## TTT in CFT: Trace identities and the conformal anomaly effective action

## Abstract

Stress-energy correlation functions in a general Conformal Field Theory (CFT) in four dimensions are described in a fully covariant approach, as metric variations of the quantum effective action in an arbitrary curved space background field. All Conservation, Trace and Conformal Ward Identities (CWIs), including contact terms, are completely fixed in this covariant approach. The Trace and CWIs are anomalous. Their anomalous contributions may be computed unambiguously by metric variation of the exact 1PI quantum effective action determined by the conformal anomaly of $$\langle$$T ^{μν}$$\rangle$$ in d = 4 curved space. This action implies the existence of massless propagator poles in three and higher point correlators of T ^{μν} The metric variations of the anomaly effective action in its local form in terms of a scalar conformalon field are carried out explicitly for the case of the correlator of three CFT stress-energy tensors, and the result is shown to coincide with the algebraic reconstruction of $$\langle$$TTT$$\rangle$$ from its transverse, tracefree parts, determined independently by the solution of the CWIs in d dimensional flat space in the momentum representation. Lastly, this demonstrates that the specific analytic structure and massless poles predicted by the general curved space anomaly effective action are in fact a necessary feature of the exact solution of the anomalous CWIs in any d= 4 CFT.

- Authors:

- Univ. del Salento, Lecce (Italy).; Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN), Lecce (Italy)
- Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

- Publication Date:

- Research Org.:
- Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

- Sponsoring Org.:
- USDOE Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Program

- OSTI Identifier:
- 1505969

- Report Number(s):
- LA-UR-17-22382

Journal ID: ISSN 0550-3213

- Grant/Contract Number:
- 89233218CNA000001

- Resource Type:
- Accepted Manuscript

- Journal Name:
- Nuclear Physics. B

- Additional Journal Information:
- Journal Volume: 942; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0550-3213

- Publisher:
- Elsevier

- Country of Publication:
- United States

- Language:
- English

- Subject:
- 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; 72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; Conformal Field Theory; Conformal Anomaly

### Citation Formats

```
Corianò, Claudio, Maglio, Matteo Maria, and Mottola, Emil. TTT in CFT: Trace identities and the conformal anomaly effective action. United States: N. p., 2019.
Web. doi:10.1016/j.nuclphysb.2019.03.019.
```

```
Corianò, Claudio, Maglio, Matteo Maria, & Mottola, Emil. TTT in CFT: Trace identities and the conformal anomaly effective action. United States. doi:10.1016/j.nuclphysb.2019.03.019.
```

```
Corianò, Claudio, Maglio, Matteo Maria, and Mottola, Emil. Fri .
"TTT in CFT: Trace identities and the conformal anomaly effective action". United States. doi:10.1016/j.nuclphysb.2019.03.019. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1505969.
```

```
@article{osti_1505969,
```

title = {TTT in CFT: Trace identities and the conformal anomaly effective action},

author = {Corianò, Claudio and Maglio, Matteo Maria and Mottola, Emil},

abstractNote = {Stress-energy correlation functions in a general Conformal Field Theory (CFT) in four dimensions are described in a fully covariant approach, as metric variations of the quantum effective action in an arbitrary curved space background field. All Conservation, Trace and Conformal Ward Identities (CWIs), including contact terms, are completely fixed in this covariant approach. The Trace and CWIs are anomalous. Their anomalous contributions may be computed unambiguously by metric variation of the exact 1PI quantum effective action determined by the conformal anomaly of $\langle$Tμν$\rangle$ in d = 4 curved space. This action implies the existence of massless propagator poles in three and higher point correlators of Tμν The metric variations of the anomaly effective action in its local form in terms of a scalar conformalon field are carried out explicitly for the case of the correlator of three CFT stress-energy tensors, and the result is shown to coincide with the algebraic reconstruction of $\langle$TTT$\rangle$ from its transverse, tracefree parts, determined independently by the solution of the CWIs in d dimensional flat space in the momentum representation. Lastly, this demonstrates that the specific analytic structure and massless poles predicted by the general curved space anomaly effective action are in fact a necessary feature of the exact solution of the anomalous CWIs in any d= 4 CFT.},

doi = {10.1016/j.nuclphysb.2019.03.019},

journal = {Nuclear Physics. B},

number = C,

volume = 942,

place = {United States},

year = {2019},

month = {3}

}