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Title: First cosmology results using Type Ia supernova from the Dark Energy Survey: simulations to correct supernova distance biases

Abstract

We describe catalog-level simulations of Type Ia Supernova (SN Ia) light curves in the Dark Energy Survey Supernova Program (DES-SN), and in low-redshift samples from the Center for Astrophysics (CfA) and the Carnegie Supernova Project (CSP). These simulations are used to model biases from selection effects and light curve analysis, and to determine bias corrections for SN Ia distance moduli that are used to measure cosmological parameters. To generate realistic light curves the simulation uses a detailed SN Ia model, incorporates information from observations (PSF, sky noise, zero point), and uses summary information (e.g., detection efficiency vs. signal to noise ratio) based on 10,000 fake SN light curves whose fluxes were overlaid on images and processed with our analysis pipelines. The quality of the simulation is illustrated by predicting distributions observed in the data. Averaging within redshift bins, we find distance modulus biases up to 0.05 mag over the redshift ranges of the low-z and DES-SN samples. For individual events, particularly those with extreme red or blue color, distance biases can reach 0.4 mag. Therefore, accurately determining bias corrections is critical for precision measurements of cosmological parameters. Files used to make these corrections are available at https://des.ncsa.illinois.edu/releases/sn.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [2];  [3];  [3];  [4];  [1];  [5];  [6];  [7];  [2];  [8];  [9];  [9];  [7];  [10];  [11];  [12];  [3];  [13] more »;  [12];  [9];  [14];  [15];  [16];  [17];  [18];  [3];  [19];  [20];  [21];  [22];  [2];  [23];  [24];  [4];  [25];  [7];  [6];  [4];  [7];  [26];  [27];  [28];  [28];  [6];  [29];  [30];  [31];  [32];  [28];  [33];  [34];  [35];  [36];  [37];  [37];  [38];  [39];  [40];  [41];  [28];  [32];  [42];  [28];  [37];  [43];  [44];  [37];  [45];  [33];  [35];  [28];  [46];  [17];  [47];  [48];  [23];  [23];  [49];  [50];  [28];  [32];  [43];  [51];  [52];  [53];  [35];  [45];  [54];  [28];  [55];  [33];  [40];  [28];  [56];  [57];  [37];  [40];  [58];  [59];  [60];  [57];  [6];  [27];  [28] « less
  1. Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA; Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
  2. Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
  3. School of Mathematics and Physics, University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia
  4. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
  5. The Research School of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Australian National University, ACT 2601, Australia
  6. Institute of Cosmology and Gravitation, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth PO1 3FX, UK
  7. The Research School of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Australian National University, ACT 2601, Australia; ARC Centre of Excellence for All-sky Astrophysics (CAASTRO), Sydney, Australia
  8. Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
  9. School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK
  10. School of Mathematics and Physics, University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia; University of Copenhagen, Dark Cosmology Centre, Juliane Maries Vej 30, DK-2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark
  11. Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon, 305-348, Korea
  12. Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Str, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
  13. INAF, Astrophysical Observatory of Turin, I-10025 Pino Torinese, Italy
  14. Millennium Institute of Astrophysics and Department of Physics and Astronomy, Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile
  15. South African Astronomical Observatory, PO Box 9, Observatory 7935, South Africa; Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA
  16. Department of Astronomy, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-3411, USA; Miller Senior Fellow, Miller Institute for Basic Research in Science, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
  17. Santa Cruz Institute for Particle Physics, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA
  18. Centre for Astrophysics & Supercomputing, Swinburne University of Technology, Victoria 3122, Australia
  19. South African Astronomical Observatory, PO Box 9, Observatory 7935, South Africa; Department of Physics, University of Namibia, 340 Mandume Ndemufayo Avenue, Pionierspark, Windhoek, Namibia
  20. Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Str, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA; Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, 1661 Page Mill Road, Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA
  21. Sydney Institute for Astronomy, School of Physics, A28, The University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
  22. Institute of Astronomy and Kavli Institute for Cosmology, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK
  23. National Center for Supercomputing Applications, 1205 West Clark St., Urbana, IL 61801, USA
  24. The Research School of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Australian National University, ACT 2601, Australia; ARC Centre of Excellence for All-sky Astrophysics (CAASTRO), Sydney, Australia; Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK
  25. Division of Theoretical Astronomy, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588, Japan; Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Academia Sinica, Taipei 10617, Taiwan
  26. Observatories of the Carnegie Institution for Science, 813 Santa Barbara Str, Pasadena, CA 91101, USA
  27. Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory, National Optical Astronomy Observatory, Casilla 603, La Serena, Chile
  28. Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, PO Box 500, Batavia, IL 60510, USA
  29. Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK; Kavli Institute for Cosmology, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK
  30. LSST, 933 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
  31. CNRS, UMR 7095, Institut d’Astrophysique de Paris, F-75014, Paris, France; Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ Paris 06, UMR 7095, Institut d’Astrophysique de Paris, F-75014 Paris, France
  32. Department of Physics & Astronomy, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK
  33. Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics & Cosmology, PO Box 2450, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA; SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA 94025, USA
  34. Centro de Investigaciones Energéticas, Medioambientales y Tecnológicas (CIEMAT), Madrid, Spain; Laboratório Interinstitucional de e-Astronomia - LIneA, Rua Gal. José Cristino 77, Rio de Janeiro, RJ – 20921-400, Brazil
  35. National Center for Supercomputing Applications, 1205 West Clark St., Urbana, IL 61801, USA; Department of Astronomy, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1002 W. Green Str, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
  36. Institut de Física d’Altes Energies (IFAE), The Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology, Campus UAB, E-08193 Bellaterra (Barcelona), Spain
  37. Institut d’Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (IEEC), E-08034 Barcelona, Spain; Institute of Space Sciences (ICE, CSIC), Campus UAB, Carrer de Can Magrans, s/n, E-08193 Barcelona, Spain
  38. Laboratório Interinstitucional de e-Astronomia - LIneA, Rua Gal. José Cristino 77, Rio de Janeiro, RJ – 20921-400, Brazil; Observatório Nacional, Rua Gal. José Cristino 77, Rio de Janeiro, RJ – 20921-400, Brazil
  39. Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics & Cosmology, PO Box 2450, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
  40. Centro de Investigaciones Energéticas, Medioambientales y Tecnológicas (CIEMAT), Madrid, Spain
  41. Department of Physics, IIT Hyderabad, Kandi, Telangana 502285, India
  42. Department of Astronomy/Steward Observatory, 933 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA; Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, 4800 Oak Grove Dr., Pasadena, CA 91109, USA
  43. Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA; Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, PO Box 500, Batavia, IL 60510, USA
  44. Instituto de Fisica Teorica UAM/CSIC, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, E-28049 Madrid, Spain
  45. Department of Astronomy, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA; Department of Physics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
  46. Department of Physics & Astronomy, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK; Department of Physics, ETH Zurich, Wolfgang-Pauli-Strasse 16, CH-8093 Zurich, Switzerland
  47. Center for Cosmology and Astro-Particle Physics, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA; Department of Physics, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
  48. Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
  49. Department of Astronomy/Steward Observatory, 933 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
  50. Australian Astronomical Optics, Macquarie University, North Ryde, NSW 2113, Australia
  51. Laboratório Interinstitucional de e-Astronomia - LIneA, Rua Gal. José Cristino 77, Rio de Janeiro, RJ – 20921-400, Brazil; Departamento de Física Matemática, Instituto de Física, Universidade de São Paulo, CP 66318, São Paulo, SP, 05314-970, Brazil
  52. George P. and Cynthia Woods Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics and Astronomy, and Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843, USA
  53. Center for Cosmology and Astro-Particle Physics, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA; Department of Astronomy, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
  54. Institut de Física d’Altes Energies (IFAE), The Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology, Campus UAB, E-08193 Bellaterra (Barcelona), Spain; Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avançats, E-08010 Barcelona, Spain
  55. Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, 4800 Oak Grove Dr., Pasadena, CA 91109, USA
  56. SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA 94025, USA
  57. Department of Physics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
  58. Brandeis University, Physics Department, 415 South Str, Waltham, MA 02453, USA
  59. Laboratório Interinstitucional de e-Astronomia - LIneA, Rua Gal. José Cristino 77, Rio de Janeiro, RJ – 20921-400, Brazil; Instituto de Física Gleb Wataghin, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, 13083-859, Campinas, SP, Brazil
  60. Computer Science and Mathematics Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831, USA
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25); USDOE Office of Science (SC), Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR) (SC-21)
Contributing Org.:
DES Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1496903
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1488596; OSTI ID: 1505305
Report Number(s):
arXiv:1811.02379; FERMILAB-PUB-18-589-AE
Journal ID: ISSN 0035-8711; 1702364
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-07CH11359; AC02-76CH03000; FOA-0001358; AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 485; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 0035-8711
Publisher:
Royal Astronomical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; 46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; techniques; cosmology; supernovae; dark energy

Citation Formats

Kessler, R., Brout, D., D’Andrea, C. B., Davis, T. M., Hinton, S. R., Kim, A. G., Lasker, J., Lidman, C., Macaulay, E., Möller, A., Sako, M., Scolnic, D., Smith, M., Sullivan, M., Zhang, B., Andersen, P., Asorey, J., Avelino, A., Calcino, J., Carollo, D., Challis, P., Childress, M., Clocchiatti, A., Crawford, S., Filippenko, A. V., Foley, R. J., Glazebrook, K., Hoormann, J. K., Kasai, E., Kirshner, R. P., Lewis, G. F., Mandel, K. S., March, M., Morganson, E., Muthukrishna, D., Nugent, P., Pan, Y-C, Sommer, N. E., Swann, E., Thomas, R. C., Tucker, B. E., Uddin, S. A., Abbott, T. M. C., Allam, S., Annis, J., Avila, S., Banerji, M., Bechtol, K., Bertin, E., Brooks, D., Buckley-Geer, E., Burke, D. L., Carnero Rosell, A., Carrasco Kind, M., Carretero, J., Castander, F. J., Crocce, M., da Costa, L. N., Davis, C., De Vicente, J., Desai, S., Diehl, H. T., Doel, P., Eifler, T. F., Flaugher, B., Fosalba, P., Frieman, J., García-Bellido, J., Gaztanaga, E., Gerdes, D. W., Gruen, D., Gruendl, R. A., Gutierrez, G., Hartley, W. G., Hollowood, D. L., Honscheid, K., James, D. J., Johnson, M. W. G., Johnson, M. D., Krause, E., Kuehn, K., Kuropatkin, N., Lahav, O., Li, T. S., Lima, M., Marshall, J. L., Martini, P., Menanteau, F., Miller, C. J., Miquel, R., Nord, B., Plazas, A. A., Roodman, A., Sanchez, E., Scarpine, V., Schindler, R., Schubnell, M., Serrano, S., Sevilla-Noarbe, I., Soares-Santos, M., Sobreira, F., Suchyta, E., Tarle, G., Thomas, D., Walker, A. R., and Zhang, Y. First cosmology results using Type Ia supernova from the Dark Energy Survey: simulations to correct supernova distance biases. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1093/mnras/stz463.
Kessler, R., Brout, D., D’Andrea, C. B., Davis, T. M., Hinton, S. R., Kim, A. G., Lasker, J., Lidman, C., Macaulay, E., Möller, A., Sako, M., Scolnic, D., Smith, M., Sullivan, M., Zhang, B., Andersen, P., Asorey, J., Avelino, A., Calcino, J., Carollo, D., Challis, P., Childress, M., Clocchiatti, A., Crawford, S., Filippenko, A. V., Foley, R. J., Glazebrook, K., Hoormann, J. K., Kasai, E., Kirshner, R. P., Lewis, G. F., Mandel, K. S., March, M., Morganson, E., Muthukrishna, D., Nugent, P., Pan, Y-C, Sommer, N. E., Swann, E., Thomas, R. C., Tucker, B. E., Uddin, S. A., Abbott, T. M. C., Allam, S., Annis, J., Avila, S., Banerji, M., Bechtol, K., Bertin, E., Brooks, D., Buckley-Geer, E., Burke, D. L., Carnero Rosell, A., Carrasco Kind, M., Carretero, J., Castander, F. J., Crocce, M., da Costa, L. N., Davis, C., De Vicente, J., Desai, S., Diehl, H. T., Doel, P., Eifler, T. F., Flaugher, B., Fosalba, P., Frieman, J., García-Bellido, J., Gaztanaga, E., Gerdes, D. W., Gruen, D., Gruendl, R. A., Gutierrez, G., Hartley, W. G., Hollowood, D. L., Honscheid, K., James, D. J., Johnson, M. W. G., Johnson, M. D., Krause, E., Kuehn, K., Kuropatkin, N., Lahav, O., Li, T. S., Lima, M., Marshall, J. L., Martini, P., Menanteau, F., Miller, C. J., Miquel, R., Nord, B., Plazas, A. A., Roodman, A., Sanchez, E., Scarpine, V., Schindler, R., Schubnell, M., Serrano, S., Sevilla-Noarbe, I., Soares-Santos, M., Sobreira, F., Suchyta, E., Tarle, G., Thomas, D., Walker, A. R., & Zhang, Y. First cosmology results using Type Ia supernova from the Dark Energy Survey: simulations to correct supernova distance biases. United States. doi:10.1093/mnras/stz463.
Kessler, R., Brout, D., D’Andrea, C. B., Davis, T. M., Hinton, S. R., Kim, A. G., Lasker, J., Lidman, C., Macaulay, E., Möller, A., Sako, M., Scolnic, D., Smith, M., Sullivan, M., Zhang, B., Andersen, P., Asorey, J., Avelino, A., Calcino, J., Carollo, D., Challis, P., Childress, M., Clocchiatti, A., Crawford, S., Filippenko, A. V., Foley, R. J., Glazebrook, K., Hoormann, J. K., Kasai, E., Kirshner, R. P., Lewis, G. F., Mandel, K. S., March, M., Morganson, E., Muthukrishna, D., Nugent, P., Pan, Y-C, Sommer, N. E., Swann, E., Thomas, R. C., Tucker, B. E., Uddin, S. A., Abbott, T. M. C., Allam, S., Annis, J., Avila, S., Banerji, M., Bechtol, K., Bertin, E., Brooks, D., Buckley-Geer, E., Burke, D. L., Carnero Rosell, A., Carrasco Kind, M., Carretero, J., Castander, F. J., Crocce, M., da Costa, L. N., Davis, C., De Vicente, J., Desai, S., Diehl, H. T., Doel, P., Eifler, T. F., Flaugher, B., Fosalba, P., Frieman, J., García-Bellido, J., Gaztanaga, E., Gerdes, D. W., Gruen, D., Gruendl, R. A., Gutierrez, G., Hartley, W. G., Hollowood, D. L., Honscheid, K., James, D. J., Johnson, M. W. G., Johnson, M. D., Krause, E., Kuehn, K., Kuropatkin, N., Lahav, O., Li, T. S., Lima, M., Marshall, J. L., Martini, P., Menanteau, F., Miller, C. J., Miquel, R., Nord, B., Plazas, A. A., Roodman, A., Sanchez, E., Scarpine, V., Schindler, R., Schubnell, M., Serrano, S., Sevilla-Noarbe, I., Soares-Santos, M., Sobreira, F., Suchyta, E., Tarle, G., Thomas, D., Walker, A. R., and Zhang, Y. Tue . "First cosmology results using Type Ia supernova from the Dark Energy Survey: simulations to correct supernova distance biases". United States. doi:10.1093/mnras/stz463.
@article{osti_1496903,
title = {First cosmology results using Type Ia supernova from the Dark Energy Survey: simulations to correct supernova distance biases},
author = {Kessler, R. and Brout, D. and D’Andrea, C. B. and Davis, T. M. and Hinton, S. R. and Kim, A. G. and Lasker, J. and Lidman, C. and Macaulay, E. and Möller, A. and Sako, M. and Scolnic, D. and Smith, M. and Sullivan, M. and Zhang, B. and Andersen, P. and Asorey, J. and Avelino, A. and Calcino, J. and Carollo, D. and Challis, P. and Childress, M. and Clocchiatti, A. and Crawford, S. and Filippenko, A. V. and Foley, R. J. and Glazebrook, K. and Hoormann, J. K. and Kasai, E. and Kirshner, R. P. and Lewis, G. F. and Mandel, K. S. and March, M. and Morganson, E. and Muthukrishna, D. and Nugent, P. and Pan, Y-C and Sommer, N. E. and Swann, E. and Thomas, R. C. and Tucker, B. E. and Uddin, S. A. and Abbott, T. M. C. and Allam, S. and Annis, J. and Avila, S. and Banerji, M. and Bechtol, K. and Bertin, E. and Brooks, D. and Buckley-Geer, E. and Burke, D. L. and Carnero Rosell, A. and Carrasco Kind, M. and Carretero, J. and Castander, F. J. and Crocce, M. and da Costa, L. N. and Davis, C. and De Vicente, J. and Desai, S. and Diehl, H. T. and Doel, P. and Eifler, T. F. and Flaugher, B. and Fosalba, P. and Frieman, J. and García-Bellido, J. and Gaztanaga, E. and Gerdes, D. W. and Gruen, D. and Gruendl, R. A. and Gutierrez, G. and Hartley, W. G. and Hollowood, D. L. and Honscheid, K. and James, D. J. and Johnson, M. W. G. and Johnson, M. D. and Krause, E. and Kuehn, K. and Kuropatkin, N. and Lahav, O. and Li, T. S. and Lima, M. and Marshall, J. L. and Martini, P. and Menanteau, F. and Miller, C. J. and Miquel, R. and Nord, B. and Plazas, A. A. and Roodman, A. and Sanchez, E. and Scarpine, V. and Schindler, R. and Schubnell, M. and Serrano, S. and Sevilla-Noarbe, I. and Soares-Santos, M. and Sobreira, F. and Suchyta, E. and Tarle, G. and Thomas, D. and Walker, A. R. and Zhang, Y.},
abstractNote = {We describe catalog-level simulations of Type Ia Supernova (SN Ia) light curves in the Dark Energy Survey Supernova Program (DES-SN), and in low-redshift samples from the Center for Astrophysics (CfA) and the Carnegie Supernova Project (CSP). These simulations are used to model biases from selection effects and light curve analysis, and to determine bias corrections for SN Ia distance moduli that are used to measure cosmological parameters. To generate realistic light curves the simulation uses a detailed SN Ia model, incorporates information from observations (PSF, sky noise, zero point), and uses summary information (e.g., detection efficiency vs. signal to noise ratio) based on 10,000 fake SN light curves whose fluxes were overlaid on images and processed with our analysis pipelines. The quality of the simulation is illustrated by predicting distributions observed in the data. Averaging within redshift bins, we find distance modulus biases up to 0.05 mag over the redshift ranges of the low-z and DES-SN samples. For individual events, particularly those with extreme red or blue color, distance biases can reach 0.4 mag. Therefore, accurately determining bias corrections is critical for precision measurements of cosmological parameters. Files used to make these corrections are available at https://des.ncsa.illinois.edu/releases/sn.},
doi = {10.1093/mnras/stz463},
journal = {Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society},
number = 1,
volume = 485,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {2}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
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DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stz463

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