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Title: Molten salt reactor waste and effluent management strategies: A review

Abstract

Molten salt reactors (MSRs) are being considered as one of the potential nuclear options to meet future energy demands. While the MSR designs are drastically different from the more traditional light water reactor, many of the waste streams are similar between the concepts. The purpose is to outline strategies for the treatment and processing of MSR-type wastes from concepts of reconditioning and recycle of certain components to partitioning and direct immobilization of other waste components. To help bridge science and technology gaps, knowledge gained from similar efforts such as pyroprocessing of Experimental Breeder Reactor II salt wastes can be leveraged to develop concept-to-disposition pathways.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [2];  [1];  [2];  [3]
  1. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  3. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Nuclear Energy (NE)
OSTI Identifier:
1495933
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725; AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nuclear Engineering and Design
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 345; Journal ID: ISSN 0029-5493
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
21 SPECIFIC NUCLEAR REACTORS AND ASSOCIATED PLANTS; 12 MANAGEMENT OF RADIOACTIVE AND NON-RADIOACTIVE WASTES FROM NUCLEAR FACILITIES; molten salt reactor; waste management; off-gas; salt waste

Citation Formats

Riley, Brian J., McFarlane, Joanna, DelCul, Guillermo D., Vienna, John D., Contescu, Cristian I., and Forsberg, Charles W.. Molten salt reactor waste and effluent management strategies: A review. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1016/j.nucengdes.2019.02.002.
Riley, Brian J., McFarlane, Joanna, DelCul, Guillermo D., Vienna, John D., Contescu, Cristian I., & Forsberg, Charles W.. Molten salt reactor waste and effluent management strategies: A review. United States. doi:10.1016/j.nucengdes.2019.02.002.
Riley, Brian J., McFarlane, Joanna, DelCul, Guillermo D., Vienna, John D., Contescu, Cristian I., and Forsberg, Charles W.. Thu . "Molten salt reactor waste and effluent management strategies: A review". United States. doi:10.1016/j.nucengdes.2019.02.002.
@article{osti_1495933,
title = {Molten salt reactor waste and effluent management strategies: A review},
author = {Riley, Brian J. and McFarlane, Joanna and DelCul, Guillermo D. and Vienna, John D. and Contescu, Cristian I. and Forsberg, Charles W.},
abstractNote = {Molten salt reactors (MSRs) are being considered as one of the potential nuclear options to meet future energy demands. While the MSR designs are drastically different from the more traditional light water reactor, many of the waste streams are similar between the concepts. The purpose is to outline strategies for the treatment and processing of MSR-type wastes from concepts of reconditioning and recycle of certain components to partitioning and direct immobilization of other waste components. To help bridge science and technology gaps, knowledge gained from similar efforts such as pyroprocessing of Experimental Breeder Reactor II salt wastes can be leveraged to develop concept-to-disposition pathways.},
doi = {10.1016/j.nucengdes.2019.02.002},
journal = {Nuclear Engineering and Design},
number = ,
volume = 345,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {2}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
This content will become publicly available on February 21, 2020
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