimuthal distribution of particles are widely used to quantify the anisotropy in particle emission in high-energy heavy-ion collisions. The symmetric cumulants, SC(m, n), are used to measure the correlations between different orders of flow harmonics. These correlations are used to constrain the initial conditions and the transport properties of the medium in theoretical models. In this Letter, we present the first measurements of the four-particle symmetric cumulants in Au+Au collisions at √ sNN = 39 and 200 GeV from data collected by the STAR experiment at RHIC. We observe that v 2 and v 3 are anti-correlated in all centrality intervals with similar correlation strengths from 39 GeV Au+Au to 2.76 TeV Pb+Pb (measured by the ALICE experiment). The v 2-v 4 correlation seems to be stronger at 39 GeV than at higher collision energies. The initial-stage anti-correlations between second and third order eccentricities are sufficient to describe the measured correlations between v 2 and v 3. The best description of v 2-v 4 correlations at √ sNN = 200 GeV is obtained with inclusion of the system’s nonlinear response to initial eccentricities accompanied by the viscous effect with η/smore » > 0.08. In conclusion, theoretical calculations using different initial conditions, equations of state and viscous coefficients need to be further explored to extract η/s of the medium created at RHIC.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; more »; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ORCiD logo; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; « less
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Nuclear Physics (NP) (SC-26)
Contributing Org.:
STAR Collaboration; Star Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1506343
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1462434
Report Number(s):
BNL-207901-2018-JAAM
Journal ID: ISSN 0370-2693; TRN: US1902175
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0012704; AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physics Letters. Section B
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 783; Journal ID: ISSN 0370-2693
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS; Collectivity; Correlation; Shear viscosity

Citation Formats

Adam, J., Adamczyk, L., Adams, J. R., Adkins, J. K., Agakishiev, G., Aggarwal, M. M., Ahammed, Z., Ajitanand, N. N., Alekseev, I., Anderson, D. M., Aoyama, R., Aparin, A., Arkhipkin, D., Aschenauer, E. C., Ashraf, M. U., Atetalla, F., Attri, A., Averichev, G. S., Bai, X., Bairathi, V., Barish, K., Bassill, A. J., Behera, A., Bellwied, R., Bhasin, A., Bhati, A. K., Bhattarai, P., Bielcik, J., Bielcikova, J., Bland, L. C., Bordyuzhin, I. G., Bouchet, J., Brandenburg, J. D., Brandin, A. V., Brown, D., Bryslawskyj, J., Bunzarov, I., Butterworth, J., Caines, H., Calderón de la Barca Sánchez, M., Campbell, J. M., Cebra, D., Chakaberia, I., Chaloupka, P., Chang, F. -H., Chang, Z., Chankova-Bunzarova, N., Chatterjee, A., Chattopadhyay, S., Chen, J. H., Chen, X., Chen, X., Cheng, J., Cherney, M., Christie, W., Contin, G., Crawford, H. J., Das, S., Dedovich, T. G., Deppner, I. M., Derevschikov, A. A., Didenko, L., Dilks, C., Dong, X., Drachenberg, J. L., Dunlop, J. C., Efimov, L. G., Elsey, N., Engelage, J., Eppley, G., Esha, R., Esumi, S., Evdokimov, O., Ewigleben, J., Eyser, O., Fatemi, R., Fazio, S., Federic, P., Federicova, P., Fedorisin, J., Feng, Z., Filip, P., Finch, E., Fisyak, Y., Flores, C. E., Fulek, L., Gagliardi, C. A., Geurts, F., Gibson, A., Grosnick, D., Gunarathne, D. S., Guo, Y., Gupta, A., Guryn, W., Hamad, A. I., Hamed, A., Harlenderova, A., Harris, J. W., He, L., Heppelmann, S., Heppelmann, S., Herrmann, N., Hirsch, A., Holub, L., Horvat, S., Huang, X., Huang, B., Huang, S. L., Huang, T., Huang, H. Z., Humanic, T. J., Huo, P., Igo, G., Jacobs, W. W., Jentsch, A., Jia, J., Jiang, K., Jowzaee, S., Judd, E. G., Kabana, S., Kalinkin, D., Kang, K., Kapukchyan, D., Kauder, K., Ke, H. W., Keane, D., Kechechyan, A., Kikoła, D. P., Kim, C., Kinghorn, T. A., Kisel, I., Kisiel, A., Kochenda, L., Kosarzewski, L. K., Kraishan, A. F., Kramarik, L., Krauth, L., Kravtsov, P., Krueger, K., Kulathunga, N., Kumar, S., Kumar, L., Kvapil, J., Kwasizur, J. H., Lacey, R., Landgraf, J. M., Landry, K. D., Lauret, J., Lebedev, A., Lednicky, R., Lee, J. H., Li, Y., Li, W., Li, X., Li, C., Lidrych, J., Lin, T., Lisa, M. A., Liu, Y., Liu, H., Liu, F., Liu, P., Ljubicic, T., Llope, W. J., Lomnitz, M., Longacre, R. S., Luo, S., Luo, X., Ma, R., Ma, Y. G., Ma, G. L., Ma, L., Magdy, N., Majka, R., Mallick, D., Margetis, S., Markert, C., Matis, H. S., Matonoha, O., Mayes, D., Mazer, J. A., Meehan, K., Mei, J. C., Minaev, N. G., Mioduszewski, S., Mishra, D., Mizuno, S., Mohanty, B., Mondal, M. M., Mooney, I., Morozov, D. A., Mustafa, M. K., Nasim, Md., Nayak, T. K., Negrete, J. D., Nelson, J. M., Nemes, D. B., Nie, M., Nigmatkulov, G., Niida, T., Nogach, L. V., Nonaka, T., Nurushev, S. B., Odyniec, G., Ogawa, A., Oh, K., Okorokov, V. A., Olvitt, D., Page, B. S., Pak, R., Panebratsev, Y., Pawlik, B., Pei, H., Perkins, C., Pluta, J., Poniatowska, K., Porter, J., Posik, M., Pruthi, N. K., Przybycien, M., Putschke, J., Quintero, A., Radhakrishnan, S. K., Ramachandran, S., Ray, R. L., Reed, R., Ritter, H. G., Roberts, J. B., Rogachevskiy, O. V., Romero, J. L., Ruan, L., Rusnak, J., Rusnakova, O., Sahoo, N. R., Sahu, P. K., Salur, S., Sandweiss, J., Schambach, J., Schmah, A. M., Schmidke, W. B., Schmitz, N., Schweid, B. R., Seger, J., Sergeeva, M., Seto, R., Seyboth, P., Shah, N., Shahaliev, E., Shanmuganathan, P. V., Shao, M., Shen, W. Q., Shen, F., Shi, Z., Shi, S. S., Shou, Q. Y., Sichtermann, E. P., Sikora, R., Simko, M., Singha, S., Smirnov, D., Smirnov, N., Solyst, W., Sorensen, P., Spinka, H. M., Srivastava, B., Stanislaus, T. D. S., Stewart, D. J., Strikhanov, M., Stringfellow, B., Suaide, A. A. P., Sugiura, T., Sumbera, M., Summa, B., Sun, X. M., Sun, X., Sun, Y., Surrow, B., Svirida, D. N., Tang, A. H., Tang, Z., Taranenko, A., Tarnowsky, T., Thäder, J., Thomas, J. H., Timmins, A. R., Tlusty, D., Todoroki, T., Tokarev, M., TomKiel, C. A., Trentalange, S., Tribble, R. E., Tribedy, P., Tripathy, S. K., Trzeciak, B. A., Tsai, O. D., Tu, B., Ullrich, T., Underwood, D. G., Upsal, I., Van Buren, G., Vanek, J., Vasiliev, A. N., Vassiliev, I., Videbæk, F., Vokal, S., Voloshin, S. A., Vossen, A., Wang, F., Wang, G., Wang, Y., Wang, Y., Webb, J. C., Webb, G., Wen, L., Westfall, G. D., Wieman, H., Wissink, S. W., Witt, R., Wu, Y., Xiao, Z. G., Xie, W., Xie, G., Xu, Z., Xu, J., Xu, Q. H., Xu, Y. F., Xu, N., Yang, C., Yang, S., Yang, Q., Yang, Y., Ye, Z., Ye, Z., Yi, L., Yip, K., Yoo, I. -K., Yu, N., Zbroszczyk, H., Zha, W., Zhang, J. B., Zhang, X. P., Zhang, S., Zhang, Z., Zhang, L., Zhang, J., Zhang, J., Zhang, Y., Zhang, S., Zhao, J., Zhong, C., Zhou, C., Zhou, L., Zhu, Z., Zhu, X., and Zyzak, M. Correlation measurements between flow harmonics in Au+Au collisions at RHIC. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1016/j.physletb.2018.05.076.
Adam, J., Adamczyk, L., Adams, J. R., Adkins, J. K., Agakishiev, G., Aggarwal, M. M., Ahammed, Z., Ajitanand, N. N., Alekseev, I., Anderson, D. M., Aoyama, R., Aparin, A., Arkhipkin, D., Aschenauer, E. C., Ashraf, M. U., Atetalla, F., Attri, A., Averichev, G. S., Bai, X., Bairathi, V., Barish, K., Bassill, A. J., Behera, A., Bellwied, R., Bhasin, A., Bhati, A. K., Bhattarai, P., Bielcik, J., Bielcikova, J., Bland, L. C., Bordyuzhin, I. G., Bouchet, J., Brandenburg, J. D., Brandin, A. V., Brown, D., Bryslawskyj, J., Bunzarov, I., Butterworth, J., Caines, H., Calderón de la Barca Sánchez, M., Campbell, J. M., Cebra, D., Chakaberia, I., Chaloupka, P., Chang, F. -H., Chang, Z., Chankova-Bunzarova, N., Chatterjee, A., Chattopadhyay, S., Chen, J. H., Chen, X., Chen, X., Cheng, J., Cherney, M., Christie, W., Contin, G., Crawford, H. J., Das, S., Dedovich, T. G., Deppner, I. M., Derevschikov, A. A., Didenko, L., Dilks, C., Dong, X., Drachenberg, J. L., Dunlop, J. C., Efimov, L. G., Elsey, N., Engelage, J., Eppley, G., Esha, R., Esumi, S., Evdokimov, O., Ewigleben, J., Eyser, O., Fatemi, R., Fazio, S., Federic, P., Federicova, P., Fedorisin, J., Feng, Z., Filip, P., Finch, E., Fisyak, Y., Flores, C. E., Fulek, L., Gagliardi, C. A., Geurts, F., Gibson, A., Grosnick, D., Gunarathne, D. S., Guo, Y., Gupta, A., Guryn, W., Hamad, A. I., Hamed, A., Harlenderova, A., Harris, J. W., He, L., Heppelmann, S., Heppelmann, S., Herrmann, N., Hirsch, A., Holub, L., Horvat, S., Huang, X., Huang, B., Huang, S. L., Huang, T., Huang, H. Z., Humanic, T. J., Huo, P., Igo, G., Jacobs, W. W., Jentsch, A., Jia, J., Jiang, K., Jowzaee, S., Judd, E. G., Kabana, S., Kalinkin, D., Kang, K., Kapukchyan, D., Kauder, K., Ke, H. W., Keane, D., Kechechyan, A., Kikoła, D. P., Kim, C., Kinghorn, T. A., Kisel, I., Kisiel, A., Kochenda, L., Kosarzewski, L. K., Kraishan, A. F., Kramarik, L., Krauth, L., Kravtsov, P., Krueger, K., Kulathunga, N., Kumar, S., Kumar, L., Kvapil, J., Kwasizur, J. H., Lacey, R., Landgraf, J. M., Landry, K. D., Lauret, J., Lebedev, A., Lednicky, R., Lee, J. H., Li, Y., Li, W., Li, X., Li, C., Lidrych, J., Lin, T., Lisa, M. A., Liu, Y., Liu, H., Liu, F., Liu, P., Ljubicic, T., Llope, W. J., Lomnitz, M., Longacre, R. S., Luo, S., Luo, X., Ma, R., Ma, Y. G., Ma, G. L., Ma, L., Magdy, N., Majka, R., Mallick, D., Margetis, S., Markert, C., Matis, H. S., Matonoha, O., Mayes, D., Mazer, J. A., Meehan, K., Mei, J. C., Minaev, N. G., Mioduszewski, S., Mishra, D., Mizuno, S., Mohanty, B., Mondal, M. M., Mooney, I., Morozov, D. A., Mustafa, M. K., Nasim, Md., Nayak, T. K., Negrete, J. D., Nelson, J. M., Nemes, D. B., Nie, M., Nigmatkulov, G., Niida, T., Nogach, L. V., Nonaka, T., Nurushev, S. B., Odyniec, G., Ogawa, A., Oh, K., Okorokov, V. A., Olvitt, D., Page, B. S., Pak, R., Panebratsev, Y., Pawlik, B., Pei, H., Perkins, C., Pluta, J., Poniatowska, K., Porter, J., Posik, M., Pruthi, N. K., Przybycien, M., Putschke, J., Quintero, A., Radhakrishnan, S. K., Ramachandran, S., Ray, R. L., Reed, R., Ritter, H. G., Roberts, J. B., Rogachevskiy, O. V., Romero, J. L., Ruan, L., Rusnak, J., Rusnakova, O., Sahoo, N. R., Sahu, P. K., Salur, S., Sandweiss, J., Schambach, J., Schmah, A. M., Schmidke, W. B., Schmitz, N., Schweid, B. R., Seger, J., Sergeeva, M., Seto, R., Seyboth, P., Shah, N., Shahaliev, E., Shanmuganathan, P. V., Shao, M., Shen, W. Q., Shen, F., Shi, Z., Shi, S. S., Shou, Q. Y., Sichtermann, E. P., Sikora, R., Simko, M., Singha, S., Smirnov, D., Smirnov, N., Solyst, W., Sorensen, P., Spinka, H. M., Srivastava, B., Stanislaus, T. D. S., Stewart, D. J., Strikhanov, M., Stringfellow, B., Suaide, A. A. P., Sugiura, T., Sumbera, M., Summa, B., Sun, X. M., Sun, X., Sun, Y., Surrow, B., Svirida, D. N., Tang, A. H., Tang, Z., Taranenko, A., Tarnowsky, T., Thäder, J., Thomas, J. H., Timmins, A. R., Tlusty, D., Todoroki, T., Tokarev, M., TomKiel, C. A., Trentalange, S., Tribble, R. E., Tribedy, P., Tripathy, S. K., Trzeciak, B. A., Tsai, O. D., Tu, B., Ullrich, T., Underwood, D. G., Upsal, I., Van Buren, G., Vanek, J., Vasiliev, A. N., Vassiliev, I., Videbæk, F., Vokal, S., Voloshin, S. A., Vossen, A., Wang, F., Wang, G., Wang, Y., Wang, Y., Webb, J. C., Webb, G., Wen, L., Westfall, G. D., Wieman, H., Wissink, S. W., Witt, R., Wu, Y., Xiao, Z. G., Xie, W., Xie, G., Xu, Z., Xu, J., Xu, Q. H., Xu, Y. F., Xu, N., Yang, C., Yang, S., Yang, Q., Yang, Y., Ye, Z., Ye, Z., Yi, L., Yip, K., Yoo, I. -K., Yu, N., Zbroszczyk, H., Zha, W., Zhang, J. B., Zhang, X. P., Zhang, S., Zhang, Z., Zhang, L., Zhang, J., Zhang, J., Zhang, Y., Zhang, S., Zhao, J., Zhong, C., Zhou, C., Zhou, L., Zhu, Z., Zhu, X., & Zyzak, M. Correlation measurements between flow harmonics in Au+Au collisions at RHIC. United States. doi:10.1016/j.physletb.2018.05.076.
Adam, J., Adamczyk, L., Adams, J. R., Adkins, J. K., Agakishiev, G., Aggarwal, M. M., Ahammed, Z., Ajitanand, N. N., Alekseev, I., Anderson, D. M., Aoyama, R., Aparin, A., Arkhipkin, D., Aschenauer, E. C., Ashraf, M. U., Atetalla, F., Attri, A., Averichev, G. S., Bai, X., Bairathi, V., Barish, K., Bassill, A. J., Behera, A., Bellwied, R., Bhasin, A., Bhati, A. K., Bhattarai, P., Bielcik, J., Bielcikova, J., Bland, L. C., Bordyuzhin, I. G., Bouchet, J., Brandenburg, J. D., Brandin, A. V., Brown, D., Bryslawskyj, J., Bunzarov, I., Butterworth, J., Caines, H., Calderón de la Barca Sánchez, M., Campbell, J. M., Cebra, D., Chakaberia, I., Chaloupka, P., Chang, F. -H., Chang, Z., Chankova-Bunzarova, N., Chatterjee, A., Chattopadhyay, S., Chen, J. H., Chen, X., Chen, X., Cheng, J., Cherney, M., Christie, W., Contin, G., Crawford, H. J., Das, S., Dedovich, T. G., Deppner, I. M., Derevschikov, A. A., Didenko, L., Dilks, C., Dong, X., Drachenberg, J. L., Dunlop, J. C., Efimov, L. G., Elsey, N., Engelage, J., Eppley, G., Esha, R., Esumi, S., Evdokimov, O., Ewigleben, J., Eyser, O., Fatemi, R., Fazio, S., Federic, P., Federicova, P., Fedorisin, J., Feng, Z., Filip, P., Finch, E., Fisyak, Y., Flores, C. E., Fulek, L., Gagliardi, C. A., Geurts, F., Gibson, A., Grosnick, D., Gunarathne, D. S., Guo, Y., Gupta, A., Guryn, W., Hamad, A. I., Hamed, A., Harlenderova, A., Harris, J. W., He, L., Heppelmann, S., Heppelmann, S., Herrmann, N., Hirsch, A., Holub, L., Horvat, S., Huang, X., Huang, B., Huang, S. L., Huang, T., Huang, H. Z., Humanic, T. J., Huo, P., Igo, G., Jacobs, W. W., Jentsch, A., Jia, J., Jiang, K., Jowzaee, S., Judd, E. G., Kabana, S., Kalinkin, D., Kang, K., Kapukchyan, D., Kauder, K., Ke, H. W., Keane, D., Kechechyan, A., Kikoła, D. P., Kim, C., Kinghorn, T. A., Kisel, I., Kisiel, A., Kochenda, L., Kosarzewski, L. K., Kraishan, A. F., Kramarik, L., Krauth, L., Kravtsov, P., Krueger, K., Kulathunga, N., Kumar, S., Kumar, L., Kvapil, J., Kwasizur, J. H., Lacey, R., Landgraf, J. M., Landry, K. D., Lauret, J., Lebedev, A., Lednicky, R., Lee, J. H., Li, Y., Li, W., Li, X., Li, C., Lidrych, J., Lin, T., Lisa, M. A., Liu, Y., Liu, H., Liu, F., Liu, P., Ljubicic, T., Llope, W. J., Lomnitz, M., Longacre, R. S., Luo, S., Luo, X., Ma, R., Ma, Y. G., Ma, G. L., Ma, L., Magdy, N., Majka, R., Mallick, D., Margetis, S., Markert, C., Matis, H. S., Matonoha, O., Mayes, D., Mazer, J. A., Meehan, K., Mei, J. C., Minaev, N. G., Mioduszewski, S., Mishra, D., Mizuno, S., Mohanty, B., Mondal, M. M., Mooney, I., Morozov, D. A., Mustafa, M. K., Nasim, Md., Nayak, T. K., Negrete, J. D., Nelson, J. M., Nemes, D. B., Nie, M., Nigmatkulov, G., Niida, T., Nogach, L. V., Nonaka, T., Nurushev, S. B., Odyniec, G., Ogawa, A., Oh, K., Okorokov, V. A., Olvitt, D., Page, B. S., Pak, R., Panebratsev, Y., Pawlik, B., Pei, H., Perkins, C., Pluta, J., Poniatowska, K., Porter, J., Posik, M., Pruthi, N. K., Przybycien, M., Putschke, J., Quintero, A., Radhakrishnan, S. K., Ramachandran, S., Ray, R. L., Reed, R., Ritter, H. G., Roberts, J. B., Rogachevskiy, O. V., Romero, J. L., Ruan, L., Rusnak, J., Rusnakova, O., Sahoo, N. R., Sahu, P. K., Salur, S., Sandweiss, J., Schambach, J., Schmah, A. M., Schmidke, W. B., Schmitz, N., Schweid, B. R., Seger, J., Sergeeva, M., Seto, R., Seyboth, P., Shah, N., Shahaliev, E., Shanmuganathan, P. V., Shao, M., Shen, W. Q., Shen, F., Shi, Z., Shi, S. S., Shou, Q. Y., Sichtermann, E. P., Sikora, R., Simko, M., Singha, S., Smirnov, D., Smirnov, N., Solyst, W., Sorensen, P., Spinka, H. M., Srivastava, B., Stanislaus, T. D. S., Stewart, D. J., Strikhanov, M., Stringfellow, B., Suaide, A. A. P., Sugiura, T., Sumbera, M., Summa, B., Sun, X. M., Sun, X., Sun, Y., Surrow, B., Svirida, D. N., Tang, A. H., Tang, Z., Taranenko, A., Tarnowsky, T., Thäder, J., Thomas, J. H., Timmins, A. R., Tlusty, D., Todoroki, T., Tokarev, M., TomKiel, C. A., Trentalange, S., Tribble, R. E., Tribedy, P., Tripathy, S. K., Trzeciak, B. A., Tsai, O. D., Tu, B., Ullrich, T., Underwood, D. G., Upsal, I., Van Buren, G., Vanek, J., Vasiliev, A. N., Vassiliev, I., Videbæk, F., Vokal, S., Voloshin, S. A., Vossen, A., Wang, F., Wang, G., Wang, Y., Wang, Y., Webb, J. C., Webb, G., Wen, L., Westfall, G. D., Wieman, H., Wissink, S. W., Witt, R., Wu, Y., Xiao, Z. G., Xie, W., Xie, G., Xu, Z., Xu, J., Xu, Q. H., Xu, Y. F., Xu, N., Yang, C., Yang, S., Yang, Q., Yang, Y., Ye, Z., Ye, Z., Yi, L., Yip, K., Yoo, I. -K., Yu, N., Zbroszczyk, H., Zha, W., Zhang, J. B., Zhang, X. P., Zhang, S., Zhang, Z., Zhang, L., Zhang, J., Zhang, J., Zhang, Y., Zhang, S., Zhao, J., Zhong, C., Zhou, C., Zhou, L., Zhu, Z., Zhu, X., and Zyzak, M. Thu . "Correlation measurements between flow harmonics in Au+Au collisions at RHIC". United States. doi:10.1016/j.physletb.2018.05.076. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1506343.
@article{osti_1506343,
title = {Correlation measurements between flow harmonics in Au+Au collisions at RHIC},
author = {Adam, J. and Adamczyk, L. and Adams, J. R. and Adkins, J. K. and Agakishiev, G. and Aggarwal, M. M. and Ahammed, Z. and Ajitanand, N. N. and Alekseev, I. and Anderson, D. M. and Aoyama, R. and Aparin, A. and Arkhipkin, D. and Aschenauer, E. C. and Ashraf, M. U. and Atetalla, F. and Attri, A. and Averichev, G. S. and Bai, X. and Bairathi, V. and Barish, K. and Bassill, A. J. and Behera, A. and Bellwied, R. and Bhasin, A. and Bhati, A. K. and Bhattarai, P. and Bielcik, J. and Bielcikova, J. and Bland, L. C. and Bordyuzhin, I. G. and Bouchet, J. and Brandenburg, J. D. and Brandin, A. V. and Brown, D. and Bryslawskyj, J. and Bunzarov, I. and Butterworth, J. and Caines, H. and Calderón de la Barca Sánchez, M. and Campbell, J. M. and Cebra, D. and Chakaberia, I. and Chaloupka, P. and Chang, F. -H. and Chang, Z. and Chankova-Bunzarova, N. and Chatterjee, A. and Chattopadhyay, S. and Chen, J. H. and Chen, X. and Chen, X. and Cheng, J. and Cherney, M. and Christie, W. and Contin, G. and Crawford, H. J. and Das, S. and Dedovich, T. G. and Deppner, I. M. and Derevschikov, A. A. and Didenko, L. and Dilks, C. and Dong, X. and Drachenberg, J. L. and Dunlop, J. C. and Efimov, L. G. and Elsey, N. and Engelage, J. and Eppley, G. and Esha, R. and Esumi, S. and Evdokimov, O. and Ewigleben, J. and Eyser, O. and Fatemi, R. and Fazio, S. and Federic, P. and Federicova, P. and Fedorisin, J. and Feng, Z. and Filip, P. and Finch, E. and Fisyak, Y. and Flores, C. E. and Fulek, L. and Gagliardi, C. A. and Geurts, F. and Gibson, A. and Grosnick, D. and Gunarathne, D. S. and Guo, Y. and Gupta, A. and Guryn, W. and Hamad, A. I. and Hamed, A. and Harlenderova, A. and Harris, J. W. and He, L. and Heppelmann, S. and Heppelmann, S. and Herrmann, N. and Hirsch, A. and Holub, L. and Horvat, S. and Huang, X. and Huang, B. and Huang, S. L. and Huang, T. and Huang, H. Z. and Humanic, T. J. and Huo, P. and Igo, G. and Jacobs, W. W. and Jentsch, A. and Jia, J. and Jiang, K. and Jowzaee, S. and Judd, E. G. and Kabana, S. and Kalinkin, D. and Kang, K. and Kapukchyan, D. and Kauder, K. and Ke, H. W. and Keane, D. and Kechechyan, A. and Kikoła, D. P. and Kim, C. and Kinghorn, T. A. and Kisel, I. and Kisiel, A. and Kochenda, L. and Kosarzewski, L. K. and Kraishan, A. F. and Kramarik, L. and Krauth, L. and Kravtsov, P. and Krueger, K. and Kulathunga, N. and Kumar, S. and Kumar, L. and Kvapil, J. and Kwasizur, J. H. and Lacey, R. and Landgraf, J. M. and Landry, K. D. and Lauret, J. and Lebedev, A. and Lednicky, R. and Lee, J. H. and Li, Y. and Li, W. and Li, X. and Li, C. and Lidrych, J. and Lin, T. and Lisa, M. A. and Liu, Y. and Liu, H. and Liu, F. and Liu, P. and Ljubicic, T. and Llope, W. J. and Lomnitz, M. and Longacre, R. S. and Luo, S. and Luo, X. and Ma, R. and Ma, Y. G. and Ma, G. L. and Ma, L. and Magdy, N. and Majka, R. and Mallick, D. and Margetis, S. and Markert, C. and Matis, H. S. and Matonoha, O. and Mayes, D. and Mazer, J. A. and Meehan, K. and Mei, J. C. and Minaev, N. G. and Mioduszewski, S. and Mishra, D. and Mizuno, S. and Mohanty, B. and Mondal, M. M. and Mooney, I. and Morozov, D. A. and Mustafa, M. K. and Nasim, Md. and Nayak, T. K. and Negrete, J. D. and Nelson, J. M. and Nemes, D. B. and Nie, M. and Nigmatkulov, G. and Niida, T. and Nogach, L. V. and Nonaka, T. and Nurushev, S. B. and Odyniec, G. and Ogawa, A. and Oh, K. and Okorokov, V. A. and Olvitt, D. and Page, B. S. and Pak, R. and Panebratsev, Y. and Pawlik, B. and Pei, H. and Perkins, C. and Pluta, J. and Poniatowska, K. and Porter, J. and Posik, M. and Pruthi, N. K. and Przybycien, M. and Putschke, J. and Quintero, A. and Radhakrishnan, S. K. and Ramachandran, S. and Ray, R. L. and Reed, R. and Ritter, H. G. and Roberts, J. B. and Rogachevskiy, O. V. and Romero, J. L. and Ruan, L. and Rusnak, J. and Rusnakova, O. and Sahoo, N. R. and Sahu, P. K. and Salur, S. and Sandweiss, J. and Schambach, J. and Schmah, A. M. and Schmidke, W. B. and Schmitz, N. and Schweid, B. R. and Seger, J. and Sergeeva, M. and Seto, R. and Seyboth, P. and Shah, N. and Shahaliev, E. and Shanmuganathan, P. V. and Shao, M. and Shen, W. Q. and Shen, F. and Shi, Z. and Shi, S. S. and Shou, Q. Y. and Sichtermann, E. P. and Sikora, R. and Simko, M. and Singha, S. and Smirnov, D. and Smirnov, N. and Solyst, W. and Sorensen, P. and Spinka, H. M. and Srivastava, B. and Stanislaus, T. D. S. and Stewart, D. J. and Strikhanov, M. and Stringfellow, B. and Suaide, A. A. P. and Sugiura, T. and Sumbera, M. and Summa, B. and Sun, X. M. and Sun, X. and Sun, Y. and Surrow, B. and Svirida, D. N. and Tang, A. H. and Tang, Z. and Taranenko, A. and Tarnowsky, T. and Thäder, J. and Thomas, J. H. and Timmins, A. R. and Tlusty, D. and Todoroki, T. and Tokarev, M. and TomKiel, C. A. and Trentalange, S. and Tribble, R. E. and Tribedy, P. and Tripathy, S. K. and Trzeciak, B. A. and Tsai, O. D. and Tu, B. and Ullrich, T. and Underwood, D. G. and Upsal, I. and Van Buren, G. and Vanek, J. and Vasiliev, A. N. and Vassiliev, I. and Videbæk, F. and Vokal, S. and Voloshin, S. A. and Vossen, A. and Wang, F. and Wang, G. and Wang, Y. and Wang, Y. and Webb, J. C. and Webb, G. and Wen, L. and Westfall, G. D. and Wieman, H. and Wissink, S. W. and Witt, R. and Wu, Y. and Xiao, Z. G. and Xie, W. and Xie, G. and Xu, Z. and Xu, J. and Xu, Q. H. and Xu, Y. F. and Xu, N. and Yang, C. and Yang, S. and Yang, Q. and Yang, Y. and Ye, Z. and Ye, Z. and Yi, L. and Yip, K. and Yoo, I. -K. and Yu, N. and Zbroszczyk, H. and Zha, W. and Zhang, J. B. and Zhang, X. P. and Zhang, S. and Zhang, Z. and Zhang, L. and Zhang, J. and Zhang, J. and Zhang, Y. and Zhang, S. and Zhao, J. and Zhong, C. and Zhou, C. and Zhou, L. and Zhu, Z. and Zhu, X. and Zyzak, M.},
abstractNote = {Flow harmonics (vn) in the Fourier expansion of the azimuthal distribution of particles are widely used to quantify the anisotropy in particle emission in high-energy heavy-ion collisions. The symmetric cumulants, SC(m, n), are used to measure the correlations between different orders of flow harmonics. These correlations are used to constrain the initial conditions and the transport properties of the medium in theoretical models. In this Letter, we present the first measurements of the four-particle symmetric cumulants in Au+Au collisions at √sNN = 39 and 200 GeV from data collected by the STAR experiment at RHIC. We observe that v2 and v3 are anti-correlated in all centrality intervals with similar correlation strengths from 39 GeV Au+Au to 2.76 TeV Pb+Pb (measured by the ALICE experiment). The v2-v4 correlation seems to be stronger at 39 GeV than at higher collision energies. The initial-stage anti-correlations between second and third order eccentricities are sufficient to describe the measured correlations between v2 and v3. The best description of v2-v4 correlations at √sNN = 200 GeV is obtained with inclusion of the system’s nonlinear response to initial eccentricities accompanied by the viscous effect with η/s > 0.08. In conclusion, theoretical calculations using different initial conditions, equations of state and viscous coefficients need to be further explored to extract η/s of the medium created at RHIC.},
doi = {10.1016/j.physletb.2018.05.076},
journal = {Physics Letters. Section B},
number = ,
volume = 783,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {5}
}

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