skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Development of Aluminum LEKIDs for Balloon-Borne Far-IR Spectroscopy

Abstract

We are developing lumped-element kinetic inductance detectors (LEKIDs) designed to achieve background-limited sensitivity for far-infrared (FIR) spectroscopy on a stratospheric balloon. The spectroscopic terahertz airborne receiver for farinfrared exploration will study the evolution of dusty galaxies with observations of the [CII] 158µm and other atomic fine-structure transitions at z = 0.5–1.5, both through direct observations of individual luminous infrared galaxies, and in blind surveys using the technique of line intensity mapping. The spectrometer will require large format (~1800 detectors) arrays of dual-polarization sensitive detectors with NEPs of 1 × 10 –17 W Hz –1/2. The low-volume LEKIDs are fabricated with a single layer of aluminum (20-nm-thick) deposited on a crystalline silicon wafer, with resonance frequencies of 100–250MHz. The inductor is a single meander with a linewidth of 0.4µm, patterned in a grid to absorb optical power in both polarizations. As a result, the meander is coupled to a circular waveguide, fed by a conical feedhorn. Initial testing of a small array prototype has demonstrated good yield and a median NEP of 4 × 10 –18 W Hz –1/2.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [2];  [3];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5]
  1. California Inst. of Technology (CalTech), Pasadena, CA (United States)
  2. Univ. of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA (United States)
  3. California Inst. of Technology (CalTech), La Canada Pasadena, CA (United States). Jet Propulsion Lab.
  4. National Inst. of Standards and Technology (NIST), Boulder, CO (United States)
  5. Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
OSTI Identifier:
1496026
Report Number(s):
FERMILAB-PUB-18-740-PPD; arXiv:1803.02470
Journal ID: ISSN 0022-2291; 1712639
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-07CH11359
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Low Temperature Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 193; Journal Issue: 5-6; Journal ID: ISSN 0022-2291
Publisher:
Plenum Press
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; 46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; Kinetic inductance detector; Aluminum; Far-infrared spectroscopy; Balloon

Citation Formats

Hailey-Dunsheath, S., Barlis, A. C. M., Aguirre, J. E., Bradford, C. M., Redford, J. G., Billings, T. S., LeDuc, H. G., McKenney, C. M., and Hollister, M. I. Development of Aluminum LEKIDs for Balloon-Borne Far-IR Spectroscopy. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1007/s10909-018-1927-y.
Hailey-Dunsheath, S., Barlis, A. C. M., Aguirre, J. E., Bradford, C. M., Redford, J. G., Billings, T. S., LeDuc, H. G., McKenney, C. M., & Hollister, M. I. Development of Aluminum LEKIDs for Balloon-Borne Far-IR Spectroscopy. United States. doi:10.1007/s10909-018-1927-y.
Hailey-Dunsheath, S., Barlis, A. C. M., Aguirre, J. E., Bradford, C. M., Redford, J. G., Billings, T. S., LeDuc, H. G., McKenney, C. M., and Hollister, M. I. Wed . "Development of Aluminum LEKIDs for Balloon-Borne Far-IR Spectroscopy". United States. doi:10.1007/s10909-018-1927-y. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1496026.
@article{osti_1496026,
title = {Development of Aluminum LEKIDs for Balloon-Borne Far-IR Spectroscopy},
author = {Hailey-Dunsheath, S. and Barlis, A. C. M. and Aguirre, J. E. and Bradford, C. M. and Redford, J. G. and Billings, T. S. and LeDuc, H. G. and McKenney, C. M. and Hollister, M. I.},
abstractNote = {We are developing lumped-element kinetic inductance detectors (LEKIDs) designed to achieve background-limited sensitivity for far-infrared (FIR) spectroscopy on a stratospheric balloon. The spectroscopic terahertz airborne receiver for farinfrared exploration will study the evolution of dusty galaxies with observations of the [CII] 158µm and other atomic fine-structure transitions at z = 0.5–1.5, both through direct observations of individual luminous infrared galaxies, and in blind surveys using the technique of line intensity mapping. The spectrometer will require large format (~1800 detectors) arrays of dual-polarization sensitive detectors with NEPs of 1 × 10–17 W Hz–1/2. The low-volume LEKIDs are fabricated with a single layer of aluminum (20-nm-thick) deposited on a crystalline silicon wafer, with resonance frequencies of 100–250MHz. The inductor is a single meander with a linewidth of 0.4µm, patterned in a grid to absorb optical power in both polarizations. As a result, the meander is coupled to a circular waveguide, fed by a conical feedhorn. Initial testing of a small array prototype has demonstrated good yield and a median NEP of 4 × 10–18 W Hz–1/2.},
doi = {10.1007/s10909-018-1927-y},
journal = {Journal of Low Temperature Physics},
number = 5-6,
volume = 193,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {4}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 1 work
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Enhancement of quasiparticle recombination in Ta and Al superconductors by implantation of magnetic and nonmagnetic atoms
journal, January 2009


MEASURING GALAXY CLUSTERING AND THE EVOLUTION OF [C II] MEAN INTENSITY WITH FAR-IR LINE INTENSITY MAPPING DURING 0.5 < z < 1.5
journal, September 2014


Photon-Noise Limited Performance in Aluminum LEKIDs
journal, January 2014

  • Mauskopf, P. D.; Doyle, S.; Barry, P.
  • Journal of Low Temperature Physics, Vol. 176, Issue 3-4
  • DOI: 10.1007/s10909-013-1069-1

Equivalence of the Effects on the Complex Conductivity of Superconductor due to Temperature Change and External Pair Breaking
journal, January 2008

  • Gao, J.; Zmuidzinas, J.; Vayonakis, A.
  • Journal of Low Temperature Physics, Vol. 151, Issue 1-2
  • DOI: 10.1007/s10909-007-9688-z

Horn-coupled, commercially-fabricated aluminum lumped-element kinetic inductance detectors for millimeter wavelengths
journal, December 2014

  • McCarrick, H.; Flanigan, D.; Jones, G.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 85, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4903855

Design and Performance of the Antenna-Coupled Lumped-Element Kinetic Inductance Detector
journal, May 2018

  • Barry, P. S.; Doyle, S.; Hornsby, A. L.
  • Journal of Low Temperature Physics, Vol. 193, Issue 3-4
  • DOI: 10.1007/s10909-018-1943-y

Superconducting Microresonators: Physics and Applications
journal, March 2012


A kilo-pixel imaging system for future space based far-infrared observatories using microwave kinetic inductance detectors
journal, May 2017