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Title: Analysis of Graphite Materials for Fast-Charging Capabilities in Lithium-Ion Batteries

Abstract

The application of lithium-ion batteries in electric vehicles calls for decreased cost, increased energy density, increased power density, as well as low-temperature and fast-charging capability. In regard to fast charging, it is generally understood that it is the kinetic overpotential at the graphite anode that limits the cycling rate in modern commercial battery formulations. Here, we study the fast-charging capabilities of a series of graphite samples from commercial suppliers, as part of a materials validation effort at Argonne National Laboratory. Lastly, we combine materials characterization data from the raw samples with electrochemical characterization of graphite laminate electrodes in full-cell configuration to explore the causes of differences in rate performance and its impact on cycle life.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [1]
  1. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
  2. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); EaglePicher Technologies, LLC, MO (United States)
  3. Huawei Technologies Co., LTD, Shenzhen (China)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Vehicle Technologies Office (EE-3V); USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1491805
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
ECS Transactions (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: ECS Transactions (Online); Journal Volume: 85; Journal Issue: 13; Journal ID: ISSN 1938-6737
Publisher:
Electrochemical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION

Citation Formats

Kirner, Joel, Zhang, Linghong, Qin, Yan, Su, Xin, Li, Yangxing, and Lu, Wenquan. Analysis of Graphite Materials for Fast-Charging Capabilities in Lithium-Ion Batteries. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1149/08513.0033ecst.
Kirner, Joel, Zhang, Linghong, Qin, Yan, Su, Xin, Li, Yangxing, & Lu, Wenquan. Analysis of Graphite Materials for Fast-Charging Capabilities in Lithium-Ion Batteries. United States. doi:10.1149/08513.0033ecst.
Kirner, Joel, Zhang, Linghong, Qin, Yan, Su, Xin, Li, Yangxing, and Lu, Wenquan. Tue . "Analysis of Graphite Materials for Fast-Charging Capabilities in Lithium-Ion Batteries". United States. doi:10.1149/08513.0033ecst. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1491805.
@article{osti_1491805,
title = {Analysis of Graphite Materials for Fast-Charging Capabilities in Lithium-Ion Batteries},
author = {Kirner, Joel and Zhang, Linghong and Qin, Yan and Su, Xin and Li, Yangxing and Lu, Wenquan},
abstractNote = {The application of lithium-ion batteries in electric vehicles calls for decreased cost, increased energy density, increased power density, as well as low-temperature and fast-charging capability. In regard to fast charging, it is generally understood that it is the kinetic overpotential at the graphite anode that limits the cycling rate in modern commercial battery formulations. Here, we study the fast-charging capabilities of a series of graphite samples from commercial suppliers, as part of a materials validation effort at Argonne National Laboratory. Lastly, we combine materials characterization data from the raw samples with electrochemical characterization of graphite laminate electrodes in full-cell configuration to explore the causes of differences in rate performance and its impact on cycle life.},
doi = {10.1149/08513.0033ecst},
journal = {ECS Transactions (Online)},
number = 13,
volume = 85,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {6}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
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