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Title: Review on modeling of the anode solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) for lithium-ion batteries

A passivation layer called the solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) is formed on electrode surfaces from decomposition products of electrolytes. The SEI allows Li + transport and blocks electrons in order to prevent further electrolyte decomposition and ensure continued electrochemical reactions. The formation and growth mechanism of the nanometer thick SEI films are yet to be completely understood owing to their complex structure and lack of reliable in situ experimental techniques. Significant advances in computational methods have made it possible to predictively model the fundamentals of SEI. This review aims to give an overview of state-of-the-art modeling progress in the investigation of SEI films on the anodes, ranging from electronic structure calculations to mesoscale modeling, covering the thermodynamics and kinetics of electrolyte reduction reactions, SEI formation, modification through electrolyte design, correlation of SEI properties with battery performance, and the artificial SEI design. Multi-scale simulations have been summarized and compared with each other as well as with experiments. Computational details of the fundamental properties of SEI, such as electron tunneling, Li-ion transport, chemical/mechanical stability of the bulk SEI and electrode/(SEI/) electrolyte interfaces have been discussed. This review shows the potential of computational approaches in the deconvolution of SEI properties and design ofmore » artificial SEI. We believe that computational modeling can be integrated with experiments to complement each other and lead to a better understanding of the complex SEI for the development of a highly efficient battery in the future.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [1] ; ORCiD logo [2]
  1. Shanghai Univ., Shanghai (China). School of Materials Science and Engineering, and Materials Genome Inst.
  2. Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States). Dept. of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science
  3. Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Beijing (China). Inst. of Physics
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
EE0007787; EE0007803
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
npj Computational Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 4; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2057-3960
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Research Org:
General Motors LLC; Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE
OSTI Identifier:
1501533

Wang, Aiping, Kadam, Sanket, Li, Hong, Shi, Siqi, and Qi, Yue. Review on modeling of the anode solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) for lithium-ion batteries. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1038/s41524-018-0064-0.
Wang, Aiping, Kadam, Sanket, Li, Hong, Shi, Siqi, & Qi, Yue. Review on modeling of the anode solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) for lithium-ion batteries. United States. doi:10.1038/s41524-018-0064-0.
Wang, Aiping, Kadam, Sanket, Li, Hong, Shi, Siqi, and Qi, Yue. 2018. "Review on modeling of the anode solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) for lithium-ion batteries". United States. doi:10.1038/s41524-018-0064-0. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1501533.
@article{osti_1501533,
title = {Review on modeling of the anode solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) for lithium-ion batteries},
author = {Wang, Aiping and Kadam, Sanket and Li, Hong and Shi, Siqi and Qi, Yue},
abstractNote = {A passivation layer called the solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) is formed on electrode surfaces from decomposition products of electrolytes. The SEI allows Li+ transport and blocks electrons in order to prevent further electrolyte decomposition and ensure continued electrochemical reactions. The formation and growth mechanism of the nanometer thick SEI films are yet to be completely understood owing to their complex structure and lack of reliable in situ experimental techniques. Significant advances in computational methods have made it possible to predictively model the fundamentals of SEI. This review aims to give an overview of state-of-the-art modeling progress in the investigation of SEI films on the anodes, ranging from electronic structure calculations to mesoscale modeling, covering the thermodynamics and kinetics of electrolyte reduction reactions, SEI formation, modification through electrolyte design, correlation of SEI properties with battery performance, and the artificial SEI design. Multi-scale simulations have been summarized and compared with each other as well as with experiments. Computational details of the fundamental properties of SEI, such as electron tunneling, Li-ion transport, chemical/mechanical stability of the bulk SEI and electrode/(SEI/) electrolyte interfaces have been discussed. This review shows the potential of computational approaches in the deconvolution of SEI properties and design of artificial SEI. We believe that computational modeling can be integrated with experiments to complement each other and lead to a better understanding of the complex SEI for the development of a highly efficient battery in the future.},
doi = {10.1038/s41524-018-0064-0},
journal = {npj Computational Materials},
number = 1,
volume = 4,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {3}
}

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