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Title: The role of elastic and plastic anisotropy in intergranular spall failure

Abstract

Recent mesoscale experimental observations of dynamic ductile failure have demonstrated a strong relationship between grain boundary (GB) misorientation and the likelihood of failure initiation along said GB. This correlation has been attributed to inherent GB weakness of particular misorientation. Here we discuss the role played by mechanics, i.e. elastic and plastic anisotropy, on the experimental observation. We make use of a recently developed framework for modeling dislocation-based crystal plasticity and ductile failure of single crystals under dynamic loading (CPD-FE). Polycrystals are studied at the mesoscale level through the explicit resolution of individual grains, i.e. resolving each individual grain's size, shape, and orientation. In our simulations, failure naturally localizes along the GBs with no necessity for ad hoc rules governing damage nucleation. We carry out a few thousand mesoscale calculations, systematically varying the misorientation angles of the GB in the computational microstructure. Despite the fact that we neglect the possibility of variations in inherent GB weakness, our simulations agree favorably with the experimental observations, implying that stress concentration generated by elastic and plastic anisotropies across GBs is a dominant governing factor in this phenomenon. Lastly, we find that misorientation angle is an insufficient GB descriptor to predict the likelihood of intergranularmore » spall failure, which is better understood through the consideration of additional GB degrees of freedom.« less

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [3]
  1. Texas A&M Univ., College Station, TX (United States); Univ. of Texas, San Antonio, TX (United States)
  2. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  3. Texas A&M Univ., College Station, TX (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE; US Army Research Laboratory (USARL)
OSTI Identifier:
1494469
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-18-29511
Journal ID: ISSN 1359-6454
Grant/Contract Number:  
89233218CNA000001; AC52-06NA25396
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Acta Materialia
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 168; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 1359-6454
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; Polycrystalline, spall damage, grain boundary, intergranular

Citation Formats

Nguyen, Thao, Luscher, Darby J., and Wilkerson, Justin W. The role of elastic and plastic anisotropy in intergranular spall failure. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1016/j.actamat.2019.01.033.
Nguyen, Thao, Luscher, Darby J., & Wilkerson, Justin W. The role of elastic and plastic anisotropy in intergranular spall failure. United States. doi:10.1016/j.actamat.2019.01.033.
Nguyen, Thao, Luscher, Darby J., and Wilkerson, Justin W. Mon . "The role of elastic and plastic anisotropy in intergranular spall failure". United States. doi:10.1016/j.actamat.2019.01.033.
@article{osti_1494469,
title = {The role of elastic and plastic anisotropy in intergranular spall failure},
author = {Nguyen, Thao and Luscher, Darby J. and Wilkerson, Justin W.},
abstractNote = {Recent mesoscale experimental observations of dynamic ductile failure have demonstrated a strong relationship between grain boundary (GB) misorientation and the likelihood of failure initiation along said GB. This correlation has been attributed to inherent GB weakness of particular misorientation. Here we discuss the role played by mechanics, i.e. elastic and plastic anisotropy, on the experimental observation. We make use of a recently developed framework for modeling dislocation-based crystal plasticity and ductile failure of single crystals under dynamic loading (CPD-FE). Polycrystals are studied at the mesoscale level through the explicit resolution of individual grains, i.e. resolving each individual grain's size, shape, and orientation. In our simulations, failure naturally localizes along the GBs with no necessity for ad hoc rules governing damage nucleation. We carry out a few thousand mesoscale calculations, systematically varying the misorientation angles of the GB in the computational microstructure. Despite the fact that we neglect the possibility of variations in inherent GB weakness, our simulations agree favorably with the experimental observations, implying that stress concentration generated by elastic and plastic anisotropies across GBs is a dominant governing factor in this phenomenon. Lastly, we find that misorientation angle is an insufficient GB descriptor to predict the likelihood of intergranular spall failure, which is better understood through the consideration of additional GB degrees of freedom.},
doi = {10.1016/j.actamat.2019.01.033},
journal = {Acta Materialia},
number = C,
volume = 168,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {4}
}

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This content will become publicly available on April 1, 2020
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