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Title: Constraining Reionization with the z ~ 5–6 Ly α Forest Power Spectrum: The Outlook after Planck

Abstract

The latest measurements of cosmic microwave background electron-scattering optical depth reported by Planck significantly reduces the allowed space of $${\rm{H}}\,{\rm{I}}$$ reionization models, pointing toward a later ending and/or less extended phase transition than previously believed. Reionization impulsively heats the intergalactic medium (IGM) to $$\sim {10}^{4}\,{\rm{K}}$$, and owing to long cooling and dynamical times in the diffuse gas that are comparable to the Hubble time, memory of reionization heating is retained. Therefore, a late-ending reionization has significant implications for the structure of the $$z\sim 5\mbox{-}6$$ Lyα forest. Using state-of-the-art hydrodynamical simulations that allow us to vary the timing of reionization and its associated heat injection, we argue that extant thermal signatures from reionization can be detected via the Lyα forest power spectrum at $$5\lt z\lt 6$$. This arises because the small-scale cutoff in the power depends not only the the IGM temperature at these epochs, but is also particularly sensitive to the pressure-smoothing scale set by the IGM full thermal history. Comparing our different reionization models with existing measurements of the Lyα forest flux power spectrum at $$z=5.0\mbox{-}5.4$$, we find that models satisfying Planck's $${\tau }_{e}$$ constraint favor a moderate amount of heat injection consistent with galaxies driving reionization, but disfavoring quasar-driven scenarios. We study the feasibility of measuring the flux power spectrum at $$z\simeq 6$$ using mock quasar spectra and conclude that a sample of ~10 high-resolution spectra with an attainable signal-to-noise ratio will allow distinguishing between different reionization scenarios.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [3];  [2]
  1. Max Planck Inst. for Astronomy, Heidelberg (Germany)
  2. Max Planck Inst. for Astronomy, Heidelberg (Germany); Univ. of California, Santa Barbara, CA (United States). Dept. of Physics
  3. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR); USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP)
OSTI Identifier:
1493247
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
The Astrophysical Journal (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: The Astrophysical Journal (Online); Journal Volume: 847; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 1538-4357
Publisher:
Institute of Physics (IOP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; early universe; evolution of galaxies; formation of galaxies; intergalactic medium; large-scale structure of universe; numerical methods

Citation Formats

Oñorbe, J., Hennawi, J. F., Lukić, Z., and Walther, M. Constraining Reionization with the z ~ 5–6 Ly α Forest Power Spectrum: The Outlook after Planck. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/aa898d.
Oñorbe, J., Hennawi, J. F., Lukić, Z., & Walther, M. Constraining Reionization with the z ~ 5–6 Ly α Forest Power Spectrum: The Outlook after Planck. United States. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/aa898d
Oñorbe, J., Hennawi, J. F., Lukić, Z., and Walther, M. Thu . "Constraining Reionization with the z ~ 5–6 Ly α Forest Power Spectrum: The Outlook after Planck". United States. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/aa898d. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1493247.
@article{osti_1493247,
title = {Constraining Reionization with the z ~ 5–6 Ly α Forest Power Spectrum: The Outlook after Planck},
author = {Oñorbe, J. and Hennawi, J. F. and Lukić, Z. and Walther, M.},
abstractNote = {The latest measurements of cosmic microwave background electron-scattering optical depth reported by Planck significantly reduces the allowed space of ${\rm{H}}\,{\rm{I}}$ reionization models, pointing toward a later ending and/or less extended phase transition than previously believed. Reionization impulsively heats the intergalactic medium (IGM) to $\sim {10}^{4}\,{\rm{K}}$, and owing to long cooling and dynamical times in the diffuse gas that are comparable to the Hubble time, memory of reionization heating is retained. Therefore, a late-ending reionization has significant implications for the structure of the $z\sim 5\mbox{-}6$ Lyα forest. Using state-of-the-art hydrodynamical simulations that allow us to vary the timing of reionization and its associated heat injection, we argue that extant thermal signatures from reionization can be detected via the Lyα forest power spectrum at $5\lt z\lt 6$. This arises because the small-scale cutoff in the power depends not only the the IGM temperature at these epochs, but is also particularly sensitive to the pressure-smoothing scale set by the IGM full thermal history. Comparing our different reionization models with existing measurements of the Lyα forest flux power spectrum at $z=5.0\mbox{-}5.4$, we find that models satisfying Planck's ${\tau }_{e}$ constraint favor a moderate amount of heat injection consistent with galaxies driving reionization, but disfavoring quasar-driven scenarios. We study the feasibility of measuring the flux power spectrum at $z\simeq 6$ using mock quasar spectra and conclude that a sample of ~10 high-resolution spectra with an attainable signal-to-noise ratio will allow distinguishing between different reionization scenarios.},
doi = {10.3847/1538-4357/aa898d},
journal = {The Astrophysical Journal (Online)},
number = 1,
volume = 847,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {9}
}

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    Evaluating the QSO contribution to the 21-cm signal from the Cosmic Dawn
    journal, May 2019

    • Ross, Hannah E.; Dixon, Keri L.; Ghara, Raghunath
    • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 487, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stz1220

    ETHOS – an Effective Theory of Structure Formation: detecting dark matter interactions through the Lyman-α forest
    journal, May 2019

    • Bose, Sownak; Vogelsberger, Mark; Zavala, Jesús
    • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 487, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stz1276

    Impact of inhomogeneous reionization on the Lyman-α forest
    journal, May 2019

    • Montero-Camacho, Paulo; Hirata, Christopher M.; Martini, Paul
    • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 487, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stz1388

    New synthesis models of consistent extragalactic background light over cosmic time
    journal, January 2019

    • Khaire, Vikram; Srianand, Raghunathan
    • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 484, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stz174

    Dark-ages reionization and galaxy formation simulation – XVI. The thermal memory of reionization
    journal, August 2019

    • Davies, James E.; Mutch, Simon J.; Qin, Yuxiang
    • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 489, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stz2241

    Imprints of temperature fluctuations on the z ∼ 5 Lyman-α forest: a view from radiation-hydrodynamic simulations of reionization
    journal, October 2019

    • Wu, Xiaohan; McQuinn, Matthew; Kannan, Rahul
    • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 490, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stz2807

    Inhomogeneous reionization models in cosmological hydrodynamical simulations
    journal, May 2019

    • Oñorbe, Jose; Davies, F. B.; Lukić, Z.
    • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 486, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stz984

    The Opacity of the Intergalactic Medium Measured along Quasar Sightlines at z ∼ 6
    journal, August 2018

    • Eilers, Anna-Christina; Davies, Frederick B.; Hennawi, Joseph F.
    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 864, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/aad4fd

    New Constraints on IGM Thermal Evolution from the Ly α Forest Power Spectrum
    journal, February 2019

    • Walther, Michael; Oñorbe, Jose; Hennawi, Joseph F.
    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 872, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/aafad1

    Revealing Reionization with the Thermal History of the Intergalactic Medium: New Constraints from the Ly α Flux Power Spectrum
    journal, February 2019

    • Boera, Elisa; Becker, George D.; Bolton, James S.
    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 872, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/aafee4

    Anomaly in the Opacity of the Post-reionization Intergalactic Medium in the Ly α and Ly β Forest
    journal, August 2019

    • Eilers, Anna-Christina; Hennawi, Joseph F.; Davies, Frederick B.
    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 881, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab2b3f

    Evidence for Low Radiative Efficiency or Highly Obscured Growth of z > 7 Quasars
    journal, October 2019

    • Davies, Frederick B.; Hennawi, Joseph F.; Eilers, Anna-Christina
    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 884, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ab42e3