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Title: Recalling and Updating Research on Diamagnetic Cavities: Experiments, Theory, Simulations

Abstract

In the decade from the mid 80's to the mid 90's there was considerable interest in the generation of diamagnetic cavities produced by the sub-Alfvenic expansion of heavy ions across a background magnetic field. Examples included the AMPTE and CRRES barium releases in the magnetotail and magnetosphere as well as laser experiments at various laboratories in the United States and the Soviet Union. In all of these experiments field-aligned striations and other small-scale structures were produced as the cavities formed. Local and non-local linear theory as well as full particle (PIC), hybrid, and Hall-MHD simulations (mostly 2-D) were developed and used to understand at least qualitatively the features of these experiments. Furthermore, much of this review is a summary of this work, with the addition of some new 3-D PIC and Hall-MHD simulations that clarify old issues associated with the origin and evolution of cavities and their surface features. In the last part of this review we discuss recent extensions of the earlier efforts: new space observations of cavity-like structures as well as new laboratory experiments and calculations with greatly improved diagnostics of cavities formed by expansions of laser-produced ions at super-Alfvenic speeds both across and along the background magneticmore » field.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  2. Syntek Technolgies Inc., Arlington, VA (United States)
  3. Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA); USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1493560
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-18-30242
Journal ID: ISSN 2296-987X
Grant/Contract Number:  
89233218CNA000001
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Frontiers in Astronomy and Space Sciences
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 2296-987X
Publisher:
Frontiers Research Foundation
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; magnetic cavities; plasma instabilities; active experiments in space; kinetic plasma simulations; Hall-MHD simulations

Citation Formats

Winske, Dan, Huba, Joseph D., Niemann, Christoph, and Le, Ari. Recalling and Updating Research on Diamagnetic Cavities: Experiments, Theory, Simulations. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.3389/fspas.2018.00051.
Winske, Dan, Huba, Joseph D., Niemann, Christoph, & Le, Ari. Recalling and Updating Research on Diamagnetic Cavities: Experiments, Theory, Simulations. United States. doi:10.3389/fspas.2018.00051.
Winske, Dan, Huba, Joseph D., Niemann, Christoph, and Le, Ari. Mon . "Recalling and Updating Research on Diamagnetic Cavities: Experiments, Theory, Simulations". United States. doi:10.3389/fspas.2018.00051. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1493560.
@article{osti_1493560,
title = {Recalling and Updating Research on Diamagnetic Cavities: Experiments, Theory, Simulations},
author = {Winske, Dan and Huba, Joseph D. and Niemann, Christoph and Le, Ari},
abstractNote = {In the decade from the mid 80's to the mid 90's there was considerable interest in the generation of diamagnetic cavities produced by the sub-Alfvenic expansion of heavy ions across a background magnetic field. Examples included the AMPTE and CRRES barium releases in the magnetotail and magnetosphere as well as laser experiments at various laboratories in the United States and the Soviet Union. In all of these experiments field-aligned striations and other small-scale structures were produced as the cavities formed. Local and non-local linear theory as well as full particle (PIC), hybrid, and Hall-MHD simulations (mostly 2-D) were developed and used to understand at least qualitatively the features of these experiments. Furthermore, much of this review is a summary of this work, with the addition of some new 3-D PIC and Hall-MHD simulations that clarify old issues associated with the origin and evolution of cavities and their surface features. In the last part of this review we discuss recent extensions of the earlier efforts: new space observations of cavity-like structures as well as new laboratory experiments and calculations with greatly improved diagnostics of cavities formed by expansions of laser-produced ions at super-Alfvenic speeds both across and along the background magnetic field.},
doi = {10.3389/fspas.2018.00051},
journal = {Frontiers in Astronomy and Space Sciences},
number = ,
volume = 5,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {1}
}

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