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Title: Quantum cascade laser-based analyzer for hydrogen sulfide detection at sub-parts-per-million levels

Abstract

Due to its high toxicity, monitoring of hydrogen sulfide (H 2S) concentration is essential in many industrial sites (such as natural gas extraction sites, petroleum refineries, geothermal power plants, or waste water treatment facilities), which require sub-parts-per-million sensitivities. We report on a quantum cascade laserbased spectroscopic system for detection of H 2S in the midinfrared at ~7.2 μm. We present a sensor design utilizing Herriott multipass cell and a wavelength modulation spectroscopy to achieve a detection limit of 140 parts per billion for 1-s integration time.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4]
  1. Wroclaw Research Centre EIT+, Wroclaw (Poland). Laser Sensing Lab.; Wroclaw Univ. of Science and Technology, Wroclaw (Poland). Dept. of Optics and Photonics, Faculty of Fundamental Problems of Technology
  2. Wroclaw Univ. of Science and Technology, Wroclaw (Poland). Laser and Fiber Electronics Group
  3. Wroclaw Research Centre EIT+, Wroclaw (Poland). Laser Sensing Lab.
  4. Princeton Univ., NJ (United States). Electrical Engineering Dept.
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
International Business Machines Corporation, Yorktown Heights, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy (ARPA-E); Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education; National Centre for Research and Development (NCBiR)
OSTI Identifier:
1502477
Grant/Contract Number:  
[AR0000540]
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Optical Engineering
Additional Journal Information:
[ Journal Volume: 57; Journal Issue: 01]; Journal ID: ISSN 0091-3286
Publisher:
SPIE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
47 OTHER INSTRUMENTATION; molecular spectroscopy; laser spectroscopy; wavelength modulation spectroscopy; quantum cascade laser; hydrogen sulfide

Citation Formats

Nikodem, Michal, Krzempek, Karol, Stachowiak, Dorota, and Wysocki, Gerard. Quantum cascade laser-based analyzer for hydrogen sulfide detection at sub-parts-per-million levels. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1117/1.oe.57.1.011019.
Nikodem, Michal, Krzempek, Karol, Stachowiak, Dorota, & Wysocki, Gerard. Quantum cascade laser-based analyzer for hydrogen sulfide detection at sub-parts-per-million levels. United States. doi:10.1117/1.oe.57.1.011019.
Nikodem, Michal, Krzempek, Karol, Stachowiak, Dorota, and Wysocki, Gerard. Wed . "Quantum cascade laser-based analyzer for hydrogen sulfide detection at sub-parts-per-million levels". United States. doi:10.1117/1.oe.57.1.011019. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1502477.
@article{osti_1502477,
title = {Quantum cascade laser-based analyzer for hydrogen sulfide detection at sub-parts-per-million levels},
author = {Nikodem, Michal and Krzempek, Karol and Stachowiak, Dorota and Wysocki, Gerard},
abstractNote = {Due to its high toxicity, monitoring of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) concentration is essential in many industrial sites (such as natural gas extraction sites, petroleum refineries, geothermal power plants, or waste water treatment facilities), which require sub-parts-per-million sensitivities. We report on a quantum cascade laserbased spectroscopic system for detection of H2S in the midinfrared at ~7.2 μm. We present a sensor design utilizing Herriott multipass cell and a wavelength modulation spectroscopy to achieve a detection limit of 140 parts per billion for 1-s integration time.},
doi = {10.1117/1.oe.57.1.011019},
journal = {Optical Engineering},
number = [01],
volume = [57],
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {10}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 3 works
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Figures / Tables:

Fig. 1 Fig. 1 : (a) Infrared absorption spectrum of H2S based on HITRAN database. Near-infrared band (typically used for optical-based H2S detection) and spectral region explored in this work (at ∼7.2 μm) are indicated. (b) Line intensities for three molecules: hydrogen sulfide, methane, and water vapor. The chosen transition at ∼1389.3more » cm−1 is ∼4 to 5 times stronger comparing to absorption lines in the near-infrared and has relatively small interference from other gases.« less

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    Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.