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Title: Cooperative Behavior in the Evolution of Alignment and Structure in Vertically Aligned Carbon-Nanotube Arrays Grown using Chemical Vapor Deposition

Abstract

We discuss the origin and the influence of autocatalytic kinetics on the structure-property relationship in the evolution of macromolecular structure during self-organized growth of vertically aligned carbon-nanotube arrays by chemical vapor deposition of acetylene. Real-time thickness measurements consistent with postgrowth structural characterization show that the rate of carbon incorporation governs not just the length of individual nanotubes, but also cooperative properties such as packing density, alignment, and order in the arrays, which profoundly affect the mechanical strength and the thermal and electrical conductivity of the assembly. Our analysis shows that the autocatalytic kinetics points to radical chain polymerization of acetylene as the most likely mechanism capable of producing the large variations in carbon-addition rates revealed by real-time data. Furthermore this fresh insight provides alternative approaches for targeting specific array properties using the polymerization reaction framework for creating novel applications in high-density energy storage, advanced interconnects, and high-efficiency heat dissipation.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [2]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  2. Binghamton Univ., State Univ. of New York, Binghamton, NY (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1504014
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1463927
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review Applied
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 10; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 2331-7019
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Eres, Gyula, Rouleau, Christopher M., Puretzky, Alexander A., Geohegan, David B., and Wang, Howard. Cooperative Behavior in the Evolution of Alignment and Structure in Vertically Aligned Carbon-Nanotube Arrays Grown using Chemical Vapor Deposition. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevApplied.10.024010.
Eres, Gyula, Rouleau, Christopher M., Puretzky, Alexander A., Geohegan, David B., & Wang, Howard. Cooperative Behavior in the Evolution of Alignment and Structure in Vertically Aligned Carbon-Nanotube Arrays Grown using Chemical Vapor Deposition. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevApplied.10.024010.
Eres, Gyula, Rouleau, Christopher M., Puretzky, Alexander A., Geohegan, David B., and Wang, Howard. Fri . "Cooperative Behavior in the Evolution of Alignment and Structure in Vertically Aligned Carbon-Nanotube Arrays Grown using Chemical Vapor Deposition". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevApplied.10.024010. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1504014.
@article{osti_1504014,
title = {Cooperative Behavior in the Evolution of Alignment and Structure in Vertically Aligned Carbon-Nanotube Arrays Grown using Chemical Vapor Deposition},
author = {Eres, Gyula and Rouleau, Christopher M. and Puretzky, Alexander A. and Geohegan, David B. and Wang, Howard},
abstractNote = {We discuss the origin and the influence of autocatalytic kinetics on the structure-property relationship in the evolution of macromolecular structure during self-organized growth of vertically aligned carbon-nanotube arrays by chemical vapor deposition of acetylene. Real-time thickness measurements consistent with postgrowth structural characterization show that the rate of carbon incorporation governs not just the length of individual nanotubes, but also cooperative properties such as packing density, alignment, and order in the arrays, which profoundly affect the mechanical strength and the thermal and electrical conductivity of the assembly. Our analysis shows that the autocatalytic kinetics points to radical chain polymerization of acetylene as the most likely mechanism capable of producing the large variations in carbon-addition rates revealed by real-time data. Furthermore this fresh insight provides alternative approaches for targeting specific array properties using the polymerization reaction framework for creating novel applications in high-density energy storage, advanced interconnects, and high-efficiency heat dissipation.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevApplied.10.024010},
journal = {Physical Review Applied},
number = 2,
volume = 10,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {8}
}

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