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Title: Multimodal hard x-ray imaging with resolution approaching 10 nm for studies in material science

Abstract

We report multimodal scanning hard x-ray imaging with spatial resolution approaching 10 nm and its application to contemporary studies in the field of material science. The high spatial resolution is achieved by focusing hard x-rays with two crossed multilayer Laue lenses and raster-scanning a sample with respect to the nanofocusing optics. Various techniques are used to characterize and verify the achieved focus size and imaging resolution. Here, the multimodal imaging is realized by utilizing simultaneously absorption-, phase-, and fluorescence-contrast mechanisms. The combination of high spatial resolution and multimodal imaging enables a comprehensive study of a sample on a very fine length scale. In this work, the unique multimodal imaging capability was used to investigate a mixed ionic-electronic conducting ceramic-based membrane material employed in solid oxide fuel cells and membrane separations (compound of Ce 0.8Gd 0.2O 2–x and CoFe 2O 4) which revealed the existence of an emergent material phase and quantified the chemical complexity at the nanoscale.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [2]; ORCiD logo [3];  [1]
  1. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
  2. Univ. of Connecticut, Storrs, CT (United States)
  3. Clemson Univ., Clemson, SC (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC) (United States). Heterogeneous Functional Materials Center (HeteroFoaM); Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1497383
Report Number(s):
BNL-211309-2019-JAAM
Journal ID: ISSN 2399-1984
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0012704
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nano Futures
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 2; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2399-1984
Publisher:
IOP Science
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; x-ray nanoscale imaging; high spatial resolution; multimodal imaging; mixed ionic-electronic conducting membrane

Citation Formats

Yan, Hanfei, Bouet, Nathalie, Zhou, Juan, Huang, Xiaojing, Nazaretski, Evgeny, Xu, Weihe, Cocco, Alex P., Chiu, Wilson K. S., Brinkman, Kyle S., and Chu, Yong S. Multimodal hard x-ray imaging with resolution approaching 10 nm for studies in material science. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1088/2399-1984/aab25d.
Yan, Hanfei, Bouet, Nathalie, Zhou, Juan, Huang, Xiaojing, Nazaretski, Evgeny, Xu, Weihe, Cocco, Alex P., Chiu, Wilson K. S., Brinkman, Kyle S., & Chu, Yong S. Multimodal hard x-ray imaging with resolution approaching 10 nm for studies in material science. United States. doi:10.1088/2399-1984/aab25d.
Yan, Hanfei, Bouet, Nathalie, Zhou, Juan, Huang, Xiaojing, Nazaretski, Evgeny, Xu, Weihe, Cocco, Alex P., Chiu, Wilson K. S., Brinkman, Kyle S., and Chu, Yong S. Mon . "Multimodal hard x-ray imaging with resolution approaching 10 nm for studies in material science". United States. doi:10.1088/2399-1984/aab25d. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1497383.
@article{osti_1497383,
title = {Multimodal hard x-ray imaging with resolution approaching 10 nm for studies in material science},
author = {Yan, Hanfei and Bouet, Nathalie and Zhou, Juan and Huang, Xiaojing and Nazaretski, Evgeny and Xu, Weihe and Cocco, Alex P. and Chiu, Wilson K. S. and Brinkman, Kyle S. and Chu, Yong S.},
abstractNote = {We report multimodal scanning hard x-ray imaging with spatial resolution approaching 10 nm and its application to contemporary studies in the field of material science. The high spatial resolution is achieved by focusing hard x-rays with two crossed multilayer Laue lenses and raster-scanning a sample with respect to the nanofocusing optics. Various techniques are used to characterize and verify the achieved focus size and imaging resolution. Here, the multimodal imaging is realized by utilizing simultaneously absorption-, phase-, and fluorescence-contrast mechanisms. The combination of high spatial resolution and multimodal imaging enables a comprehensive study of a sample on a very fine length scale. In this work, the unique multimodal imaging capability was used to investigate a mixed ionic-electronic conducting ceramic-based membrane material employed in solid oxide fuel cells and membrane separations (compound of Ce0.8Gd0.2O2–x and CoFe2O4) which revealed the existence of an emergent material phase and quantified the chemical complexity at the nanoscale.},
doi = {10.1088/2399-1984/aab25d},
journal = {Nano Futures},
number = 1,
volume = 2,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {3}
}

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    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Multimodal X-ray imaging of grain-level properties and performance in a polycrystalline solar cell
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