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Title: Clocked atom delivery to a photonic crystal waveguide

Abstract

Experiments and numerical simulations are described that develop quantitative understanding of atomic motion near the surfaces of nanoscopic photonic crystal waveguides (PCWs). Ultracold atoms are delivered from a moving optical lattice into the PCW. Synchronous with the moving lattice, transmission spectra for a guided-mode probe field are recorded as functions of lattice transport time and frequency detuning of the probe beam. By way of measurements such as these, we have been able to validate quantitatively our numerical simulations, which are based upon detailed understanding of atomic trajectories that pass around and through nanoscopic regions of the PCW under the influence of optical and surface forces. The resolution for mapping atomic motion is roughly 50 nm in space and 100 ns in time. By introducing auxiliary guided-mode (GM) fields that provide spatially varying AC Stark shifts, we have, to some degree, begun to control atomic trajectories, such as to enhance the flux into the central vacuum gap of the PCW at predetermined times and with known AC Stark shifts. In conclusion, applications of these capabilities include enabling high fractional filling of optical trap sites within PCWs, calibration of optical fields within PCWs, and utilization of the time-dependent, optically dense atomic mediummore » for novel nonlinear optical experiments.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [3]; ORCiD logo [4];  [1]
  1. California Inst. of Technology (CalTech), Pasadena, CA (United States). Norman Bridge Lab. of Physics
  2. California Inst. of Technology (CalTech), Pasadena, CA (United States). Norman Bridge Lab. of Physics; Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, CO (United States). JILA
  3. California Inst. of Technology (CalTech), Pasadena, CA (United States). Norman Bridge Lab. of Physics; Univ. of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA (United States). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering
  4. California Inst. of Technology (CalTech), Pasadena, CA (United States). Norman Bridge Lab. of Physics; Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
National Science Foundation (NSF); US Department of the Navy, Office of Naval Research (ONR); US Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR)
OSTI Identifier:
1494467
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-18-29096
Journal ID: ISSN 0027-8424
Grant/Contract Number:  
89233218CNA000001; N00014-16-1-2399; N00014-15-1-2761; FA9550-16-1-0323; PHY-1205729; PHY-1125565
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 116; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 0027-8424
Publisher:
National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC (United States)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; nanophotonics; atoms; quantum optics; surface forces

Citation Formats

Burgers, Alexander P., Peng, Lucas S., Muniz, Juan A., McClung, Andrew C., Martin, Michael Joseph, and Kimble, Harry J. Clocked atom delivery to a photonic crystal waveguide. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1073/pnas.1817249115.
Burgers, Alexander P., Peng, Lucas S., Muniz, Juan A., McClung, Andrew C., Martin, Michael Joseph, & Kimble, Harry J. Clocked atom delivery to a photonic crystal waveguide. United States. doi:10.1073/pnas.1817249115.
Burgers, Alexander P., Peng, Lucas S., Muniz, Juan A., McClung, Andrew C., Martin, Michael Joseph, and Kimble, Harry J. Wed . "Clocked atom delivery to a photonic crystal waveguide". United States. doi:10.1073/pnas.1817249115. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1494467.
@article{osti_1494467,
title = {Clocked atom delivery to a photonic crystal waveguide},
author = {Burgers, Alexander P. and Peng, Lucas S. and Muniz, Juan A. and McClung, Andrew C. and Martin, Michael Joseph and Kimble, Harry J.},
abstractNote = {Experiments and numerical simulations are described that develop quantitative understanding of atomic motion near the surfaces of nanoscopic photonic crystal waveguides (PCWs). Ultracold atoms are delivered from a moving optical lattice into the PCW. Synchronous with the moving lattice, transmission spectra for a guided-mode probe field are recorded as functions of lattice transport time and frequency detuning of the probe beam. By way of measurements such as these, we have been able to validate quantitatively our numerical simulations, which are based upon detailed understanding of atomic trajectories that pass around and through nanoscopic regions of the PCW under the influence of optical and surface forces. The resolution for mapping atomic motion is roughly 50 nm in space and 100 ns in time. By introducing auxiliary guided-mode (GM) fields that provide spatially varying AC Stark shifts, we have, to some degree, begun to control atomic trajectories, such as to enhance the flux into the central vacuum gap of the PCW at predetermined times and with known AC Stark shifts. In conclusion, applications of these capabilities include enabling high fractional filling of optical trap sites within PCWs, calibration of optical fields within PCWs, and utilization of the time-dependent, optically dense atomic medium for novel nonlinear optical experiments.},
doi = {10.1073/pnas.1817249115},
journal = {Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America},
number = 2,
volume = 116,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {12}
}

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