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Title: Roll-to-Roll Printing of Perovskite Solar Cells

Abstract

High efficiency combined with transformative roll-to-roll (R2R) printability makes metal halide perovskite-based solar cells the most promising solar technology to address the terawatt challenge of the future energy demand. However, translation from lab-scale deposition solution processing techniques to large-scale R2R methods has typically led to reduced photovoltaic performance. Here, we demonstrate large-scale, highly crystalline, uniaxially oriented, smooth perovskite films printed at room temperature and in the ambient environment. Confirmed with high speed in situ X-ray diffraction measurements, the perovskite films reach 98% of relative crystallinity at room temperature and display high texture within 1 s of the coating. We demonstrate an all-blade-coated metal halide perovskite cell with power conversion efficiency (PCE) up to 19.6%, a slot-die coated cell with a PCE of 17.3%, and a partially R2R slot-die coated flexible glass-based cell efficiency of 14.1%. As a result the developed printing method can be applied to diverse perovskite compositions, enabling a variety of bandgaps to pave the way for the future R2R printing of highly efficient perovskite–perovskite tandem cells.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [3]; ORCiD logo [3];  [3];  [3];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [5];  [2]; ORCiD logo [3];  [3];  [3]
  1. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, CO (United States)
  2. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
  3. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
  4. Corning Research & Development Corp., Corning, NY (United States)
  5. Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, CO (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
OSTI Identifier:
1490989
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1491406
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515; AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
ACS Energy Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 3; Journal Issue: 10; Journal ID: ISSN 2380-8195
Publisher:
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
14 SOLAR ENERGY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Dou, Benjia, Bruening, Karsten, Moore, David T., Wheeler, Lance M., Ryter, John, Breslin, Nicholas J., Berry, Joseph J., Garner, Sean M., Barnes, Frank S., Shaheen, Sean E., Tassone, Christopher J., Zhu, Kai, van Hest, Maikel F. A. M., and Whitaker, James B. Roll-to-Roll Printing of Perovskite Solar Cells. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1021/acsenergylett.8b01556.
Dou, Benjia, Bruening, Karsten, Moore, David T., Wheeler, Lance M., Ryter, John, Breslin, Nicholas J., Berry, Joseph J., Garner, Sean M., Barnes, Frank S., Shaheen, Sean E., Tassone, Christopher J., Zhu, Kai, van Hest, Maikel F. A. M., & Whitaker, James B. Roll-to-Roll Printing of Perovskite Solar Cells. United States. doi:10.1021/acsenergylett.8b01556.
Dou, Benjia, Bruening, Karsten, Moore, David T., Wheeler, Lance M., Ryter, John, Breslin, Nicholas J., Berry, Joseph J., Garner, Sean M., Barnes, Frank S., Shaheen, Sean E., Tassone, Christopher J., Zhu, Kai, van Hest, Maikel F. A. M., and Whitaker, James B. Wed . "Roll-to-Roll Printing of Perovskite Solar Cells". United States. doi:10.1021/acsenergylett.8b01556. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1490989.
@article{osti_1490989,
title = {Roll-to-Roll Printing of Perovskite Solar Cells},
author = {Dou, Benjia and Bruening, Karsten and Moore, David T. and Wheeler, Lance M. and Ryter, John and Breslin, Nicholas J. and Berry, Joseph J. and Garner, Sean M. and Barnes, Frank S. and Shaheen, Sean E. and Tassone, Christopher J. and Zhu, Kai and van Hest, Maikel F. A. M. and Whitaker, James B.},
abstractNote = {High efficiency combined with transformative roll-to-roll (R2R) printability makes metal halide perovskite-based solar cells the most promising solar technology to address the terawatt challenge of the future energy demand. However, translation from lab-scale deposition solution processing techniques to large-scale R2R methods has typically led to reduced photovoltaic performance. Here, we demonstrate large-scale, highly crystalline, uniaxially oriented, smooth perovskite films printed at room temperature and in the ambient environment. Confirmed with high speed in situ X-ray diffraction measurements, the perovskite films reach 98% of relative crystallinity at room temperature and display high texture within 1 s of the coating. We demonstrate an all-blade-coated metal halide perovskite cell with power conversion efficiency (PCE) up to 19.6%, a slot-die coated cell with a PCE of 17.3%, and a partially R2R slot-die coated flexible glass-based cell efficiency of 14.1%. As a result the developed printing method can be applied to diverse perovskite compositions, enabling a variety of bandgaps to pave the way for the future R2R printing of highly efficient perovskite–perovskite tandem cells.},
doi = {10.1021/acsenergylett.8b01556},
journal = {ACS Energy Letters},
number = 10,
volume = 3,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {9}
}

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