skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Evaluation of polyvinyl toluene scintillators for fast neutron imaging

Abstract

We evaluated here polyvinyl toluene (PVT) scintillators fabricated with different emitting dopants and scintillator optical configurations for fast neutron imaging. A neutron imaging apparatus was constructed to study scintillators under MeV neutron exposure. PVT with 2% Xylyl Flrpic emitter was identified as the brightest. The addition of a black backing to the scintillator, compared with a specular reflector film backing, improved the resolution of the neutron image obtained with the PVT scintillator by about 2 ×. It is concluded that a PVT imaging screen with 2% Xylyl Flrpic, configured with a black backing, provides the best quality fast neutron image of the scintillators tested.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [2];  [3];  [3]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. The Ohio State Univ., Columbus, OH (United States). Nuclear Engineering Program. Dept. of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
  2. Ohio Univ., Athens, OH (United States). Edwards Accelerator Lab. Dept. of Physics and Astronomy
  3. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Ohio Univ., Athens, OH (United States); The Ohio State Univ., Columbus, OH (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1502003
Report Number(s):
[LLNL-JRNL-757419]
[Journal ID: ISSN 0236-5731; 944158]
Grant/Contract Number:  
[AC52-07NA27344; NA0002905]
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Additional Journal Information:
[ Journal Volume: 318; Journal Issue: 1]; Journal ID: ISSN 0236-5731
Publisher:
Springer
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
38 RADIATION CHEMISTRY, RADIOCHEMISTRY, AND NUCLEAR CHEMISTRY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; neutron imaging; fast neutron; organic scintillator; PVT; spatial resolution; light yield

Citation Formats

Chuirazzi, William C., Oksuz, Ibrahim, Kandlakunta, Praneeth, Massey, Thomas N., Brune, Carl R., Cherepy, Nerine J., Paul Martinez, H., and Cao, Lei. Evaluation of polyvinyl toluene scintillators for fast neutron imaging. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1007/s10967-018-6080-1.
Chuirazzi, William C., Oksuz, Ibrahim, Kandlakunta, Praneeth, Massey, Thomas N., Brune, Carl R., Cherepy, Nerine J., Paul Martinez, H., & Cao, Lei. Evaluation of polyvinyl toluene scintillators for fast neutron imaging. United States. doi:10.1007/s10967-018-6080-1.
Chuirazzi, William C., Oksuz, Ibrahim, Kandlakunta, Praneeth, Massey, Thomas N., Brune, Carl R., Cherepy, Nerine J., Paul Martinez, H., and Cao, Lei. Sun . "Evaluation of polyvinyl toluene scintillators for fast neutron imaging". United States. doi:10.1007/s10967-018-6080-1. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1502003.
@article{osti_1502003,
title = {Evaluation of polyvinyl toluene scintillators for fast neutron imaging},
author = {Chuirazzi, William C. and Oksuz, Ibrahim and Kandlakunta, Praneeth and Massey, Thomas N. and Brune, Carl R. and Cherepy, Nerine J. and Paul Martinez, H. and Cao, Lei},
abstractNote = {We evaluated here polyvinyl toluene (PVT) scintillators fabricated with different emitting dopants and scintillator optical configurations for fast neutron imaging. A neutron imaging apparatus was constructed to study scintillators under MeV neutron exposure. PVT with 2% Xylyl Flrpic emitter was identified as the brightest. The addition of a black backing to the scintillator, compared with a specular reflector film backing, improved the resolution of the neutron image obtained with the PVT scintillator by about 2 ×. It is concluded that a PVT imaging screen with 2% Xylyl Flrpic, configured with a black backing, provides the best quality fast neutron image of the scintillators tested.},
doi = {10.1007/s10967-018-6080-1},
journal = {Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry},
number = [1],
volume = [318],
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {8}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

The Ohio University beam swinger facility
journal, July 1982

  • Finlay, R. W.; Brient, C. E.; Carter, D. E.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Vol. 198, Issue 2-3
  • DOI: 10.1016/0167-5087(82)90256-3

A Measurement of the 27 Al ( d, n ) Spectrum for Use in Neutron Detector Calibration
journal, June 1998

  • Massey, T. N.; Al-Quraishi, S.; Brient, C. E.
  • Nuclear Science and Engineering, Vol. 129, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.13182/NSE98-A1971

Gadolinium loaded plastic scintillators for high efficiency neutron detection
journal, August 2009


Neutron Radiography of Irradiated Nuclear Fuel at Idaho National Laboratory
journal, January 2015


Bismuth- and lithium-loaded plastic scintillators for gamma and neutron detection
journal, April 2015

  • Cherepy, Nerine J.; Sanner, Robert D.; Beck, Patrick R.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 778, p. 126-132
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2015.01.008

The noise performance of electron multiplying charge-coupled devices
journal, May 2003

  • Robbins, M. S.; Hadwen, B. J.
  • IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, Vol. 50, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1109/TED.2003.813462

A review of conventional explosives detection using active neutron interrogation
journal, June 2014

  • Whetstone, Z. D.; Kearfott, K. J.
  • Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, Vol. 301, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1007/s10967-014-3260-5

Sparse-view neutron CT reconstruction of irradiated fuel assembly using total variation minimization with Poisson statistics
journal, October 2015

  • Abir, Muhammad; Islam, Fahima; Wachs, Daniel
  • Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, Vol. 307, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1007/s10967-015-4542-2

The Edwards Accelerator Laboratory at Ohio University
journal, January 2017


Investigation of the Brightness Enhancement using Brightness Enhancement Films on a Scintillator
journal, January 2013


Applications of Neutron Radiography for the Nuclear Power Industry
journal, January 2017


CCD detectors for fast neutron radiography and tomography with a cone beam
journal, April 2005

  • Bogolubov, E.; Bugaenko, O.; Kuzin, S.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 542, Issue 1-3
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2005.01.098

Detecting contraband using neutrons: Challenges and future directions
journal, December 2010


Neutron radiography of irradiated fuel rod segments at the SINQ: loading, transfer and irradiation concept
journal, November 1999

  • Groeschel, F.; Schleuniger, P.; Hermann, A.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 424, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1016/S0168-9002(98)01251-0

Non-destructive analysis of nuclear fuel by means of thermal and cold neutrons
journal, December 2003

  • Lehmann, E. H.; Vontobel, P.; Hermann, A.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 515, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2003.07.059

Measurement of the Thick-Target 9 Be( p , n ) Neutron Energy Spectra
journal, June 2001

  • Howard, W. B.; Grimes, S. M.; Massey, T. N.
  • Nuclear Science and Engineering, Vol. 138, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.13182/NSE01-A2206

Performance characteristics of scintillators for use in an electronic neutron imaging system for neutron radiography
journal, September 1997

  • Brenizer, J. S.; Berger, H.; Stebbings, C. T.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 68, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1148299

Detectors for energy-resolved fast-neutron imaging
journal, December 2004

  • Dangendorf, V.; Kersten, C.; Laczko, G.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 535, Issue 1-2
  • DOI: 10.1016/S0168-9002(04)01580-3

Focusing mirrors for enhanced neutron radiography with thermal neutrons and application for irradiated nuclear fuel
journal, January 2018

  • Rai, Durgesh K.; Abir, Muhammad; Wu, Huarui
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 879
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2017.10.013

Calculation of gamma-ray response matrix for 5 cm NE-213 organic liquid scintillation detector
journal, November 1975


Contraband detection with fast neutrons
journal, October 2004


Characterization of the energy distribution of neutrons generated by 5MeV protons on a thick beryllium target at different emission angles
journal, December 2011


Application of neutron generators for high explosives, toxic agents and fissile material detection
journal, November 2005

  • Aleksandrov, V. D.; Bogolubov, E. P.; Bochkarev, O. V.
  • Applied Radiation and Isotopes, Vol. 63, Issue 5-6, p. 537-543
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.apradiso.2005.05.002

The Study of Zinc Sulphide Scintillator for Fast Neutron Radiography
journal, January 2013


Advances in explosives analysis—part I: animal, chemical, ion, and mechanical methods
journal, October 2015

  • Brown, Kathryn E.; Greenfield, Margo T.; McGrane, Shawn D.
  • Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, Vol. 408, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1007/s00216-015-9040-4

Advances in explosives analysis—part II: photon and neutron methods
journal, October 2015

  • Brown, Kathryn E.; Greenfield, Margo T.; McGrane, Shawn D.
  • Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, Vol. 408, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1007/s00216-015-9043-1

Optically stimulated luminescence dosimetry
journal, September 2001

  • McKeever, Stephen W. S.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, Vol. 184, Issue 1-2
  • DOI: 10.1016/S0168-583X(01)00588-2

A Low-cost Neutron Radiography Device
journal, January 2013


Noise evaluation of a digital neutron imaging device
journal, May 2012

  • Lewandowski, Radoslaw; Cao, Lei; Turkoglu, Danyal
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 674
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2012.01.025

Scintillation detectors for neutron physics research
journal, June 1979


Neutron/γ-ray discrimination characteristics of novel neutron scintillators
journal, August 2004

  • Katagiri, M.; Sakasai, K.; Matsubayashi, M.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 529, Issue 1-3, p. 317-320
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2004.05.003

Neutron Imaging at LANSCE—From Cold to Ultrafast
journal, February 2018


Design and Testing of a Position-Sensitive Plastic Scintillator Detector for Fast Neutron Imaging
journal, January 2006

  • Bravar, Ulisse; Bruillard, Paul J.; Flckiger, Erwin O.
  • IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, Vol. 53, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1109/TNS.2006.886046

Characterization of a new external neutron beam facility at the Ohio State University
journal, June 2011

  • Turkoglu, Danyal; Burke, Joshua; Lewandowski, Radoslaw
  • Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, Vol. 291, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1007/s10967-011-1289-2

Radiation detector materials: An overview
journal, October 2008

  • Milbrath, B. D.; Peurrung, A. J.; Bliss, M.
  • Journal of Materials Research, Vol. 23, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1557/JMR.2008.0319