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Title: Heterogeneity in Local Chemical Bonding Explains Spectral Broadening in Quantum Dots with Cu Impurities

Abstract

Quantum dots (QDs) with optically active Cu impurities have been proposed as heavy-metal-free alternatives to Cd and Pb chalcogenides. However, the origin of their unusual optical properties is not well understood. In particular, spectral broadening is an issue for their use in high-color-purity light-emitting diodes and reabsorption-free solar windows. In this paper, we show with density functional theory calculations that chemical bonding variations have a major effect on the optical properties of Cu-doped ZnSe QDs. The Cu–Se coordination sphere is highly covalent and therefore sensitive to local variations in electrostatics and bond geometry. Correspondingly, changes in the Cu impurity environment lead to large shifts in their ground-state energy, which causes spectral broadening when multiple Cu impurity bonding environments coexist as subensembles with distinct absorption and emission energies. We conclude that while electron–phonon coupling is stronger for these systems than for typical II–VI QDs, spectral broadening predominantly occurs because of the inhomogeneous spatial distribution of Cu impurities. This is in agreement with a study that has shown narrow (~60 meV) single-particle emission linewidths for Cu xIn 2–xSe yS 2–y or “CIS” QDs, which also emit through Cu impurities. Therefore, we predict that narrow ensemble emission in photonic devices can be achievedmore » if heterogeneity is controlled.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [2]
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States)
  2. Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE; AAPP Fellowship (LANL)
OSTI Identifier:
1499370
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-19-21571
Journal ID: ISSN 1932-7447
Grant/Contract Number:  
89233218CNA000001
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Physical Chemistry. C
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 123; Journal Issue: 9; Journal ID: ISSN 1932-7447
Publisher:
American Chemical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY

Citation Formats

Fuhr, Addis S., Sautet, Philippe, and Alexandrova, Anastassia N. Heterogeneity in Local Chemical Bonding Explains Spectral Broadening in Quantum Dots with Cu Impurities. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1021/acs.jpcc.8b12023.
Fuhr, Addis S., Sautet, Philippe, & Alexandrova, Anastassia N. Heterogeneity in Local Chemical Bonding Explains Spectral Broadening in Quantum Dots with Cu Impurities. United States. doi:10.1021/acs.jpcc.8b12023.
Fuhr, Addis S., Sautet, Philippe, and Alexandrova, Anastassia N. Wed . "Heterogeneity in Local Chemical Bonding Explains Spectral Broadening in Quantum Dots with Cu Impurities". United States. doi:10.1021/acs.jpcc.8b12023.
@article{osti_1499370,
title = {Heterogeneity in Local Chemical Bonding Explains Spectral Broadening in Quantum Dots with Cu Impurities},
author = {Fuhr, Addis S. and Sautet, Philippe and Alexandrova, Anastassia N.},
abstractNote = {Quantum dots (QDs) with optically active Cu impurities have been proposed as heavy-metal-free alternatives to Cd and Pb chalcogenides. However, the origin of their unusual optical properties is not well understood. In particular, spectral broadening is an issue for their use in high-color-purity light-emitting diodes and reabsorption-free solar windows. In this paper, we show with density functional theory calculations that chemical bonding variations have a major effect on the optical properties of Cu-doped ZnSe QDs. The Cu–Se coordination sphere is highly covalent and therefore sensitive to local variations in electrostatics and bond geometry. Correspondingly, changes in the Cu impurity environment lead to large shifts in their ground-state energy, which causes spectral broadening when multiple Cu impurity bonding environments coexist as subensembles with distinct absorption and emission energies. We conclude that while electron–phonon coupling is stronger for these systems than for typical II–VI QDs, spectral broadening predominantly occurs because of the inhomogeneous spatial distribution of Cu impurities. This is in agreement with a study that has shown narrow (~60 meV) single-particle emission linewidths for CuxIn2–xSeyS2–y or “CIS” QDs, which also emit through Cu impurities. Therefore, we predict that narrow ensemble emission in photonic devices can be achieved if heterogeneity is controlled.},
doi = {10.1021/acs.jpcc.8b12023},
journal = {Journal of Physical Chemistry. C},
number = 9,
volume = 123,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {2}
}

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This content will become publicly available on February 13, 2020
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