skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Spin-optoelectronic devices based on hybrid organic-inorganic trihalide perovskites

Abstract

Recently the hybrid organic-inorganic trihalide perovskites have shown remarkable performance as active layers in photovoltaic and other optoelectronic devices. However, their spin characteristic properties have not been fully studied, although due to the relatively large spin-orbit coupling these materials may show great promise for spintronic applications. Here we demonstrate spin-polarized carrier injection into methylammonium lead bromide films from metallic ferromagnetic electrodes in two spintronic-based devices: a ‘spin light emitting diode’ that results in circularly polarized electroluminescence emission; and a ‘vertical spin valve’ that shows giant magnetoresistance. In addition, we also apply a magnetic field perpendicular to the injected spins orientation for measuring the ‘Hanle effect’, from which we obtain a relatively long spin lifetime for the electrically injected carriers. Our measurements initiate the field of hybrid perovskites spin-related optoelectronic applications.

Authors:
 [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [1];  [3];  [3];  [4];  [1];  [1];  [5];  [1]
  1. Univ. of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT (United States). Dept. of Physics & Astronomy
  2. Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, AZ (United States). College of Optical Sciences
  3. National High Magnetic Field Lab., Tallahassee, FL (United States)
  4. Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA (United States). Dept. of Physics & Astronomy
  5. Univ. of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT (United States). Dept. of Physics & Astronomy; North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC (United States). Dept. of Physics
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC) (United States). Center for Hybrid Organic-Inorganic Semiconductors for Energy (CHOISE); Univ. of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT (United States); Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA (United States); National High Magnetic Field Lab., Tallahassee, FL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1494294
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0014579; SC0002136; DMR-1157490
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Communications
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 10; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; electronic and spintronic devices; spintronics

Citation Formats

Wang, Jingying, Zhang, Chuang, Liu, Haoliang, McLaughlin, Ryan, Zhai, Yaxin, Vardeny, Shai R., Liu, Xiaojie, McGill, Stephen, Semenov, Dmitry, Guo, Hangwen, Tsuchikawa, Ryuichi, Deshpande, Vikram V., Sun, Dali, and Vardeny, Z. Valy. Spin-optoelectronic devices based on hybrid organic-inorganic trihalide perovskites. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1038/s41467-018-07952-x.
Wang, Jingying, Zhang, Chuang, Liu, Haoliang, McLaughlin, Ryan, Zhai, Yaxin, Vardeny, Shai R., Liu, Xiaojie, McGill, Stephen, Semenov, Dmitry, Guo, Hangwen, Tsuchikawa, Ryuichi, Deshpande, Vikram V., Sun, Dali, & Vardeny, Z. Valy. Spin-optoelectronic devices based on hybrid organic-inorganic trihalide perovskites. United States. doi:10.1038/s41467-018-07952-x.
Wang, Jingying, Zhang, Chuang, Liu, Haoliang, McLaughlin, Ryan, Zhai, Yaxin, Vardeny, Shai R., Liu, Xiaojie, McGill, Stephen, Semenov, Dmitry, Guo, Hangwen, Tsuchikawa, Ryuichi, Deshpande, Vikram V., Sun, Dali, and Vardeny, Z. Valy. Thu . "Spin-optoelectronic devices based on hybrid organic-inorganic trihalide perovskites". United States. doi:10.1038/s41467-018-07952-x. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1494294.
@article{osti_1494294,
title = {Spin-optoelectronic devices based on hybrid organic-inorganic trihalide perovskites},
author = {Wang, Jingying and Zhang, Chuang and Liu, Haoliang and McLaughlin, Ryan and Zhai, Yaxin and Vardeny, Shai R. and Liu, Xiaojie and McGill, Stephen and Semenov, Dmitry and Guo, Hangwen and Tsuchikawa, Ryuichi and Deshpande, Vikram V. and Sun, Dali and Vardeny, Z. Valy},
abstractNote = {Recently the hybrid organic-inorganic trihalide perovskites have shown remarkable performance as active layers in photovoltaic and other optoelectronic devices. However, their spin characteristic properties have not been fully studied, although due to the relatively large spin-orbit coupling these materials may show great promise for spintronic applications. Here we demonstrate spin-polarized carrier injection into methylammonium lead bromide films from metallic ferromagnetic electrodes in two spintronic-based devices: a ‘spin light emitting diode’ that results in circularly polarized electroluminescence emission; and a ‘vertical spin valve’ that shows giant magnetoresistance. In addition, we also apply a magnetic field perpendicular to the injected spins orientation for measuring the ‘Hanle effect’, from which we obtain a relatively long spin lifetime for the electrically injected carriers. Our measurements initiate the field of hybrid perovskites spin-related optoelectronic applications.},
doi = {10.1038/s41467-018-07952-x},
journal = {Nature Communications},
number = ,
volume = 10,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {1}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 11 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Figures / Tables:

Fig. 1 Fig. 1: Circular polarization of the PL and optical Hanle effect in MAPbBr3. a Schematic of the circularly polarized excitation (σ+) and polarized PL emission components, PL(σ+) and P(σ) in MAPbBr3. T2 and T3 are two exciton states that can emit circularly polarized PL and have spin-dependent optical transitions nearmore » the MAPbBr3 optical gap. Here PL(σ+) > PL(σ), as marked by a heavier bar underneath the T2 label. Spin relaxation process couples the two exciton states with spin lifetime,τs. b PL(σ+) and PL(σ) emission spectra in MAPbBr3 at steady state measured at 10 K. The degree of circular polarization, PPL= [PL(σ+)− PL(σ)]/[PL(σ+)+ PL(σ)] of 3.1% is obtained. c Schematic set-up for measuring the optical Hanle effect. A magnetic field, Bz perpendicular to the PL light propagation direction is applied, which causes spin precession that leads to diminishing circular polarization of PL. d The PPL(Bz) response measured at 10 K. The red solid line is a fit using Eq. (1), from which we obtained an effective exciton spin lifetime, Ts= 491 ± 17 ps« less

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Rashba and Dresselhaus Effects in Hybrid Organic–Inorganic Perovskites: From Basics to Devices
journal, September 2015


Electrical spin injection in a ferromagnet/tunnel barrier/semiconductor heterostructure
journal, July 2002

  • Motsnyi, V. F.; De Boeck, J.; Das, J.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 81, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1491010

Modified Sagnac interferometer for high-sensitivity magneto-optic measurements at cryogenic temperatures
journal, August 2006

  • Xia, Jing; Beyersdorf, Peter T.; Fejer, M. M.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 89, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2336620

Electrical Spin Injection from an Organic-Based Ferrimagnet in a Hybrid Organic-Inorganic Heterostructure
journal, April 2011


Electrical spin injection in a ferromagnetic semiconductor heterostructure
journal, December 1999

  • Ohno, Y.; Young, D. K.; Beschoten, B.
  • Nature, Vol. 402, Issue 6763
  • DOI: 10.1038/45509

Highly Spin-Polarized Carrier Dynamics and Ultralarge Photoinduced Magnetization in CH 3 NH 3 PbI 3 Perovskite Thin Films
journal, February 2015

  • Giovanni, David; Ma, Hong; Chua, Julianto
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 15, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl5039314

Electrical detection of spin transport in lateral ferromagnet–semiconductor devices
journal, February 2007

  • Lou, Xiaohua; Adelmann, Christoph; Crooker, Scott A.
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 3, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys543

Photoemission of spin-polarized electrons from GaAs
journal, June 1976


Injection and detection of a spin-polarized current in a light-emitting diode
journal, December 1999

  • Fiederling, R.; Keim, M.; Reuscher, G.
  • Nature, Vol. 402, Issue 6763
  • DOI: 10.1038/45502

Electrical generation and control of the valley carriers in a monolayer transition metal dichalcogenide
journal, April 2016


Spin-polarized exciton quantum beating in hybrid organic–inorganic perovskites
journal, May 2017

  • Odenthal, Patrick; Talmadge, William; Gundlach, Nathan
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 13, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys4145

Magnetic field effects in hybrid perovskite devices
journal, March 2015

  • Zhang, C.; Sun, D.; Sheng, C-X.
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 11, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys3277

Room-Temperature Spin Injection from Fe into GaAs
journal, June 2001


Bright triplet excitons in caesium lead halide perovskites
journal, January 2018

  • Becker, Michael A.; Vaxenburg, Roman; Nedelcu, Georgian
  • Nature, Vol. 553, Issue 7687
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature25147

Overcoming the electroluminescence efficiency limitations of perovskite light-emitting diodes
journal, December 2015


Nearly total spin polarization in La2/3Sr1/3MnO3 from tunneling experiments
journal, January 2003

  • Bowen, M.; Bibes, M.; Barthélémy, A.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 82, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1534619

Solvent engineering for high-performance inorganic–organic hybrid perovskite solar cells
journal, July 2014

  • Jeon, Nam Joong; Noh, Jun Hong; Kim, Young Chan
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 13, Issue 9, p. 897-903
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat4014

Efficient Hybrid Solar Cells Based on Meso-Superstructured Organometal Halide Perovskites
journal, October 2012


Vertical organic spin valves in perpendicular magnetic fields
journal, August 2013


Low-temperature spin relaxation in n -type GaAs
journal, December 2002


Circularly polarized photoluminescence and Hanle effect measurements of spin relaxation in organic–inorganic hybrid perovskite films
journal, January 2018

  • Wang, Ruizhi; Hu, Shu; Yang, Xiao
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry C, Vol. 6, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1039/C7TC05916G

Organic Cations Might Not Be Essential to the Remarkable Properties of Band Edge Carriers in Lead Halide Perovskites
journal, October 2016


Determination of the exciton binding energy and effective masses for methylammonium and formamidinium lead tri-halide perovskite semiconductors
journal, January 2016

  • Galkowski, Krzysztof; Mitioglu, Anatolie; Miyata, Atsuhiko
  • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 9, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1039/C5EE03435C

Fundamental obstacle for electrical spin injection from a ferromagnetic metal into a diffusive semiconductor
journal, August 2000


Giant Rashba Splitting in CH 3 NH 3 PbBr 3 Organic-Inorganic Perovskite
journal, September 2016


Role of Intrinsic Ion Accumulation in the Photocurrent and Photocapacitive Responses of MAPbBr 3 Photodetectors
journal, December 2016

  • Lafalce, Evan; Zhang, Chuang; Liu, Xiaojie
  • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 8, Issue 51
  • DOI: 10.1021/acsami.6b11925

    Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.