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Title: Kinetic ‘jets’ from fast-moving pulsars

Abstract

Some fast-moving pulsars, such as the Guitar and the Lighthouse, exhibit asymmetric non-thermal emission features that extend well beyond their ram pressure confined pulsar wind nebulae (PWNe). Based on our 3D relativistic simulations, we analytically explain these features as kinetically streaming pulsar wind particles that escaped into the interstellar medium (ISM) due to reconnection between the PWN and ISM magnetic fields. The structure of the reconnecting magnetic fields at the incoming and outgoing regions produces highly asymmetric magnetic bottles therefore and result in asymmetric extended features. For the features to become visible, the ISM magnetic field should be sufficiently high, BISM > 10 |$$\mu$$|G. We also discuss archival observations of PWNe displaying evidence of kinetic jets: the Dragonfly PWN (PSR J2021 + 3651), G327.1–1.1, and MSH 11–62, the latter two of which exhibit symmetric ‘snail eyes’ morphologies. In conclusion, we suggest that in those cases the pulsar is moving along the ambient magnetic field in a frisbee-type configuration.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [3];  [4]
  1. Department of Physics and Astronomy, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907-2036, USA, Astrophysical big bang Laboratory, RIKEN, 351-0198 Saitama, Japan, Space Research Institute of the Russian Academy of Science (IKI), 84/32 Profsoyuznaya Str., Moscow, Russia, 117997
  2. Department of Physics and Astronomy, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907-2036, USA
  3. Department of Physics, The George Washington University, Washington, DC 20052, USA
  4. Departament de Física Quàntica i Astrofísica, Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona, IEEC-UB, Martí i Franquès 1, E-08028 Barcelona, Spain
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, IN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC); National Science Foundation (NSF); National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
OSTI Identifier:
1498192
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1612510
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0016369; AST-1306672; 80NSSC17K0757
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society Journal Volume: 485 Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 0035-8711
Publisher:
Royal Astronomical Society
Country of Publication:
United Kingdom
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; Astronomy & Astrophysics; magnetic reconnection; MHD; pulsars: individual: PSR J2021 + 3651; ISM: jets and outflows; ISM: magnetic fields

Citation Formats

Barkov, Maxim V., Lyutikov, Maxim, Klingler, Noel, and Bordas, Pol. Kinetic ‘jets’ from fast-moving pulsars. United Kingdom: N. p., 2019. Web. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stz521.
Barkov, Maxim V., Lyutikov, Maxim, Klingler, Noel, & Bordas, Pol. Kinetic ‘jets’ from fast-moving pulsars. United Kingdom. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stz521
Barkov, Maxim V., Lyutikov, Maxim, Klingler, Noel, and Bordas, Pol. Fri . "Kinetic ‘jets’ from fast-moving pulsars". United Kingdom. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stz521.
@article{osti_1498192,
title = {Kinetic ‘jets’ from fast-moving pulsars},
author = {Barkov, Maxim V. and Lyutikov, Maxim and Klingler, Noel and Bordas, Pol},
abstractNote = {Some fast-moving pulsars, such as the Guitar and the Lighthouse, exhibit asymmetric non-thermal emission features that extend well beyond their ram pressure confined pulsar wind nebulae (PWNe). Based on our 3D relativistic simulations, we analytically explain these features as kinetically streaming pulsar wind particles that escaped into the interstellar medium (ISM) due to reconnection between the PWN and ISM magnetic fields. The structure of the reconnecting magnetic fields at the incoming and outgoing regions produces highly asymmetric magnetic bottles therefore and result in asymmetric extended features. For the features to become visible, the ISM magnetic field should be sufficiently high, BISM > 10 |$\mu$|G. We also discuss archival observations of PWNe displaying evidence of kinetic jets: the Dragonfly PWN (PSR J2021 + 3651), G327.1–1.1, and MSH 11–62, the latter two of which exhibit symmetric ‘snail eyes’ morphologies. In conclusion, we suggest that in those cases the pulsar is moving along the ambient magnetic field in a frisbee-type configuration.},
doi = {10.1093/mnras/stz521},
journal = {Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society},
number = 2,
volume = 485,
place = {United Kingdom},
year = {2019},
month = {2}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stz521

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 6 works
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    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Modelling the interaction between relativistic and non-relativistic winds in binary pulsar systems: strong magnetization of the pulsar wind
    journal, October 2019

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