skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Direct and indirect effects of climate change on soil microbial and soil microbial-plant interactions: What lies ahead?

Abstract

Global change is altering species distributions and thus interactions among organisms. Organisms live in concert with thousands of other species, some beneficial, some pathogenic, some which have little to no effect in complex communities. Since natural communities are composed of organisms with very different life history traits and dispersal ability it is unlikely they will all respond to climatic change in a similar way. Disjuncts in plant-pollinator and plant-herbivore interactions under global change have been relatively well described, but plant-soil microorganism and soil microbe-microbe relationships have received less attention. Since soil microorganisms regulate nutrient transformations, provide plants with nutrients, allow co-existence among neighbors, and control plant populations, changes in soil microorganism-plant interactions could have significant ramifications for plant community composition and ecosystem function. Finally, in this paper we explore how climatic change affects soil microbes and soil microbe-plant interactions directly and indirectly, discuss what we see as emerging and exciting questions and areas for future research, and discuss what ramifications changes in these interactions may have on the composition and function of ecosystems.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [3];  [5];  [1];  [3]
  1. Univ. of Copenhagen, Copenhagen (Denmark); Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)
  2. Univ. of Copenhagen, Copenhagen (Denmark); Umeå Univ., Umeå (Sweden)
  3. Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)
  4. Univ. of Copenhagen, Copenhagen (Denmark)
  5. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States); Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Univ. of Copenhagen (Denmark)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER)
Contributing Org.:
Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
1501384
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1324140
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0010562
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Ecosphere
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 6; Journal Issue: 8; Journal ID: ISSN 2150-8925
Publisher:
Ecological Society of America
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; bacteria; climate change; ecosystem; ESA Centennial Paper; fungi; microbial community; microbiome; plant-microbe interaction; plant-soil feedbacks; rhizosphere; soil; warming

Citation Formats

Classen, Aimée T., Sundqvist, Maja K., Henning, Jeremiah A., Newman, Gregory S., Moore, Jessica A. M., Cregger, Melissa A., Moorhead, Leigh C., and Patterson, Courtney M. Direct and indirect effects of climate change on soil microbial and soil microbial-plant interactions: What lies ahead?. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1890/ES15-00217.1.
Classen, Aimée T., Sundqvist, Maja K., Henning, Jeremiah A., Newman, Gregory S., Moore, Jessica A. M., Cregger, Melissa A., Moorhead, Leigh C., & Patterson, Courtney M. Direct and indirect effects of climate change on soil microbial and soil microbial-plant interactions: What lies ahead?. United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1890/ES15-00217.1
Classen, Aimée T., Sundqvist, Maja K., Henning, Jeremiah A., Newman, Gregory S., Moore, Jessica A. M., Cregger, Melissa A., Moorhead, Leigh C., and Patterson, Courtney M. Fri . "Direct and indirect effects of climate change on soil microbial and soil microbial-plant interactions: What lies ahead?". United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1890/ES15-00217.1. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1501384.
@article{osti_1501384,
title = {Direct and indirect effects of climate change on soil microbial and soil microbial-plant interactions: What lies ahead?},
author = {Classen, Aimée T. and Sundqvist, Maja K. and Henning, Jeremiah A. and Newman, Gregory S. and Moore, Jessica A. M. and Cregger, Melissa A. and Moorhead, Leigh C. and Patterson, Courtney M.},
abstractNote = {Global change is altering species distributions and thus interactions among organisms. Organisms live in concert with thousands of other species, some beneficial, some pathogenic, some which have little to no effect in complex communities. Since natural communities are composed of organisms with very different life history traits and dispersal ability it is unlikely they will all respond to climatic change in a similar way. Disjuncts in plant-pollinator and plant-herbivore interactions under global change have been relatively well described, but plant-soil microorganism and soil microbe-microbe relationships have received less attention. Since soil microorganisms regulate nutrient transformations, provide plants with nutrients, allow co-existence among neighbors, and control plant populations, changes in soil microorganism-plant interactions could have significant ramifications for plant community composition and ecosystem function. Finally, in this paper we explore how climatic change affects soil microbes and soil microbe-plant interactions directly and indirectly, discuss what we see as emerging and exciting questions and areas for future research, and discuss what ramifications changes in these interactions may have on the composition and function of ecosystems.},
doi = {10.1890/ES15-00217.1},
journal = {Ecosphere},
number = 8,
volume = 6,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {8}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 25 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Conditionally Rare Taxa Disproportionately Contribute to Temporal Changes in Microbial Diversity
journal, July 2014


Microbial communities respond to experimental warming, but site matters
journal, January 2014

  • Cregger, Melissa A.; Sanders, Nathan J.; Dunn, Robert R.
  • PeerJ, Vol. 2
  • DOI: 10.7717/peerj.358

Plant Species Richness and Ecosystem Multifunctionality in Global Drylands
journal, January 2012


Climate Change, Aboveground-Belowground Interactions, and Species' Range Shifts
journal, December 2012


Three species of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi confer different levels of resistance to water stress in Spinacia oleracea L.
journal, January 2015

  • Zuccarini, P.; Savé, R.
  • Plant Biosystems - An International Journal Dealing with all Aspects of Plant Biology, Vol. 150, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1080/11263504.2014.994575

The unseen iceberg: plant roots in arctic tundra
journal, September 2014

  • Iversen, Colleen M.; Sloan, Victoria L.; Sullivan, Patrick F.
  • New Phytologist, Vol. 205, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1111/nph.13003

Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi reduce decomposition of woody plant litter while increasing soil aggregation
journal, February 2015


Roots and Associated Fungi Drive Long-Term Carbon Sequestration in Boreal Forest
journal, March 2013


Relative roles of niche and neutral processes in structuring a soil microbial community
journal, November 2009

  • Dumbrell, Alex J.; Nelson, Michaela; Helgason, Thorunn
  • The ISME Journal, Vol. 4, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1038/ismej.2009.122

Rapid responses of soil microorganisms improve plant fitness in novel environments
journal, August 2012

  • Lau, J. A.; Lennon, J. T.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 109, Issue 35
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1202319109

Ecological Lessons from Free-Air CO 2 Enrichment (FACE) Experiments
journal, December 2011


Land use alters the resistance and resilience of soil food webs to drought
journal, January 2012

  • de Vries, Franciska T.; Liiri, Mira E.; Bjørnlund, Lisa
  • Nature Climate Change, Vol. 2, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1038/nclimate1368

Compositional and Functional Shifts in Microbial Communities Due to Soil Warming
journal, January 1997


Different mycorrhizal fungal strains determine plant community response to nitrogen and water availability
journal, January 2015

  • Martínez-García, Laura B.; Ochoa-Hueso, Raúl; Manrique, Esteban
  • Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science, Vol. 178, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1002/jpln.201300548

Are above- and below-ground phenology in sync?
journal, November 2014

  • Abramoff, Rose Z.; Finzi, Adrien C.
  • New Phytologist, Vol. 205, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1111/nph.13111

Cross-biome metagenomic analyses of soil microbial communities and their functional attributes
journal, December 2012

  • Fierer, N.; Leff, J. W.; Adams, B. J.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 109, Issue 52
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1215210110

Relatedness among arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi drives plant growth and intraspecific fungal coexistence
journal, July 2013

  • Roger, Aurélien; Colard, Alexandre; Angelard, Caroline
  • The ISME Journal, Vol. 7, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1038/ismej.2013.112

Temperature sensitivity of soil organic matter decomposition—what do we know?
journal, October 2009

  • von Lützow, Margit; Kögel-Knabner, Ingrid
  • Biology and Fertility of Soils, Vol. 46, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1007/s00374-009-0413-8

Increasing shrub abundance in the Arctic
journal, May 2001

  • Sturm, Matthew; Racine, Charles; Tape, Kenneth
  • Nature, Vol. 411, Issue 6837
  • DOI: 10.1038/35079180

Mycorrhizal fungi mediation of terrestrial ecosystem responses to global change: mini-review
journal, August 2014


Soil-specific limitations for access and analysis of soil microbial communities by metagenomics: Limitations in soil metagenomics
journal, June 2011


Introducing mothur: Open-Source, Platform-Independent, Community-Supported Software for Describing and Comparing Microbial Communities
journal, October 2009

  • Schloss, P. D.; Westcott, S. L.; Ryabin, T.
  • Applied and Environmental Microbiology, Vol. 75, Issue 23, p. 7537-7541
  • DOI: 10.1128/AEM.01541-09

Observed coherent changes in climatic extremes during the second half of the twentieth century
journal, January 2002

  • Frich, P.; Alexander, Lv; Della-Marta, P.
  • Climate Research, Vol. 19
  • DOI: 10.3354/cr019193

Long-term forest soil warming alters microbial communities in temperate forest soils
journal, February 2015

  • DeAngelis, Kristen M.; Pold, Grace; TopçuoÄŸlu, Begüm D.
  • Frontiers in Microbiology, Vol. 6
  • DOI: 10.3389/fmicb.2015.00104

Carbon Economy of Soybean-Rhizobium-Glomus Associations
journal, November 1985


Functioning of mycorrhizal associations along the mutualism-parasitism continuum
journal, April 1997


Changes in enzyme activities and microbial biomass of tallgrass prairie soil as related to burning and nitrogen fertilization
journal, May 1999


Fine-Scale Temporal Dynamics of a Fragmented Lotic Microbial Ecosystem
journal, January 2012

  • Or, Amitai; Shtrasler, Lilach; Gophna, Uri
  • Scientific Reports, Vol. 2, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/srep00207

Climate effects on mountain plants
journal, June 1994

  • Grabherr, Georg; Gottfried, Michael; Pauli, Harald
  • Nature, Vol. 369, Issue 6480
  • DOI: 10.1038/369448a0

Soil Microbial Community Responses to Multiple Experimental Climate Change Drivers
journal, December 2009

  • Castro, H. F.; Classen, A. T.; Austin, E. E.
  • Applied and Environmental Microbiology, Vol. 76, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1128/AEM.02874-09

Carbon sequestration is related to mycorrhizal fungal community shifts during long-term succession in boreal forests
journal, December 2014

  • Clemmensen, Karina E.; Finlay, Roger D.; Dahlberg, Anders
  • New Phytologist, Vol. 205, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1111/nph.13208

Warming experiments underpredict plant phenological responses to climate change
journal, May 2012

  • Wolkovich, E. M.; Cook, B. I.; Allen, J. M.
  • Nature, Vol. 485, Issue 7399
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature11014

Thermal adaptation of soil microbial respiration to elevated temperature
journal, December 2008


Condensing the omics fog of microbial communities
journal, July 2013


Shifting plant phenology in response to global change
journal, July 2007


The genome of Laccaria bicolor provides insights into mycorrhizal symbiosis
journal, March 2008


Phenology of fine roots and leaves in forest and grassland
journal, November 2008


Strong functional stability of soil microbial communities under semiarid Mediterranean conditions and subjected to long-term shifts in baseline precipitation
journal, February 2014


Decomposition by ectomycorrhizal fungi alters soil carbon storage in a simulation model
journal, March 2015


Evolution of Suites of Traits in Response to Environmental Stress
journal, July 1993

  • Chapin, F. Stuart; Autumn, Kellar; Pugnaire, Francisco
  • The American Naturalist, Vol. 142
  • DOI: 10.1086/285524

Bacterial and Fungal Contributions to Carbon Sequestration in Agroecosystems
journal, January 2006

  • Six, J.; Frey, S. D.; Thiet, R. K.
  • Soil Science Society of America Journal, Vol. 70, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.2136/sssaj2004.0347

Local plant adaptation across a subarctic elevational gradient
journal, November 2014

  • Kardol, Paul; De Long, Jonathan R.; Wardle, David A.
  • Royal Society Open Science, Vol. 1, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1098/rsos.140141

The problem of pattern and scale in ecology: what have we learned in 20 years?
journal, January 2013


Responses of the non7hyphen;mycotrophic plant Salsola kali to invasion by vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi
journal, January 1989


Europe-wide reduction in primary productivity caused by the heat and drought in 2003
journal, September 2005


Vive la différence: plant functional diversity matters to ecosystem processes
journal, November 2001


Continent-wide response of mountain vegetation to climate change
journal, January 2012

  • Gottfried, Michael; Pauli, Harald; Futschik, Andreas
  • Nature Climate Change, Vol. 2, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1038/nclimate1329

Lack of belowground mutualisms hinders Pinaceae invasions
journal, September 2009

  • Nuñez, Martin A.; Horton, Thomas R.; Simberloff, Daniel
  • Ecology, Vol. 90, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1890/08-2139.1

Resistance, resilience, and redundancy in microbial communities
journal, August 2008

  • Allison, S. D.; Martiny, J. B. H.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 105, Issue Supplement 1
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0801925105

Inclusion of ecologically based trait variation in plant functional types reduces the projected land carbon sink in an earth system model
journal, March 2015

  • Verheijen, Lieneke M.; Aerts, Rien; Brovkin, Victor
  • Global Change Biology, Vol. 21, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1111/gcb.12871

Evolutionary ecology of mycorrhizal functional diversity in agricultural systems: AMF in agriculture
journal, July 2010


Ecosystem feedbacks and cascade processes: understanding their role in the responses of Arctic and alpine ecosystems to environmental change
journal, May 2009


Effects of fire on properties of forest soils: a review
journal, February 2005


Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal communities in plant roots are not random assemblages: Selectivity in AMF-plant associations
journal, May 2011


Relating Phylogenetic and Functional Diversity among Denitrifiers and Quantifying their Capacity to Predict Community Functioning
journal, January 2012


Mapping the niche space of soil microorganisms using taxonomy and traits
journal, August 2012

  • Lennon, Jay T.; Aanderud, Zachary T.; Lehmkuhl, B. K.
  • Ecology, Vol. 93, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1890/11-1745.1

Above and belowground phenology of four Mediterranean sub-shrubs. Preliminary results on root–shoot competition
journal, March 2007


Fungal communities are more sensitive indicators to non-extreme soil moisture variations than bacterial communities
journal, February 2015


Effects of soil temperature on shoot and root growth and nutrient uptake of 5-year-old Norway spruce seedlings
journal, January 2005


The importance of the microbiome of the plant holobiont
journal, February 2015

  • Vandenkoornhuyse, Philippe; Quaiser, Achim; Duhamel, Marie
  • New Phytologist, Vol. 206, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1111/nph.13312

Winter climate change affects growing-season soil microbial biomass and activity in northern hardwood forests
journal, May 2014

  • Durán, Jorge; Morse, Jennifer L.; Groffman, Peter M.
  • Global Change Biology, Vol. 20, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1111/gcb.12624

Development and validation of a citrate synthase directed quantitative PCR marker for soil bacterial communities
journal, October 2012


Living in a fungal world: impact of fungi on soil bacterial niche development
journal, September 2005


Additive effects of aboveground polyphagous herbivores and soil feedback in native and range-expanding exotic plants
journal, June 2011

  • Morriën, Elly; Engelkes, Tim; van der Putten, Wim H.
  • Ecology, Vol. 92, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1890/10-1937.1

Sampling strategy in molecular microbial ecology: influence of soil sample size on DNA fingerprinting analysis of fungal and bacterial communities
journal, November 2003


A temporal approach to linking aboveground and belowground ecology
journal, November 2005


The role of root Exudates in Rhizosphere Interactions with Plants and Other Organisms
journal, June 2006


The temperature response of soil microbial efficiency and its feedback to climate
journal, January 2013

  • Frey, Serita D.; Lee, Juhwan; Melillo, Jerry M.
  • Nature Climate Change, Vol. 3, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1038/nclimate1796

A framework for community interactions under climate change
journal, June 2010

  • Gilman, Sarah E.; Urban, Mark C.; Tewksbury, Joshua
  • Trends in Ecology & Evolution, Vol. 25, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.tree.2010.03.002

Biodiversity enhances ecosystem multifunctionality across trophic levels and habitats
journal, April 2015

  • Lefcheck, Jonathan S.; Byrnes, Jarrett E. K.; Isbell, Forest
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 6, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms7936

Fifteen years of climate change manipulations alter soil microbial communities in a subarctic heath ecosystem
journal, January 2007


Forecasting plant community impacts of climate variability and change: when do competitive interactions matter?: Climate and species interactions
journal, December 2011


Microbial control over carbon cycling in soil
journal, January 2012


Soil aggregate isolation method affects measures of intra-aggregate extracellular enzyme activity
journal, February 2014


Evolutionary ecology of plant-microbe interactions: soil microbial structure alters selection on plant traits
journal, June 2011


Soil microbial respiration in arctic soil does not acclimate to temperature
journal, October 2008


Synergy of multiple partners, including freeloaders, increases host fitness in a multispecies mutualism
journal, September 2010

  • Palmer, T. M.; Doak, D. F.; Stanton, M. L.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 107, Issue 40
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1006872107

Thermal adaptation of decomposer communities in warming soils
journal, January 2013


Direct and indirect impacts of climate change on microbial and biocrust communities alter the resistance of the N cycle in a semiarid grassland
journal, August 2014

  • Delgado-Baquerizo, Manuel; Maestre, Fernando T.; Escolar, Cristina
  • Journal of Ecology, Vol. 102, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1111/1365-2745.12303

Mycorrhizal fungal diversity determines plant biodiversity, ecosystem variability and productivity
journal, November 1998

  • van der Heijden, Marcel G. A.; Klironomos, John N.; Ursic, Margot
  • Nature, Vol. 396, Issue 6706
  • DOI: 10.1038/23932

Getting the ecology into interactions between plants and the plant growth-promoting bacterium Pseudomonas fluorescens
journal, January 2013

  • Hol, W. H. Gera; Bezemer, T. Martijn; Biere, Arjen
  • Frontiers in Plant Science, Vol. 4
  • DOI: 10.3389/fpls.2013.00081

Plant diversity effects on soil microbial functions and enzymes are stronger than warming in a grassland experiment
journal, January 2015

  • Steinauer, Katja; Tilman, David; Wragg, Peter D.
  • Ecology, Vol. 96, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1890/14-0088.1

Responses of soil microbial communities to water stress: results from a meta-analysis
journal, April 2012

  • Manzoni, Stefano; Schimel, Joshua P.; Porporato, Amilcare
  • Ecology, Vol. 93, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1890/11-0026.1

Soil Microbial Responses to Temporal Variations of Moisture and Temperature in a Chihuahuan Desert Grassland
journal, February 2008


Integrating microbial ecology into ecosystem models: challenges and priorities
journal, September 2011

  • Treseder, Kathleen K.; Balser, Teri C.; Bradford, Mark A.
  • Biogeochemistry, Vol. 109, Issue 1-3
  • DOI: 10.1007/s10533-011-9636-5

Regulation of denitrification at the cellular level: a clue to the understanding of N 2 O emissions from soils
journal, May 2012

  • Bakken, Lars R.; Bergaust, Linda; Liu, Binbin
  • Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, Vol. 367, Issue 1593
  • DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2011.0321

Natural soil microbes alter flowering phenology and the intensity of selection on flowering time in a wild Arabidopsis relative
journal, April 2014

  • Wagner, Maggie R.; Lundberg, Derek S.; Coleman-Derr, Devin
  • Ecology Letters, Vol. 17, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1111/ele.12276

The unseen majority: soil microbes as drivers of plant diversity and productivity in terrestrial ecosystems
journal, March 2008


Below-ground carbon transfer among Betula nana may increase with warming in Arctic tundra
journal, July 2011


Community and Ecosystem Responses to Elevational Gradients: Processes, Mechanisms, and Insights for Global Change
journal, November 2013


Ecology and exploration of the rare biosphere
journal, March 2015

  • Lynch, Michael D. J.; Neufeld, Josh D.
  • Nature Reviews Microbiology, Vol. 13, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1038/nrmicro3400

Temperature sensitivity of soil respiration rates enhanced by microbial community response
journal, September 2014

  • Karhu, Kristiina; Auffret, Marc D.; Dungait, Jennifer A. J.
  • Nature, Vol. 513, Issue 7516
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature13604

Pollution influences on atmospheric composition and chemistry at high northern latitudes: Boreal and California forest fire emissions
journal, November 2010


How periodic growth pattern and source/sink relations affect root growth in oak tree seedlings
journal, January 2006

  • Willaume, Magali; Pagès, Loïc
  • Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol. 57, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1093/jxb/erj059

Plant community feedbacks and long-term ecosystem responses to multi-factored global change
journal, January 2014


From The Cover: Plant community responses to experimental warming across the tundra biome
journal, January 2006

  • Walker, M. D.; Wahren, C. H.; Hollister, R. D.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 103, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0503198103

Active microorganisms in soil: Critical review of estimation criteria and approaches
journal, December 2013


Nitrification and nitrifying microbial communities in forest soils
journal, October 2011


Coevolution of roots and mycorrhizas of land plants
journal, May 2002


Microbial Stress-Response Physiology and its Implications for Ecosystem Function
journal, June 2007

  • Schimel, Joshua; Balser, Teri C.; Wallenstein, Matthew
  • Ecology, Vol. 88, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1890/06-0219

Castor bean growth and rhizosphere soil property response to different proportions of arbuscular mycorrhizal and phosphate-solubilizing fungi
journal, December 2013


Biodiversity acts as insurance of productivity of bacterial communities under abiotic perturbations
journal, June 2014

  • Awasthi, Ashutosh; Singh, Mangal; Soni, Sumit K.
  • The ISME Journal, Vol. 8, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1038/ismej.2014.91

Drought resistance of wheat plants inoculated with vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizae
journal, October 1985

  • Ellis, J. R.; Larsen, H. J.; Boosalis, M. G.
  • Plant and Soil, Vol. 86, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1007/BF02145457

Controls of temporal variability of the soil microbial biomass: A global-scale synthesis
journal, November 1998


Interactive biotic and abiotic regulators of soil carbon cycling: evidence from controlled climate experiments on peatland and boreal soils
journal, April 2014

  • Briones, María Jesús I.; McNamara, Niall P.; Poskitt, Jan
  • Global Change Biology, Vol. 20, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1111/gcb.12585

Plant-soil feedbacks: the past, the present and future challenges
journal, February 2013

  • van der Putten, Wim H.; Bardgett, Richard D.; Bever, James D.
  • Journal of Ecology, Vol. 101, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1111/1365-2745.12054

Linking soil bacterial biodiversity and soil carbon stability
journal, October 2014


A forest pathogen drives change in plant functional trait composition in the Southwest Australian Floristic Region
journal, December 2011

  • Bishop, C. L.; Williams, M. R.; Wardell-Johnson, G. W.
  • Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, Vol. 145, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.agee.2010.11.004

Response of the Soil Microbial Community to Changes in Precipitation in a Semiarid Ecosystem
journal, September 2012

  • Cregger, Melissa A.; Schadt, Christopher W.; McDowell, Nate G.
  • Applied and Environmental Microbiology, Vol. 78, Issue 24
  • DOI: 10.1128/AEM.02050-12

Soil microbial communities resistant to changes in plant functional group composition
journal, January 2011


Soil extracellular enzyme dynamics in a changing climate
journal, April 2012


The 2007 Eastern US Spring Freeze: Increased Cold Damage in a Warming World?
journal, March 2008

  • Gu, Lianhong; Hanson, Paul J.; Post, W. Mac
  • BioScience, Vol. 58, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1641/B580311

QIIME allows analysis of high-throughput community sequencing data
journal, April 2010

  • Caporaso, J. Gregory; Kuczynski, Justin; Stombaugh, Jesse
  • Nature Methods, Vol. 7, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmeth.f.303

Are microorganisms more effective than plants at competing for nitrogen?
journal, July 2000


Towards an assessment of multiple ecosystem processes and services via functional traits
journal, April 2010

  • de Bello, Francesco; Lavorel, Sandra; Díaz, Sandra
  • Biodiversity and Conservation, Vol. 19, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1007/s10531-010-9850-9

Mycorrhizas and nutrient cycling in ecosystems - a journey towards relevance?
journal, March 2003


Evidence and Implications of Recent Climate Change in Northern Alaska and Other Arctic Regions
journal, October 2005


Stimulation by ammonium-based fertilizers of methane oxidation in soil around rice roots
journal, January 2000

  • Bodelier, Paul L. E.; Roslev, Peter; Henckel, Thilo
  • Nature, Vol. 403, Issue 6768
  • DOI: 10.1038/35000193

Spatial variability of enzyme activities and microbial biomass in the upper layers of Quercus petraea forest soil
journal, September 2008

  • Šnajdr, Jaroslav; Valášková, Vendula; Merhautová, Veˇra
  • Soil Biology and Biochemistry, Vol. 40, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.soilbio.2008.01.015

Mechanisms that promote bacterial fitness in fungal-affected soil microhabitats
journal, February 2010


A meta-analysis of context-dependency in plant response to inoculation with mycorrhizal fungi
journal, March 2010


Mycorrhizal Fungal–Plant–Insect Interactions: The Importance of a Community Approach
journal, February 2009

  • Gehring, Catherine; Bennett, Alison
  • Environmental Entomology, Vol. 38, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1603/022.038.0111

Mycorrhizal phenotypes and the Law of the Minimum
journal, November 2014

  • Johnson, Nancy Collins; Wilson, Gail W. T.; Wilson, Jacqueline A.
  • New Phytologist, Vol. 205, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1111/nph.13172

Soil temperature affects carbon allocation within arbuscular mycorrhizal networks and carbon transport from plant to fungus
journal, May 2008


Global pattern of temperature sensitivity of soil heterotrophic respiration (Q 10 ) and its implications for carbon-climate feedback : GLOBAL PATTERN OF TEMPERATURE SENSITIVITY
journal, May 2009

  • Zhou, Tao; Shi, Peijun; Hui, Dafeng
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, Vol. 114, Issue G2
  • DOI: 10.1029/2008JG000850

Causes of variation in soil carbon predictions from CMIP5 Earth system models and comparison with observations
journal, January 2012

  • Todd-Brown, K. E. O.; Randerson, J. T.; Post, W. M.
  • Biogeosciences Discussions, Vol. 9, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.5194/bgd-9-14437-2012

Ecological responses to recent climate change
journal, March 2002

  • Walther, Gian-Reto; Post, Eric; Convey, Peter
  • Nature, Vol. 416, Issue 6879
  • DOI: 10.1038/416389a

The Ecological Significance of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungal Effects on Clonal Reproduction in Plants
journal, October 2001


Soil biodiversity for agricultural sustainability
journal, July 2007

  • Brussaard, Lijbert; de Ruiter, Peter C.; Brown, George G.
  • Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, Vol. 121, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.agee.2006.12.013

Multiple Climate Change Factors Interact to Alter Soil Microbial Community Structure in an Old-Field Ecosystem
journal, January 2011

  • Gray, Sharon B.; Classen, Aimée T.; Kardol, Paul
  • Soil Science Society of America Journal, Vol. 75, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.2136/sssaj2011.0135

Seasonal Dynamics of Microbial Community Composition and Function in Oak Canopy and Open Grassland Soils
journal, August 2006


Next-generation Sequencing of 16S Ribosomal RNA Gene Amplicons
journal, January 2014

  • Sanschagrin, Sylvie; Yergeau, Etienne
  • Journal of Visualized Experiments, Issue 90
  • DOI: 10.3791/51709

Integrating plant-soil interactions into global carbon cycle models
journal, September 2009


High-Throughput Metagenomic Technologies for Complex Microbial Community Analysis: Open and Closed Formats
journal, January 2015


Plant root and mycorrhizal fungal traits for understanding soil aggregation
journal, September 2014

  • Rillig, Matthias C.; Aguilar-Trigueros, Carlos A.; Bergmann, Joana
  • New Phytologist, Vol. 205, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1111/nph.13045

Seasonal Dynamics of Previously Unknown Fungal Lineages in Tundra Soils
journal, September 2003


Benefits of plant diversity to ecosystems: immediate, filter and founder effects
journal, December 1998


Host sanctions and the legume–rhizobium mutualism
journal, September 2003

  • Kiers, E. Toby; Rousseau, Robert A.; West, Stuart A.
  • Nature, Vol. 425, Issue 6953
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature01931

Distinct seasonal assemblages of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi revealed by massively parallel pyrosequencing
journal, February 2011


Shifts in Arctic vegetation and associated feedbacks under climate change
journal, March 2013

  • Pearson, Richard G.; Phillips, Steven J.; Loranty, Michael M.
  • Nature Climate Change, Vol. 3, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1038/nclimate1858

Indirect effects of global change accumulate to alter plant diversity but not ecosystem function in alpine tundra
journal, January 2015

  • Farrer, Emily C.; Ashton, Isabel W.; Spasojevic, Marko J.
  • Journal of Ecology, Vol. 103, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1111/1365-2745.12363

Symbiotic N2 fixation increases under elevated atmospheric pCO2 in the field
journal, January 1997


Linking species richness, biodiversity and ecosystem function in soil systems
journal, November 2005


Long-term resilience of above- and belowground ecosystem components among contrasting ecosystems
journal, July 2014


Microbial community composition explains soil respiration responses to changing carbon inputs along an Andes-to-Amazon elevation gradient
journal, May 2014

  • Whitaker, Jeanette; Ostle, Nicholas; Nottingham, Andrew T.
  • Journal of Ecology, Vol. 102, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1111/1365-2745.12247

Soil Microbes Compete Effectively with Plants for Organic-Nitrogen Inputs to Temperate Grasslands
journal, May 2003


The effects of elevated CO2 on symbiotic N2 fixation: a link between the carbon and nitrogen cycles in grassland ecosystems
journal, July 1995

  • Soussana, J. F.; Hartwig, U. A.
  • Plant and Soil, Vol. 187, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1007/BF00017097

Characterizing microbial communities through space and time
journal, June 2012

  • Gonzalez, Antonio; King, Andrew; Robeson II, Michael S.
  • Current Opinion in Biotechnology, Vol. 23, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.copbio.2011.11.017

IM-TORNADO: A Tool for Comparison of 16S Reads from Paired-End Libraries
journal, December 2014


Does nitrogen nutrition restrict the CO 2 response of fertile grassland lacking legumes?
journal, September 1997


No evidence for compensatory thermal adaptation of soil microbial respiration in the study of Bradford et al. (2008)
journal, July 2009


A globally coherent fingerprint of climate change impacts across natural systems
journal, January 2003


Microbial communities and their responses to simulated global change fluctuate greatly over multiple years
journal, April 2012


Global soil carbon projections are improved by modelling microbial processes
journal, July 2013

  • Wieder, William R.; Bonan, Gordon B.; Allison, Steven D.
  • Nature Climate Change, Vol. 3, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1038/nclimate1951

Soil ecosystem functioning under climate change: plant species and community effects
journal, March 2010

  • Kardol, Paul; Cregger, Melissa A.; Campany, Courtney E.
  • Ecology, Vol. 91, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1890/09-0135.1

Fungi Benefit from Two Decades of Increased Nutrient Availability in Tundra Heath Soil
journal, February 2013


Accelerated microbial turnover but constant growth efficiency with warming in soil
journal, September 2014

  • Hagerty, Shannon B.; van Groenigen, Kees Jan; Allison, Steven D.
  • Nature Climate Change, Vol. 4, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1038/nclimate2361

Decoupled long-term effects of nutrient enrichment on aboveground and belowground properties in subalpine tundra
journal, April 2013

  • Wardle, David A.; Gundale, Michael J.; Jäderlund, Anders
  • Ecology, Vol. 94, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1890/12-0948.1

Adapt or disperse: understanding species persistence in a changing world
journal, February 2010


Incorporating the Soil Community into Plant Population Dynamics: The Utility of the Feedback Approach
journal, October 1997

  • Bever, James D.; Westover, Kristi M.; Antonovics, Janis
  • The Journal of Ecology, Vol. 85, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.2307/2960528

Preferential allocation to beneficial symbiont with spatial structure maintains mycorrhizal mutualism
journal, January 2009


A meta-analysis of responses of soil biota to global change
journal, January 2011


Microbially Mediated Plant Functional Traits
journal, December 2011


Successful range-expanding plants experience less above-ground and below-ground enemy impact
journal, November 2008

  • Engelkes, Tim; Morriën, Elly; Verhoeven, Koen J. F.
  • Nature, Vol. 456, Issue 7224
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature07474

Taller and larger: shifts in Arctic tundra leaf traits after 16 years of experimental warming: ARCTIC LEAF TRAIT RESPONSES TO WARMING
journal, January 2011


Effects of Biodiversity on Ecosystem Functioning: a Consensus of Current Knowledge
journal, February 2005

  • Hooper, D. U.; Chapin, F. S.; Ewel, J. J.
  • Ecological Monographs, Vol. 75, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1890/04-0922

Three‐Way Interactions among Mutualistic Mycorrhizal Fungi, Plants, and Plant Enemies: Hypotheses and Synthesis
journal, February 2006

  • Bennett, Alison E.; Alers‐Garcia, Janice; Bever, James D.
  • The American Naturalist, Vol. 167, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/499379

Global annual soil respiration in relation to climate, soil properties and vegetation characteristics: Summary of available data
journal, November 2014


Mycorrhizal Species Differentially Alter Plant Growth and Response to Herbivory
journal, January 2007


Rooting theories of plant community ecology in microbial interactions
journal, August 2010

  • Bever, James D.; Dickie, Ian A.; Facelli, Evelina
  • Trends in Ecology & Evolution, Vol. 25, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.tree.2010.05.004

The diversity and biogeography of soil bacterial communities
journal, January 2006

  • Fierer, N.; Jackson, R. B.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 103, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0507535103

Soil Temperature, Matric Potential, and the Kinetics of Microbial Respiration and Nitrogen Mineralization
journal, January 1999


Microbial Population Structures in Soil Particle Size Fractions of a Long-Term Fertilizer Field Experiment
journal, September 2001


Mutualisms in a changing world: an evolutionary perspective: Mutualism breakdown
journal, October 2010


Mechanistic scaling of ecosystem function and dynamics in space and time: Ecosystem Demography model version 2
journal, January 2009

  • Medvigy, D.; Wofsy, S. C.; Munger, J. W.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 114, Issue G1
  • DOI: 10.1029/2008JG000812

Seasonal Variation in Growth, Nitrogen Uptake and Allocation by Container-grown Evergreen and Deciduous Rhododendron Cultivars
journal, October 2007


    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Interactions among roots, mycorrhizas and free-living microbial communities differentially impact soil carbon processes
    journal, October 2015

    • Moore, Jessica A. M.; Jiang, Jiang; Patterson, Courtney M.
    • Journal of Ecology, Vol. 103, Issue 6, p. 1442-1453
    • DOI: 10.1111/1365-2745.12484

    Plant selection initiates alternative successional trajectories in the soil microbial community after disturbance
    journal, March 2019

    • Duhamel, Marie; Wan, Joe; Bogar, Laura M.
    • Ecological Monographs, Vol. 89, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1002/ecm.1367

    Shrub range expansion alters diversity and distribution of soil fungal communities across an alpine elevation gradient
    journal, May 2018

    • Collins, Courtney G.; Stajich, Jason E.; Weber, Sören E.
    • Molecular Ecology, Vol. 27, Issue 10
    • DOI: 10.1111/mec.14694

    Hierarchical drivers of soil microbial community structure variability in “Monte Perdido” Massif (Central Pyrenees)
    journal, June 2019


    Biocontrol of Cereal Crop Diseases Using Streptomycetes
    journal, June 2019

    • Newitt, Jake T.; Prudence, Samuel M. M.; Hutchings, Matthew I.
    • Pathogens, Vol. 8, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.3390/pathogens8020078

    The cave bear’s hibernation: reconstructing the physiology and behaviour of an extinct animal
    journal, May 2018


    Coordinated responses of soil communities to elevation in three subarctic vegetation types
    journal, June 2017

    • Veen, G. F. Ciska; De Long, Jonathan R.; Kardol, Paul
    • Oikos, Vol. 126, Issue 11
    • DOI: 10.1111/oik.04158

    Plant selection initiates alternative successional trajectories in the soil microbial community after disturbance
    journal, March 2019

    • Duhamel, Marie; Wan, Joe; Bogar, Laura M.
    • Ecological Monographs, Vol. 89, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1002/ecm.1367

    Hierarchical drivers of soil microbial community structure variability in “Monte Perdido” Massif (Central Pyrenees)
    journal, June 2019


    The cave bear’s hibernation: reconstructing the physiology and behaviour of an extinct animal
    journal, May 2018


    Interactions among roots, mycorrhizas and free-living microbial communities differentially impact soil carbon processes
    journal, October 2015

    • Moore, Jessica A. M.; Jiang, Jiang; Patterson, Courtney M.
    • Journal of Ecology, Vol. 103, Issue 6, p. 1442-1453
    • DOI: 10.1111/1365-2745.12484

    Shrub range expansion alters diversity and distribution of soil fungal communities across an alpine elevation gradient
    journal, May 2018

    • Collins, Courtney G.; Stajich, Jason E.; Weber, Sören E.
    • Molecular Ecology, Vol. 27, Issue 10
    • DOI: 10.1111/mec.14694

    Coordinated responses of soil communities to elevation in three subarctic vegetation types
    journal, June 2017

    • Veen, G. F. Ciska; De Long, Jonathan R.; Kardol, Paul
    • Oikos, Vol. 126, Issue 11
    • DOI: 10.1111/oik.04158

    Exploring the key microbial changes in the rhizosphere that affect the occurrence of tobacco root-knot nematodes
    journal, April 2020


    Biocontrol of Cereal Crop Diseases Using Streptomycetes
    journal, June 2019

    • Newitt, Jake T.; Prudence, Samuel M. M.; Hutchings, Matthew I.
    • Pathogens, Vol. 8, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.3390/pathogens8020078

    The cave bear’s hibernation: reconstructing the physiology and behaviour of an extinct animal
    text, January 2019


    The soil microbial community alters patterns of selection on flowering time and fitness‐related traits in Ipomoea purpurea
    journal, January 2020

    • Chaney, Lindsay; Baucom, Regina S.
    • American Journal of Botany, Vol. 107, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1002/ajb2.1426

    Relationships between plant diversity and soil microbial diversity vary across taxonomic groups and spatial scales
    journal, January 2020

    • Liu, Lan; Zhu, Kai; Wurzburger, Nina
    • Ecosphere, Vol. 11, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1002/ecs2.2999

    Consistently inconsistent drivers of microbial diversity and abundance at macroecological scales
    journal, June 2017

    • Hendershot, John Nicholas; Read, Quentin D.; Henning, Jeremiah A.
    • Ecology, Vol. 98, Issue 7
    • DOI: 10.1002/ecy.1829

    Altitudinal gradients fail to predict fungal symbiont responses to warming
    journal, May 2019

    • Kazenel, Melanie R.; Kivlin, Stephanie N.; Taylor, D. Lee
    • Ecology, Vol. 100, Issue 8
    • DOI: 10.1002/ecy.2740

    Soil microbes that may accompany climate warming increase alpine plant production
    journal, October 2019


    Soil microbiome: a key player for conservation of soil health under changing climate
    journal, April 2019

    • Dubey, Anamika; Malla, Muneer Ahmad; Khan, Farhat
    • Biodiversity and Conservation, Vol. 28, Issue 8-9
    • DOI: 10.1007/s10531-019-01760-5

    Emergent climate change impact throughout the world: call for “Microbiome Conservation” before it’s too late
    journal, October 2019

    • Banerjee, Aparna; Cornejo, Jorge; Bandopadhyay, Rajib
    • Biodiversity and Conservation, Vol. 29, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1007/s10531-019-01886-6

    Trichoderma for climate resilient agriculture
    journal, July 2017

    • Kashyap, Prem Lal; Rai, Pallavi; Srivastava, Alok Kumar
    • World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology, Vol. 33, Issue 8
    • DOI: 10.1007/s11274-017-2319-1

    Conservation Introductions for Biodiversity Adaptation under Climate Change
    journal, January 2018


    In situ relationships between microbiota and potential pathobiota in Arabidopsis thaliana
    journal, May 2018


    Managing plant-environment-symbiont interactions to promote plant performance under low temperature stress
    journal, August 2019

    • Askari-Khorasgani, Omid; Hatterman-Valenti, Harlene; Flores, Francisco Borja
    • Journal of Plant Nutrition, Vol. 42, Issue 16
    • DOI: 10.1080/01904167.2019.1648682

    Seasonal, sub-seasonal and diurnal variation of soil bacterial community composition in a temperate deciduous forest
    journal, January 2019

    • Landesman, William J.; Freedman, Zachary B.; Nelson, David M.
    • FEMS Microbiology Ecology, Vol. 95, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1093/femsec/fiz002

    Phylogenetic conservation of soil bacterial responses to simulated global changes
    journal, March 2020

    • Isobe, Kazuo; Bouskill, Nicholas J.; Brodie, Eoin L.
    • Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, Vol. 375, Issue 1798
    • DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2019.0242

    Responses of soil bacterial compositions to concentrations of nitrogen forms in the process of Moso bamboo invasion
    journal, November 2019


    Drought and its legacy modulate the post‐fire recovery of soil functionality and microbial community structure in a Mediterranean shrubland
    journal, February 2019

    • Hinojosa, María Belén; Laudicina, Vito Armando; Parra, Antonio
    • Global Change Biology, Vol. 25, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1111/gcb.14575

    Higher precipitation strengthens the microbial interactions in semi-arid grassland soils
    journal, January 2018

    • Wang, Shang; Wang, Xiaobo; Han, Xingguo
    • Global Ecology and Biogeography, Vol. 27, Issue 5
    • DOI: 10.1111/geb.12718

    Phenotypic and Genotypic Diversity Among Symbiotic and Non-symbiotic Bacteria Present in Chickpea Nodules in Morocco
    journal, September 2019


    Impacts of Atmospheric CO2 and Soil Nutritional Value on Plant Responses to Rhizosphere Colonization by Soil Bacteria
    journal, October 2018

    • Williams, Alex; Pétriacq, Pierre; Beerling, David J.
    • Frontiers in Plant Science, Vol. 9
    • DOI: 10.3389/fpls.2018.01493