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Title: The greening of Northwest Indian subcontinent and reduction of dust abundance resulting from Indian summer monsoon revival

The trends of both rainfall and circulation strength of the Indian summer monsoon has been reviving since 2002. Here, using observational data, we demonstrate a statistically significant greening over the Northwest Indian Subcontinent and a consequent decline in dust abundance due to the monsoon revival. The enhanced monsoonal rainfall causes an increase in soil moisture, which results in a significant greening in the Northwest Indian Subcontinent. These increases in rainfall, soil moisture, and vegetation together lead to a substantial reduction of the dust abundance in this region, especially the Thar Desert, as shown by a negative trend in satellite-retrieved aerosol optical depth. Here, the monsoonal rainfall-induced trends in vegetation growth and dust abundance in the Northwest Indian Subcontinent have important implications for agriculture production and air quality given the projected increases and a westward expansion of the global summer monsoon rainfall at the end of this century.
Authors:
ORCiD logo [1] ; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
FG02-94ER61937
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Scientific Reports
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 8; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2045-2322
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Research Org:
Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES
OSTI Identifier:
1500094

Jin, Qinjian, and Wang, Chien. The greening of Northwest Indian subcontinent and reduction of dust abundance resulting from Indian summer monsoon revival. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1038/s41598-018-23055-5.
Jin, Qinjian, & Wang, Chien. The greening of Northwest Indian subcontinent and reduction of dust abundance resulting from Indian summer monsoon revival. United States. doi:10.1038/s41598-018-23055-5.
Jin, Qinjian, and Wang, Chien. 2018. "The greening of Northwest Indian subcontinent and reduction of dust abundance resulting from Indian summer monsoon revival". United States. doi:10.1038/s41598-018-23055-5. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1500094.
@article{osti_1500094,
title = {The greening of Northwest Indian subcontinent and reduction of dust abundance resulting from Indian summer monsoon revival},
author = {Jin, Qinjian and Wang, Chien},
abstractNote = {The trends of both rainfall and circulation strength of the Indian summer monsoon has been reviving since 2002. Here, using observational data, we demonstrate a statistically significant greening over the Northwest Indian Subcontinent and a consequent decline in dust abundance due to the monsoon revival. The enhanced monsoonal rainfall causes an increase in soil moisture, which results in a significant greening in the Northwest Indian Subcontinent. These increases in rainfall, soil moisture, and vegetation together lead to a substantial reduction of the dust abundance in this region, especially the Thar Desert, as shown by a negative trend in satellite-retrieved aerosol optical depth. Here, the monsoonal rainfall-induced trends in vegetation growth and dust abundance in the Northwest Indian Subcontinent have important implications for agriculture production and air quality given the projected increases and a westward expansion of the global summer monsoon rainfall at the end of this century.},
doi = {10.1038/s41598-018-23055-5},
journal = {Scientific Reports},
number = 1,
volume = 8,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {3}
}