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Title: Instantaneous and cycle optimization of fuel usage on a dual fuel vehicle leveraging gasoline and natural gas

Abstract

Recent increases in natural gas supply have led to a desire to leverage this fuel in the transportation sector. Dual fuel engines provide a platform on which to use natural gas efficiently; these engines, however, require new hardware and new control strategies to properly utilize two fuels simultaneously. This paper explores the impact of implementing dual fuel capabilities on a sedan and demonstrates that a dual fuel E10 and compressed natural gas engine is able to improve the average engine efficiency by up to 6.5% compared to a single fuel engine on standard drive cycles. An optimal control technique is also developed, and the proposed approach allows factors including fuel cost and fuel availability to be taken into account. Optimization at each time instant is investigated and contrasted with optimization over the entire cycle. Cycle optimization is shown to have particular value for cases in which the level in one fuel tank is low.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [2]
  1. Illinois Institute of Technology, Department of Mechanical, Materials, and Aerospace Engineering, Chicago, IL, USA
  2. Argonne National Laboratory, Center for Transportation Research, Lemont, IL, USA
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Vehicle Technologies Office (EE-3V)
OSTI Identifier:
1491427
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1510485
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part D, Journal of Automobile Engineering
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part D, Journal of Automobile Engineering Journal Volume: 233 Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 0954-4070
Publisher:
SAGE Publications
Country of Publication:
United Kingdom
Language:
English
Subject:
33 ADVANCED PROPULSION SYSTEMS; dual fuel engine; fuel efficiency; natural gas engine; optimal control

Citation Formats

Hall, Carrie M., Pamminger, Michael, Sevik, James, and Wallner, Thomas. Instantaneous and cycle optimization of fuel usage on a dual fuel vehicle leveraging gasoline and natural gas. United Kingdom: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1177/0954407017743159.
Hall, Carrie M., Pamminger, Michael, Sevik, James, & Wallner, Thomas. Instantaneous and cycle optimization of fuel usage on a dual fuel vehicle leveraging gasoline and natural gas. United Kingdom. doi:10.1177/0954407017743159.
Hall, Carrie M., Pamminger, Michael, Sevik, James, and Wallner, Thomas. Fri . "Instantaneous and cycle optimization of fuel usage on a dual fuel vehicle leveraging gasoline and natural gas". United Kingdom. doi:10.1177/0954407017743159.
@article{osti_1491427,
title = {Instantaneous and cycle optimization of fuel usage on a dual fuel vehicle leveraging gasoline and natural gas},
author = {Hall, Carrie M. and Pamminger, Michael and Sevik, James and Wallner, Thomas},
abstractNote = {Recent increases in natural gas supply have led to a desire to leverage this fuel in the transportation sector. Dual fuel engines provide a platform on which to use natural gas efficiently; these engines, however, require new hardware and new control strategies to properly utilize two fuels simultaneously. This paper explores the impact of implementing dual fuel capabilities on a sedan and demonstrates that a dual fuel E10 and compressed natural gas engine is able to improve the average engine efficiency by up to 6.5% compared to a single fuel engine on standard drive cycles. An optimal control technique is also developed, and the proposed approach allows factors including fuel cost and fuel availability to be taken into account. Optimization at each time instant is investigated and contrasted with optimization over the entire cycle. Cycle optimization is shown to have particular value for cases in which the level in one fuel tank is low.},
doi = {10.1177/0954407017743159},
journal = {Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part D, Journal of Automobile Engineering},
number = 2,
volume = 233,
place = {United Kingdom},
year = {2017},
month = {12}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: 10.1177/0954407017743159

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