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Title: Rejecting cosmic background for exclusive charged current quasi elastic neutrino interaction studies with Liquid Argon TPCs; a case study with the MicroBooNE detector

Abstract

Cosmic ray (CR) interactions can be a challenging source of background for neutrino oscillation and cross-section measurements in surface detectors. We present methods for CR rejection in measurements of charged-current quasielastic-like (CCQE-like) neutrino interactions, with a muon and a proton in the final state, measured using liquid argon time projection chambers (LArTPCs). Using a sample of cosmic data collected with the MicroBooNE detector, mixed with simulated neutrino scattering events, a set of event selection criteria is developed that produces an event sample with minimal contribution from CR background. Depending on the selection criteria used a purity between 50% and 80% can be achieved with a signal selection efficiency between 50% and 25%, with higher purity coming at the expense of lower efficiency. While using a specific dataset from the MicroBooNE detector and selection criteria values optimized for CCQE-like events, the concepts presented here are generic and can be adapted for various studies of exclusive {\nu}{\mu} interactions in LArTPCs.

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
Contributing Org.:
MicroBooNE Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1490842
Report Number(s):
arXiv:1812.05679; FERMILAB-PUB-18-677-E
Journal ID: ISSN 1434-6044; 1709160
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-07CH11359
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
European Physical Journal. C, Particles and Fields
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 79; Journal Issue: 8; Journal ID: ISSN 1434-6044
Publisher:
Springer
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS; 46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; 72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS

Citation Formats

Adams, C., Alrashed, M., An, R., Anthony, J., Asaadi, J., Ashkenazi, A., Auger, M., Balasubramanian, S., Baller, B., Barnes, C., Barr, G., Bass, M., Bay, F., Bhat, A., Bhattacharya, K., Bishai, M., Blake, A., Bolton, T., Camilleri, L., Caratelli, D., Terrazas, I. Caro, Carr, R., Fernandez, R. Castillo, Cavanna, F., Cerati, G., Chen, Y., Church, E., Cianci, D., Cohen, E. O., Collin, G. H., Conrad, J. M., Convery, M., Cooper-Troendle, L., Crespo-Anadón, J. I., Del Tutto, M., Devitt, D., Diaz, A., Duffy, K., Dytman, S., Eberly, B., Ereditato, A., Sanchez, L. Escudero, Esquivel, J., Evans, J. J., Fadeeva, A. A., Fitzpatrick, R. S., Fleming, B. T., Franco, D., Furmanski, A. P., Garcia-Gamez, D., Genty, V., Goeldi, D., Gollapinni, S., Goodwin, O., Gramellini, E., Greenlee, H., Grosso, R., Guenette, R., Guzowski, P., Hackenburg, A., Hamilton, P., Hen, O., Hewes, J., Hill, C., Horton-Smith, G. A., Hourlier, A., Huang, E. -C., James, C., de Vries, J. Jan, Ji, X., Jiang, L., Johnson, R. A., Joshi, J., Jostlein, H., Jwa, Y. -J., Karagiorgi, G., Ketchum, W., Kirby, B., Kirby, M., Kobilarcik, T., Kreslo, I., Lepetic, I., Li, Y., Lister, A., Littlejohn, B. R., Lockwitz, S., Lorca, D., Louis, W. C., Luethi, M., Lundberg, B., Luo, X., Marchionni, A., Marcocci, S., Mariani, C., Marshall, J., Martin-Albo, J., Caicedo, D. A. Martinez, Mastbaum, A., Meddage, V., Mettler, T., Mistry, K., Mogan, A., Moon, J., Mooney, M., Moore, C. D., Mousseau, J., Murphy, M., Murrells, R., Naples, D., Nienaber, P., Nowak, J., Palamara, O., Pandey, V., Paolone, V., Papadopoulou, A., Papavassiliou, V., Pate, S. F., Pavlovic, Z., Piasetzky, E., Porzio, D., Pulliam, G., Qian, X., Raaf, J. L., Rafique, A., Ren, L., Rochester, L., Ross-Lonergan, M., von Rohr, C. Rudolf, Russell, B., Scanavini, G., Schmitz, D. W., Schukraft, A., Seligman, W., Shaevitz, M. H., Sharankova, R., Sinclair, J., Smith, A., Snider, E. L., Soderberg, M., Söldner-Rembold, S., Soleti, S. R., Spentzouris, P., Spitz, J., John, J. St., Strauss, T., Sutton, K., Sword-Fehlberg, S., Szelc, A. M., Tagg, N., Tang, W., Terao, K., Thomson, M., Thornton, R. T., Toups, M., Tsai, Y. -T., Tufanli, S., Usher, T., Van De Pontseele, W., Van de Water, R. G., Viren, B., Weber, M., Wei, H., Wickremasinghe, D. A., Wierman, K., Williams, Z., Wolbers, S., Wongjirad, T., Woodruff, K., Yang, T., Yarbrough, G., Yates, L. E., Zeller, G. P., Zennamo, J., and Zhang, C. Rejecting cosmic background for exclusive charged current quasi elastic neutrino interaction studies with Liquid Argon TPCs; a case study with the MicroBooNE detector. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1140/epjc/s10052-019-7184-7.
Adams, C., Alrashed, M., An, R., Anthony, J., Asaadi, J., Ashkenazi, A., Auger, M., Balasubramanian, S., Baller, B., Barnes, C., Barr, G., Bass, M., Bay, F., Bhat, A., Bhattacharya, K., Bishai, M., Blake, A., Bolton, T., Camilleri, L., Caratelli, D., Terrazas, I. Caro, Carr, R., Fernandez, R. Castillo, Cavanna, F., Cerati, G., Chen, Y., Church, E., Cianci, D., Cohen, E. O., Collin, G. H., Conrad, J. M., Convery, M., Cooper-Troendle, L., Crespo-Anadón, J. I., Del Tutto, M., Devitt, D., Diaz, A., Duffy, K., Dytman, S., Eberly, B., Ereditato, A., Sanchez, L. Escudero, Esquivel, J., Evans, J. J., Fadeeva, A. A., Fitzpatrick, R. S., Fleming, B. T., Franco, D., Furmanski, A. P., Garcia-Gamez, D., Genty, V., Goeldi, D., Gollapinni, S., Goodwin, O., Gramellini, E., Greenlee, H., Grosso, R., Guenette, R., Guzowski, P., Hackenburg, A., Hamilton, P., Hen, O., Hewes, J., Hill, C., Horton-Smith, G. A., Hourlier, A., Huang, E. -C., James, C., de Vries, J. Jan, Ji, X., Jiang, L., Johnson, R. A., Joshi, J., Jostlein, H., Jwa, Y. -J., Karagiorgi, G., Ketchum, W., Kirby, B., Kirby, M., Kobilarcik, T., Kreslo, I., Lepetic, I., Li, Y., Lister, A., Littlejohn, B. R., Lockwitz, S., Lorca, D., Louis, W. C., Luethi, M., Lundberg, B., Luo, X., Marchionni, A., Marcocci, S., Mariani, C., Marshall, J., Martin-Albo, J., Caicedo, D. A. Martinez, Mastbaum, A., Meddage, V., Mettler, T., Mistry, K., Mogan, A., Moon, J., Mooney, M., Moore, C. D., Mousseau, J., Murphy, M., Murrells, R., Naples, D., Nienaber, P., Nowak, J., Palamara, O., Pandey, V., Paolone, V., Papadopoulou, A., Papavassiliou, V., Pate, S. F., Pavlovic, Z., Piasetzky, E., Porzio, D., Pulliam, G., Qian, X., Raaf, J. L., Rafique, A., Ren, L., Rochester, L., Ross-Lonergan, M., von Rohr, C. Rudolf, Russell, B., Scanavini, G., Schmitz, D. W., Schukraft, A., Seligman, W., Shaevitz, M. H., Sharankova, R., Sinclair, J., Smith, A., Snider, E. L., Soderberg, M., Söldner-Rembold, S., Soleti, S. R., Spentzouris, P., Spitz, J., John, J. St., Strauss, T., Sutton, K., Sword-Fehlberg, S., Szelc, A. M., Tagg, N., Tang, W., Terao, K., Thomson, M., Thornton, R. T., Toups, M., Tsai, Y. -T., Tufanli, S., Usher, T., Van De Pontseele, W., Van de Water, R. G., Viren, B., Weber, M., Wei, H., Wickremasinghe, D. A., Wierman, K., Williams, Z., Wolbers, S., Wongjirad, T., Woodruff, K., Yang, T., Yarbrough, G., Yates, L. E., Zeller, G. P., Zennamo, J., & Zhang, C. Rejecting cosmic background for exclusive charged current quasi elastic neutrino interaction studies with Liquid Argon TPCs; a case study with the MicroBooNE detector. United States. doi:10.1140/epjc/s10052-019-7184-7.
Adams, C., Alrashed, M., An, R., Anthony, J., Asaadi, J., Ashkenazi, A., Auger, M., Balasubramanian, S., Baller, B., Barnes, C., Barr, G., Bass, M., Bay, F., Bhat, A., Bhattacharya, K., Bishai, M., Blake, A., Bolton, T., Camilleri, L., Caratelli, D., Terrazas, I. Caro, Carr, R., Fernandez, R. Castillo, Cavanna, F., Cerati, G., Chen, Y., Church, E., Cianci, D., Cohen, E. O., Collin, G. H., Conrad, J. M., Convery, M., Cooper-Troendle, L., Crespo-Anadón, J. I., Del Tutto, M., Devitt, D., Diaz, A., Duffy, K., Dytman, S., Eberly, B., Ereditato, A., Sanchez, L. Escudero, Esquivel, J., Evans, J. J., Fadeeva, A. A., Fitzpatrick, R. S., Fleming, B. T., Franco, D., Furmanski, A. P., Garcia-Gamez, D., Genty, V., Goeldi, D., Gollapinni, S., Goodwin, O., Gramellini, E., Greenlee, H., Grosso, R., Guenette, R., Guzowski, P., Hackenburg, A., Hamilton, P., Hen, O., Hewes, J., Hill, C., Horton-Smith, G. A., Hourlier, A., Huang, E. -C., James, C., de Vries, J. Jan, Ji, X., Jiang, L., Johnson, R. A., Joshi, J., Jostlein, H., Jwa, Y. -J., Karagiorgi, G., Ketchum, W., Kirby, B., Kirby, M., Kobilarcik, T., Kreslo, I., Lepetic, I., Li, Y., Lister, A., Littlejohn, B. R., Lockwitz, S., Lorca, D., Louis, W. C., Luethi, M., Lundberg, B., Luo, X., Marchionni, A., Marcocci, S., Mariani, C., Marshall, J., Martin-Albo, J., Caicedo, D. A. Martinez, Mastbaum, A., Meddage, V., Mettler, T., Mistry, K., Mogan, A., Moon, J., Mooney, M., Moore, C. D., Mousseau, J., Murphy, M., Murrells, R., Naples, D., Nienaber, P., Nowak, J., Palamara, O., Pandey, V., Paolone, V., Papadopoulou, A., Papavassiliou, V., Pate, S. F., Pavlovic, Z., Piasetzky, E., Porzio, D., Pulliam, G., Qian, X., Raaf, J. L., Rafique, A., Ren, L., Rochester, L., Ross-Lonergan, M., von Rohr, C. Rudolf, Russell, B., Scanavini, G., Schmitz, D. W., Schukraft, A., Seligman, W., Shaevitz, M. H., Sharankova, R., Sinclair, J., Smith, A., Snider, E. L., Soderberg, M., Söldner-Rembold, S., Soleti, S. R., Spentzouris, P., Spitz, J., John, J. St., Strauss, T., Sutton, K., Sword-Fehlberg, S., Szelc, A. M., Tagg, N., Tang, W., Terao, K., Thomson, M., Thornton, R. T., Toups, M., Tsai, Y. -T., Tufanli, S., Usher, T., Van De Pontseele, W., Van de Water, R. G., Viren, B., Weber, M., Wei, H., Wickremasinghe, D. A., Wierman, K., Williams, Z., Wolbers, S., Wongjirad, T., Woodruff, K., Yang, T., Yarbrough, G., Yates, L. E., Zeller, G. P., Zennamo, J., and Zhang, C. Mon . "Rejecting cosmic background for exclusive charged current quasi elastic neutrino interaction studies with Liquid Argon TPCs; a case study with the MicroBooNE detector". United States. doi:10.1140/epjc/s10052-019-7184-7. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1490842.
@article{osti_1490842,
title = {Rejecting cosmic background for exclusive charged current quasi elastic neutrino interaction studies with Liquid Argon TPCs; a case study with the MicroBooNE detector},
author = {Adams, C. and Alrashed, M. and An, R. and Anthony, J. and Asaadi, J. and Ashkenazi, A. and Auger, M. and Balasubramanian, S. and Baller, B. and Barnes, C. and Barr, G. and Bass, M. and Bay, F. and Bhat, A. and Bhattacharya, K. and Bishai, M. and Blake, A. and Bolton, T. and Camilleri, L. and Caratelli, D. and Terrazas, I. Caro and Carr, R. and Fernandez, R. Castillo and Cavanna, F. and Cerati, G. and Chen, Y. and Church, E. and Cianci, D. and Cohen, E. O. and Collin, G. H. and Conrad, J. M. and Convery, M. and Cooper-Troendle, L. and Crespo-Anadón, J. I. and Del Tutto, M. and Devitt, D. and Diaz, A. and Duffy, K. and Dytman, S. and Eberly, B. and Ereditato, A. and Sanchez, L. Escudero and Esquivel, J. and Evans, J. J. and Fadeeva, A. A. and Fitzpatrick, R. S. and Fleming, B. T. and Franco, D. and Furmanski, A. P. and Garcia-Gamez, D. and Genty, V. and Goeldi, D. and Gollapinni, S. and Goodwin, O. and Gramellini, E. and Greenlee, H. and Grosso, R. and Guenette, R. and Guzowski, P. and Hackenburg, A. and Hamilton, P. and Hen, O. and Hewes, J. and Hill, C. and Horton-Smith, G. A. and Hourlier, A. and Huang, E. -C. and James, C. and de Vries, J. Jan and Ji, X. and Jiang, L. and Johnson, R. A. and Joshi, J. and Jostlein, H. and Jwa, Y. -J. and Karagiorgi, G. and Ketchum, W. and Kirby, B. and Kirby, M. and Kobilarcik, T. and Kreslo, I. and Lepetic, I. and Li, Y. and Lister, A. and Littlejohn, B. R. and Lockwitz, S. and Lorca, D. and Louis, W. C. and Luethi, M. and Lundberg, B. and Luo, X. and Marchionni, A. and Marcocci, S. and Mariani, C. and Marshall, J. and Martin-Albo, J. and Caicedo, D. A. Martinez and Mastbaum, A. and Meddage, V. and Mettler, T. and Mistry, K. and Mogan, A. and Moon, J. and Mooney, M. and Moore, C. D. and Mousseau, J. and Murphy, M. and Murrells, R. and Naples, D. and Nienaber, P. and Nowak, J. and Palamara, O. and Pandey, V. and Paolone, V. and Papadopoulou, A. and Papavassiliou, V. and Pate, S. F. and Pavlovic, Z. and Piasetzky, E. and Porzio, D. and Pulliam, G. and Qian, X. and Raaf, J. L. and Rafique, A. and Ren, L. and Rochester, L. and Ross-Lonergan, M. and von Rohr, C. Rudolf and Russell, B. and Scanavini, G. and Schmitz, D. W. and Schukraft, A. and Seligman, W. and Shaevitz, M. H. and Sharankova, R. and Sinclair, J. and Smith, A. and Snider, E. L. and Soderberg, M. and Söldner-Rembold, S. and Soleti, S. R. and Spentzouris, P. and Spitz, J. and John, J. St. and Strauss, T. and Sutton, K. and Sword-Fehlberg, S. and Szelc, A. M. and Tagg, N. and Tang, W. and Terao, K. and Thomson, M. and Thornton, R. T. and Toups, M. and Tsai, Y. -T. and Tufanli, S. and Usher, T. and Van De Pontseele, W. and Van de Water, R. G. and Viren, B. and Weber, M. and Wei, H. and Wickremasinghe, D. A. and Wierman, K. and Williams, Z. and Wolbers, S. and Wongjirad, T. and Woodruff, K. and Yang, T. and Yarbrough, G. and Yates, L. E. and Zeller, G. P. and Zennamo, J. and Zhang, C.},
abstractNote = {Cosmic ray (CR) interactions can be a challenging source of background for neutrino oscillation and cross-section measurements in surface detectors. We present methods for CR rejection in measurements of charged-current quasielastic-like (CCQE-like) neutrino interactions, with a muon and a proton in the final state, measured using liquid argon time projection chambers (LArTPCs). Using a sample of cosmic data collected with the MicroBooNE detector, mixed with simulated neutrino scattering events, a set of event selection criteria is developed that produces an event sample with minimal contribution from CR background. Depending on the selection criteria used a purity between 50% and 80% can be achieved with a signal selection efficiency between 50% and 25%, with higher purity coming at the expense of lower efficiency. While using a specific dataset from the MicroBooNE detector and selection criteria values optimized for CCQE-like events, the concepts presented here are generic and can be adapted for various studies of exclusive {\nu}{\mu} interactions in LArTPCs.},
doi = {10.1140/epjc/s10052-019-7184-7},
journal = {European Physical Journal. C, Particles and Fields},
number = 8,
volume = 79,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {8}
}

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Figures / Tables:

FIG. 1 FIG. 1: A schematic view of the MicroBooNE detector. The three wire planes, shown on the right side of the cylindrical cryostat in the right–hand image, contain vertical wires and wires ±60 to the vertical. The wire planes are the anode.

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Works referenced in this record:

Convolutional neural networks applied to neutrino events in a liquid argon time projection chamber
journal, March 2017


A Novel Cosmic Ray Tagger System for Liquid Argon TPC Neutrino Detectors
journal, February 2017


Direct Measurement of Nuclear Dependence of Charged Current Quasielasticlike Neutrino Interactions Using MINERvA
journal, August 2017


Neutrino reactions at accelerator energies
journal, June 1972


Measurement of cosmic-ray reconstruction efficiencies in the MicroBooNE LArTPC using a small external cosmic-ray counter
journal, December 2017


LArSoft: toolkit for simulation, reconstruction and analysis of liquid argon TPC neutrino detectors
journal, October 2017


Design and construction of the MicroBooNE detector
journal, February 2017


The Pandora multi-algorithm approach to automated pattern recognition of cosmic-ray muon and neutrino events in the MicroBooNE detector
journal, January 2018


DarkSide-20k: A 20 tonne two-phase LAr TPC for direct dark matter detection at LNGS
journal, March 2018


Improved Search for ν ¯ μ ν ¯ e Oscillations in the MiniBooNE Experiment
journal, April 2013