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Title: Microstructural investigation of an extruded austenitic oxide dispersion strengthened steel containing a carbon-containing process control agent

Abstract

The adhesion of austenitic oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) steel during mechanical alloying and a decreased powder production yield can be overcome by the addition of a process control agent: stearic acid. Here, the influence of stearic acid and the introduction of carbon in an extruded and annealed austenitic ODS steel was investigated. In particular the impact of carbon on the precipitate formation, the stability of particle and grain sizes during a heat treatment of 2 h at temperatures in a range between 500 and 1100 °C and the resulting grain size were investigated. No direct influence of carbon on the formation of precipitates was detected in the as-extruded condition. The orientation relationship of oxide nano-particles and the austenitic matrix was found to be size dependent. Also, a surprising growth of oxide precipitates was recorded, which starts at annealing temperatures as low as 700 °C. Precipitates in other steels do not show a growth in this temperature regime at all. For that reason, a possible link between the unexpected growth and the formation of carbides was investigated. M 7C 3 and M 23C 6 carbides were found in every sample condition and we were able to show that their amount followsmore » a trend suggested by thermodynamic simulations. The grain size of the extruded austenitic ODS steel was examined and a grain refinement was found after a heat treatment of 2 h at 700 °C or higher was performed. That is caused by the inhabitation of further grain growth after nucleation as part of the recrystallization process has happened. The dragging force exerted by precipitates is strong enough to pin grain boundaries. Furthermore, no direct impact of carbon on the oxide precipitate growth was found, an indirect impact of carbon on the growth of ODS precipitates is supposed but requires long-term annealing studies to be verified.« less

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [1]
  1. Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen (Germany)
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1502592
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Nuclear Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 516; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0022-3115
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; Austenitic ODS steel; Process control agent; Mechanical alloying; TEM; APT; EBSD

Citation Formats

Gräning, Tim, Rieth, Michael, Hoffmann, Jan, Seils, Sascha, Edmondson, Philip D., and Möslang, Anton. Microstructural investigation of an extruded austenitic oxide dispersion strengthened steel containing a carbon-containing process control agent. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2019.01.048.
Gräning, Tim, Rieth, Michael, Hoffmann, Jan, Seils, Sascha, Edmondson, Philip D., & Möslang, Anton. Microstructural investigation of an extruded austenitic oxide dispersion strengthened steel containing a carbon-containing process control agent. United States. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2019.01.048.
Gräning, Tim, Rieth, Michael, Hoffmann, Jan, Seils, Sascha, Edmondson, Philip D., and Möslang, Anton. Wed . "Microstructural investigation of an extruded austenitic oxide dispersion strengthened steel containing a carbon-containing process control agent". United States. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2019.01.048.
@article{osti_1502592,
title = {Microstructural investigation of an extruded austenitic oxide dispersion strengthened steel containing a carbon-containing process control agent},
author = {Gräning, Tim and Rieth, Michael and Hoffmann, Jan and Seils, Sascha and Edmondson, Philip D. and Möslang, Anton},
abstractNote = {The adhesion of austenitic oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) steel during mechanical alloying and a decreased powder production yield can be overcome by the addition of a process control agent: stearic acid. Here, the influence of stearic acid and the introduction of carbon in an extruded and annealed austenitic ODS steel was investigated. In particular the impact of carbon on the precipitate formation, the stability of particle and grain sizes during a heat treatment of 2 h at temperatures in a range between 500 and 1100 °C and the resulting grain size were investigated. No direct influence of carbon on the formation of precipitates was detected in the as-extruded condition. The orientation relationship of oxide nano-particles and the austenitic matrix was found to be size dependent. Also, a surprising growth of oxide precipitates was recorded, which starts at annealing temperatures as low as 700 °C. Precipitates in other steels do not show a growth in this temperature regime at all. For that reason, a possible link between the unexpected growth and the formation of carbides was investigated. M7C3 and M23C6 carbides were found in every sample condition and we were able to show that their amount follows a trend suggested by thermodynamic simulations. The grain size of the extruded austenitic ODS steel was examined and a grain refinement was found after a heat treatment of 2 h at 700 °C or higher was performed. That is caused by the inhabitation of further grain growth after nucleation as part of the recrystallization process has happened. The dragging force exerted by precipitates is strong enough to pin grain boundaries. Furthermore, no direct impact of carbon on the oxide precipitate growth was found, an indirect impact of carbon on the growth of ODS precipitates is supposed but requires long-term annealing studies to be verified.},
doi = {10.1016/j.jnucmat.2019.01.048},
journal = {Journal of Nuclear Materials},
number = C,
volume = 516,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {1}
}

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This content will become publicly available on January 30, 2020
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