skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Two-dimensional materials in functional three-dimensional architectures with applications in photodetection and imaging

Abstract

Efficient and highly functional three-dimensional systems that are ubiquitous in biology suggest that similar design architectures could be useful in electronic and optoelectronic technologies, extending their levels of functionality beyond those achievable with traditional, planar two-dimensional platforms. Complex three-dimensional structures inspired by origami, kirigami have promise as routes for two-dimensional to three-dimensional transformation, but current examples lack the necessary combination of functional materials, mechanics designs, system-level architectures, and integration capabilities for practical devices with unique operational features. Here, we show that two-dimensional semiconductor/semi-metal materials can play critical roles in this context, through demonstrations of complex, mechanically assembled three-dimensional systems for light-imaging capabilities that can encompass measurements of the direction, intensity and angular divergence properties of incident light. Furthermore, the mechanics of graphene and MoS 2, together with strategically configured supporting polymer films, can yield arrays of photodetectors in distinct, engineered three-dimensional geometries, including octagonal prisms, octagonal prismoids, and hemispherical domes.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [3];  [3];  [3];  [3];  [2]; ORCiD logo [1];  [3]
  1. Yonsei Univ., Seoul (Republic of Korea)
  2. Tsinghua Univ., Beijing (China)
  3. Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23)
OSTI Identifier:
1499675
Grant/Contract Number:  
FG02-07ER46471
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Communications
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 9; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
42 ENGINEERING

Citation Formats

Lee, Wonho, Liu, Yuan, Lee, Yongjun, Sharma, Bhupendra K., Shinde, Sachin M., Kim, Seong Dae, Nan, Kewang, Yan, Zheng, Han, Mengdi, Huang, Yonggang, Zhang, Yihui, Ahn, Jong -Hyun, and Rogers, John A. Two-dimensional materials in functional three-dimensional architectures with applications in photodetection and imaging. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1038/s41467-018-03870-0.
Lee, Wonho, Liu, Yuan, Lee, Yongjun, Sharma, Bhupendra K., Shinde, Sachin M., Kim, Seong Dae, Nan, Kewang, Yan, Zheng, Han, Mengdi, Huang, Yonggang, Zhang, Yihui, Ahn, Jong -Hyun, & Rogers, John A. Two-dimensional materials in functional three-dimensional architectures with applications in photodetection and imaging. United States. doi:10.1038/s41467-018-03870-0.
Lee, Wonho, Liu, Yuan, Lee, Yongjun, Sharma, Bhupendra K., Shinde, Sachin M., Kim, Seong Dae, Nan, Kewang, Yan, Zheng, Han, Mengdi, Huang, Yonggang, Zhang, Yihui, Ahn, Jong -Hyun, and Rogers, John A. Thu . "Two-dimensional materials in functional three-dimensional architectures with applications in photodetection and imaging". United States. doi:10.1038/s41467-018-03870-0. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1499675.
@article{osti_1499675,
title = {Two-dimensional materials in functional three-dimensional architectures with applications in photodetection and imaging},
author = {Lee, Wonho and Liu, Yuan and Lee, Yongjun and Sharma, Bhupendra K. and Shinde, Sachin M. and Kim, Seong Dae and Nan, Kewang and Yan, Zheng and Han, Mengdi and Huang, Yonggang and Zhang, Yihui and Ahn, Jong -Hyun and Rogers, John A.},
abstractNote = {Efficient and highly functional three-dimensional systems that are ubiquitous in biology suggest that similar design architectures could be useful in electronic and optoelectronic technologies, extending their levels of functionality beyond those achievable with traditional, planar two-dimensional platforms. Complex three-dimensional structures inspired by origami, kirigami have promise as routes for two-dimensional to three-dimensional transformation, but current examples lack the necessary combination of functional materials, mechanics designs, system-level architectures, and integration capabilities for practical devices with unique operational features. Here, we show that two-dimensional semiconductor/semi-metal materials can play critical roles in this context, through demonstrations of complex, mechanically assembled three-dimensional systems for light-imaging capabilities that can encompass measurements of the direction, intensity and angular divergence properties of incident light. Furthermore, the mechanics of graphene and MoS2, together with strategically configured supporting polymer films, can yield arrays of photodetectors in distinct, engineered three-dimensional geometries, including octagonal prisms, octagonal prismoids, and hemispherical domes.},
doi = {10.1038/s41467-018-03870-0},
journal = {Nature Communications},
number = 1,
volume = 9,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {4}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 41 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Figures / Tables:

Fig. 1 Fig. 1: Assembly and mechanical analysis of 3D photodetector structures from 2D materials. a Schematic illustration of processes for fabricating the 3D systems. b FEA results describing the formation of arrays of photodetectors based on graphene and MoS2 in the form of an octagonal prism, and corresponding colorized SEM imagesmore » of the final configuration including MoS2 (green), graphene (light gray), and SU-8 (gray). c, d Similar FEA results for the cases of an octagonal prismoid and a hemisphere. Colors represent the magnitude of the maximum principal strain. e Central angle and radius of a cross-section of the hemisphere in d vs. the released pre-strain. Here, the insets denote an intermediate state (εreleased = 21.4%) and the final state (εreleased =46%) of pre-strain release, with the dashed and solid lines representing the profiles from FEA and fitting arcs, respectively. f FEA results and analytic predictions of the height of three photodetector structures in b–d. g Computational study of tensile strain applied to the SU-8, graphene, and MoS2 layers vs. pre-strain during the 3D assembly (squares, circles, and triangles denote the octagonal frustum, hemisphere, and octagonal prism, respectively). h Experimentally measured variation in the resistance in graphene during repeated buckling processes« less

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

A kirigami approach to engineering elasticity in nanocomposites through patterned defects
journal, June 2015

  • Shyu, Terry C.; Damasceno, Pablo F.; Dodd, Paul M.
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 14, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat4327

Stretching and Breaking of Ultrathin MoS 2
journal, November 2011

  • Bertolazzi, Simone; Brivio, Jacopo; Kis, Andras
  • ACS Nano, Vol. 5, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1021/nn203879f

High-Gain Phototransistors Based on a CVD MoS 2 Monolayer
journal, May 2013

  • Zhang, Wenjing; Huang, Jing-Kai; Chen, Chang-Hsiao
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 25, Issue 25
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.201301244

A review of principle and sun-tracking methods for maximizing solar systems output
journal, October 2009

  • Mousazadeh, Hossein; Keyhani, Alireza; Javadi, Arzhang
  • Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 13, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2009.01.022

Enhancement of Carrier Mobility in Semiconductor Nanostructures by Dielectric Engineering
journal, March 2007


Sun Tracking Systems: A Review
journal, May 2009

  • Lee, Chia-Yen; Chou, Po-Cheng; Chiang, Che-Ming
  • Sensors, Vol. 9, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.3390/s90503875

Origami MEMS and NEMS
journal, February 2016

  • Rogers, John; Huang, Yonggang; Schmidt, Oliver G.
  • MRS Bulletin, Vol. 41, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1557/mrs.2016.2

Origami and Kirigami Nanocomposites
journal, August 2017


A mechanically driven form of Kirigami as a route to 3D mesostructures in micro/nanomembranes
journal, September 2015

  • Zhang, Yihui; Yan, Zheng; Nan, Kewang
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 112, Issue 38
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1515602112

Engineering the Temporal Response of Photoconductive Photodetectors via Selective Introduction of Surface Trap States
journal, May 2008

  • Konstantatos, Gerasimos; Levina, Larissa; Fischer, Armin
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 8, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl080373e

Printing, folding and assembly methods for forming 3D mesostructures in advanced materials
journal, March 2017


Emerging Photoluminescence in Monolayer MoS2
journal, April 2010

  • Splendiani, Andrea; Sun, Liang; Zhang, Yuanbo
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 10, Issue 4, p. 1271-1275
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl903868w

Stretchable Graphene Transistors with Printed Dielectrics and Gate Electrodes
journal, November 2011

  • Lee, Seoung-Ki; Kim, Beom Joon; Jang, Houk
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 11, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl202134z

Anomalous Strength Characteristics of Tilt Grain Boundaries in Graphene
journal, November 2010


Graphene-Based Flexible and Stretchable Electronics
journal, January 2016


A new technique for fabricating three-dimensional micro- and nanostructures of various shapes
journal, November 2001


Assembly of micro/nanomaterials into complex, three-dimensional architectures by compressive buckling
journal, January 2015


Materials for Flexible, Stretchable Electronics: Graphene and 2D Materials
journal, July 2015


Shaping of Elastic Sheets by Prescription of Non-Euclidean Metrics
journal, February 2007


Atomically Thin MoS2 A New Direct-Gap Semiconductor
journal, September 2010


CVD-grown monolayered MoS 2 as an effective photosensor operating at low-voltage
journal, April 2014


Three-dimensional bicontinuous ultrafast-charge and -discharge bulk battery electrodes
journal, March 2011

  • Zhang, Huigang; Yu, Xindi; Braun, Paul V.
  • Nature Nanotechnology, Vol. 6, Issue 5, p. 277-281
  • DOI: 10.1038/nnano.2011.38

Large-scale pattern growth of graphene films for stretchable transparent electrodes
journal, January 2009


Single-Layer MoS2 Phototransistors
journal, December 2011

  • Yin, Zongyou; Li, Hai; Li, Hong
  • ACS Nano, Vol. 6, Issue 1, p. 74-80
  • DOI: 10.1021/nn2024557

Graphene kirigami
journal, July 2015

  • Blees, Melina K.; Barnard, Arthur W.; Rose, Peter A.
  • Nature, Vol. 524, Issue 7564
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature14588

Ultrasensitive photodetectors based on monolayer MoS2
journal, June 2013

  • Lopez-Sanchez, Oriol; Lembke, Dominik; Kayci, Metin
  • Nature Nanotechnology, Vol. 8, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1038/nnano.2013.100

Fabrication of Micrometer-Scale, Patterned Polyhedra by Self-Assembly
journal, February 2002


Magnetically actuated, addressable microstructures
journal, January 1997

  • Judy, J. W.; Muller, R. S.
  • Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, Vol. 6, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1109/84.623114

Controlled Mechanical Buckling for Origami-Inspired Construction of 3D Microstructures in Advanced Materials
journal, February 2016

  • Yan, Zheng; Zhang, Fan; Wang, Jiechen
  • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 26, Issue 16
  • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201504901

Two-dimensional flexible nanoelectronics
journal, December 2014

  • Akinwande, Deji; Petrone, Nicholas; Hone, James
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 5, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms6678

Single-layer MoS2 transistors
journal, January 2011

  • Radisavljevic, B.; Radenovic, A.; Brivio, J.
  • Nature Nanotechnology, Vol. 6, Issue 3, p. 147-150
  • DOI: 10.1038/nnano.2010.279

Bioinspired structural materials
journal, October 2014

  • Wegst, Ulrike G. K.; Bai, Hao; Saiz, Eduardo
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 14, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat4089

Ultrasensitive and Broadband MoS 2 Photodetector Driven by Ferroelectrics
journal, September 2015


Self-folding thin-film materials: From nanopolyhedra to graphene origami
journal, September 2012


Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes
journal, June 2010

  • Bae, Sukang; Kim, Hyeongkeun; Lee, Youngbin
  • Nature Nanotechnology, Vol. 5, Issue 8, p. 574-578
  • DOI: 10.1038/nnano.2010.132

Highly Sensitive, Encapsulated MoS 2 Photodetector with Gate Controllable Gain and Speed
journal, October 2015


MoS 2 -Based Tactile Sensor for Electronic Skin Applications
journal, February 2016


Past achievements and future challenges in the development of three-dimensional photonic metamaterials
journal, July 2011


Self-assembly of DNA into nanoscale three-dimensional shapes
journal, May 2009

  • Douglas, Shawn M.; Dietz, Hendrik; Liedl, Tim
  • Nature, Vol. 459, Issue 7245
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature08016

Self-assembled three dimensional network designs for soft electronics
journal, June 2017

  • Jang, Kyung-In; Li, Kan; Chung, Ha Uk
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 8, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms15894

Fracture toughness of graphene
journal, April 2014

  • Zhang, Peng; Ma, Lulu; Fan, Feifei
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 5, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms4782

    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Micro/Nanoscale 3D Assembly by Rolling, Folding, Curving, and Buckling Approaches
    journal, June 2019


    Postbuckling analyses of frame mesostructures consisting of straight ribbons for mechanically guided three-dimensional assembly
    journal, May 2019

    • Liu, Yuan; Xu, Zheng; Hwang, Keh-Chi
    • Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, Vol. 475, Issue 2225
    • DOI: 10.1098/rspa.2019.0012

    Design of Wavy Ag Microwire Array for Mechanically Stable, Multimodal Vibrational Haptic Interface
    journal, July 2019

    • Kang, Joohoon; Park, Jae Hoon; Choi, Dong‐Soo
    • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 29, Issue 35
    • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201902703

    Graphene Hybrid Structures for Integrated and Flexible Optoelectronics
    journal, July 2019


    Printing Flexible and Hybrid Electronics for Human Skin and Eye‐Interfaced Health Monitoring Systems
    journal, July 2019


    Manufacturing of 3D multifunctional microelectronic devices: challenges and opportunities
    journal, June 2019


    Investigation of graphene as a material for electrical contacts in the application of microrelays using finite element modeling
    journal, July 2019

    • Robert, Femi; Sharma, Abhimanyu; Katare, Harshvardhan
    • Materials Research Express, Vol. 6, Issue 9
    • DOI: 10.1088/2053-1591/ab3085

      Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.