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Title: Search for C II emission on cosmological scales at redshift Z ~ 2.6

We present a search for C II emission over cosmological scales at high redshifts. The C II line is a prime candidate to be a tracer of star formation over large-scale structure since it is one of the brightest emission lines from galaxies. Redshifted C II emission appears in the submillimeter regime, which means it could potentially be present in the higher frequency intensity data from the Planck satellite is used to measure the cosmic infrared background (CIB). We search for C II emission over redshifts z = 2–3.2 in the Planck 545 GHz intensity map by cross-correlating the three highest frequency Planck maps with spectroscopic quasars and CMASS galaxies from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey III, which we then use to jointly fit C II intensity, CIB parameters, and thermal Sunyaev–Zeldovich (SZ) emission. We report a measurement of an anomalous emission I ν = 6.6 +5.0 –4.8 × 10 4 Jy sr –1 at 95 percent confidence, which could be explained by C II emission, favouring collisional excitation models of C II emission that tend to be more optimistic than models based on C II luminosity scaling relations from local measurements; however, a comparison of Bayesian information criteria revealsmore » that this model and the CIB & SZ model are equally plausible. Thus, more sensitive measurements will be needed to confirm the existence of a large-scale C II emission at high redshifts. Lastly, we forecast that intensity maps from Planck cross-correlated with quasars from the Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument would increase our sensitivity to C II emission by a factor of 5, while the proposed Primordial Inflation Explorer could increase the sensitivity further.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [2] ;  [4]
  1. New York Univ. (NYU), New York, NY (United States); Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA (United States)
  2. California Inst. of Technology (CalTech), Pasadena, CA (United States)
  3. California Inst. of Technology (CalTech), Pasadena, CA (United States); USA Academia Sinica Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Taipei (Taiwan)
  4. California Inst. of Technology (CalTech), Pasadena, CA (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-05CH11231
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 478; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 0035-8711
Publisher:
Royal Astronomical Society
Research Org:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; ISM: molecules; galaxies: high-redshift; large-scale structure of the universe; cosmology: observations; cosmology: theory; submillimeter: ISM
OSTI Identifier:
1492322

Pullen, Anthony R., Serra, Paolo, Chang, Tzu-Ching, Doré, Olivier, and Ho, Shirley. Search for CII emission on cosmological scales at redshift Z ~ 2.6. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1093/mnras/sty1243.
Pullen, Anthony R., Serra, Paolo, Chang, Tzu-Ching, Doré, Olivier, & Ho, Shirley. Search for CII emission on cosmological scales at redshift Z ~ 2.6. United States. doi:10.1093/mnras/sty1243.
Pullen, Anthony R., Serra, Paolo, Chang, Tzu-Ching, Doré, Olivier, and Ho, Shirley. 2018. "Search for CII emission on cosmological scales at redshift Z ~ 2.6". United States. doi:10.1093/mnras/sty1243.
@article{osti_1492322,
title = {Search for CII emission on cosmological scales at redshift Z ~ 2.6},
author = {Pullen, Anthony R. and Serra, Paolo and Chang, Tzu-Ching and Doré, Olivier and Ho, Shirley},
abstractNote = {We present a search for CII emission over cosmological scales at high redshifts. The CII line is a prime candidate to be a tracer of star formation over large-scale structure since it is one of the brightest emission lines from galaxies. Redshifted CII emission appears in the submillimeter regime, which means it could potentially be present in the higher frequency intensity data from the Planck satellite is used to measure the cosmic infrared background (CIB). We search for CII emission over redshifts z = 2–3.2 in the Planck 545 GHz intensity map by cross-correlating the three highest frequency Planck maps with spectroscopic quasars and CMASS galaxies from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey III, which we then use to jointly fit CII intensity, CIB parameters, and thermal Sunyaev–Zeldovich (SZ) emission. We report a measurement of an anomalous emission Iν = 6.6+5.0–4.8 × 104 Jy sr–1 at 95 percent confidence, which could be explained by CII emission, favouring collisional excitation models of CII emission that tend to be more optimistic than models based on CII luminosity scaling relations from local measurements; however, a comparison of Bayesian information criteria reveals that this model and the CIB & SZ model are equally plausible. Thus, more sensitive measurements will be needed to confirm the existence of a large-scale CII emission at high redshifts. Lastly, we forecast that intensity maps from Planck cross-correlated with quasars from the Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument would increase our sensitivity to CII emission by a factor of 5, while the proposed Primordial Inflation Explorer could increase the sensitivity further.},
doi = {10.1093/mnras/sty1243},
journal = {Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society},
number = 2,
volume = 478,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {5}
}