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Title: General modeling framework for quantum photodetectors

Abstract

Photodetection plays a key role in basic science and technology, with exquisite performance having been achieved down to the single-photon level. Further improvements in photodetectors would open new possibilities across a broad range of scientific disciplines and enable new types of applications. However, it is still unclear what is possible in terms of ultimate performance and what properties are needed for a photodetector to achieve such performance. Here, we present a general modeling framework for photodetectors whereby the photon field, the absorption process, and the amplification process are all treated as one coupled quantum system. The formalism naturally handles field states with single or multiple photons as well as a variety of detector configurations and includes a mathematical definition of ideal photodetector performance. In conclusion, the framework reveals how specific photodetector architectures introduce limitations and tradeoffs for various performance metrics, providing guidance for optimization and design.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1492377
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1488878
Report Number(s):
SAND-2018-13255J
Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9926; PLRAAN; 670249
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC04-94AL85000; NA0003525
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review A
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 98; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9926
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
47 OTHER INSTRUMENTATION

Citation Formats

Young, Steve Michael, Sarovar, Mohan, and Léonard, François. General modeling framework for quantum photodetectors. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevA.98.063835.
Young, Steve Michael, Sarovar, Mohan, & Léonard, François. General modeling framework for quantum photodetectors. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevA.98.063835.
Young, Steve Michael, Sarovar, Mohan, and Léonard, François. Fri . "General modeling framework for quantum photodetectors". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevA.98.063835. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1492377.
@article{osti_1492377,
title = {General modeling framework for quantum photodetectors},
author = {Young, Steve Michael and Sarovar, Mohan and Léonard, François},
abstractNote = {Photodetection plays a key role in basic science and technology, with exquisite performance having been achieved down to the single-photon level. Further improvements in photodetectors would open new possibilities across a broad range of scientific disciplines and enable new types of applications. However, it is still unclear what is possible in terms of ultimate performance and what properties are needed for a photodetector to achieve such performance. Here, we present a general modeling framework for photodetectors whereby the photon field, the absorption process, and the amplification process are all treated as one coupled quantum system. The formalism naturally handles field states with single or multiple photons as well as a variety of detector configurations and includes a mathematical definition of ideal photodetector performance. In conclusion, the framework reveals how specific photodetector architectures introduce limitations and tradeoffs for various performance metrics, providing guidance for optimization and design.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevA.98.063835},
journal = {Physical Review A},
number = 6,
volume = 98,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {12}
}

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