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Title: Spin-optoelectronic devices based on hybrid organic-inorganic trihalide perovskites

Abstract

Recently the hybrid organic-inorganic trihalide perovskites have shown remarkable performance as active layers in photovoltaic and other optoelectronic devices. However, their spin characteristic properties have not been fully studied, although due to the relatively large spin-orbit coupling these materials may show great promise for spintronic applications. Here we demonstrate spin-polarized carrier injection into methylammonium lead bromide films from metallic ferromagnetic electrodes in two spintronic-based devices: a ‘spin light emitting diode’ that results in circularly polarized electroluminescence emission; and a ‘vertical spin valve’ that shows giant magnetoresistance. In addition, we also apply a magnetic field perpendicular to the injected spins orientation for measuring the ‘Hanle effect’, from which we obtain a relatively long spin lifetime for the electrically injected carriers. Our measurements initiate the field of hybrid perovskites spin-related optoelectronic applications.

Authors:
 [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [1];  [3];  [3];  [4];  [1];  [1];  [5];  [1]
  1. Univ. of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT (United States). Dept. of Physics & Astronomy
  2. Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, AZ (United States). College of Optical Sciences
  3. National High Magnetic Field Lab., Tallahassee, FL (United States)
  4. Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA (United States). Dept. of Physics & Astronomy
  5. Univ. of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT (United States). Dept. of Physics & Astronomy; North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC (United States). Dept. of Physics
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC) (United States). Center for Hybrid Organic-Inorganic Semiconductors for Energy (CHOISE); Univ. of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT (United States); Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA (United States); National High Magnetic Field Lab., Tallahassee, FL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1494294
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0014579; SC0002136; DMR-1157490
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Communications
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 10; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; electronic and spintronic devices; spintronics

Citation Formats

Wang, Jingying, Zhang, Chuang, Liu, Haoliang, McLaughlin, Ryan, Zhai, Yaxin, Vardeny, Shai R., Liu, Xiaojie, McGill, Stephen, Semenov, Dmitry, Guo, Hangwen, Tsuchikawa, Ryuichi, Deshpande, Vikram V., Sun, Dali, and Vardeny, Z. Valy. Spin-optoelectronic devices based on hybrid organic-inorganic trihalide perovskites. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1038/s41467-018-07952-x.
Wang, Jingying, Zhang, Chuang, Liu, Haoliang, McLaughlin, Ryan, Zhai, Yaxin, Vardeny, Shai R., Liu, Xiaojie, McGill, Stephen, Semenov, Dmitry, Guo, Hangwen, Tsuchikawa, Ryuichi, Deshpande, Vikram V., Sun, Dali, & Vardeny, Z. Valy. Spin-optoelectronic devices based on hybrid organic-inorganic trihalide perovskites. United States. doi:10.1038/s41467-018-07952-x.
Wang, Jingying, Zhang, Chuang, Liu, Haoliang, McLaughlin, Ryan, Zhai, Yaxin, Vardeny, Shai R., Liu, Xiaojie, McGill, Stephen, Semenov, Dmitry, Guo, Hangwen, Tsuchikawa, Ryuichi, Deshpande, Vikram V., Sun, Dali, and Vardeny, Z. Valy. Thu . "Spin-optoelectronic devices based on hybrid organic-inorganic trihalide perovskites". United States. doi:10.1038/s41467-018-07952-x. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1494294.
@article{osti_1494294,
title = {Spin-optoelectronic devices based on hybrid organic-inorganic trihalide perovskites},
author = {Wang, Jingying and Zhang, Chuang and Liu, Haoliang and McLaughlin, Ryan and Zhai, Yaxin and Vardeny, Shai R. and Liu, Xiaojie and McGill, Stephen and Semenov, Dmitry and Guo, Hangwen and Tsuchikawa, Ryuichi and Deshpande, Vikram V. and Sun, Dali and Vardeny, Z. Valy},
abstractNote = {Recently the hybrid organic-inorganic trihalide perovskites have shown remarkable performance as active layers in photovoltaic and other optoelectronic devices. However, their spin characteristic properties have not been fully studied, although due to the relatively large spin-orbit coupling these materials may show great promise for spintronic applications. Here we demonstrate spin-polarized carrier injection into methylammonium lead bromide films from metallic ferromagnetic electrodes in two spintronic-based devices: a ‘spin light emitting diode’ that results in circularly polarized electroluminescence emission; and a ‘vertical spin valve’ that shows giant magnetoresistance. In addition, we also apply a magnetic field perpendicular to the injected spins orientation for measuring the ‘Hanle effect’, from which we obtain a relatively long spin lifetime for the electrically injected carriers. Our measurements initiate the field of hybrid perovskites spin-related optoelectronic applications.},
doi = {10.1038/s41467-018-07952-x},
journal = {Nature Communications},
number = ,
volume = 10,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {1}
}

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Works referenced in this record:

Solvent engineering for high-performance inorganic–organic hybrid perovskite solar cells
journal, July 2014

  • Jeon, Nam Joong; Noh, Jun Hong; Kim, Young Chan
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 13, Issue 9, p. 897-903
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat4014

Efficient Hybrid Solar Cells Based on Meso-Superstructured Organometal Halide Perovskites
journal, October 2012