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Title: Chemomechanical behaviors of layered cathode materials in alkali metal ion batteries

Abstract

Layered cathode materials (LCMs), because of their high energy density and relatively stable performance, represent an important class of cathode materials for alkali metal ion (e.g., Li+ and Na+) batteries. Chemomechanical behaviors of LCMs, which affect battery performance dramatically, have drawn extensive attention in recent years. Most chemomechanical processes have some common chemical and structural origins that are at the center of materials chemistry, for example, defects and local bonding environments in the solid state. In this review, we first discuss the chemomechanical breakdown of LCMs by introducing their categories and negative effects on the battery performance. We then systematically analyze factors that govern the initiation and propagation of chemomechanical breakdown and summarize their formation mechanisms. Strategies that can enhance the chemomechanical properties of LCMs or reduce the destructive effects of chemomechanical breakdown are then discussed. Lastly, light is shed on the new state-of-the-art techniques that have been applied to study chemomechanical breakdown. This review virtually includes most aspects of the chemomechanical behaviors of LCMs and provides some insights into the important chemical motifs that determine the chemomechanical properties. Thus, we believe that advanced design protocols of LCMs can be developed to effectively address the chemomechanical breakdown issue of LCMs.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ. (Virginia Tech), Blacksburg, VA (United States)
  2. SLAC National Accelerator Lab. (SLAC), Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab. (SLAC), Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES)
OSTI Identifier:
1503597
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1478433
Grant/Contract Number:  
DMR-1832613; AC02-76SF00515
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Materials Chemistry. A
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 6; Journal Issue: 44; Journal ID: ISSN 2050-7488
Publisher:
Royal Society of Chemistry
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 25 ENERGY STORAGE

Citation Formats

Xu, Zhengrui, Rahman, Muhammad Mominur, Mu, Linqin, Liu, Yijin, and Lin, Feng. Chemomechanical behaviors of layered cathode materials in alkali metal ion batteries. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1039/c8ta06875e.
Xu, Zhengrui, Rahman, Muhammad Mominur, Mu, Linqin, Liu, Yijin, & Lin, Feng. Chemomechanical behaviors of layered cathode materials in alkali metal ion batteries. United States. doi:10.1039/c8ta06875e.
Xu, Zhengrui, Rahman, Muhammad Mominur, Mu, Linqin, Liu, Yijin, and Lin, Feng. Mon . "Chemomechanical behaviors of layered cathode materials in alkali metal ion batteries". United States. doi:10.1039/c8ta06875e. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1503597.
@article{osti_1503597,
title = {Chemomechanical behaviors of layered cathode materials in alkali metal ion batteries},
author = {Xu, Zhengrui and Rahman, Muhammad Mominur and Mu, Linqin and Liu, Yijin and Lin, Feng},
abstractNote = {Layered cathode materials (LCMs), because of their high energy density and relatively stable performance, represent an important class of cathode materials for alkali metal ion (e.g., Li+ and Na+) batteries. Chemomechanical behaviors of LCMs, which affect battery performance dramatically, have drawn extensive attention in recent years. Most chemomechanical processes have some common chemical and structural origins that are at the center of materials chemistry, for example, defects and local bonding environments in the solid state. In this review, we first discuss the chemomechanical breakdown of LCMs by introducing their categories and negative effects on the battery performance. We then systematically analyze factors that govern the initiation and propagation of chemomechanical breakdown and summarize their formation mechanisms. Strategies that can enhance the chemomechanical properties of LCMs or reduce the destructive effects of chemomechanical breakdown are then discussed. Lastly, light is shed on the new state-of-the-art techniques that have been applied to study chemomechanical breakdown. This review virtually includes most aspects of the chemomechanical behaviors of LCMs and provides some insights into the important chemical motifs that determine the chemomechanical properties. Thus, we believe that advanced design protocols of LCMs can be developed to effectively address the chemomechanical breakdown issue of LCMs.},
doi = {10.1039/c8ta06875e},
journal = {Journal of Materials Chemistry. A},
number = 44,
volume = 6,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {10}
}

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Cited by: 17 works
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Figures / Tables:

Fig. 1 Fig. 1: (a) Illustration of primary and secondary particles: scanning electron microscopy (SEM) image of uncycled NCA primary and secondary particles. (b) An example of intragranular cracks: low magnification high-angle annular dark-field (HAADF) image of NMC333 (after 100 cycles at 4.7 V cut-off voltage), showing the intragranular cracks (yellow arrows)more » inside the primary particles. (c) An example of intergranular cracks: cross-sectional SEM image of the Li1-δNi 0.95CoγMn0.05-γ02 cathode particle (first fully charged at 4.3 V cut-off voltage). Used with permission from ref. 38, 39 and 41.« less

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