skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Acid Treatment of Diamond-Like Carbon Surfaces for Enhanced Adsorption of Friction Modifiers and Friction Performance

Abstract

Diamond-like carbon (DLC) is a class of amorphous carbon materials used as wear-resistant coatings in tribo-components. The chemical inertness of DLC surfaces, while important in many applications, makes them incompatible with additives in commercial lubricants. Specifically, DLC surfaces do not permit strong adsorption of friction modifier molecules. This study aims at improving the adsorption of these friction modifier molecules on DLC surfaces through an acid treatment. Water contact angle measurements show that such a treatment results in improved hydrophilicity of the DLC. XPS analysis demonstrates 50% increase in the uptake of ArmeenT, an organic friction modifier, on DLC after the acid treatment. This increased ArmeenT adsorption is accompanied by marked decrease in friction in micro-scale friction experiments.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [1];  [3];  [1];  [1]
  1. Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL (United States)
  2. Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL (United States); Xi'an Jiaotong Univ., Xi'an (People's Republic of China)
  3. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Lemont, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE); National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1503322
Grant/Contract Number:  
[AC02-06CH11357]
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Tribology Letters
Additional Journal Information:
[ Journal Volume: 66; Journal Issue: 4]; Journal ID: ISSN 1023-8883
Publisher:
Springer
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 42 ENGINEERING; DLC; friction modifiers; surface adsorption; surface treatment

Citation Formats

Khan, Arman Mohammad, He, Xingliang, Wu, Hongxing, Desanker, Michael, Erdemir, Ali, Chung, Yip -Wah, and Wang, Q. Jane. Acid Treatment of Diamond-Like Carbon Surfaces for Enhanced Adsorption of Friction Modifiers and Friction Performance. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1007/s11249-018-1081-3.
Khan, Arman Mohammad, He, Xingliang, Wu, Hongxing, Desanker, Michael, Erdemir, Ali, Chung, Yip -Wah, & Wang, Q. Jane. Acid Treatment of Diamond-Like Carbon Surfaces for Enhanced Adsorption of Friction Modifiers and Friction Performance. United States. doi:10.1007/s11249-018-1081-3.
Khan, Arman Mohammad, He, Xingliang, Wu, Hongxing, Desanker, Michael, Erdemir, Ali, Chung, Yip -Wah, and Wang, Q. Jane. Tue . "Acid Treatment of Diamond-Like Carbon Surfaces for Enhanced Adsorption of Friction Modifiers and Friction Performance". United States. doi:10.1007/s11249-018-1081-3. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1503322.
@article{osti_1503322,
title = {Acid Treatment of Diamond-Like Carbon Surfaces for Enhanced Adsorption of Friction Modifiers and Friction Performance},
author = {Khan, Arman Mohammad and He, Xingliang and Wu, Hongxing and Desanker, Michael and Erdemir, Ali and Chung, Yip -Wah and Wang, Q. Jane},
abstractNote = {Diamond-like carbon (DLC) is a class of amorphous carbon materials used as wear-resistant coatings in tribo-components. The chemical inertness of DLC surfaces, while important in many applications, makes them incompatible with additives in commercial lubricants. Specifically, DLC surfaces do not permit strong adsorption of friction modifier molecules. This study aims at improving the adsorption of these friction modifier molecules on DLC surfaces through an acid treatment. Water contact angle measurements show that such a treatment results in improved hydrophilicity of the DLC. XPS analysis demonstrates 50% increase in the uptake of ArmeenT, an organic friction modifier, on DLC after the acid treatment. This increased ArmeenT adsorption is accompanied by marked decrease in friction in micro-scale friction experiments.},
doi = {10.1007/s11249-018-1081-3},
journal = {Tribology Letters},
number = [4],
volume = [66],
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {9}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Superlow friction behavior of diamond-like carbon coatings: Time and speed effects
journal, April 2001

  • Heimberg, J. A.; Wahl, K. J.; Singer, I. L.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 78, Issue 17
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1366649

Improved Synthesis of Graphene Oxide
journal, July 2010

  • Marcano, Daniela C.; Kosynkin, Dmitry V.; Berlin, Jacob M.
  • ACS Nano, Vol. 4, Issue 8, p. 4806-4814
  • DOI: 10.1021/nn1006368

Diamond-like carbon for data and beer storage
journal, January 2007


Synthesis of carbon films with ultra-low friction in dry and humid air
journal, September 2006


Review of the tribology of diamond-like carbon
journal, September 1993


Friction control of diamond-like carbon coatings
journal, October 1997


Tribological Behavior of Amorphous Carbon Nitride Overcoats for Magnetic Thin-Film Rigid Disks
journal, July 1996

  • Cutiongco, Eric C.; Li, Dong; Chung, Yip-Wah
  • Journal of Tribology, Vol. 118, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1115/1.2831572

Review of boundary lubrication mechanisms of DLC coatings used in mechanical applications
journal, June 2008


Boundary lubrication mechanisms of carbon coatings by MoDTC and ZDDP additives
journal, March 2005


Diamond and diamond-like carbon MEMS
journal, June 2007

  • Luo, J. K.; Fu, Y. Q.; Le, H. R.
  • Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, Vol. 17, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1088/0960-1317/17/7/S12

The effect of ZDDP and MoDTC additives in engine oil on the friction properties of DLC-coated and steel cam followers
journal, November 2004


Surface and structural characterization of multi-walled carbon nanotubes following different oxidative treatments
journal, January 2011


Preparation of Graphitic Oxide
journal, March 1958

  • Hummers, William S.; Offeman, Richard E.
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 80, Issue 6, p. 1339-1339
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja01539a017

Frictional properties of diamondlike carbon layers
journal, February 1980

  • Enke, K.; Dimigen, H.; Hübsch, H.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 36, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.91465

Biomedical applications of diamond-like carbon (DLC) coatings: A review
journal, December 2005


Ultralow friction of DLC in presence of glycerol mono-oleate (GNO)
journal, February 2005


Tungsten carbide/diamond-like carbon multilayer coatings on steel for tribological applications
journal, December 2001


The role of hydrogen in tribological properties of diamond-like carbon films
journal, September 2001


Tribology of diamond-like carbon films: recent progress and future prospects
journal, September 2006


Effect of DLC coatings on wear in automotive applications
journal, February 2005


Influence of surface passivation on the friction and wear behavior of ultrananocrystalline diamond and tetrahedral amorphous carbon thin films
journal, April 2012