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Title: Multifunctional ferrofluid-infused surfaces with reconfigurable multiscale topography

Abstract

Developing adaptive materials with geometries that change in response to external stimuli provides fundamental insights into the links between the physical forces involved and the resultant morphologies and creates a foundation for technologically relevant dynamic systems. In particular, reconfigurable surface topography as a means to control interfacial properties has recently been explored using responsive gels, shape-memory polymers, liquid crystals and hybrid composites, including magnetically active slippery surfaces. However, these designs exhibit a limited range of topographical changes and thus a restricted scope of function. Here we introduce a hierarchical magneto-responsive composite surface, made by infiltrating a ferrofluid into a microstructured matrix (termed ferrofluid-containing liquid-infused porous surfaces, or FLIPS). We demonstrate various topographical reconfigurations at multiple length scales and a broad range of associated emergent behaviours. An applied magnetic-field gradient induces the movement of magnetic nanoparticles suspended in a viscous fluid, which leads to microscale flow of this ferrofluid first above and then within the microstructured surface. This redistribution changes the initially smooth surface of the ferrofluid (which is immobilized by the porous matrix through capillary forces) into various multiscale hierarchical topographies shaped by the size, arrangement and orientation of the confining microstructures in the magnetic field. We analyse the spatialmore » and temporal dynamics of these reconfigurations theoretically and experimentally as a function of the balance between capillary and magnetic pressures and of the geometric anisotropy of the FLIPS system. Several interesting functions at three different length scales are demonstrated: self-assembly of colloidal particles at the micrometre scale; regulated flow of liquid droplets at the millimetre scale; and switchable adhesion and friction, liquid pumping and removal of biofilms at the centimetre scale. We envision that FLIPS could be used as part of integrated control systems for the manipulation and transport of matter, thermal management, microfluidics and fouling-release materials.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [6];  [6];  [7];  [8];  [9];  [10];  [11];  [12];  [4];  [13];  [14]
  1. Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA (United States). John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, and Wyss Inst. for Biologically Inspired Engineering; Max Planck Inst. for Intelligent Systems, Stuttgart (Germany)
  2. Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA (United States). John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences; Aalto Univ. School of Science, Espoo (Finland). Dept. of Applied Physics
  3. Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA (United States). John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, and Wyss Inst. for Biologically Inspired Engineering; Univ. of Oslo (Norway). Department of Mathematics, Mechanics Division
  4. Max Planck Inst. for Intelligent Systems, Stuttgart (Germany)
  5. Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA (United States). John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, and Wyss Inst. for Biologically Inspired Engineering
  6. Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA (United States). John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences
  7. Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA (United States). John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, and Wyss Inst. for Biologically Inspired Engineering; Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States). Dept of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering and the Materials Research Inst.
  8. Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA (United States). John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, and Wyss Inst. for Biologically Inspired Engineering; Univ. of Toronto, ON (Canada). Materials Science and Engineering
  9. Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA (United States). John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, and Wyss Inst. for Biologically Inspired Engineering; Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, Hopkins Extreme Materials Inst.
  10. Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA (United States). John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, and Wyss Inst. for Biologically Inspired Engineering; Univ. of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI (United States). Dept. of Biomedical and Chemical Engineering
  11. Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA (United States). John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Dept. of Chemistry and Chemical Biology; Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD (United States). Dept. of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering
  12. Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA (United States). Wyss Inst. for Biologically Inspired Engineering
  13. Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA (United States). John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, and Wyss Inst. for Biologically Inspired Engineering, Kavli Inst. for Bionano Science and Technology
  14. Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA (United States). John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, and Wyss Inst. for Biologically Inspired Engineering, Dept. of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Kavli Inst. for Bionano Science and Technology
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1504366
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0005247
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature (London)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Nature (London); Journal Volume: 559; Journal Issue: 7712; Journal ID: ISSN 0028-0836
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Wang, Wendong, Timonen, Jaakko V. I., Carlson, Andreas, Drotlef, Dirk-Michael, Zhang, Cathy T., Kolle, Stefan, Grinthal, Alison, Wong, Tak-Sing, Hatton, Benjamin, Kang, Sung Hoon, Kennedy, Stephen, Chi, Joshua, Blough, Robert Thomas, Sitti, Metin, Mahadevan, L., and Aizenberg, Joanna. Multifunctional ferrofluid-infused surfaces with reconfigurable multiscale topography. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1038/s41586-018-0250-8.
Wang, Wendong, Timonen, Jaakko V. I., Carlson, Andreas, Drotlef, Dirk-Michael, Zhang, Cathy T., Kolle, Stefan, Grinthal, Alison, Wong, Tak-Sing, Hatton, Benjamin, Kang, Sung Hoon, Kennedy, Stephen, Chi, Joshua, Blough, Robert Thomas, Sitti, Metin, Mahadevan, L., & Aizenberg, Joanna. Multifunctional ferrofluid-infused surfaces with reconfigurable multiscale topography. United States. doi:10.1038/s41586-018-0250-8.
Wang, Wendong, Timonen, Jaakko V. I., Carlson, Andreas, Drotlef, Dirk-Michael, Zhang, Cathy T., Kolle, Stefan, Grinthal, Alison, Wong, Tak-Sing, Hatton, Benjamin, Kang, Sung Hoon, Kennedy, Stephen, Chi, Joshua, Blough, Robert Thomas, Sitti, Metin, Mahadevan, L., and Aizenberg, Joanna. Mon . "Multifunctional ferrofluid-infused surfaces with reconfigurable multiscale topography". United States. doi:10.1038/s41586-018-0250-8. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1504366.
@article{osti_1504366,
title = {Multifunctional ferrofluid-infused surfaces with reconfigurable multiscale topography},
author = {Wang, Wendong and Timonen, Jaakko V. I. and Carlson, Andreas and Drotlef, Dirk-Michael and Zhang, Cathy T. and Kolle, Stefan and Grinthal, Alison and Wong, Tak-Sing and Hatton, Benjamin and Kang, Sung Hoon and Kennedy, Stephen and Chi, Joshua and Blough, Robert Thomas and Sitti, Metin and Mahadevan, L. and Aizenberg, Joanna},
abstractNote = {Developing adaptive materials with geometries that change in response to external stimuli provides fundamental insights into the links between the physical forces involved and the resultant morphologies and creates a foundation for technologically relevant dynamic systems. In particular, reconfigurable surface topography as a means to control interfacial properties has recently been explored using responsive gels, shape-memory polymers, liquid crystals and hybrid composites, including magnetically active slippery surfaces. However, these designs exhibit a limited range of topographical changes and thus a restricted scope of function. Here we introduce a hierarchical magneto-responsive composite surface, made by infiltrating a ferrofluid into a microstructured matrix (termed ferrofluid-containing liquid-infused porous surfaces, or FLIPS). We demonstrate various topographical reconfigurations at multiple length scales and a broad range of associated emergent behaviours. An applied magnetic-field gradient induces the movement of magnetic nanoparticles suspended in a viscous fluid, which leads to microscale flow of this ferrofluid first above and then within the microstructured surface. This redistribution changes the initially smooth surface of the ferrofluid (which is immobilized by the porous matrix through capillary forces) into various multiscale hierarchical topographies shaped by the size, arrangement and orientation of the confining microstructures in the magnetic field. We analyse the spatial and temporal dynamics of these reconfigurations theoretically and experimentally as a function of the balance between capillary and magnetic pressures and of the geometric anisotropy of the FLIPS system. Several interesting functions at three different length scales are demonstrated: self-assembly of colloidal particles at the micrometre scale; regulated flow of liquid droplets at the millimetre scale; and switchable adhesion and friction, liquid pumping and removal of biofilms at the centimetre scale. We envision that FLIPS could be used as part of integrated control systems for the manipulation and transport of matter, thermal management, microfluidics and fouling-release materials.},
doi = {10.1038/s41586-018-0250-8},
journal = {Nature (London)},
number = 7712,
volume = 559,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {6}
}

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Cited by: 42 works
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Works referenced in this record:

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    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Encoded Microneedle Arrays for Detection of Skin Interstitial Fluid Biomarkers
    journal, July 2019


    Bioinspired Surfaces with Switchable Adhesion
    journal, November 2007

    • Reddy, S.; Arzt, E.; del Campo, A.
    • Advanced Materials, Vol. 19, Issue 22, p. 3833-3837
    • DOI: 10.1002/adma.200700733

    Bio-Inspired, Smart, Multiscale Interfacial Materials
    journal, August 2008


    Fabrication of Bioinspired Actuated Nanostructures with Arbitrary Geometry and Stiffness
    journal, January 2009

    • Pokroy, Boaz; Epstein, Alexander K.; Persson-Gulda, Maria C. M.
    • Advanced Materials, Vol. 21, Issue 4, p. 463-469
    • DOI: 10.1002/adma.200801432

    Self-Oscillating Gels Driven by the Belousov-Zhabotinsky Reaction as Novel Smart Materials
    journal, May 2010


    Magnetofluidic Tweezing of Nonmagnetic Colloids
    journal, March 2016

    • Timonen, Jaakko V. I.; Demirörs, Ahmet F.; Grzybowski, Bartosz A.
    • Advanced Materials, Vol. 28, Issue 18
    • DOI: 10.1002/adma.201506072

    Switchable Adhesives for Multifunctional Interfaces
    journal, June 2019

    • Croll, Andrew B.; Hosseini, Nasibeh; Bartlett, Michael D.
    • Advanced Materials Technologies, Vol. 4, Issue 8
    • DOI: 10.1002/admt.201900193

    Multifunctional Magnetocontrollable Superwettable‐Microcilia Surface for Directional Droplet Manipulation
    journal, July 2019


    Capillarity and Wetting Phenomena: Drops, Bubbles, Pearls, Waves
    book, January 2004


    Fast Responsive and Controllable Liquid Transport on a Magnetic Fluid/Nanoarray Composite Interface
    journal, May 2016


    Attractive Forces At Interfaces
    journal, December 1964

    • Fowkes, Frederick M.
    • Industrial & Engineering Chemistry, Vol. 56, Issue 12, p. 40-52
    • DOI: 10.1021/ie50660a008

    Thin Film Instability Induced by Long-Range Forces
    journal, March 1999

    • Reiter, Günter; Sharma, Ashutosh; Casoli, Alain
    • Langmuir, Vol. 15, Issue 7
    • DOI: 10.1021/la981470y

    Synthetic homeostatic materials with chemo-mechano-chemical self-regulation
    journal, July 2012

    • He, Ximin; Aizenberg, Michael; Kuksenok, Olga
    • Nature, Vol. 487, Issue 7406, p. 214-218
    • DOI: 10.1038/nature11223

    Condensation on slippery asymmetric bumps
    journal, February 2016

    • Park, Kyoo-Chul; Kim, Philseok; Grinthal, Alison
    • Nature, Vol. 531, Issue 7592
    • DOI: 10.1038/nature16956

    Magnetic slippery extreme icephobic surfaces
    journal, November 2016

    • Irajizad, Peyman; Hasnain, Munib; Farokhnia, Nazanin
    • Nature Communications, Vol. 7, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms13395

    Photothermally triggered actuation of hybrid materials as a new platform for in vitro cell manipulation
    journal, March 2017

    • Sutton, Amy; Shirman, Tanya; Timonen, Jaakko V. I.
    • Nature Communications, Vol. 8, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms14700

    New insights into photoactivated volume generation boost surface morphing in liquid crystal coatings
    journal, September 2015

    • Liu, Danqing; Broer, Dirk J.
    • Nature Communications, Vol. 6, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms9334

    Printed artificial cilia from liquid-crystal network actuators modularly driven by light
    journal, June 2009

    • van Oosten, Casper L.; Bastiaansen, Cees W. M.; Broer, Dirk J.
    • Nature Materials, Vol. 8, Issue 8
    • DOI: 10.1038/nmat2487

    Adaptive fluid-infused porous films with tunable transparency and wettability
    journal, April 2013

    • Yao, Xi; Hu, Yuhang; Grinthal, Alison
    • Nature Materials, Vol. 12, Issue 6
    • DOI: 10.1038/nmat3598

    Oleoplaning droplets on lubricated surfaces
    journal, June 2017

    • Daniel, Dan; Timonen, Jaakko V. I.; Li, Ruoping
    • Nature Physics, Vol. 13, Issue 10
    • DOI: 10.1038/nphys4177

    Enriching libraries of high-aspect-ratio micro- or nanostructures by rapid, low-cost, benchtop nanofabrication
    journal, January 2012

    • Kim, Philseok; Adorno-Martinez, Wilmer E.; Khan, Mughees
    • Nature Protocols, Vol. 7, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1038/nprot.2012.003

    Magnetic Fluids
    journal, October 1982


    Droplet mobility on lubricant-impregnated surfaces
    journal, December 2012

    • Smith, J. David; Dhiman, Rajeev; Anand, Sushant
    • Soft Matter, Vol. 9, Issue 6, p. 1772-1780
    • DOI: 10.1039/c2sm27032c

    Adaptive all the way down: Building responsive materials from hierarchies of chemomechanical feedback
    journal, January 2013

    • Grinthal, Alison; Aizenberg, Joanna
    • Chemical Society Reviews, Vol. 42, Issue 17
    • DOI: 10.1039/c3cs60045a

    Experimental manipulation of wall turbulence: A systems approach
    journal, March 2013

    • McKeon, B. J.; Sharma, A. S.; Jacobi, I.
    • Physics of Fluids, Vol. 25, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.4793444

    Active surfaces: Ferrofluid-impregnated surfaces for active manipulation of droplets
    journal, July 2014

    • Khalil, Karim S.; Mahmoudi, Seyed Reza; Abu-dheir, Numan
    • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 105, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.4891439

    Liquid-infused structured surfaces with exceptional anti-biofouling performance
    journal, July 2012

    • Epstein, A. K.; Wong, T. -S.; Belisle, R. A.
    • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 109, Issue 33
    • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1201973109

    Reversible switching between superhydrophobic states on a hierarchically structured surface
    journal, June 2012

    • Verho, T.; Korhonen, J. T.; Sainiemi, L.
    • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 109, Issue 26
    • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1204328109

    Reverse switching of surface roughness in a self-organized polydomain liquid crystal coating
    journal, March 2015

    • Liu, Danqing; Liu, Ling; Onck, Patrick R.
    • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 112, Issue 13
    • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1419312112

    The Tension of Composite Fluid Surfaces and the Mechanical Stability of Films of Fluid
    journal, July 1912

    • Hardy, W. B.
    • Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, Vol. 86, Issue 591
    • DOI: 10.1098/rspa.1912.0053

    The Tension of Composite Fluid Surfaces. No. II
    journal, May 1913

    • Hardy, W. B.
    • Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, Vol. 88, Issue 603
    • DOI: 10.1098/rspa.1913.0032

    A ferrofluidic magnetic micropump
    journal, June 2001

    • Hatch, A.; Kamholz, A. E.; Holman, G.
    • Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, Vol. 10, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1109/84.925748

    Reversible Switching of Hydrogel-Actuated Nanostructures into Complex Micropatterns
    journal, January 2007


    MATERIALS SCIENCE: Adaptive Composites
    journal, January 2008


    Switchable Static and Dynamic Self-Assembly of Magnetic Droplets on Superhydrophobic Surfaces
    journal, July 2013


    Responsive Surfaces for Life Science Applications
    journal, August 2012


    Encoded Microneedle Arrays for Detection of Skin Interstitial Fluid Biomarkers
    journal, July 2019


    Switchable Adhesives for Multifunctional Interfaces
    journal, June 2019

    • Croll, Andrew B.; Hosseini, Nasibeh; Bartlett, Michael D.
    • Advanced Materials Technologies, Vol. 4, Issue 8
    • DOI: 10.1002/admt.201900193

    Multifunctional Magnetocontrollable Superwettable‐Microcilia Surface for Directional Droplet Manipulation
    journal, July 2019