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Title: Probing atomic Higgs-like forces at the precision frontier

Abstract

We propose here a novel approach to probe new fundamental interactions using isotope shift spectroscopy in atomic clock transitions. As a concrete toy example we focus on the Higgs boson couplings to the building blocks of matter: the electron and the up and down quarks. We show that the attractive Higgs force between nuclei and their bound electrons, which is poorly constrained, might induce effects that are larger than the current experimental sensitivities. More generically, we discuss how new interactions between the electron and the neutrons, mediated via light new degrees of freedom, may lead to measurable nonlinearities in a King plot comparison between isotope shifts of two different transitions. Given state-of-the-art accuracy in frequency comparison, isotope shifts have the potential to be measured with sub-Hz accuracy, thus potentially enabling the improvement of current limits on new fundamental interactions. A candidate atomic system for this measurement requires two different clock transitions and four zero nuclear spin isotopes. We identify several systems that satisfy this requirement and also briefly discuss existing measurements. We consider the size of the effect related to the Higgs force and the requirements for it to produce an observable signal.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4]
  1. Univ. Savoie Mont Blanc, Annecy-le-Vieux (France). Lab. of Annecy-le-Vieux for Theoretical Physics (LAPTh)
  2. Weizmann Inst. of Science, Rehovot (Israel). Dept. of Physics of Complex Systems
  3. Weizmann Inst. of Science, Rehovot (Israel). Dept. of Particle Physics and Astrophysics
  4. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States). Center for Theoretical Physics
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States); Weizmann Inst. of Science, Rehovot (Israel)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25); Israel Science Foundation (ISF); United States-Israel Binational Science Foundation (BSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1505807
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1407449
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0012567
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review D
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 96; Journal Issue: 9; Journal ID: ISSN 2470-0010
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; 74 ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS; atomic, optical & lattice clocks; extensions of Higgs sector; hypothetical particle physics models

Citation Formats

Delaunay, Cédric, Ozeri, Roee, Perez, Gilad, and Soreq, Yotam. Probing atomic Higgs-like forces at the precision frontier. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1103/physrevd.96.093001.
Delaunay, Cédric, Ozeri, Roee, Perez, Gilad, & Soreq, Yotam. Probing atomic Higgs-like forces at the precision frontier. United States. doi:10.1103/physrevd.96.093001.
Delaunay, Cédric, Ozeri, Roee, Perez, Gilad, and Soreq, Yotam. Mon . "Probing atomic Higgs-like forces at the precision frontier". United States. doi:10.1103/physrevd.96.093001. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1505807.
@article{osti_1505807,
title = {Probing atomic Higgs-like forces at the precision frontier},
author = {Delaunay, Cédric and Ozeri, Roee and Perez, Gilad and Soreq, Yotam},
abstractNote = {We propose here a novel approach to probe new fundamental interactions using isotope shift spectroscopy in atomic clock transitions. As a concrete toy example we focus on the Higgs boson couplings to the building blocks of matter: the electron and the up and down quarks. We show that the attractive Higgs force between nuclei and their bound electrons, which is poorly constrained, might induce effects that are larger than the current experimental sensitivities. More generically, we discuss how new interactions between the electron and the neutrons, mediated via light new degrees of freedom, may lead to measurable nonlinearities in a King plot comparison between isotope shifts of two different transitions. Given state-of-the-art accuracy in frequency comparison, isotope shifts have the potential to be measured with sub-Hz accuracy, thus potentially enabling the improvement of current limits on new fundamental interactions. A candidate atomic system for this measurement requires two different clock transitions and four zero nuclear spin isotopes. We identify several systems that satisfy this requirement and also briefly discuss existing measurements. We consider the size of the effect related to the Higgs force and the requirements for it to produce an observable signal.},
doi = {10.1103/physrevd.96.093001},
journal = {Physical Review D},
number = 9,
volume = 96,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {11}
}

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Cited by: 16 works
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