skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Pressure-Induced Superconductivity in Elemental Ytterbium Metal

Abstract

Ytterbium (Yb) metal is divalent and nonmagnetic (4f 14 configuration). Under pressure its valence increases significantly leading to the expectation that magnetic instabilities and other highly correlated electron effects may appear before a stable trivalent state is reached (4f 13 configuration). We carried out electrical resistivity and ac magnetic susceptibility measurements to 179 GPa over the temperature range 1.4 - 295 K. No evidence for magnetic order is observed. However, Yb becomes a superconductor at 86 GPa with T c≃1.4 K, increasing to 4.6 K at 179 GPa. X-ray absorption spectroscopy shows that Yb remains mixed-valent to at least 125 GPa, pointing to an active role of $f$ electrons in the emergence of superconductivity in this simple, elemental solid.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [2];  [1]
  1. Washington Univ., St. Louis, MO (United States). Dept. of Physics
  2. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Advanced Photon Source (APS)
  3. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Advanced Photon Source (APS); Univ. of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, IL (United States). Dept. of Geology
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA); National Science Foundation (NSF); USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1493699
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1461027
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357; DMR-1104742; FC52-08NA28554; AC-02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 121; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY

Citation Formats

Song, J., Fabbris, G., Bi, W., Haskel, D., and Schilling, J. S. Pressure-Induced Superconductivity in Elemental Ytterbium Metal. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.121.037004.
Song, J., Fabbris, G., Bi, W., Haskel, D., & Schilling, J. S. Pressure-Induced Superconductivity in Elemental Ytterbium Metal. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.121.037004.
Song, J., Fabbris, G., Bi, W., Haskel, D., and Schilling, J. S. Fri . "Pressure-Induced Superconductivity in Elemental Ytterbium Metal". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.121.037004. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1493699.
@article{osti_1493699,
title = {Pressure-Induced Superconductivity in Elemental Ytterbium Metal},
author = {Song, J. and Fabbris, G. and Bi, W. and Haskel, D. and Schilling, J. S.},
abstractNote = {Ytterbium (Yb) metal is divalent and nonmagnetic (4f14 configuration). Under pressure its valence increases significantly leading to the expectation that magnetic instabilities and other highly correlated electron effects may appear before a stable trivalent state is reached (4f13 configuration). We carried out electrical resistivity and ac magnetic susceptibility measurements to 179 GPa over the temperature range 1.4 - 295 K. No evidence for magnetic order is observed. However, Yb becomes a superconductor at 86 GPa with Tc≃1.4 K, increasing to 4.6 K at 179 GPa. X-ray absorption spectroscopy shows that Yb remains mixed-valent to at least 125 GPa, pointing to an active role of $f$ electrons in the emergence of superconductivity in this simple, elemental solid.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.121.037004},
journal = {Physical Review Letters},
number = 3,
volume = 121,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {7}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 4 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

U Be 13 : An Unconventional Actinide Superconductor
journal, May 1983


Heavy Fermion Superconductivity and Magnetic Order in Noncentrosymmetric C e P t 3 S i
journal, January 2004


The heavy fermion compound YbAgCu 4
journal, May 1993

  • Schlottmann, P.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 73, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.353699

A new heavy-fermion superconductor: UNi2Al3
journal, October 1991

  • Geibel, C.; Thies, S.; Kaczorowski, D.
  • Zeitschrift f�r Physik B Condensed Matter, Vol. 83, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1007/BF01313397

Pressure-induced Superconductivity in Elemental Materials
journal, May 2005

  • Shimizu, Katsuya; Amaya, Kiichi; Suzuki, Naoshi
  • Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, Vol. 74, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1143/JPSJ.74.1345

Magnetism, f-electron localization and superconductivity in 122-type heavy-fermion metals
journal, July 2012


Charge Fluctuations and the Valence Transition in Yb under Pressure
journal, June 2009


The high-pressure resistance-temperature behavior of bcc-Ytterbium
journal, August 1972

  • Katzman, Howard; Mydosh, J. A.
  • Zeitschrift für Physik A Hadrons and nuclei, Vol. 256, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1007/BF01391984

Magnetic and structural properties across the ternary compound series RERh6B4(RELa TO Lu)
journal, March 1985


Electrical Resistivity of Europium and Ytterbium
journal, February 1960


Anomalous hydrostatic pressure dependence of the Curie temperature of the Kondo-lattice compound YbNiSn to 38 GPa
journal, December 1995


New First-Order Phase Transition in High-Purity Ytterbium Metal
journal, November 1970


Superconducting phases of f -electron compounds
journal, November 2009


Superconductivity without phonons
journal, December 2007

  • Monthoux, P.; Pines, D.; Lonzarich, G. G.
  • Nature, Vol. 450, Issue 7173
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature06480

The ruby pressure standard to 150GPa
journal, December 2005

  • Chijioke, Akobuije D.; Nellis, W. J.; Soldatov, A.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 98, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2135877

Simple double diaphragm press for diamond anvil cells at low temperatures
journal, January 1983

  • Daniels, W. B.; Ryschkewitsch, M. G.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 54, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1137223

Anomaly close to an electronic topological semimetal-insulator transition in elemental fcc-Yb under pressure
journal, October 2013

  • Enderlein, Carsten; Ramos, Scheilla M.; Bittencourt, Magda
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 114, Issue 14
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4825073

Preparation and paramagnetism of the rare earth trifluorides
journal, November 1965


Ferromagnetism in YbCu 2 Si 2 at high pressure
journal, October 2011


Multiple quantum phase transitions and superconductivity in Ce-based heavy fermions
journal, August 2016


Magnetic ordering at anomalously high temperatures in Dy at extreme pressures
journal, January 2015


Evidence for strong enhancement of the magnetic ordering temperature of trivalent Nd metal under extreme pressure
journal, May 2017


Pressure calibration of diamond anvil Raman gauge to 310GPa
journal, August 2006

  • Akahama, Yuichi; Kawamura, Haruki
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 100, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2335683

Comparison of the pressure dependences of T c in the trivalent d -electron superconductors Sc, Y, La, and Lu up to megabar pressures
journal, August 2008


The Kondo lattice and weak antiferromagnetism
journal, July 1977


Magnetically mediated superconductivity in heavy fermion compounds
journal, July 1998

  • Mathur, N. D.; Grosche, F. M.; Julian, S. R.
  • Nature, Vol. 394, Issue 6688
  • DOI: 10.1038/27838

Quantum criticality in heavy-fermion metals
journal, March 2008

  • Gegenwart, Philipp; Si, Qimiao; Steglich, Frank
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 4, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys892

Metal-Semiconductor Transition in Ytterbium and Strontium at High Pressure
journal, January 1969


Ferromagnetic superconductors
journal, July 2015


Mean valence of Yb metal in the pressure range 0 to 340 kbar
journal, October 1982


Structural and Electronic Transitions in Ytterbium Metal to 202 GPa
journal, February 1999


The Magnetic Susceptibility of Ytterbium from 1.3 K to 300 K
journal, May 1957


On the origin of the double superconducting transition in overdoped YBa2Cu3Ox
journal, February 2006


Heavy Fermions and Quantum Phase Transitions
journal, September 2010


Superconductivity and quantum criticality in the heavy-fermion system β-YbAlB4
journal, June 2008

  • Nakatsuji, S.; Kuga, K.; Machida, Y.
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 4, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys1002

Calculated Structural Phase Transitions in the Alkaline Earth Metals
journal, December 1982


Superconductivity on the border of itinerant-electron ferromagnetism in UGe2
journal, August 2000

  • Saxena, S. S.; Agarwal, P.; Ahilan, K.
  • Nature, Vol. 406, Issue 6796
  • DOI: 10.1038/35020500

Pressure-induced changes in the electronic structure of solids
journal, May 1986


The valence state of Yb metal under high pressure determined by XANES measurement up to 34.6 GPa
journal, August 2004


Synthesis, chemical bonding and physical properties of RERhB4 (RE=Y, Dy–Lu)
journal, August 2008