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Title: Cadmium zinc telluride pixel detectors for high-intensity x-ray imaging at free electron lasers

Abstract

Here, this paper reports the first demonstration of high-intensity x-ray imaging using cadmium zinc telluride (CdZnTe) pixel detectors at a free electron laser (FEL). Prototype detectors were produced using the STFC large pixel detector (LPD) ASIC and sensors fabricated from a novel high-intensity-capable CdZnTe material produced by Redlen Technologies. Characterisation of the performance of this sensor material was completed at the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) FEL. The detectors were operated at a frame rate of 1 MHz with 9.5 keV x-ray pulses delivered at a rate of 120 Hz. Measurements successfully demonstrated the linear response of the CdZnTe material to increasing numbers of x-rays up to a fluence of 8 GeV mm–2 per pulse, the limit of the dynamic range of the LPD ASIC.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [3];  [3];  [4];  [4] more »;  [4];  [4] « less
  1. Rutherford Appleton Lab., Oxfordshire (United Kingdom)
  2. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
  3. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
  4. Redlen Technologies, Saanichton, BC (Canada)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1493442
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515; Centre for Instrumentation 17/18
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Physics. D, Applied Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 52; Journal Issue: 8; Journal ID: ISSN 0022-3727
Publisher:
IOP Publishing
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
47 OTHER INSTRUMENTATION; x-ray detectors; free electron lasers; CdZnTe sensors; ASIC; x-ray imaging; semiconductors

Citation Formats

Veale, Matthew C., Angelsen, C., Booker, P., Coughlan, J., French, M. J., Hardie, A., Hart, M., Lipp, J., Nicholls, T., Schneider, A., Seller, P., Sole, D., Thomas, B., Wilson, M., Carini, G. A., Hart, P., Nakahara, K., Sato, T., Hansson, C., Iniewski, K., Marthandam, P., and Prekas, G. Cadmium zinc telluride pixel detectors for high-intensity x-ray imaging at free electron lasers. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1088/1361-6463/aaf556.
Veale, Matthew C., Angelsen, C., Booker, P., Coughlan, J., French, M. J., Hardie, A., Hart, M., Lipp, J., Nicholls, T., Schneider, A., Seller, P., Sole, D., Thomas, B., Wilson, M., Carini, G. A., Hart, P., Nakahara, K., Sato, T., Hansson, C., Iniewski, K., Marthandam, P., & Prekas, G. Cadmium zinc telluride pixel detectors for high-intensity x-ray imaging at free electron lasers. United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6463/aaf556
Veale, Matthew C., Angelsen, C., Booker, P., Coughlan, J., French, M. J., Hardie, A., Hart, M., Lipp, J., Nicholls, T., Schneider, A., Seller, P., Sole, D., Thomas, B., Wilson, M., Carini, G. A., Hart, P., Nakahara, K., Sato, T., Hansson, C., Iniewski, K., Marthandam, P., and Prekas, G. Mon . "Cadmium zinc telluride pixel detectors for high-intensity x-ray imaging at free electron lasers". United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6463/aaf556. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1493442.
@article{osti_1493442,
title = {Cadmium zinc telluride pixel detectors for high-intensity x-ray imaging at free electron lasers},
author = {Veale, Matthew C. and Angelsen, C. and Booker, P. and Coughlan, J. and French, M. J. and Hardie, A. and Hart, M. and Lipp, J. and Nicholls, T. and Schneider, A. and Seller, P. and Sole, D. and Thomas, B. and Wilson, M. and Carini, G. A. and Hart, P. and Nakahara, K. and Sato, T. and Hansson, C. and Iniewski, K. and Marthandam, P. and Prekas, G.},
abstractNote = {Here, this paper reports the first demonstration of high-intensity x-ray imaging using cadmium zinc telluride (CdZnTe) pixel detectors at a free electron laser (FEL). Prototype detectors were produced using the STFC large pixel detector (LPD) ASIC and sensors fabricated from a novel high-intensity-capable CdZnTe material produced by Redlen Technologies. Characterisation of the performance of this sensor material was completed at the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) FEL. The detectors were operated at a frame rate of 1 MHz with 9.5 keV x-ray pulses delivered at a rate of 120 Hz. Measurements successfully demonstrated the linear response of the CdZnTe material to increasing numbers of x-rays up to a fluence of 8 GeV mm–2 per pulse, the limit of the dynamic range of the LPD ASIC.},
doi = {10.1088/1361-6463/aaf556},
journal = {Journal of Physics. D, Applied Physics},
number = 8,
volume = 52,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {12}
}

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