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Title: LSST: From Science Drivers to Reference Design and Anticipated Data Products

Abstract

We describe the most ambitious survey currently planned in the optical, the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST). The LSST design is driven by four main science themes: probing dark energy and dark matter, taking an inventory of the solar system, exploring the transient optical sky, and mapping the Milky Way. LSST will be a large, wide-field ground-based system designed to obtain repeated images covering the sky visible from Cerro Pachón in northern Chile. The telescope will have an 8.4 m (6.5 m effective) primary mirror, a 9.6 deg 2 field of view, a 3.2-gigapixel camera, and six filters (ugrizy) covering the wavelength range 320–1050 nm. The project is in the construction phase and will begin regular survey operations by 2022. About 90% of the observing time will be devoted to a deep-wide-fast survey mode that will uniformly observe a 18,000 deg 2 region about 800 times (summed over all six bands) during the anticipated 10 yr of operations and will yield a co-added map to r ~ 27.5. These data will result in databases including about 32 trillion observations of 20 billion galaxies and a similar number of stars, and they will serve the majority of the primary science programs.more » The remaining 10% of the observing time will be allocated to special projects such as Very Deep and Very Fast time domain surveys, whose details are currently under discussion. We illustrate how the LSST science drivers led to these choices of system parameters, and we describe the expected data products and their characteristics.« less

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
Contributing Org.:
LSST Science Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1504385
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1505423
Report Number(s):
BNL-211477-2019-JAAM
Journal ID: ISSN 1538-4357
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0012704; 1258333; AC02-76SF00515
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
The Astrophysical Journal (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: The Astrophysical Journal (Online); Journal Volume: 873; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 1538-4357
Publisher:
Institute of Physics (IOP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; astrometry; cosmology observations; galaxy; stars; surveys

Citation Formats

Ivezić, Željko, Kahn, Steven M., Tyson, J. Anthony, Abel, Bob, Acosta, Emily, Allsman, Robyn, Alonso, David, AlSayyad, Yusra, Anderson, Scott F., Andrew, John, P. Angel, James Roger, Angeli, George Z., Ansari, Reza, Antilogus, Pierre, Araujo, Constanza, Armstrong, Robert, Arndt, Kirk T., Astier, Pierre, Aubourg, Éric, Auza, Nicole, Axelrod, Tim S., Bard, Deborah J., Barr, Jeff D., Barrau, Aurelian, Bartlett, James G., Bauer, Amanda E., Bauman, Brian J., Baumont, Sylvain, Bechtol, Ellen, Bechtol, Keith, Becker, Andrew C., Becla, Jacek, Beldica, Cristina, Bellavia, Steve, Bianco, Federica B., Biswas, Rahul, Blanc, Guillaume, Blazek, Jonathan, Blandford, Roger D., Bloom, Josh S., Bogart, Joanne, Bond, Tim W., Booth, Michael T., Borgland, Anders W., Borne, Kirk, Bosch, James F., Boutigny, Dominique, Brackett, Craig A., Bradshaw, Andrew, Brandt, William Nielsen, Brown, Michael E., Bullock, James S., Burchat, Patricia, Burke, David L., Cagnoli, Gianpietro, Calabrese, Daniel, Callahan, Shawn, Callen, Alice L., Carlin, Jeffrey L., Carlson, Erin L., Chandrasekharan, Srinivasan, Charles-Emerson, Glenaver, Chesley, Steve, Cheu, Elliott C., Chiang, Hsin-Fang, Chiang, James, Chirino, Carol, Chow, Derek, Ciardi, David R., Claver, Charles F., Cohen-Tanugi, Johann, Cockrum, Joseph J., Coles, Rebecca, Connolly, Andrew J., Cook, Kem H., Cooray, Asantha, Covey, Kevin R., Cribbs, Chris, Cui, Wei, Cutri, Roc, Daly, Philip N., Daniel, Scott F., Daruich, Felipe, Daubard, Guillaume, Daues, Greg, Dawson, William, Delgado, Francisco, Dellapenna, Alfred, Peyster, Robert de, Val-Borro, Miguel de, Digel, Seth W., Doherty, Peter, Dubois, Richard, Dubois-Felsmann, Gregory P., Durech, Josef, Economou, Frossie, Eifler, Tim, Eracleous, Michael, Emmons, Benjamin L., Neto, Angelo Fausti, Ferguson, Henry, Figueroa, Enrique, Fisher-Levine, Merlin, Focke, Warren, Foss, Michael D., Frank, James, Freemon, Michael D., Gangler, Emmanuel, Gawiser, Eric, Geary, John C., Gee, Perry, Geha, Marla, Gessner, Charles J. B., Gibson, Robert R., Gilmore, D. Kirk, Glanzman, Thomas, Glick, William, Goldina, Tatiana, Goldstein, Daniel A., Goodenow, Iain, Graham, Melissa L., Gressler, William J., Gris, Philippe, Guy, Leanne P., Guyonnet, Augustin, Haller, Gunther, Harris, Ron, Hascall, Patrick A., Haupt, Justine, Hernandez, Fabio, Herrmann, Sven, Hileman, Edward, Hoblitt, Joshua, Hodgson, John A., Hogan, Craig, Howard, James D., Huang, Dajun, Huffer, Michael E., Ingraham, Patrick, Innes, Walter R., Jacoby, Suzanne H., Jain, Bhuvnesh, Jammes, Fabrice, Jee, James, Jenness, Tim, Jernigan, Garrett, Jevremović, Darko, Johns, Kenneth, Johnson, Anthony S., Johnson, Margaret W. G., Jones, R. Lynne, Juramy-Gilles, Claire, Jurić, Mario, Kalirai, Jason S., Kallivayalil, Nitya J., Kalmbach, Bryce, Kantor, Jeffrey P., Karst, Pierre, Kasliwal, Mansi M., Kelly, Heather, Kessler, Richard, Kinnison, Veronica, Kirkby, David, Knox, Lloyd, Kotov, Ivan V., Krabbendam, Victor L., Krughoff, K. Simon, Kubánek, Petr, Kuczewski, John, Kulkarni, Shri, Ku, John, Kurita, Nadine R., Lage, Craig S., Lambert, Ron, Lange, Travis, Langton, J. Brian, Guillou, Laurent Le, Levine, Deborah, Liang, Ming, Lim, Kian-Tat, Lintott, Chris J., Long, Kevin E., Lopez, Margaux, Lotz, Paul J., Lupton, Robert H., Lust, Nate B., MacArthur, Lauren A., Mahabal, Ashish, Mandelbaum, Rachel, Markiewicz, Thomas W., Marsh, Darren S., Marshall, Philip J., Marshall, Stuart, May, Morgan, McKercher, Robert, McQueen, Michelle, Meyers, Joshua, Migliore, Myriam, Miller, Michelle, Mills, David J., Miraval, Connor, Moeyens, Joachim, Moolekamp, Fred E., Monet, David G., Moniez, Marc, Monkewitz, Serge, Montgomery, Christopher, Morrison, Christopher B., Mueller, Fritz, Muller, Gary P., Arancibia, Freddy Muñoz, Neill, Douglas R., Newbry, Scott P., Nief, Jean-Yves, Nomerotski, Andrei, Nordby, Martin, O’Connor, Paul, Oliver, John, Olivier, Scot S., Olsen, Knut, O’Mullane, William, Ortiz, Sandra, Osier, Shawn, Owen, Russell E., Pain, Reynald, Palecek, Paul E., Parejko, John K., Parsons, James B., Pease, Nathan M., Peterson, J. Matt, Peterson, John R., Petravick, Donald L., Petrick, M. E. Libby, Petry, Cathy E., Pierfederici, Francesco, Pietrowicz, Stephen, Pike, Rob, Pinto, Philip A., Plante, Raymond, Plate, Stephen, Plutchak, Joel P., Price, Paul A., Prouza, Michael, Radeka, Veljko, Rajagopal, Jayadev, Rasmussen, Andrew P., Regnault, Nicolas, Reil, Kevin A., Reiss, David J., Reuter, Michael A., Ridgway, Stephen T., Riot, Vincent J., Ritz, Steve, Robinson, Sean, Roby, William, Roodman, Aaron, Rosing, Wayne, Roucelle, Cecille, Rumore, Matthew R., Russo, Stefano, Saha, Abhijit, Sassolas, Benoit, Schalk, Terry L., Schellart, Pim, Schindler, Rafe H., Schmidt, Samuel, Schneider, Donald P., Schneider, Michael D., Schoening, William, Schumacher, German, Schwamb, Megan E., Sebag, Jacques, Selvy, Brian, Sembroski, Glenn H., Seppala, Lynn G., Serio, Andrew, Serrano, Eduardo, Shaw, Richard A., Shipsey, Ian, Sick, Jonathan, Silvestri, Nicole, Slater, Colin T., Smith, J. Allyn, Smith, R. Chris, Sobhani, Shahram, Soldahl, Christine, Storrie-Lombardi, Lisa, Stover, Edward, Strauss, Michael A., Street, Rachel A., Stubbs, Christopher W., Sullivan, Ian S., Sweeney, Donald, Swinbank, John D., Szalay, Alexander, Takacs, Peter, Tether, Stephen A., Thaler, Jon J., Thayer, John Gregg, Thomas, Sandrine, Thornton, Adam J., Thukral, Vaikunth, Tice, Jeffrey, Trilling, David E., Turri, Max, Berg, Richard Van, Berk, Daniel Vanden, Vetter, Kurt, Virieux, Francoise, Vucina, Tomislav, Wahl, William, Walkowicz, Lucianne, Walsh, Brian, Walter, Christopher W., Wang, Daniel L., Wang, Shin-Yawn, Warner, Michael, Wiecha, Oliver, Willman, Beth, Winters, Scott E., Wittman, David, Wolff, Sidney C., Wood-Vasey, W. Michael, Wu, Xiuqin, Xin, Bo, Yoachim, Peter, and Zhan, Hu. LSST: From Science Drivers to Reference Design and Anticipated Data Products. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/ab042c.
Ivezić, Željko, Kahn, Steven M., Tyson, J. Anthony, Abel, Bob, Acosta, Emily, Allsman, Robyn, Alonso, David, AlSayyad, Yusra, Anderson, Scott F., Andrew, John, P. Angel, James Roger, Angeli, George Z., Ansari, Reza, Antilogus, Pierre, Araujo, Constanza, Armstrong, Robert, Arndt, Kirk T., Astier, Pierre, Aubourg, Éric, Auza, Nicole, Axelrod, Tim S., Bard, Deborah J., Barr, Jeff D., Barrau, Aurelian, Bartlett, James G., Bauer, Amanda E., Bauman, Brian J., Baumont, Sylvain, Bechtol, Ellen, Bechtol, Keith, Becker, Andrew C., Becla, Jacek, Beldica, Cristina, Bellavia, Steve, Bianco, Federica B., Biswas, Rahul, Blanc, Guillaume, Blazek, Jonathan, Blandford, Roger D., Bloom, Josh S., Bogart, Joanne, Bond, Tim W., Booth, Michael T., Borgland, Anders W., Borne, Kirk, Bosch, James F., Boutigny, Dominique, Brackett, Craig A., Bradshaw, Andrew, Brandt, William Nielsen, Brown, Michael E., Bullock, James S., Burchat, Patricia, Burke, David L., Cagnoli, Gianpietro, Calabrese, Daniel, Callahan, Shawn, Callen, Alice L., Carlin, Jeffrey L., Carlson, Erin L., Chandrasekharan, Srinivasan, Charles-Emerson, Glenaver, Chesley, Steve, Cheu, Elliott C., Chiang, Hsin-Fang, Chiang, James, Chirino, Carol, Chow, Derek, Ciardi, David R., Claver, Charles F., Cohen-Tanugi, Johann, Cockrum, Joseph J., Coles, Rebecca, Connolly, Andrew J., Cook, Kem H., Cooray, Asantha, Covey, Kevin R., Cribbs, Chris, Cui, Wei, Cutri, Roc, Daly, Philip N., Daniel, Scott F., Daruich, Felipe, Daubard, Guillaume, Daues, Greg, Dawson, William, Delgado, Francisco, Dellapenna, Alfred, Peyster, Robert de, Val-Borro, Miguel de, Digel, Seth W., Doherty, Peter, Dubois, Richard, Dubois-Felsmann, Gregory P., Durech, Josef, Economou, Frossie, Eifler, Tim, Eracleous, Michael, Emmons, Benjamin L., Neto, Angelo Fausti, Ferguson, Henry, Figueroa, Enrique, Fisher-Levine, Merlin, Focke, Warren, Foss, Michael D., Frank, James, Freemon, Michael D., Gangler, Emmanuel, Gawiser, Eric, Geary, John C., Gee, Perry, Geha, Marla, Gessner, Charles J. B., Gibson, Robert R., Gilmore, D. Kirk, Glanzman, Thomas, Glick, William, Goldina, Tatiana, Goldstein, Daniel A., Goodenow, Iain, Graham, Melissa L., Gressler, William J., Gris, Philippe, Guy, Leanne P., Guyonnet, Augustin, Haller, Gunther, Harris, Ron, Hascall, Patrick A., Haupt, Justine, Hernandez, Fabio, Herrmann, Sven, Hileman, Edward, Hoblitt, Joshua, Hodgson, John A., Hogan, Craig, Howard, James D., Huang, Dajun, Huffer, Michael E., Ingraham, Patrick, Innes, Walter R., Jacoby, Suzanne H., Jain, Bhuvnesh, Jammes, Fabrice, Jee, James, Jenness, Tim, Jernigan, Garrett, Jevremović, Darko, Johns, Kenneth, Johnson, Anthony S., Johnson, Margaret W. G., Jones, R. Lynne, Juramy-Gilles, Claire, Jurić, Mario, Kalirai, Jason S., Kallivayalil, Nitya J., Kalmbach, Bryce, Kantor, Jeffrey P., Karst, Pierre, Kasliwal, Mansi M., Kelly, Heather, Kessler, Richard, Kinnison, Veronica, Kirkby, David, Knox, Lloyd, Kotov, Ivan V., Krabbendam, Victor L., Krughoff, K. Simon, Kubánek, Petr, Kuczewski, John, Kulkarni, Shri, Ku, John, Kurita, Nadine R., Lage, Craig S., Lambert, Ron, Lange, Travis, Langton, J. Brian, Guillou, Laurent Le, Levine, Deborah, Liang, Ming, Lim, Kian-Tat, Lintott, Chris J., Long, Kevin E., Lopez, Margaux, Lotz, Paul J., Lupton, Robert H., Lust, Nate B., MacArthur, Lauren A., Mahabal, Ashish, Mandelbaum, Rachel, Markiewicz, Thomas W., Marsh, Darren S., Marshall, Philip J., Marshall, Stuart, May, Morgan, McKercher, Robert, McQueen, Michelle, Meyers, Joshua, Migliore, Myriam, Miller, Michelle, Mills, David J., Miraval, Connor, Moeyens, Joachim, Moolekamp, Fred E., Monet, David G., Moniez, Marc, Monkewitz, Serge, Montgomery, Christopher, Morrison, Christopher B., Mueller, Fritz, Muller, Gary P., Arancibia, Freddy Muñoz, Neill, Douglas R., Newbry, Scott P., Nief, Jean-Yves, Nomerotski, Andrei, Nordby, Martin, O’Connor, Paul, Oliver, John, Olivier, Scot S., Olsen, Knut, O’Mullane, William, Ortiz, Sandra, Osier, Shawn, Owen, Russell E., Pain, Reynald, Palecek, Paul E., Parejko, John K., Parsons, James B., Pease, Nathan M., Peterson, J. Matt, Peterson, John R., Petravick, Donald L., Petrick, M. E. Libby, Petry, Cathy E., Pierfederici, Francesco, Pietrowicz, Stephen, Pike, Rob, Pinto, Philip A., Plante, Raymond, Plate, Stephen, Plutchak, Joel P., Price, Paul A., Prouza, Michael, Radeka, Veljko, Rajagopal, Jayadev, Rasmussen, Andrew P., Regnault, Nicolas, Reil, Kevin A., Reiss, David J., Reuter, Michael A., Ridgway, Stephen T., Riot, Vincent J., Ritz, Steve, Robinson, Sean, Roby, William, Roodman, Aaron, Rosing, Wayne, Roucelle, Cecille, Rumore, Matthew R., Russo, Stefano, Saha, Abhijit, Sassolas, Benoit, Schalk, Terry L., Schellart, Pim, Schindler, Rafe H., Schmidt, Samuel, Schneider, Donald P., Schneider, Michael D., Schoening, William, Schumacher, German, Schwamb, Megan E., Sebag, Jacques, Selvy, Brian, Sembroski, Glenn H., Seppala, Lynn G., Serio, Andrew, Serrano, Eduardo, Shaw, Richard A., Shipsey, Ian, Sick, Jonathan, Silvestri, Nicole, Slater, Colin T., Smith, J. Allyn, Smith, R. Chris, Sobhani, Shahram, Soldahl, Christine, Storrie-Lombardi, Lisa, Stover, Edward, Strauss, Michael A., Street, Rachel A., Stubbs, Christopher W., Sullivan, Ian S., Sweeney, Donald, Swinbank, John D., Szalay, Alexander, Takacs, Peter, Tether, Stephen A., Thaler, Jon J., Thayer, John Gregg, Thomas, Sandrine, Thornton, Adam J., Thukral, Vaikunth, Tice, Jeffrey, Trilling, David E., Turri, Max, Berg, Richard Van, Berk, Daniel Vanden, Vetter, Kurt, Virieux, Francoise, Vucina, Tomislav, Wahl, William, Walkowicz, Lucianne, Walsh, Brian, Walter, Christopher W., Wang, Daniel L., Wang, Shin-Yawn, Warner, Michael, Wiecha, Oliver, Willman, Beth, Winters, Scott E., Wittman, David, Wolff, Sidney C., Wood-Vasey, W. Michael, Wu, Xiuqin, Xin, Bo, Yoachim, Peter, & Zhan, Hu. LSST: From Science Drivers to Reference Design and Anticipated Data Products. United States. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/ab042c.
Ivezić, Željko, Kahn, Steven M., Tyson, J. Anthony, Abel, Bob, Acosta, Emily, Allsman, Robyn, Alonso, David, AlSayyad, Yusra, Anderson, Scott F., Andrew, John, P. Angel, James Roger, Angeli, George Z., Ansari, Reza, Antilogus, Pierre, Araujo, Constanza, Armstrong, Robert, Arndt, Kirk T., Astier, Pierre, Aubourg, Éric, Auza, Nicole, Axelrod, Tim S., Bard, Deborah J., Barr, Jeff D., Barrau, Aurelian, Bartlett, James G., Bauer, Amanda E., Bauman, Brian J., Baumont, Sylvain, Bechtol, Ellen, Bechtol, Keith, Becker, Andrew C., Becla, Jacek, Beldica, Cristina, Bellavia, Steve, Bianco, Federica B., Biswas, Rahul, Blanc, Guillaume, Blazek, Jonathan, Blandford, Roger D., Bloom, Josh S., Bogart, Joanne, Bond, Tim W., Booth, Michael T., Borgland, Anders W., Borne, Kirk, Bosch, James F., Boutigny, Dominique, Brackett, Craig A., Bradshaw, Andrew, Brandt, William Nielsen, Brown, Michael E., Bullock, James S., Burchat, Patricia, Burke, David L., Cagnoli, Gianpietro, Calabrese, Daniel, Callahan, Shawn, Callen, Alice L., Carlin, Jeffrey L., Carlson, Erin L., Chandrasekharan, Srinivasan, Charles-Emerson, Glenaver, Chesley, Steve, Cheu, Elliott C., Chiang, Hsin-Fang, Chiang, James, Chirino, Carol, Chow, Derek, Ciardi, David R., Claver, Charles F., Cohen-Tanugi, Johann, Cockrum, Joseph J., Coles, Rebecca, Connolly, Andrew J., Cook, Kem H., Cooray, Asantha, Covey, Kevin R., Cribbs, Chris, Cui, Wei, Cutri, Roc, Daly, Philip N., Daniel, Scott F., Daruich, Felipe, Daubard, Guillaume, Daues, Greg, Dawson, William, Delgado, Francisco, Dellapenna, Alfred, Peyster, Robert de, Val-Borro, Miguel de, Digel, Seth W., Doherty, Peter, Dubois, Richard, Dubois-Felsmann, Gregory P., Durech, Josef, Economou, Frossie, Eifler, Tim, Eracleous, Michael, Emmons, Benjamin L., Neto, Angelo Fausti, Ferguson, Henry, Figueroa, Enrique, Fisher-Levine, Merlin, Focke, Warren, Foss, Michael D., Frank, James, Freemon, Michael D., Gangler, Emmanuel, Gawiser, Eric, Geary, John C., Gee, Perry, Geha, Marla, Gessner, Charles J. B., Gibson, Robert R., Gilmore, D. Kirk, Glanzman, Thomas, Glick, William, Goldina, Tatiana, Goldstein, Daniel A., Goodenow, Iain, Graham, Melissa L., Gressler, William J., Gris, Philippe, Guy, Leanne P., Guyonnet, Augustin, Haller, Gunther, Harris, Ron, Hascall, Patrick A., Haupt, Justine, Hernandez, Fabio, Herrmann, Sven, Hileman, Edward, Hoblitt, Joshua, Hodgson, John A., Hogan, Craig, Howard, James D., Huang, Dajun, Huffer, Michael E., Ingraham, Patrick, Innes, Walter R., Jacoby, Suzanne H., Jain, Bhuvnesh, Jammes, Fabrice, Jee, James, Jenness, Tim, Jernigan, Garrett, Jevremović, Darko, Johns, Kenneth, Johnson, Anthony S., Johnson, Margaret W. G., Jones, R. Lynne, Juramy-Gilles, Claire, Jurić, Mario, Kalirai, Jason S., Kallivayalil, Nitya J., Kalmbach, Bryce, Kantor, Jeffrey P., Karst, Pierre, Kasliwal, Mansi M., Kelly, Heather, Kessler, Richard, Kinnison, Veronica, Kirkby, David, Knox, Lloyd, Kotov, Ivan V., Krabbendam, Victor L., Krughoff, K. Simon, Kubánek, Petr, Kuczewski, John, Kulkarni, Shri, Ku, John, Kurita, Nadine R., Lage, Craig S., Lambert, Ron, Lange, Travis, Langton, J. Brian, Guillou, Laurent Le, Levine, Deborah, Liang, Ming, Lim, Kian-Tat, Lintott, Chris J., Long, Kevin E., Lopez, Margaux, Lotz, Paul J., Lupton, Robert H., Lust, Nate B., MacArthur, Lauren A., Mahabal, Ashish, Mandelbaum, Rachel, Markiewicz, Thomas W., Marsh, Darren S., Marshall, Philip J., Marshall, Stuart, May, Morgan, McKercher, Robert, McQueen, Michelle, Meyers, Joshua, Migliore, Myriam, Miller, Michelle, Mills, David J., Miraval, Connor, Moeyens, Joachim, Moolekamp, Fred E., Monet, David G., Moniez, Marc, Monkewitz, Serge, Montgomery, Christopher, Morrison, Christopher B., Mueller, Fritz, Muller, Gary P., Arancibia, Freddy Muñoz, Neill, Douglas R., Newbry, Scott P., Nief, Jean-Yves, Nomerotski, Andrei, Nordby, Martin, O’Connor, Paul, Oliver, John, Olivier, Scot S., Olsen, Knut, O’Mullane, William, Ortiz, Sandra, Osier, Shawn, Owen, Russell E., Pain, Reynald, Palecek, Paul E., Parejko, John K., Parsons, James B., Pease, Nathan M., Peterson, J. Matt, Peterson, John R., Petravick, Donald L., Petrick, M. E. Libby, Petry, Cathy E., Pierfederici, Francesco, Pietrowicz, Stephen, Pike, Rob, Pinto, Philip A., Plante, Raymond, Plate, Stephen, Plutchak, Joel P., Price, Paul A., Prouza, Michael, Radeka, Veljko, Rajagopal, Jayadev, Rasmussen, Andrew P., Regnault, Nicolas, Reil, Kevin A., Reiss, David J., Reuter, Michael A., Ridgway, Stephen T., Riot, Vincent J., Ritz, Steve, Robinson, Sean, Roby, William, Roodman, Aaron, Rosing, Wayne, Roucelle, Cecille, Rumore, Matthew R., Russo, Stefano, Saha, Abhijit, Sassolas, Benoit, Schalk, Terry L., Schellart, Pim, Schindler, Rafe H., Schmidt, Samuel, Schneider, Donald P., Schneider, Michael D., Schoening, William, Schumacher, German, Schwamb, Megan E., Sebag, Jacques, Selvy, Brian, Sembroski, Glenn H., Seppala, Lynn G., Serio, Andrew, Serrano, Eduardo, Shaw, Richard A., Shipsey, Ian, Sick, Jonathan, Silvestri, Nicole, Slater, Colin T., Smith, J. Allyn, Smith, R. Chris, Sobhani, Shahram, Soldahl, Christine, Storrie-Lombardi, Lisa, Stover, Edward, Strauss, Michael A., Street, Rachel A., Stubbs, Christopher W., Sullivan, Ian S., Sweeney, Donald, Swinbank, John D., Szalay, Alexander, Takacs, Peter, Tether, Stephen A., Thaler, Jon J., Thayer, John Gregg, Thomas, Sandrine, Thornton, Adam J., Thukral, Vaikunth, Tice, Jeffrey, Trilling, David E., Turri, Max, Berg, Richard Van, Berk, Daniel Vanden, Vetter, Kurt, Virieux, Francoise, Vucina, Tomislav, Wahl, William, Walkowicz, Lucianne, Walsh, Brian, Walter, Christopher W., Wang, Daniel L., Wang, Shin-Yawn, Warner, Michael, Wiecha, Oliver, Willman, Beth, Winters, Scott E., Wittman, David, Wolff, Sidney C., Wood-Vasey, W. Michael, Wu, Xiuqin, Xin, Bo, Yoachim, Peter, and Zhan, Hu. Mon . "LSST: From Science Drivers to Reference Design and Anticipated Data Products". United States. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/ab042c.
@article{osti_1504385,
title = {LSST: From Science Drivers to Reference Design and Anticipated Data Products},
author = {Ivezić, Željko and Kahn, Steven M. and Tyson, J. Anthony and Abel, Bob and Acosta, Emily and Allsman, Robyn and Alonso, David and AlSayyad, Yusra and Anderson, Scott F. and Andrew, John and P. Angel, James Roger and Angeli, George Z. and Ansari, Reza and Antilogus, Pierre and Araujo, Constanza and Armstrong, Robert and Arndt, Kirk T. and Astier, Pierre and Aubourg, Éric and Auza, Nicole and Axelrod, Tim S. and Bard, Deborah J. and Barr, Jeff D. and Barrau, Aurelian and Bartlett, James G. and Bauer, Amanda E. and Bauman, Brian J. and Baumont, Sylvain and Bechtol, Ellen and Bechtol, Keith and Becker, Andrew C. and Becla, Jacek and Beldica, Cristina and Bellavia, Steve and Bianco, Federica B. and Biswas, Rahul and Blanc, Guillaume and Blazek, Jonathan and Blandford, Roger D. and Bloom, Josh S. and Bogart, Joanne and Bond, Tim W. and Booth, Michael T. and Borgland, Anders W. and Borne, Kirk and Bosch, James F. and Boutigny, Dominique and Brackett, Craig A. and Bradshaw, Andrew and Brandt, William Nielsen and Brown, Michael E. and Bullock, James S. and Burchat, Patricia and Burke, David L. and Cagnoli, Gianpietro and Calabrese, Daniel and Callahan, Shawn and Callen, Alice L. and Carlin, Jeffrey L. and Carlson, Erin L. and Chandrasekharan, Srinivasan and Charles-Emerson, Glenaver and Chesley, Steve and Cheu, Elliott C. and Chiang, Hsin-Fang and Chiang, James and Chirino, Carol and Chow, Derek and Ciardi, David R. and Claver, Charles F. and Cohen-Tanugi, Johann and Cockrum, Joseph J. and Coles, Rebecca and Connolly, Andrew J. and Cook, Kem H. and Cooray, Asantha and Covey, Kevin R. and Cribbs, Chris and Cui, Wei and Cutri, Roc and Daly, Philip N. and Daniel, Scott F. and Daruich, Felipe and Daubard, Guillaume and Daues, Greg and Dawson, William and Delgado, Francisco and Dellapenna, Alfred and Peyster, Robert de and Val-Borro, Miguel de and Digel, Seth W. and Doherty, Peter and Dubois, Richard and Dubois-Felsmann, Gregory P. and Durech, Josef and Economou, Frossie and Eifler, Tim and Eracleous, Michael and Emmons, Benjamin L. and Neto, Angelo Fausti and Ferguson, Henry and Figueroa, Enrique and Fisher-Levine, Merlin and Focke, Warren and Foss, Michael D. and Frank, James and Freemon, Michael D. and Gangler, Emmanuel and Gawiser, Eric and Geary, John C. and Gee, Perry and Geha, Marla and Gessner, Charles J. B. and Gibson, Robert R. and Gilmore, D. Kirk and Glanzman, Thomas and Glick, William and Goldina, Tatiana and Goldstein, Daniel A. and Goodenow, Iain and Graham, Melissa L. and Gressler, William J. and Gris, Philippe and Guy, Leanne P. and Guyonnet, Augustin and Haller, Gunther and Harris, Ron and Hascall, Patrick A. and Haupt, Justine and Hernandez, Fabio and Herrmann, Sven and Hileman, Edward and Hoblitt, Joshua and Hodgson, John A. and Hogan, Craig and Howard, James D. and Huang, Dajun and Huffer, Michael E. and Ingraham, Patrick and Innes, Walter R. and Jacoby, Suzanne H. and Jain, Bhuvnesh and Jammes, Fabrice and Jee, James and Jenness, Tim and Jernigan, Garrett and Jevremović, Darko and Johns, Kenneth and Johnson, Anthony S. and Johnson, Margaret W. G. and Jones, R. Lynne and Juramy-Gilles, Claire and Jurić, Mario and Kalirai, Jason S. and Kallivayalil, Nitya J. and Kalmbach, Bryce and Kantor, Jeffrey P. and Karst, Pierre and Kasliwal, Mansi M. and Kelly, Heather and Kessler, Richard and Kinnison, Veronica and Kirkby, David and Knox, Lloyd and Kotov, Ivan V. and Krabbendam, Victor L. and Krughoff, K. Simon and Kubánek, Petr and Kuczewski, John and Kulkarni, Shri and Ku, John and Kurita, Nadine R. and Lage, Craig S. and Lambert, Ron and Lange, Travis and Langton, J. Brian and Guillou, Laurent Le and Levine, Deborah and Liang, Ming and Lim, Kian-Tat and Lintott, Chris J. and Long, Kevin E. and Lopez, Margaux and Lotz, Paul J. and Lupton, Robert H. and Lust, Nate B. and MacArthur, Lauren A. and Mahabal, Ashish and Mandelbaum, Rachel and Markiewicz, Thomas W. and Marsh, Darren S. and Marshall, Philip J. and Marshall, Stuart and May, Morgan and McKercher, Robert and McQueen, Michelle and Meyers, Joshua and Migliore, Myriam and Miller, Michelle and Mills, David J. and Miraval, Connor and Moeyens, Joachim and Moolekamp, Fred E. and Monet, David G. and Moniez, Marc and Monkewitz, Serge and Montgomery, Christopher and Morrison, Christopher B. and Mueller, Fritz and Muller, Gary P. and Arancibia, Freddy Muñoz and Neill, Douglas R. and Newbry, Scott P. and Nief, Jean-Yves and Nomerotski, Andrei and Nordby, Martin and O’Connor, Paul and Oliver, John and Olivier, Scot S. and Olsen, Knut and O’Mullane, William and Ortiz, Sandra and Osier, Shawn and Owen, Russell E. and Pain, Reynald and Palecek, Paul E. and Parejko, John K. and Parsons, James B. and Pease, Nathan M. and Peterson, J. Matt and Peterson, John R. and Petravick, Donald L. and Petrick, M. E. Libby and Petry, Cathy E. and Pierfederici, Francesco and Pietrowicz, Stephen and Pike, Rob and Pinto, Philip A. and Plante, Raymond and Plate, Stephen and Plutchak, Joel P. and Price, Paul A. and Prouza, Michael and Radeka, Veljko and Rajagopal, Jayadev and Rasmussen, Andrew P. and Regnault, Nicolas and Reil, Kevin A. and Reiss, David J. and Reuter, Michael A. and Ridgway, Stephen T. and Riot, Vincent J. and Ritz, Steve and Robinson, Sean and Roby, William and Roodman, Aaron and Rosing, Wayne and Roucelle, Cecille and Rumore, Matthew R. and Russo, Stefano and Saha, Abhijit and Sassolas, Benoit and Schalk, Terry L. and Schellart, Pim and Schindler, Rafe H. and Schmidt, Samuel and Schneider, Donald P. and Schneider, Michael D. and Schoening, William and Schumacher, German and Schwamb, Megan E. and Sebag, Jacques and Selvy, Brian and Sembroski, Glenn H. and Seppala, Lynn G. and Serio, Andrew and Serrano, Eduardo and Shaw, Richard A. and Shipsey, Ian and Sick, Jonathan and Silvestri, Nicole and Slater, Colin T. and Smith, J. Allyn and Smith, R. Chris and Sobhani, Shahram and Soldahl, Christine and Storrie-Lombardi, Lisa and Stover, Edward and Strauss, Michael A. and Street, Rachel A. and Stubbs, Christopher W. and Sullivan, Ian S. and Sweeney, Donald and Swinbank, John D. and Szalay, Alexander and Takacs, Peter and Tether, Stephen A. and Thaler, Jon J. and Thayer, John Gregg and Thomas, Sandrine and Thornton, Adam J. and Thukral, Vaikunth and Tice, Jeffrey and Trilling, David E. and Turri, Max and Berg, Richard Van and Berk, Daniel Vanden and Vetter, Kurt and Virieux, Francoise and Vucina, Tomislav and Wahl, William and Walkowicz, Lucianne and Walsh, Brian and Walter, Christopher W. and Wang, Daniel L. and Wang, Shin-Yawn and Warner, Michael and Wiecha, Oliver and Willman, Beth and Winters, Scott E. and Wittman, David and Wolff, Sidney C. and Wood-Vasey, W. Michael and Wu, Xiuqin and Xin, Bo and Yoachim, Peter and Zhan, Hu},
abstractNote = {We describe the most ambitious survey currently planned in the optical, the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST). The LSST design is driven by four main science themes: probing dark energy and dark matter, taking an inventory of the solar system, exploring the transient optical sky, and mapping the Milky Way. LSST will be a large, wide-field ground-based system designed to obtain repeated images covering the sky visible from Cerro Pachón in northern Chile. The telescope will have an 8.4 m (6.5 m effective) primary mirror, a 9.6 deg2 field of view, a 3.2-gigapixel camera, and six filters (ugrizy) covering the wavelength range 320–1050 nm. The project is in the construction phase and will begin regular survey operations by 2022. About 90% of the observing time will be devoted to a deep-wide-fast survey mode that will uniformly observe a 18,000 deg2 region about 800 times (summed over all six bands) during the anticipated 10 yr of operations and will yield a co-added map to r ~ 27.5. These data will result in databases including about 32 trillion observations of 20 billion galaxies and a similar number of stars, and they will serve the majority of the primary science programs. The remaining 10% of the observing time will be allocated to special projects such as Very Deep and Very Fast time domain surveys, whose details are currently under discussion. We illustrate how the LSST science drivers led to these choices of system parameters, and we describe the expected data products and their characteristics.},
doi = {10.3847/1538-4357/ab042c},
journal = {The Astrophysical Journal (Online)},
number = 2,
volume = 873,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {3}
}

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