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Title: Spatially and spectrally resolved orbital angular momentum interactions in plasmonic vortex generators

Abstract

Understanding the near-field electromagnetic interactions that produce optical orbital angular momentum (OAM) is crucial for integrating twisted light into nanotechnology. Here, we examine the cathodoluminescence (CL) of plasmonic vortices carrying OAM generated in spiral nanostructures. The nanospiral geometry defines a photonic local density of states that is sampled by the electron probe in a scanning transmission electron microscope (STEM), thus accessing the optical response of the plasmonic vortex with high spatial and spectral resolution. We map the full spectral dispersion of the plasmonic vortex in spiral structures designed to yield increasing topological charge. Additionally, we fabricate nested nanospirals and demonstrate that OAM from one nanospiral can be coupled to the nested nanospiral, resulting in enhanced luminescence in concentric spirals of like handedness with respect to concentric spirals of opposite handedness. The results illustrate the potential for generating and coupling plasmonic vortices in chiral nanostructures for sensitive detection and manipulation of optical OAM.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [3];  [4]; ORCiD logo [1];  [5]; ORCiD logo [1];  [4]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  2. New Mexico State Univ., Las Cruces, NM (United States)
  3. Vanderbilt Univ., Nashville, TN (United States); Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); U.S. Naval Research Lab., Washington, D.C. (United States)
  4. Vanderbilt Univ., Nashville, TN (United States); Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  5. Vanderbilt Univ., Nashville, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Vanderbilt Univ., Nashville, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1505338
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1597928
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725; FG02-09ER46554
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Light, Science & Applications
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 8; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2047-7538
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS

Citation Formats

Hachtel, Jordan A., Cho, Sang -Yeon, Davidson, II, Roderick B., Feldman, Matthew A., Chisholm, Matthew F., Haglund, Richard F., Idrobo, Juan Carlos, Pantelides, Sokrates T., and Lawrie, Benjamin J. Spatially and spectrally resolved orbital angular momentum interactions in plasmonic vortex generators. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1038/s41377-019-0136-z.
Hachtel, Jordan A., Cho, Sang -Yeon, Davidson, II, Roderick B., Feldman, Matthew A., Chisholm, Matthew F., Haglund, Richard F., Idrobo, Juan Carlos, Pantelides, Sokrates T., & Lawrie, Benjamin J. Spatially and spectrally resolved orbital angular momentum interactions in plasmonic vortex generators. United States. doi:10.1038/s41377-019-0136-z.
Hachtel, Jordan A., Cho, Sang -Yeon, Davidson, II, Roderick B., Feldman, Matthew A., Chisholm, Matthew F., Haglund, Richard F., Idrobo, Juan Carlos, Pantelides, Sokrates T., and Lawrie, Benjamin J. Wed . "Spatially and spectrally resolved orbital angular momentum interactions in plasmonic vortex generators". United States. doi:10.1038/s41377-019-0136-z. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1505338.
@article{osti_1505338,
title = {Spatially and spectrally resolved orbital angular momentum interactions in plasmonic vortex generators},
author = {Hachtel, Jordan A. and Cho, Sang -Yeon and Davidson, II, Roderick B. and Feldman, Matthew A. and Chisholm, Matthew F. and Haglund, Richard F. and Idrobo, Juan Carlos and Pantelides, Sokrates T. and Lawrie, Benjamin J.},
abstractNote = {Understanding the near-field electromagnetic interactions that produce optical orbital angular momentum (OAM) is crucial for integrating twisted light into nanotechnology. Here, we examine the cathodoluminescence (CL) of plasmonic vortices carrying OAM generated in spiral nanostructures. The nanospiral geometry defines a photonic local density of states that is sampled by the electron probe in a scanning transmission electron microscope (STEM), thus accessing the optical response of the plasmonic vortex with high spatial and spectral resolution. We map the full spectral dispersion of the plasmonic vortex in spiral structures designed to yield increasing topological charge. Additionally, we fabricate nested nanospirals and demonstrate that OAM from one nanospiral can be coupled to the nested nanospiral, resulting in enhanced luminescence in concentric spirals of like handedness with respect to concentric spirals of opposite handedness. The results illustrate the potential for generating and coupling plasmonic vortices in chiral nanostructures for sensitive detection and manipulation of optical OAM.},
doi = {10.1038/s41377-019-0136-z},
journal = {Light, Science & Applications},
number = 1,
volume = 8,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {3}
}

Journal Article:
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Cited by: 2 works
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Figures / Tables:

Fig. 1 Fig. 1: STEM-CL analysis of plasmonic vortices. a Schematic of the spiral channel plasmonic vortex generator, with initial radius, r0, equal to the arm separation, d, equal to the surface plasmon polariton (SPP) wavelength (630 nm). b, c Schematics illustrating the distinction between CL b, which is acquired with localmore » excitation and global detection, and other methods c, which are acquired via global excitations and local detection« less

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