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Title: Echo-Enabled Harmonic Generation Studies for the FERMI Free-Electron Laser

Abstract

Studying ultrafast processes on the nanoscale with element specificity requires a powerful femtosecond source of tunable extreme-ultraviolet (XUV) or x-ray radiation, such as a free-electron laser (FEL). Current efforts in FEL development are aimed at improving the wavelength tunability and multicolor operation, which will potentially lead to the development of new characterization techniques offering a higher chemical sensitivity and improved spatial resolution. One of the most promising approaches is the echo-enabled harmonic generation (EEHG), where two external seed lasers are used to precisely control the spectro-temporal properties of the FEL pulse. Here, we study the expected performance of EEHG at the FERMI FEL, using numerical simulations. We show that, by employing the existing FERMI layout with minor modifications, the EEHG scheme will be able to produce gigawatt peak-power pulses at wavelengths as short as 5 nm. We discuss some possible detrimental effects that may affect the performance of EEHG and compare the results to the existing double-stage FEL cascade, currently in operation at FERMI. Finally, our simulations show that, after substantial machine upgrades, EEHG has the potential to deliver coherent multicolor pulses reaching wavelengths as short as 3 nm, enabling x-ray pump-x-ray probe experiments in the water window.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. Elettra-Sincrotrone Trieste, Trieste (Italy)
  2. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
  3. Elettra-Sincrotrone Trieste, Trieste (Italy); Univ. of Nova Gorica, Nova Gorica (Slovenia)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1506273
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Photonics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 4; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 2304-6732
Publisher:
MDPI
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
47 OTHER INSTRUMENTATION; free-electron laser; harmonic up-conversion; high-harmonic generation; seeding; x-ray; pump-probe; microbunching instability

Citation Formats

Ribič, Primož Rebernik, Roussel, Eléonore, Penn, Gregory, De Ninno, Giovanni, Giannessi, Luca, Penco, Giuseppe, and Allaria, Enrico. Echo-Enabled Harmonic Generation Studies for the FERMI Free-Electron Laser. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.3390/photonics4010019.
Ribič, Primož Rebernik, Roussel, Eléonore, Penn, Gregory, De Ninno, Giovanni, Giannessi, Luca, Penco, Giuseppe, & Allaria, Enrico. Echo-Enabled Harmonic Generation Studies for the FERMI Free-Electron Laser. United States. doi:10.3390/photonics4010019.
Ribič, Primož Rebernik, Roussel, Eléonore, Penn, Gregory, De Ninno, Giovanni, Giannessi, Luca, Penco, Giuseppe, and Allaria, Enrico. Tue . "Echo-Enabled Harmonic Generation Studies for the FERMI Free-Electron Laser". United States. doi:10.3390/photonics4010019. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1506273.
@article{osti_1506273,
title = {Echo-Enabled Harmonic Generation Studies for the FERMI Free-Electron Laser},
author = {Ribič, Primož Rebernik and Roussel, Eléonore and Penn, Gregory and De Ninno, Giovanni and Giannessi, Luca and Penco, Giuseppe and Allaria, Enrico},
abstractNote = {Studying ultrafast processes on the nanoscale with element specificity requires a powerful femtosecond source of tunable extreme-ultraviolet (XUV) or x-ray radiation, such as a free-electron laser (FEL). Current efforts in FEL development are aimed at improving the wavelength tunability and multicolor operation, which will potentially lead to the development of new characterization techniques offering a higher chemical sensitivity and improved spatial resolution. One of the most promising approaches is the echo-enabled harmonic generation (EEHG), where two external seed lasers are used to precisely control the spectro-temporal properties of the FEL pulse. Here, we study the expected performance of EEHG at the FERMI FEL, using numerical simulations. We show that, by employing the existing FERMI layout with minor modifications, the EEHG scheme will be able to produce gigawatt peak-power pulses at wavelengths as short as 5 nm. We discuss some possible detrimental effects that may affect the performance of EEHG and compare the results to the existing double-stage FEL cascade, currently in operation at FERMI. Finally, our simulations show that, after substantial machine upgrades, EEHG has the potential to deliver coherent multicolor pulses reaching wavelengths as short as 3 nm, enabling x-ray pump-x-ray probe experiments in the water window.},
doi = {10.3390/photonics4010019},
journal = {Photonics},
number = 4,
volume = 4,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {3}
}

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Works referenced in this record:

Demonstration of self-seeding in a hard-X-ray free-electron laser
journal, August 2012


Femtosecond X-ray protein nanocrystallography
journal, February 2011

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