skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Ultrafast nonlinear transparency driven at a telecom wavelength in an organic semiconductor system

Abstract

Ultrafast laser-induced transparency is demonstrated using femtosecond (fs) pump-probe experiments in the organic P3HT:PCBM (donor:acceptor) blend structure. For above band gap pumping, ultrafast transient signals strongly depend on the probe photon energy. Most intriguingly, for below band gap pumping at 0.95 eV, or 1.3 µm at a telecom wavelength, a huge transmission increase up to 30% only during the laser pulse ~100 fs is observed as a pump-driven, quasi-instantaneous suppression of absorption for the high photon-energy energy probe beam. Here, we attribute the observed laser-driven transparency to dynamic Franz-Keldysh effect, at least one order of magnitude stronger compared to the multiphoton nonlinearities. Our results may be used for development of low-cost, beyond 100 Gbit/s optical switching devices.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. Ames Lab. and Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States)
  2. Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States); Microelectronics Research Center, Ames, IA (United States)
  3. Microelectronics Research Center, Ames, IA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Ames Lab., Ames, IA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1494938
Report Number(s):
IS-J-9870
Journal ID: ISSN 2158-3226
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-07CH11358
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
AIP Advances
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 9; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 2158-3226
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS

Citation Formats

Park, Joong -Mok, Cheng, Di, Patz, Aaron, Luo, Liang, Liu, Zhaoyu, Fungura, Fadzai, Shinar, Ruth, Ho, Kai -Ming, Shinar, Joseph, and Wang, Jigang. Ultrafast nonlinear transparency driven at a telecom wavelength in an organic semiconductor system. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5042542.
Park, Joong -Mok, Cheng, Di, Patz, Aaron, Luo, Liang, Liu, Zhaoyu, Fungura, Fadzai, Shinar, Ruth, Ho, Kai -Ming, Shinar, Joseph, & Wang, Jigang. Ultrafast nonlinear transparency driven at a telecom wavelength in an organic semiconductor system. United States. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5042542
Park, Joong -Mok, Cheng, Di, Patz, Aaron, Luo, Liang, Liu, Zhaoyu, Fungura, Fadzai, Shinar, Ruth, Ho, Kai -Ming, Shinar, Joseph, and Wang, Jigang. Mon . "Ultrafast nonlinear transparency driven at a telecom wavelength in an organic semiconductor system". United States. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5042542. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1494938.
@article{osti_1494938,
title = {Ultrafast nonlinear transparency driven at a telecom wavelength in an organic semiconductor system},
author = {Park, Joong -Mok and Cheng, Di and Patz, Aaron and Luo, Liang and Liu, Zhaoyu and Fungura, Fadzai and Shinar, Ruth and Ho, Kai -Ming and Shinar, Joseph and Wang, Jigang},
abstractNote = {Ultrafast laser-induced transparency is demonstrated using femtosecond (fs) pump-probe experiments in the organic P3HT:PCBM (donor:acceptor) blend structure. For above band gap pumping, ultrafast transient signals strongly depend on the probe photon energy. Most intriguingly, for below band gap pumping at 0.95 eV, or 1.3 µm at a telecom wavelength, a huge transmission increase up to 30% only during the laser pulse ~100 fs is observed as a pump-driven, quasi-instantaneous suppression of absorption for the high photon-energy energy probe beam. Here, we attribute the observed laser-driven transparency to dynamic Franz-Keldysh effect, at least one order of magnitude stronger compared to the multiphoton nonlinearities. Our results may be used for development of low-cost, beyond 100 Gbit/s optical switching devices.},
doi = {10.1063/1.5042542},
journal = {AIP Advances},
number = 2,
volume = 9,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {2}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 1 work
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Figures / Tables:

FIG. 1 FIG. 1: (a) The representative transient transmission dynamics of P3HT:PCBM blend. The photon energies of the pump and probe beams are 1.96 eV and 2.4 eV, respectively. Band alignment is illustrated as inset. Probe photon energy dependent ΔT/T of (b) P3HT:PCBM and (c) pristine P3HT. White-light continuum probe spectrum ismore » shown as inset of (c). Traces are intentionally offset for clarity.« less

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Ultrafast Surface State Spin-Carrier Dynamics in the Topological Insulator Bi 2 Te 2 Se
journal, July 2018


Terahertz Response and Colossal Kerr Rotation from the Surface States of the Topological Insulator Bi 2 Se 3
journal, February 2012


The birth of topological insulators
journal, March 2010


Ultrafast Optical Excitation of a Persistent Surface-State Population in the Topological Insulator Bi 2 Se 3
journal, March 2012


Quantized Faraday and Kerr rotation and axion electrodynamics of a 3D topological insulator
journal, December 2016


Z2 Topological Order and the Quantum Spin Hall Effect
journal, September 2005


Topological Materials: Weyl Semimetals
journal, March 2017


Oscillatory crossover from two-dimensional to three-dimensional topological insulators
journal, January 2010


A sudden collapse in the transport lifetime across the topological phase transition in (Bi1−xInx)2Se3
journal, June 2013

  • Wu, Liang; Brahlek, M.; Valdés Aguilar, R.
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 9, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys2647

Ultrafast observation of critical nematic fluctuations and giant magnetoelastic coupling in iron pnictides
journal, February 2014

  • Patz, Aaron; Li, Tianqi; Ran, Sheng
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 5, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms4229

Strong nonlinear terahertz response induced by Dirac surface states in Bi2Se3 topological insulator
journal, April 2016

  • Giorgianni, Flavio; Chiadroni, Enrica; Rovere, Andrea
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 7, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms11421

Colloquium: Topological insulators
journal, November 2010


Record Surface State Mobility and Quantum Hall Effect in Topological Insulator Thin Films via Interface Engineering
journal, November 2015


Probing and controlling terahertz-driven structural dynamics with surface sensitivity
journal, January 2017


Quantum Oscillations and Hall Anomaly of Surface States in the Topological Insulator Bi2Te3
journal, July 2010


Topological insulators in Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3 and Sb2Te3 with a single Dirac cone on the surface
journal, May 2009

  • Zhang, Haijun; Liu, Chao-Xing; Qi, Xiao-Liang
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 5, Issue 6, p. 438-442
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys1270

Electron scattering by ionized impurities in semiconductors
journal, October 1981


Lieb-Robinson Bounds and the Generation of Correlations and Topological Quantum Order
journal, July 2006


Influence of helical spin structure on the magnetoresistance of an ideal topological insulator
journal, October 2017


A topological Dirac insulator in a quantum spin Hall phase
journal, April 2008

  • Hsieh, D.; Qian, D.; Wray, L.
  • Nature, Vol. 452, Issue 7190, p. 970-974
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature06843

Helical Liquid and the Edge of Quantum Spin Hall Systems
journal, March 2006


Terahertz-light quantum tuning of a metastable emergent phase hidden by superconductivity
journal, June 2018


Time-resolved terahertz dynamics in thin films of the topological insulator Bi 2 Se 3
journal, January 2015

  • Valdés Aguilar, R.; Qi, J.; Brahlek, M.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 106, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4905438

The quantum spin Hall effect and topological insulators
journal, January 2010

  • Qi, Xiao-Liang; Zhang, Shou-Cheng
  • Physics Today, Vol. 63, Issue 1, p. 33-38
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3293411

Topological response in Weyl semimetals and the chiral anomaly
journal, September 2012


Ultrafast terahertz dynamics of hot Dirac-electron surface scattering in the topological insulator Bi 2 Se 3
journal, April 2014


Ultrafast softening in InMnAs
journal, January 2004

  • Wang, J.; Khodaparast, G. A.; Kono, J.
  • Physica E: Low-dimensional Systems and Nanostructures, Vol. 20, Issue 3-4
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.physe.2003.08.048

Observation of the universal magnetoelectric effect in a 3D topological insulator
journal, May 2017

  • Dziom, V.; Shuvaev, A.; Pimenov, A.
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 8, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms15197

Crossover of the three-dimensional topological insulator Bi2Se3 to the two-dimensional limit
journal, June 2010

  • Zhang, Yi; He, Ke; Chang, Cui-Zu
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 6, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys1689

Topological invariants of time-reversal-invariant band structures
journal, March 2007


Generation of Transient Photocurrents in the Topological Surface State of Sb 2 Te 3 by Direct Optical Excitation with Midinfrared Pulses
journal, February 2016


Terahertz spectroscopy on Faraday and Kerr rotations in a quantum anomalous Hall state
journal, July 2016

  • Okada, Ken N.; Takahashi, Youtarou; Mogi, Masataka
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 7, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms12245

A tunable topological insulator in the spin helical Dirac transport regime
journal, July 2009


Ultrafast Terahertz Probes of Interacting Dark Excitons in Chirality-Specific Semiconducting Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes
journal, March 2015


Massive Dirac fermions and spin physics in an ultrathin film of topological insulator
journal, March 2010


Anomalous finite size effects on surface states in the topological insulator Bi 2 Se 3
journal, November 2009


The Role of Driving Energy and Delocalized States for Charge Separation in Organic Semiconductors
journal, February 2012


Electronic Structure and Transition Energies in Polymer–Fullerene Bulk Heterojunctions
journal, September 2014

  • Street, Robert A.; Hawks, Steven A.; Khlyabich, Petr P.
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 118, Issue 38
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp507097h

Ultrafast Electroabsorption at the Transition between Classical and Quantum Response
journal, October 2000


Optical absorption study of P3HT:PCBM blend photo-oxidation for bulk heterojunction solar cells
journal, September 2016


Interplay Between Side Chain Pattern, Polymer Aggregation, and Charge Carrier Dynamics in PBDTTPD:PCBM Bulk-Heterojunction Solar Cells
journal, January 2015

  • Dyer-Smith, Clare; Howard, Ian A.; Cabanetos, Clément
  • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 5, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201401778

Theory of carrier dynamics and time resolved reflectivity in In x Mn 1 x As Ga Sb heterostructures
journal, December 2005


Attosecond dynamical Franz-Keldysh effect in polycrystalline diamond
journal, August 2016


Ultrafast all‐optical switching in semiconductor nonlinear directional couplers at half the band gap
journal, July 1992

  • Villeneuve, A.; Yang, C. C.; Wigley, P. G. J.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 61, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.108200

Flexible Blade-Coated Multicolor Polymer Light-Emitting Diodes for Optoelectronic Sensors
journal, April 2017

  • Han, Donggeon; Khan, Yasser; Ting, Jonathan
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 29, Issue 22
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.201606206

High-efficiency solution processable polymer photovoltaic cells by self-organization of polymer blends
journal, October 2005

  • Li, Gang; Shrotriya, Vishal; Huang, Jinsong
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 4, Issue 11, p. 864-868
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat1500

Design Rules for Donors in Bulk-Heterojunction Solar Cells—Towards 10 % Energy-Conversion Efficiency
journal, March 2006

  • Scharber, M. C.; Mühlbacher, D.; Koppe, M.
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 18, Issue 6, p. 789-794
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.200501717

Ultrafast optical control using the Kerr nonlinearity in hydrogenated amorphous silicon microcylindrical resonators
journal, October 2013

  • Vukovic, N.; Healy, N.; Suhailin, F. H.
  • Scientific Reports, Vol. 3, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/srep02885

Quantum interference and control of the dynamic Franz-Keldysh effect: Generation and detection of terahertz space-charge fields
journal, June 2013

  • Wang, Rui; Jacobs, Paul; Zhao, Hui
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 102, Issue 25
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4811709

Long-term stabilization of organic solar cells using UV absorbers
journal, February 2016


Fabrication of bulk heterojunction plastic solar cells by screen printing
journal, October 2001

  • Shaheen, Sean E.; Radspinner, Rachel; Peyghambarian, Nasser
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 79, Issue 18, p. 2996-2998
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1413501

Ultrafast optical and magneto-optical studies of III–V ferromagnetic semiconductors
journal, November 2004


Current Status of Outdoor Lifetime Testing of Organic Photovoltaics
journal, June 2018


Nonequilibrium Charge Dynamics in Organic Solar Cells
journal, March 2014

  • Howard, Ian A.; Etzold, Fabian; Laquai, Frédéric
  • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 4, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201301743

Femtosecond laser excitation of the semiconductor‐metal phase transition in VO 2
journal, September 1994

  • Becker, Michael F.; Buckman, A. Bruce; Walser, Rodger M.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 65, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.112974

The path to ubiquitous and low-cost organic electronic appliances on plastic
journal, April 2004


Excitonic Dynamical Franz-Keldysh Effect
journal, July 1998


Ultrafast terahertz snapshots of excitonic Rydberg states and electronic coherence in an organometal halide perovskite
journal, June 2017

  • Luo, Liang; Men, Long; Liu, Zhaoyu
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 8, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms15565

Sub-femtojoule all-optical switching using a photonic-crystal nanocavity
journal, May 2010


A series connection architecture for large-area organic photovoltaic modules with a 7.5% module efficiency
journal, January 2016

  • Hong, Soonil; Kang, Hongkyu; Kim, Geunjin
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 7, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10279

Subnanosecond Pockels cell switching using avalanche transistors
journal, April 2006

  • Bishop, A. I.; Barker, P. F.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 77, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2194472

Hot exciton dissociation in polymer solar cells
journal, December 2012

  • Grancini, G.; Maiuri, M.; Fazzi, D.
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 12, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat3502

Wearable Organic Optoelectronic Sensors for Medicine
journal, December 2014

  • Bansal, Ashu K.; Hou, Shuoben; Kulyk, Olena
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 27, Issue 46
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.201403560

Ultrahigh-Speed OTDM-Transmission Technology
journal, December 2006

  • Weber, Hans-Georg; Ludwig, Reinhold; Ferber, Sebastian
  • Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 24, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1109/jlt.2006.885784

Influence of Blend Composition on Ultrafast Charge Generation and Recombination Dynamics in Low Band Gap Polymer-Based Organic Photovoltaics
journal, April 2012

  • Grancini, Giulia; Martino, Nicola; Antognazza, Maria Rosa
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 116, Issue 17
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp302787u

Charge Formation, Recombination, and Sweep-Out Dynamics in Organic Solar Cells
journal, January 2012

  • Cowan, Sarah R.; Banerji, Natalie; Leong, Wei Lin
  • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 22, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201101632

Technologies for optical systems beyond 100G
journal, October 2011


Effect of Morphology on Ultrafast Free Carrier Generation in Polythiophene:Fullerene Organic Solar Cells
journal, October 2010

  • Howard, Ian A.; Mauer, Ralf; Meister, Michael
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 132, Issue 42
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja105260d

Ultrafast Energy Transfer in Ultrathin Organic Donor/Acceptor Blend
journal, June 2013

  • Kandada, Ajay Ram Srimath; Grancini, Giulia; Petrozza, Annamaria
  • Scientific Reports, Vol. 3, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/srep02073

A review of ultrafast optics and optoelectronics
journal, November 2002


Laser-Induced Above-Band-Gap Transparency in GaAs
journal, October 2004


The Effect of Solvent Additives on Morphology and Excited-State Dynamics in PCPDTBT:PCBM Photovoltaic Blends
journal, June 2012

  • Etzold, Fabian; Howard, Ian A.; Forler, Nina
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 134, Issue 25
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja303154g

Optical integration and multi-carrier solutions for 100G and beyond
journal, October 2011


Organic photonics for communications
journal, July 2010


Fast all-optical switching using ion-implanted silicon photonic crystal nanocavities
journal, January 2007

  • Tanabe, Takasumi; Nishiguchi, Katsuhiko; Shinya, Akihiko
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 90, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2431767

Coherent ultrafast charge transfer in an organic photovoltaic blend
journal, May 2014


All-optical signal processing for terabit/second optical transmission
journal, November 2000

  • Saruwatari, M.
  • IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, Vol. 6, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1109/2944.902190

Roles of donor and acceptor nanodomains in 6% efficient thermally annealed polymer photovoltaics
journal, April 2007

  • Kim, Kyungkon; Liu, Jiwen; Namboothiry, Manoj A. G.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 90, Issue 16
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2730756

High performance polymer solar cells with as-prepared zirconium acetylacetonate film as cathode buffer layer
journal, April 2014

  • Tan, Zhan'ao; Li, Shusheng; Wang, Fuzhi
  • Scientific Reports, Vol. 4, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/srep04691

    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Synthesis, optical, electrochemical, and magnetic properties of new ferrocenyl chalcone semiconductors for optoelectronic applications
    journal, January 2020

    • Hernández-Ortiz, Oscar Javier; Cerón-Castelán, Jesús Emmanuel; Muñoz-Pérez, Francisco Misael
    • Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics, Vol. 31, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1007/s10854-020-02882-1

      Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.