skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: How Much Water Is Evaporated Across California? A Multiyear Assessment Using a Biophysical Model Forced With Satellite Remote Sensing Data

ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [3]
  1. Department of Environmental Science, Policy, and Management University of California Berkeley CA USA
  2. Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering University of California Berkeley CA USA
  3. Department of Landscape Architecture and Rural Systems Engineering Seoul National University Seoul South Korea
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
OSTI Identifier:
Resource Type:
Publisher's Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Water Resources Research
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Water Resources Research Journal Volume: 55 Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 0043-1397
American Geophysical Union (AGU)
Country of Publication:
United States

Citation Formats

Baldocchi, Dennis, Dralle, David, Jiang, Chongya, and Ryu, Youngryel. How Much Water Is Evaporated Across California? A Multiyear Assessment Using a Biophysical Model Forced With Satellite Remote Sensing Data. United States: N. p., 2019. Web.
Baldocchi, Dennis, Dralle, David, Jiang, Chongya, & Ryu, Youngryel. How Much Water Is Evaporated Across California? A Multiyear Assessment Using a Biophysical Model Forced With Satellite Remote Sensing Data. United States.
Baldocchi, Dennis, Dralle, David, Jiang, Chongya, and Ryu, Youngryel. Fri . "How Much Water Is Evaporated Across California? A Multiyear Assessment Using a Biophysical Model Forced With Satellite Remote Sensing Data". United States.
title = {How Much Water Is Evaporated Across California? A Multiyear Assessment Using a Biophysical Model Forced With Satellite Remote Sensing Data},
author = {Baldocchi, Dennis and Dralle, David and Jiang, Chongya and Ryu, Youngryel},
abstractNote = {},
doi = {10.1029/2018WR023884},
journal = {Water Resources Research},
number = 4,
volume = 55,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {4}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 4 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Sustainability of irrigated agriculture in the San Joaquin Valley, California
journal, October 2005

  • Schoups, G.; Hopmans, J. W.; Young, C. A.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 102, Issue 43
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0507723102

A mixed-layer model for regional evaporation
journal, February 1986

  • McNaughton, K. G.; Spriggs, T. W.
  • Boundary-Layer Meteorology, Vol. 34, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1007/BF00122381

Improvements to a MODIS global terrestrial evapotranspiration algorithm
journal, August 2011

  • Mu, Qiaozhen; Zhao, Maosheng; Running, Steven W.
  • Remote Sensing of Environment, Vol. 115, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.rse.2011.02.019

Jensen’s inequality predicts effects of environmental variation
journal, September 1999

A Comparison of a Hierarchy of Models for Determining Energy Balance Components over Vegetation Canopies
journal, October 1995

Mapping vineyard leaf area with multispectral satellite imagery
journal, January 2003

Continental-scale net radiation and evapotranspiration estimated using MODIS satellite observations
journal, September 2011

  • Jin, Yufang; Randerson, James T.; Goulden, Michael L.
  • Remote Sensing of Environment, Vol. 115, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.rse.2011.04.031

Global estimates of the land–atmosphere water flux based on monthly AVHRR and ISLSCP-II data, validated at 16 FLUXNET sites
journal, March 2008

  • Fisher, Joshua B.; Tu, Kevin P.; Baldocchi, Dennis D.
  • Remote Sensing of Environment, Vol. 112, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.rse.2007.06.025

Evapotranspiration rates and crop coefficients for a restored marsh in the Sacramento–San Joaquin Delta, California, USA
journal, January 2008

  • Drexler, Judy Z.; Anderson, Frank E.; Snyder, Richard L.
  • Hydrological Processes, Vol. 22, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1002/hyp.6650

Increasing precipitation volatility in twenty-first-century California
journal, April 2018

  • Swain, Daniel L.; Langenbrunner, Baird; Neelin, J. David
  • Nature Climate Change, Vol. 8, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1038/s41558-018-0140-y

Daily reference evapotranspiration for California using satellite imagery and weather station measurement interpolation
journal, March 2009

  • Hart, Q. J.; Brugnach, M.; Temesgen, B.
  • Civil Engineering and Environmental Systems, Vol. 26, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1080/10286600802003500

Canopy reflectance, photosynthesis and transpiration
journal, August 1985

A Coupled Remote Sensing and Simplified Surface Energy Balance Approach to Estimate Actual Evapotranspiration from Irrigated Fields
journal, June 2007

  • Senay, Gabriel; Budde, Michael; Verdin, James
  • Sensors, Vol. 7, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.3390/s7060979

Prediction of leaf area index in almonds by vegetation indexes
journal, July 2012

  • Zarate-Valdez, Jose L.; Whiting, Michael L.; Lampinen, Bruce D.
  • Computers and Electronics in Agriculture, Vol. 85
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.compag.2012.03.009

Economic-Engineering Optimization for California Water Management
journal, May 2003

Evaporation and surface temperature
journal, January 1981

  • Monteith, J. L.
  • Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, Vol. 107, Issue 451
  • DOI: 10.1002/qj.49710745102

Anthropogenic warming has increased drought risk in California
journal, March 2015

  • Diffenbaugh, Noah S.; Swain, Daniel L.; Touma, Danielle
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 112, Issue 13
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1422385112

Interdependence of climate, soil, and vegetation as constrained by the Budyko curve: CLIMATE, SOIL, AND VEGETATION DEPENDENCE
journal, October 2012

  • Gentine, Pierre; D'Odorico, Paolo; Lintner, Benjamin R.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 39, Issue 19
  • DOI: 10.1029/2012GL053492

How plant functional-type, weather, seasonal drought, and soil physical properties alter water and energy fluxes of an oak–grass savanna and an annual grassland
journal, May 2004

Evaluated Crop Evapotranspiration over a Region of Irrigated Orchards with the Improved ACASA–WRF Model
journal, April 2014

  • Falk, Matthias; Pyles, R. D.; Ustin, S. L.
  • Journal of Hydrometeorology, Vol. 15, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1175/JHM-D-12-0183.1

The Canopy Horizontal Array Turbulence Study
journal, May 2011

  • Patton, Edward G.; Horst, Thomas W.; Sullivan, Peter P.
  • Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, Vol. 92, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1175/2010BAMS2614.1

Canopy profile sensitivity on surface layer simulations evaluated by a multiple canopy layer higher order closure land surface model
journal, April 2018

Towards a universal model for carbon dioxide uptake by plants
journal, September 2017

Sources of Variability of Evapotranspiration in California
journal, February 2005

  • Hidalgo, Hugo G.; Cayan, Daniel R.; Dettinger, Michael D.
  • Journal of Hydrometeorology, Vol. 6, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1175/JHM-398.1

Interannual variability of evapotranspiration and energy exchange over an annual grassland in California
journal, January 2008

  • Ryu, Youngryel; Baldocchi, Dennis D.; Ma, Siyan
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 113, Issue D9
  • DOI: 10.1029/2007JD009263

Causes of the 2011–14 California Drought
journal, September 2015

  • Seager, Richard; Hoerling, Martin; Schubert, Siegfried
  • Journal of Climate, Vol. 28, Issue 18
  • DOI: 10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00860.1

Estimating the sensitivity of stomatal conductance to photosynthesis: a review: The sensitivity of conductance to photosynthesis
journal, February 2017

  • Miner, Grace L.; Bauerle, William L.; Baldocchi, Dennis D.
  • Plant, Cell & Environment, Vol. 40, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1111/pce.12871

Applications of solutions to non-linear energy budget equations
journal, July 1988

A continuous satellite-derived global record of land surface evapotranspiration from 1983 to 2006: GLOBAL RECORD OF LAND SURFACE EVAPOTRANSPIRATION
journal, September 2010

  • Zhang, Ke; Kimball, John S.; Nemani, Ramakrishna R.
  • Water Resources Research, Vol. 46, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1029/2009WR008800

Seasonal trends in photosynthesis and electron transport during the Mediterranean summer drought in leaves of deciduous oaks
journal, April 2015

Quantifying soil moisture impacts on light use efficiency across biomes
journal, March 2018

  • Stocker, Benjamin D.; Zscheischler, Jakob; Keenan, Trevor F.
  • New Phytologist, Vol. 218, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1111/nph.15123

Verification, Validation, and Confirmation of Numerical Models in the Earth Sciences
journal, February 1994

How unusual is the 2012-2014 California drought?: GRIFFIN AND ANCHUKAITIS
journal, December 2014

  • Griffin, Daniel; Anchukaitis, Kevin J.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 41, Issue 24
  • DOI: 10.1002/2014GL062433

Evapotranspiration along an elevation gradient in California's Sierra Nevada: SIERRA NEVADA EVAPOTRANSPIRATION
journal, September 2012

  • Goulden, M. L.; Anderson, R. G.; Bales, R. C.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, Vol. 117, Issue G3
  • DOI: 10.1029/2012JG002027

Water availability and land subsidence in the Central Valley, California, USA
journal, November 2015

On the validation of models of forest CO2 exchange using eddy covariance data: some perils and pitfalls
journal, July 2005

Evaporation Research: Review and Interpretation
journal, February 2005

Subsurface storage capacity influences climate–evapotranspiration interactions in three western United States catchments
journal, January 2015

Inconsistencies of interannual variability and trends in long-term satellite leaf area index products
journal, July 2017

  • Jiang, Chongya; Ryu, Youngryel; Fang, Hongliang
  • Global Change Biology, Vol. 23, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1111/gcb.13787

The Global Land Data Assimilation System
journal, March 2004

  • Rodell, M.; Houser, P. R.; Jambor, U.
  • Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, Vol. 85, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1175/BAMS-85-3-381

Implementation of Noah land surface model advances in the National Centers for Environmental Prediction operational mesoscale Eta model
journal, November 2003

  • Ek, M. B.; Mitchell, K. E.; Lin, Y.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 108, Issue D22
  • DOI: 10.1029/2002JD003296

Net ecosystem exchange, evapotranspiration and canopy conductance in a riparian forest
journal, May 2011

The Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) Mission
journal, May 2010

Satellites measure recent rates of groundwater depletion in California's Central Valley: CENTRAL VALLEY GROUNDWATER DEPLETION
journal, February 2011

  • Famiglietti, J. S.; Lo, M.; Ho, S. L.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 38, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1029/2010GL046442

Progressive forest canopy water loss during the 2012–2015 California drought
journal, December 2015

  • Asner, Gregory P.; Brodrick, Philip G.; Anderson, Christopher B.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 113, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1523397113

Hyperresolution global land surface modeling: Meeting a grand challenge for monitoring Earth's terrestrial water: OPINION
journal, May 2011

  • Wood, Eric F.; Roundy, Joshua K.; Troy, Tara J.
  • Water Resources Research, Vol. 47, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1029/2010WR010090

Upscaling Flux Observations from Local to Continental Scales Using Thermal Remote Sensing
journal, January 2007

  • Anderson, Martha C.; Kustas, William P.; Norman, John M.
  • Agronomy Journal, Vol. 99, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.2134/agronj2005.0096S

Recent decline in the global land evapotranspiration trend due to limited moisture supply
journal, October 2010

  • Jung, Martin; Reichstein, Markus; Ciais, Philippe
  • Nature, Vol. 467, Issue 7318
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature09396

Net Primary Productivity of Terrestrial Communities: Prediction from Climatological Data
journal, January 1968

  • Rosenzweig, Michael L.
  • The American Naturalist, Vol. 102, Issue 923
  • DOI: 10.1086/282523

Refinement of rooting depths using satellite-based evapotranspiration seasonality for ecosystem modeling in California
journal, November 2009

Groundwater uptake by woody vegetation in a semiarid oak savanna
journal, October 2010

  • Miller, Gretchen R.; Chen, Xingyuan; Rubin, Yoram
  • Water Resources Research, Vol. 46, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1029/2009WR008902

Evapotranspiration based on equilibrated relative humidity (ETRHEQ): Evaluation over the continental U.S.
journal, April 2015

  • Rigden, Angela J.; Salvucci, Guido D.
  • Water Resources Research, Vol. 51, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1002/2014WR016072

Emissions pathways, climate change, and impacts on California
journal, August 2004

  • Hayhoe, K.; Cayan, D.; Field, C. B.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 101, Issue 34
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0404500101

Global mapping of foliage clumping index using multi-angular satellite data
journal, September 2005

Atmospheric Rivers, Floods and the Water Resources of California
journal, March 2011

  • Dettinger, Michael D.; Ralph, Fred Martin; Das, Tapash
  • Water, Vol. 3, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.3390/w3020445

Development and Evaluation of Simplified Models for Simulating Canopy Photosynthesis and Transpiration
journal, December 1976

  • Sinclair, T. R.; Murphy, C. E.; Knoerr, K. R.
  • The Journal of Applied Ecology, Vol. 13, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.2307/2402257

The ERA-Interim reanalysis: configuration and performance of the data assimilation system
journal, April 2011

  • Dee, D. P.; Uppala, S. M.; Simmons, A. J.
  • Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, Vol. 137, Issue 656
  • DOI: 10.1002/qj.828

On the temporal upscaling of evapotranspiration from instantaneous remote sensing measurements to 8-day mean daily-sums
journal, January 2012

Evaporation estimates using weather station data and boundary layer theory: EVAPORATION FROM WEATHER DATA
journal, November 2016

  • Gentine, P.; Chhang, A.; Rigden, A.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 43, Issue 22
  • DOI: 10.1002/2016GL070819

On the Assessment of Surface Heat Flux and Evaporation Using Large-Scale Parameters
journal, February 1972

The Grape Remote Sensing Atmospheric Profile and Evapotranspiration Experiment
journal, September 2018

  • Kustas, William P.; Anderson, Martha C.; Alfieri, Joseph G.
  • Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, Vol. 99, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1175/BAMS-D-16-0244.1

Physiological and environmental regulation of stomatal conductance, photosynthesis and transpiration: a model that includes a laminar boundary layer
journal, April 1991

  • Collatz, G. James; Ball, J. Timothy; Grivet, Cyril
  • Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, Vol. 54, Issue 2-4
  • DOI: 10.1016/0168-1923(91)90002-8

How Tree Cover Influences the Water Balance of Mediterranean Rangelands
journal, March 1993

  • Joffre, Richard; Rambal, Serge
  • Ecology, Vol. 74, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.2307/1939317

Maximum conductances for evaporation from global vegetation types
journal, February 1995

Simplified Estimation of Reference Evapotranspiration from Pan Evaporation Data in California
journal, June 2005

The energy balance over land and oceans: an assessment based on direct observations and CMIP5 climate models
journal, December 2014

Estimating parameters in a land-surface model by applying nonlinear inversion to eddy covariance flux measurements from eight FLUXNET sites
journal, March 2007

Evapotranspiration Trends (1979–2015) in the Central Valley of California, USA: Contrasting Tendencies During 1981–2007
journal, August 2018

  • Szilagyi, Jozsef; Jozsa, Janos
  • Water Resources Research, Vol. 54, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1029/2018WR022704

Progress on incorporating climate change into management of California’s water resources
journal, December 2007

How significant is the impact of irrigation on the local hydroclimate in California’s Central Valley? Comparison of model results with ground and remote-sensing data
journal, January 2011

  • Sorooshian, Soroosh; Li, Jialun; Hsu, Kuo-lin
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 116, Issue D6
  • DOI: 10.1029/2010JD014775

A review of remote sensing based actual evapotranspiration estimation: A review of remote sensing evapotranspiration
journal, July 2016

  • Zhang, Ke; Kimball, John S.; Running, Steven W.
  • Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Water, Vol. 3, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1002/wat2.1168

A remote sensing surface energy balance algorithm for land (SEBAL). 1. Formulation
journal, December 1998

The impact of expanding flooded land area on the annual evaporation of rice
journal, June 2016

Quantification of the seasonal hillslope water storage that does not drive streamflow: Catchment storage that does not drive streamflow
journal, May 2018

  • Dralle, David N.; Hahm, W. Jesse; Rempe, Daniella M.
  • Hydrological Processes, Vol. 32, Issue 13
  • DOI: 10.1002/hyp.11627

The effect of land cover type and structure on evapotranspiration from agricultural and wetland sites in the Sacramento–San Joaquin River Delta, California
journal, June 2018

Direct observations of rock moisture, a hidden component of the hydrologic cycle
journal, February 2018

  • Rempe, Daniella M.; Dietrich, William E.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 115, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1800141115

On the minimum leaf conductance: its role in models of plant water use, and ecological and environmental controls
journal, August 2018

  • Duursma, Remko A.; Blackman, Christopher J.; Lopéz, Rosana
  • New Phytologist, Vol. 221, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1111/nph.15395

Enhancing the Simplified Surface Energy Balance (SSEB) approach for estimating landscape ET: Validation with the METRIC model
journal, February 2011

MODIS-derived global land products of shortwave radiation and diffuse and total photosynthetically active radiation at 5 km resolution from 2000
journal, January 2018

A biochemical model of photosynthetic CO2 assimilation in leaves of C3 species
journal, June 1980

  • Farquhar, G. D.; von Caemmerer, S.; Berry, J. A.
  • Planta, Vol. 149, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1007/BF00386231

Global patterns of land-atmosphere fluxes of carbon dioxide, latent heat, and sensible heat derived from eddy covariance, satellite, and meteorological observations
journal, January 2011

  • Jung, Martin; Reichstein, Markus; Margolis, Hank A.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 116
  • DOI: 10.1029/2010JG001566