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Title: Indirect excitons in van der Waals heterostructures at room temperature

Abstract

Indirect excitons (IXs) are explored both for studying quantum Bose gases in semiconductor materials and for the development of excitonic devices. IXs were extensively studied in III–V and II–VI semiconductor heterostructures where IX range of existence has been limited to low temperatures. Here, we present the observation of IXs at room temperature in van der Waals transition metal dichalcogenide (TMD) heterostructures. Here, this is achieved in TMD heterostructures based on monolayers of MoS2 separated by atomically thin hexagonal boron nitride. The IXs we realize in the TMD heterostructure have lifetimes orders of magnitude longer than lifetimes of direct excitons in single-layer TMD and their energy is gate controlled. The realization of IXs at room temperature establishes the TMD heterostructures as a material platform both for a field of high-temperature quantum Bose gases of IXs and for a field of high-temperature excitonic devices.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [2];  [2]
  1. Univ. of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA (United States)
  2. Univ. of Manchester, Manchester (United Kingdom)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES)
OSTI Identifier:
1499677
Grant/Contract Number:  
FG02-07ER46449
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Communications
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 9; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS

Citation Formats

Calman, E. V., Fogler, M. M., Butov, L. V., Hu, S., Mishchenko, A., and Geim, A. K. Indirect excitons in van der Waals heterostructures at room temperature. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-04293-7.
Calman, E. V., Fogler, M. M., Butov, L. V., Hu, S., Mishchenko, A., & Geim, A. K. Indirect excitons in van der Waals heterostructures at room temperature. United States. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-04293-7
Calman, E. V., Fogler, M. M., Butov, L. V., Hu, S., Mishchenko, A., and Geim, A. K. Mon . "Indirect excitons in van der Waals heterostructures at room temperature". United States. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-04293-7. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1499677.
@article{osti_1499677,
title = {Indirect excitons in van der Waals heterostructures at room temperature},
author = {Calman, E. V. and Fogler, M. M. and Butov, L. V. and Hu, S. and Mishchenko, A. and Geim, A. K.},
abstractNote = {Indirect excitons (IXs) are explored both for studying quantum Bose gases in semiconductor materials and for the development of excitonic devices. IXs were extensively studied in III–V and II–VI semiconductor heterostructures where IX range of existence has been limited to low temperatures. Here, we present the observation of IXs at room temperature in van der Waals transition metal dichalcogenide (TMD) heterostructures. Here, this is achieved in TMD heterostructures based on monolayers of MoS2 separated by atomically thin hexagonal boron nitride. The IXs we realize in the TMD heterostructure have lifetimes orders of magnitude longer than lifetimes of direct excitons in single-layer TMD and their energy is gate controlled. The realization of IXs at room temperature establishes the TMD heterostructures as a material platform both for a field of high-temperature quantum Bose gases of IXs and for a field of high-temperature excitonic devices.},
doi = {10.1038/s41467-018-04293-7},
journal = {Nature Communications},
number = 1,
volume = 9,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {5}
}

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Cited by: 37 works
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Figures / Tables:

Fig. 1 Fig. 1 : MoS2/hBN coupled quantum well heterostructure. The coupled quantum well van der Waals heterostructure layer (a) and energy-band (b) diagrams. The ovals indicate a direct exciton (DX) and an indirect exciton (IX) composed of an electron (−) and a hole (+). (c) Microscope image showing the layer patternmore » of the device, scale bar is 10 μm« less

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      Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.