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Title: Viscous anisotropic hydrodynamics for the Gubser flow

Abstract

In this work we describe the dynamics of a highly anisotropic system undergoing boost-invariant longitudinal and azimuthally symmetric radial expansion (Gubser flow) for arbitrary shear viscosity to entropy density ratio. We derive the equations of motion of dissipative anisotropic hydrodynamics by applying to this situation the moments method recently derived by Moln´ar et al. (MNR) [1, 2], based on an expansion around an arbitrary anisotropic one-particle distribution function. One requires an additional evolution equation in order to close the conservation laws. This is achieved by selecting the relaxation equation for the longitudinal pressure with a suitable Landau matching condition. As a result one obtains two coupled differential equations for the energy density and the longitudinal pressure which respect the SO(3)q Ⓧ SO(1, 1) Ⓧ Z 2 symmetry of the Gubser flow in the deSitter space. These equations are solved numerically and compared with the predictions of the recently found exact solution of the relaxation-time-approximation Boltzmann equation subject to the same flow. We also compare our numerical results with other fluid dynamical models. As a result we observe that the MNR description of anisotropic fluid dynamics reproduces the space-time evolution of the system than all other currently known hydrodynamical approaches.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [2]
  1. North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC (United States); The Ohio State Univ., Columbus, OH (United States)
  2. The Ohio State Univ., Columbus, OH (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC (United States); The Ohio State Univ., Columbus, OH (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC) Office of Nuclear Physics
OSTI Identifier:
1502397
Grant/Contract Number:  
[FG02-03ER41260; SC0004286]
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nuclear Physics. A
Additional Journal Information:
[ Journal Volume: 967; Journal Issue: C]; Journal ID: ISSN 0375-9474
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS; relativistic heavy-ion collisions; quark-gluon plasma; anisotropic hydrodynamics; Boltzmann equation; viscous fluid dynamics

Citation Formats

Martinez, M., McNelis, M., and Heinz, U. Viscous anisotropic hydrodynamics for the Gubser flow. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2017.04.012.
Martinez, M., McNelis, M., & Heinz, U. Viscous anisotropic hydrodynamics for the Gubser flow. United States. doi:10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2017.04.012.
Martinez, M., McNelis, M., and Heinz, U. Mon . "Viscous anisotropic hydrodynamics for the Gubser flow". United States. doi:10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2017.04.012. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1502397.
@article{osti_1502397,
title = {Viscous anisotropic hydrodynamics for the Gubser flow},
author = {Martinez, M. and McNelis, M. and Heinz, U.},
abstractNote = {In this work we describe the dynamics of a highly anisotropic system undergoing boost-invariant longitudinal and azimuthally symmetric radial expansion (Gubser flow) for arbitrary shear viscosity to entropy density ratio. We derive the equations of motion of dissipative anisotropic hydrodynamics by applying to this situation the moments method recently derived by Moln´ar et al. (MNR) [1, 2], based on an expansion around an arbitrary anisotropic one-particle distribution function. One requires an additional evolution equation in order to close the conservation laws. This is achieved by selecting the relaxation equation for the longitudinal pressure with a suitable Landau matching condition. As a result one obtains two coupled differential equations for the energy density and the longitudinal pressure which respect the SO(3)q Ⓧ SO(1, 1) Ⓧ Z2 symmetry of the Gubser flow in the deSitter space. These equations are solved numerically and compared with the predictions of the recently found exact solution of the relaxation-time-approximation Boltzmann equation subject to the same flow. We also compare our numerical results with other fluid dynamical models. As a result we observe that the MNR description of anisotropic fluid dynamics reproduces the space-time evolution of the system than all other currently known hydrodynamical approaches.},
doi = {10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2017.04.012},
journal = {Nuclear Physics. A},
number = [C],
volume = [967],
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {9}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
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Figures / Tables:

Fig. 1. Fig. 1. : de Sitter time evolution of the temperature T̂ and the normalized shear stress $\hat{\barπ}$ for the exact solution of the RTA Boltzmann equation [14, 15] (black solid lines) and four different hydrodynamic approximations: second-order viscous hydrodynamics (DNMR) [16] (short-dashed magenta lines), anisotropic hydrodynamics with $P̂$$L$-matching [1, 2,more » 11] (dotted red lines), NRS scheme [17] (dash-dotted green lines) and NLO NRS description [11] (long-dashed blue lines). Figure taken from Ref. [11].« less

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