skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Equation of State Dependent Dynamics and Multi-messenger Signals from Stellar-mass Black Hole Formation

Abstract

We investigate axisymmetric black hole (BH) formation and its gravitational wave (GW) and neutrino signals with self-consistent core-collapse supernova simulations of a non-rotating 40 M progenitor star using the isotropic diffusion source approximation for the neutrino transport and a modified gravitational potential for general relativistic effects. We consider four different neutron star (NS) equations of state (EoS): LS220, SFHo, BHBΛ$$\phi$$, and DD2, and study the impact of the EoS on BH formation dynamics and GW emission. We find that the BH formation time is sensitive to the EoS from 460 to >1300 ms and is delayed in multiple dimensions for ~100–250 ms due to the finite entropy effects. Depending on the EoS, our simulations show the possibility that shock revival can occur along with the collapse of the proto-neutron star (PNS) to a BH. The gravitational waveforms contain four major features that are similar to previous studies but show extreme values: (1) a low-frequency signal (~300–500 Hz) from core-bounce and prompt convection, (2) a strong signal from the PNS g-mode oscillation among other features, (3) a high-frequency signal from the PNS inner-core convection, and (4) signals from the standing accretion shock instability and convection. The peak frequency at the onset of BH formation reaches to ~2.3 kHz. Thus, the characteristic amplitude of a 10 kpc object at peak frequency is detectable but close to the noise threshold of the Advanced LIGO and KAGRA, suggesting that the next-generation GW detector will need to improve the sensitivity at the kHz domain to better observe stellar-mass BH formation from core-collapse supernovae or failed supernovae.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [1];  [2]
  1. Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States)
  2. Univ. of Basel, Basel (Switzerland)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1501839
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0015904
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
The Astrophysical Journal (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: The Astrophysical Journal (Online); Journal Volume: 857; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 1538-4357
Publisher:
Institute of Physics (IOP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; gravitational waves; hydrodynamics; instabilities; neutrinos; stars; black hole; supernovae; general

Citation Formats

Pan, Kuo-Chuan, Liebendörfer, Matthias, Couch, Sean M., and Thielemann, Friedrich-Karl. Equation of State Dependent Dynamics and Multi-messenger Signals from Stellar-mass Black Hole Formation. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/aab71d.
Pan, Kuo-Chuan, Liebendörfer, Matthias, Couch, Sean M., & Thielemann, Friedrich-Karl. Equation of State Dependent Dynamics and Multi-messenger Signals from Stellar-mass Black Hole Formation. United States. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/aab71d
Pan, Kuo-Chuan, Liebendörfer, Matthias, Couch, Sean M., and Thielemann, Friedrich-Karl. Mon . "Equation of State Dependent Dynamics and Multi-messenger Signals from Stellar-mass Black Hole Formation". United States. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/aab71d. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1501839.
@article{osti_1501839,
title = {Equation of State Dependent Dynamics and Multi-messenger Signals from Stellar-mass Black Hole Formation},
author = {Pan, Kuo-Chuan and Liebendörfer, Matthias and Couch, Sean M. and Thielemann, Friedrich-Karl},
abstractNote = {We investigate axisymmetric black hole (BH) formation and its gravitational wave (GW) and neutrino signals with self-consistent core-collapse supernova simulations of a non-rotating 40 M⊙ progenitor star using the isotropic diffusion source approximation for the neutrino transport and a modified gravitational potential for general relativistic effects. We consider four different neutron star (NS) equations of state (EoS): LS220, SFHo, BHBΛ$\phi$, and DD2, and study the impact of the EoS on BH formation dynamics and GW emission. We find that the BH formation time is sensitive to the EoS from 460 to >1300 ms and is delayed in multiple dimensions for ~100–250 ms due to the finite entropy effects. Depending on the EoS, our simulations show the possibility that shock revival can occur along with the collapse of the proto-neutron star (PNS) to a BH. The gravitational waveforms contain four major features that are similar to previous studies but show extreme values: (1) a low-frequency signal (~300–500 Hz) from core-bounce and prompt convection, (2) a strong signal from the PNS g-mode oscillation among other features, (3) a high-frequency signal from the PNS inner-core convection, and (4) signals from the standing accretion shock instability and convection. The peak frequency at the onset of BH formation reaches to ~2.3 kHz. Thus, the characteristic amplitude of a 10 kpc object at peak frequency is detectable but close to the noise threshold of the Advanced LIGO and KAGRA, suggesting that the next-generation GW detector will need to improve the sensitivity at the kHz domain to better observe stellar-mass BH formation from core-collapse supernovae or failed supernovae.},
doi = {10.3847/1538-4357/aab71d},
journal = {The Astrophysical Journal (Online)},
number = 1,
volume = 857,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {4}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 16 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: Time evolution of averaged shock radius (left) and central density (right). Different colors represent simulations with different nuclear EoS. Thick and thin lines indicate simulations in 2D and 1D, respectively.

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Advanced LIGO: the next generation of gravitational wave detectors
journal, April 2010


FLASH: An Adaptive Mesh Hydrodynamics Code for Modeling Astrophysical Thermonuclear Flashes
journal, November 2000

  • Fryxell, B.; Olson, K.; Ricker, P.
  • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 131, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/317361

Status of LCGT
journal, April 2010


Nucleosynthesis and remnants in massive stars of solar metallicity
journal, April 2007


The search for failed supernovae with the Large Binocular Telescope: first candidates
journal, May 2015

  • Gerke, J. R.; Kochanek, C. S.; Stanek, K. Z.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 450, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stv776

An Improved Multipole Approximation for Self-Gravity and its Importance for Core-Collapse Supernova Simulations
journal, November 2013


Supernova Neutrino Opacity from Nucleon‐Nucleon Bremsstrahlung and Related Processes
journal, November 1998

  • Hannestad, Steen; Raffelt, Georg
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 507, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/306303

Neutron matter from chiral effective field theory interactions
journal, August 2013


A Massive Pulsar in a Compact Relativistic Binary
journal, April 2013


Gravitational wave signatures of ab initio two-dimensional core collapse supernova explosion models for 12 25 M stars
journal, October 2015

  • Yakunin, Konstantin N.; Mezzacappa, Anthony; Marronetti, Pedro
  • Physical Review D, Vol. 92, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1103/physrevd.92.084040

Dynamics and Gravitational Wave Signature of Collapsar Formation
journal, April 2011


THREE-DIMENSIONAL HYDRODYNAMIC CORE-COLLAPSE SUPERNOVA SIMULATIONS FOR AN 11.2 M STAR WITH SPECTRAL NEUTRINO TRANSPORT
journal, March 2012


Gravitational waves from 3D MHD core collapse simulations
journal, September 2008


Core-Collapse Supernova Equations of State Based on Neutron star Observations
journal, August 2013


An Open-Source Neutrino Radiation Hydrodynamics code for Core-Collapse Supernovae
journal, August 2015


Gravitational wave asteroseismology with protoneutron stars
journal, August 2016


Symmetry energy impact in simulations of core-collapse supernovae
journal, February 2014

  • Fischer, Tobias; Hempel, Matthias; Sagert, Irina
  • The European Physical Journal A, Vol. 50, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1140/epja/i2014-14046-5

Dynamics and Neutrino Signal of Black Hole Formation in Nonrotating Failed Supernovae. I. Equation of State Dependence
journal, September 2007

  • Sumiyoshi, K.; Yamada, S.; Suzuki, H.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 667, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/520876

Explosion Mechanisms of Core-Collapse Supernovae
journal, November 2012


The Evolution and Explosion of Massive Stars. II. Explosive Hydrodynamics and Nucleosynthesis
journal, November 1995

  • Woosley, S. E.; Weaver, Thomas A.
  • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 101
  • DOI: 10.1086/192237

The Isotropic Diffusion Source Approximation for Supernova Neutrino Transport
journal, May 2009


Two-Dimensional Core-Collapse Supernova Simulations with the Isotropic Diffusion Source Approximation for Neutrino Transport
journal, January 2016

  • Pan (潘國全), Kuo-Chuan; Liebendörfer, Matthias; Hempel, Matthias
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 817, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.3847/0004-637x/817/1/72

Black hole Formation in Failing Core-Collapse Supernovae
journal, March 2011


yt: A MULTI-CODE ANALYSIS TOOLKIT FOR ASTROPHYSICAL SIMULATION DATA
journal, December 2010

  • Turk, Matthew J.; Smith, Britton D.; Oishi, Jeffrey S.
  • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 192, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1088/0067-0049/192/1/9

Two-dimensional Core-collapse Supernova Explosions Aided by General Relativity with Multidimensional Neutrino Transport
journal, February 2018


Composition and thermodynamics of nuclear matter with light clusters
journal, January 2010


Correlated gravitational wave and neutrino signals from general-relativistic rapidly rotating iron core collapse
journal, July 2012


Core-Collapse Supernovae and Their Ejecta
journal, March 1996

  • Thielemann, Friedrich-Karl; Nomoto, Ken'ichi; Hashimoto, Masa-Aki
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 460
  • DOI: 10.1086/176980

Gravitational wave Signatures in Black hole Forming core Collapse
journal, December 2013


High-resolution calculations of merging neutron stars - II. Neutrino emission
journal, July 2003


Stability of Standing Accretion Shocks, with an Eye toward Core‐Collapse Supernovae
journal, February 2003

  • Blondin, John M.; Mezzacappa, Anthony; DeMarino, Christine
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 584, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/345812

How Massive Single Stars End Their Life
journal, July 2003

  • Heger, A.; Fryer, C. L.; Woosley, S. E.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 591, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/375341

Stellar Models with Convection and with Discontinuity of the Mean Molecular
journal, March 1947

  • Ledoux, Weight P.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 105
  • DOI: 10.1086/144905

Progenitor-Explosion Connection and Remnant Birth Masses for Neutrino-Driven Supernovae of Iron-Core Progenitors
journal, September 2012

  • Ugliano, Marcella; Janka, Hans-Thomas; Marek, Andreas
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 757, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1088/0004-637x/757/1/69

On the Importance of the Equation of State for the Neutrino-Driven Supernova Explosion Mechanism
journal, January 2013


Constraining supernova equations of state with equilibrium constants from heavy-ion collisions
journal, April 2015


The Dependence of the Neutrino Mechanism of Core-Collapse Supernovae on the Equation of State
journal, February 2013


Gravitational wave signals from 3D neutrino hydrodynamics simulations of core-collapse supernovae
journal, March 2017

  • Andresen, H.; Müller, B.; Müller, E.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 468, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stx618

The search for failed supernovae with the Large Binocular Telescope: confirmation of a disappearing star
journal, April 2017

  • Adams, S. M.; Kochanek, C. S.; Gerke, J. R.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 468, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stx816

Equation of state effects on gravitational waves from rotating core collapse
journal, March 2017


A generalized equation of state for hot, dense matter
journal, December 1991


Colloquium : Perspectives on core-collapse supernova theory
journal, February 2013


Exploring the relativistic regime with Newtonian hydrodynamics: an improved effective gravitational potential for supernova simulations
journal, December 2005


Pushing Core-Collapse Supernovae to Explosions in Spherical Symmetry. i. the Model and the case of sn 1987a
journal, June 2015


The Neutron star Mass-Radius Relation and the Equation of State of Dense Matter
journal, February 2013

  • Steiner, Andrew W.; Lattimer, James M.; Brown, Edward F.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 765, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1088/2041-8205/765/1/l5

Equations of state for supernovae and compact stars
journal, March 2017


A Comparative Study of Hyperon Equations of State in Supernova Simulations
journal, August 2015

  • Char, Prasanta; Banik, Sarmistha; Bandyopadhyay, Debades
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 809, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1088/0004-637x/809/2/116

Improved constrained scheme for the Einstein equations: An approach to the uniqueness issue
journal, January 2009

  • Cordero-Carrión, Isabel; Cerdá-Durán, Pablo; Dimmelmeier, Harald
  • Physical Review D, Vol. 79, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1103/physrevd.79.024017

A Model for Gravitational wave Emission from Neutrino-Driven Core-Collapse Supernovae
journal, December 2009


Correlated Signatures of Gravitational-wave and Neutrino Emission in Three-dimensional General-relativistic Core-collapse Supernova Simulations
journal, December 2017

  • Kuroda, Takami; Kotake, Kei; Hayama, Kazuhiro
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 851, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/aa988d

Physics of Core-Collapse Supernovae in Three Dimensions: A Sneak Preview
journal, October 2016


A Survey About Nothing: Monitoring a Million Supergiants for Failed Supernovae
journal, September 2008

  • Kochanek, Christopher S.; Beacom, John F.; Kistler, Matthew D.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 684, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/590053

A new Multi-Dimensional General Relativistic Neutrino Hydrodynamics code of Core-Collapse Supernovae. iii. Gravitational wave Signals from Supernova Explosion Models
journal, March 2013

  • Müller, Bernhard; Janka, Hans-Thomas; Marek, Andreas
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 766, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1088/0004-637x/766/1/43

A Simple Parameterization of the Consequences of Deleptonization for Simulations of Stellar Core Collapse
journal, November 2005

  • Liebendorfer, Matthias
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 633, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/466517

New Hyperon Equations of State for Supernovae and Neutron Stars in Density-Dependent Hadron Field Theory
journal, September 2014

  • Banik, Sarmistha; Hempel, Matthias; Bandyopadhyay, Debades
  • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 214, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1088/0067-0049/214/2/22

Measuring gravitational waves from binary black hole coalescences. I. Signal to noise for inspiral, merger, and ringdown
journal, April 1998


Chapter 3. A Way to 3D Numerical Relativity
journal, January 1997

  • Oohara, Ken-ichi; Nakamura, Takashi; Shibata, Masaru
  • Progress of Theoretical Physics Supplement, Vol. 128
  • DOI: 10.1143/ptps.128.183

A new Gravitational-Wave Signature from Standing Accretion Shock Instability in Supernovae
journal, September 2016


Core-Collapse Supernovae from 9 to 120 Solar Masses Based on Neutrino-Powered Explosions
journal, April 2016


A Finite Difference Representation of Neutrino Radiation Hydrodynamics in Spherically Symmetric General Relativistic Spacetime
journal, January 2004

  • Liebendorfer, Matthias; Messer, O. E. Bronson; Mezzacappa, Anthony
  • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 150, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/380191

A Two-Parameter Criterion for Classifying the Explodability of Massive Stars by the Neutrino-Driven Mechanism
journal, February 2016


Two-dimensional hydrodynamic core-collapse supernova simulations with spectral neutrino transport: I. Numerical method and results for a 15 
journal, February 2006


Colloquium : Perspectives on core-collapse supernova theory
journal, February 2013


Gravitational wave Signatures in Black hole Forming core Collapse
journal, December 2013


A Comparative Study of Hyperon Equations of State in Supernova Simulations
journal, August 2015

  • Char, Prasanta; Banik, Sarmistha; Bandyopadhyay, Debades
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 809, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/809/2/116

Improved constrained scheme for the Einstein equations: An approach to the uniqueness issue
journal, January 2009

  • Cordero-Carrión, Isabel; Cerdá-Durán, Pablo; Dimmelmeier, Harald
  • Physical Review D, Vol. 79, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.79.024017

The Dependence of the Neutrino Mechanism of Core-Collapse Supernovae on the Equation of State
journal, February 2013


An Improved Multipole Approximation for Self-Gravity and its Importance for Core-Collapse Supernova Simulations
journal, November 2013


A Two-Parameter Criterion for Classifying the Explodability of Massive Stars by the Neutrino-Driven Mechanism
journal, February 2016


Constraining supernova equations of state with equilibrium constants from heavy-ion collisions
journal, April 2015


Measuring gravitational waves from binary black hole coalescences. I. Signal to noise for inspiral, merger, and ringdown
journal, April 1998


Neutron matter from chiral effective field theory interactions
journal, August 2013


A new Gravitational-Wave Signature from Standing Accretion Shock Instability in Supernovae
journal, September 2016


A generalized equation of state for hot, dense matter
journal, December 1991


The Isotropic Diffusion Source Approximation for Supernova Neutrino Transport
journal, May 2009


A new Multi-Dimensional General Relativistic Neutrino Hydrodynamics code of Core-Collapse Supernovae. iii. Gravitational wave Signals from Supernova Explosion Models
journal, March 2013

  • Müller, Bernhard; Janka, Hans-Thomas; Marek, Andreas
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 766, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/766/1/43

A Model for Gravitational wave Emission from Neutrino-Driven Core-Collapse Supernovae
journal, December 2009


Black hole Formation in Failing Core-Collapse Supernovae
journal, March 2011


Equations of state for supernovae and compact stars
journal, March 2017


Chapter 3. A Way to 3D Numerical Relativity
journal, January 1997

  • Oohara, Ken-ichi; Nakamura, Takashi; Shibata, Masaru
  • Progress of Theoretical Physics Supplement, Vol. 128
  • DOI: 10.1143/PTPS.128.183

Correlated gravitational wave and neutrino signals from general-relativistic rapidly rotating iron core collapse
journal, July 2012


Dynamics and Gravitational Wave Signature of Collapsar Formation
journal, April 2011


Two-Dimensional Core-Collapse Supernova Simulations with the Isotropic Diffusion Source Approximation for Neutrino Transport
journal, January 2016

  • Pan (潘國全), Kuo-Chuan; Liebendörfer, Matthias; Hempel, Matthias
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 817, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.3847/0004-637X/817/1/72

Pushing Core-Collapse Supernovae to Explosions in Spherical Symmetry. i. the Model and the case of sn 1987a
journal, June 2015


Equation of state effects on gravitational waves from rotating core collapse
journal, March 2017


Gravitational wave asteroseismology with protoneutron stars
journal, August 2016


Core-Collapse Supernova Equations of State Based on Neutron star Observations
journal, August 2013


The Neutron star Mass-Radius Relation and the Equation of State of Dense Matter
journal, February 2013

  • Steiner, Andrew W.; Lattimer, James M.; Brown, Edward F.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 765, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1088/2041-8205/765/1/L5

Core-Collapse Supernovae from 9 to 120 Solar Masses Based on Neutrino-Powered Explosions
journal, April 2016


On the Importance of the Equation of State for the Neutrino-Driven Supernova Explosion Mechanism
journal, January 2013


THREE-DIMENSIONAL HYDRODYNAMIC CORE-COLLAPSE SUPERNOVA SIMULATIONS FOR AN 11.2 M STAR WITH SPECTRAL NEUTRINO TRANSPORT
journal, March 2012


Composition and thermodynamics of nuclear matter with light clusters
journal, January 2010


Progenitor-Explosion Connection and Remnant Birth Masses for Neutrino-Driven Supernovae of Iron-Core Progenitors
journal, September 2012

  • Ugliano, Marcella; Janka, Hans-Thomas; Marek, Andreas
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 757, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/757/1/69

Gravitational wave signatures of ab initio two-dimensional core collapse supernova explosion models for 12 25 M stars
journal, October 2015

  • Yakunin, Konstantin N.; Mezzacappa, Anthony; Marronetti, Pedro
  • Physical Review D, Vol. 92, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.92.084040

    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Characterizing the Gravitational Wave Signal from Core-collapse Supernovae
    journal, April 2019

    • Radice, David; Morozova, Viktoriya; Burrows, Adam
    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 876, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ab191a

    Determination of properties of protoneutron stars toward black hole formation via gravitational wave observations
    journal, October 2019


    Influence of Density Dependence of Symmetry Energy in Hot and Dense Matter for Supernova Simulations
    journal, December 2019

    • Sumiyoshi, Kohsuke; Nakazato, Ken’ichiro; Suzuki, Hideyuki
    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 887, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab5443

    Comparing Treatments of Weak Reactions with Nuclei in Simulations of Core-collapse Supernovae
    journal, February 2019

    • Nagakura, Hiroki; Furusawa, Shun; Togashi, Hajime
    • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 240, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/aafac9

    Core-collapse supernovae in the hall of mirrors: A three-dimensional code-comparison project
    journal, November 2018


    A Linear and Quadratic Time–Frequency Analysis of Gravitational Waves from Core-collapse Supernovae
    journal, November 2018

    • Kawahara, Hajime; Kuroda, Takami; Takiwaki, Tomoya
    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 867, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/aae57b

    Features of Accretion-phase Gravitational-wave Emission from Two-dimensional Rotating Core-collapse Supernovae
    journal, June 2019

    • Pajkos, Michael A.; Couch, Sean M.; Pan, Kuo-Chuan
    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 878, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab1de2

    The impact of different neutrino transport methods on multidimensional core-collapse supernova simulations
    journal, November 2018

    • Pan, Kuo-Chuan; Mattes, Carlos; O’Connor, Evan P.
    • Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics, Vol. 46, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1088/1361-6471/aaed51

    PUSHing Core-collapse Supernovae to Explosions in Spherical Symmetry. II. Explodability and Remnant Properties
    journal, December 2018

    • Ebinger, Kevin; Curtis, Sanjana; Fröhlich, Carla
    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 870, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/aae7c9

    Accretion-induced Collapse of Dark Matter Admixed White Dwarfs. II. Rotation and Gravitational-wave Signals
    journal, September 2019

    • Zha, Shuai; Chu, Ming-Chung; Leung, Shing-Chi
    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 883, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab3640

    Multimessenger asteroseismology of core-collapse supernovae
    journal, December 2019

    • Westernacher-Schneider, John Ryan; O’Connor, Evan; O’Sullivan, Erin
    • Physical Review D, Vol. 100, Issue 12
    • DOI: 10.1103/physrevd.100.123009

    Magnetorotational core collapse of possible GRB progenitors – I. Explosion mechanisms
    journal, January 2020

    • Obergaulinger, M.; Aloy, M. Á
    • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 492, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/staa096

    Black Hole Hyperaccretion in Collapsars. II. Gravitational Waves
    journal, January 2020


    The Gravitational Wave Signal from Core-collapse Supernovae
    journal, June 2018

    • Morozova, Viktoriya; Radice, David; Burrows, Adam
    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 861, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/aac5f1