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Title: Implications of improved representations of plant respiration in a changing climate

Abstract

Land-atmosphere exchanges influence atmospheric CO 2. Emphasis has been on describing photosynthetic CO 2 uptake, but less on respiration losses. New global datasets describe upper canopy dark respiration (R d) and temperature dependencies. This allows characterization of baseline R d, instantaneous temperature responses and longer-term thermal acclimation effects. Here we show the global implications of these parameterisations with a global gridded land model. This model aggregates R d to whole-plant respiration R p, driven with meteorological forcings spanning uncertainty across climate change models. For preindustrial estimates, new baseline R d increases R p and especially in the tropics. Compared to new baseline, revised instantaneous response decreases R p for mid-latitudes, while acclimation lowers this for the tropics with increases elsewhere. Under global warming, new R d estimates amplify modelled respiration increases, although partially lowered by acclimation. Future measurements will refine how R d aggregates to whole-plant respiration. With this being said, our analysis suggests R p could be around 30% higher than existing estimates.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [1]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [4]; ORCiD logo [5];  [2];  [2];  [6];  [7];  [7];  [7];  [8];  [9]; ORCiD logo [10];  [11];  [5];  [12];  [13]
  1. Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Wallingford, Oxfordshire (United Kingdom)
  2. Australian National Univ., Canberra, (Australia)
  3. Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Wallingford, Oxfordshire (United Kingdom); Univ. of Exeter, Exeter (United Kingdom)
  4. Ecosystems Center, Woods Hole, MA (United States)
  5. Univ. of Exeter, Exeter (United Kingdom)
  6. Univ. of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN (United States); Western Sydney Univ., Penrith (Australia)
  7. Univ. of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN (United States)
  8. Columbia Univ., New York, NY (United States)
  9. Australian National Univ., Canberra, (Australia); Univ. of Edinburgh, Scotland (United Kingdom)
  10. Western Sydney Univ., Penrith (Australia)
  11. Univ. of Canterbury, Christchurch (New Zealand)
  12. Met Office, Exeter, Devon (United Kingdom)
  13. Univ. of Oxford, Oxford (United Kingdom)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23)
OSTI Identifier:
1499641
Grant/Contract Number:  
FG02-07ER64456
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Communications
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 8; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES

Citation Formats

Huntingford, Chris, Atkin, Owen K., Martinez-de la Torre, Alberto, Mercado, Lina M., Heskel, Mary A., Harper, Anna B., Bloomfield, Keith J., O’Sullivan, Odhran S., Reich, Peter B., Wythers, Kirk R., Butler, Ethan E., Chen, Ming, Griffin, Kevin L., Meir, Patrick, Tjoelker, Mark G., Turnbull, Matthew H., Sitch, Stephen, Wiltshire, Andy, and Malhi, Yadvinder. Implications of improved representations of plant respiration in a changing climate. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1038/s41467-017-01774-z.
Huntingford, Chris, Atkin, Owen K., Martinez-de la Torre, Alberto, Mercado, Lina M., Heskel, Mary A., Harper, Anna B., Bloomfield, Keith J., O’Sullivan, Odhran S., Reich, Peter B., Wythers, Kirk R., Butler, Ethan E., Chen, Ming, Griffin, Kevin L., Meir, Patrick, Tjoelker, Mark G., Turnbull, Matthew H., Sitch, Stephen, Wiltshire, Andy, & Malhi, Yadvinder. Implications of improved representations of plant respiration in a changing climate. United States. doi:10.1038/s41467-017-01774-z.
Huntingford, Chris, Atkin, Owen K., Martinez-de la Torre, Alberto, Mercado, Lina M., Heskel, Mary A., Harper, Anna B., Bloomfield, Keith J., O’Sullivan, Odhran S., Reich, Peter B., Wythers, Kirk R., Butler, Ethan E., Chen, Ming, Griffin, Kevin L., Meir, Patrick, Tjoelker, Mark G., Turnbull, Matthew H., Sitch, Stephen, Wiltshire, Andy, and Malhi, Yadvinder. Fri . "Implications of improved representations of plant respiration in a changing climate". United States. doi:10.1038/s41467-017-01774-z. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1499641.
@article{osti_1499641,
title = {Implications of improved representations of plant respiration in a changing climate},
author = {Huntingford, Chris and Atkin, Owen K. and Martinez-de la Torre, Alberto and Mercado, Lina M. and Heskel, Mary A. and Harper, Anna B. and Bloomfield, Keith J. and O’Sullivan, Odhran S. and Reich, Peter B. and Wythers, Kirk R. and Butler, Ethan E. and Chen, Ming and Griffin, Kevin L. and Meir, Patrick and Tjoelker, Mark G. and Turnbull, Matthew H. and Sitch, Stephen and Wiltshire, Andy and Malhi, Yadvinder},
abstractNote = {Land-atmosphere exchanges influence atmospheric CO2. Emphasis has been on describing photosynthetic CO2 uptake, but less on respiration losses. New global datasets describe upper canopy dark respiration (Rd) and temperature dependencies. This allows characterization of baseline Rd, instantaneous temperature responses and longer-term thermal acclimation effects. Here we show the global implications of these parameterisations with a global gridded land model. This model aggregates Rd to whole-plant respiration Rp, driven with meteorological forcings spanning uncertainty across climate change models. For preindustrial estimates, new baseline Rd increases Rp and especially in the tropics. Compared to new baseline, revised instantaneous response decreases Rp for mid-latitudes, while acclimation lowers this for the tropics with increases elsewhere. Under global warming, new Rd estimates amplify modelled respiration increases, although partially lowered by acclimation. Future measurements will refine how Rd aggregates to whole-plant respiration. With this being said, our analysis suggests Rp could be around 30% higher than existing estimates.},
doi = {10.1038/s41467-017-01774-z},
journal = {Nature Communications},
number = 1,
volume = 8,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {11}
}

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Figures / Tables:

Table 1 Table 1: Standard JULES parameters used and implications for Rd,25 calculation

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