skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Inelastic dark matter at the LHC lifetime frontier: ATLAS, CMS, LHCb, CODEX-b, FASER, and MATHUSLA

Abstract

Visible signals from the decays of light long-lived hidden sector particles have been extensively searched for at beam dump, fixed-target, and collider experiments. If such hidden sectors couple to the standard model through mediators heavier than ~10 GeV , their production at low-energy accelerators is kinematically suppressed, leaving open significant pockets of viable parameter space. We investigate this scenario in models of inelastic dark matter, which give rise to visible signals at various existing and proposed LHC experiments, such as ATLAS, CMS, LHCb, CODEX-b, FASER, and MATHUSLA. These experiments can leverage the large center of mass energy of the LHC to produce GeV-scale dark matter from the decays of dark photons in the cosmologically motivated mass range of ~1 – 100 GeV . We also provide a detailed calculation of the radiative dark matter-nucleon/electron elastic scattering cross section, which is relevant for estimating rates at direct detection experiments.

Authors:
 [1];  [2]
  1. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
  2. Univ. of California, Irvine, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1490776
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1493415
Report Number(s):
SLAC-PUB-17325
Journal ID: ISSN 2470-0010; PRVDAQ
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515; PHY-1620638; PHY11-25915
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review D
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 99; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2470-0010
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS

Citation Formats

Berlin, Asher, and Kling, Felix. Inelastic dark matter at the LHC lifetime frontier: ATLAS, CMS, LHCb, CODEX-b, FASER, and MATHUSLA. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1103/physrevd.99.015021.
Berlin, Asher, & Kling, Felix. Inelastic dark matter at the LHC lifetime frontier: ATLAS, CMS, LHCb, CODEX-b, FASER, and MATHUSLA. United States. doi:10.1103/physrevd.99.015021.
Berlin, Asher, and Kling, Felix. Mon . "Inelastic dark matter at the LHC lifetime frontier: ATLAS, CMS, LHCb, CODEX-b, FASER, and MATHUSLA". United States. doi:10.1103/physrevd.99.015021.
@article{osti_1490776,
title = {Inelastic dark matter at the LHC lifetime frontier: ATLAS, CMS, LHCb, CODEX-b, FASER, and MATHUSLA},
author = {Berlin, Asher and Kling, Felix},
abstractNote = {Visible signals from the decays of light long-lived hidden sector particles have been extensively searched for at beam dump, fixed-target, and collider experiments. If such hidden sectors couple to the standard model through mediators heavier than ~10 GeV , their production at low-energy accelerators is kinematically suppressed, leaving open significant pockets of viable parameter space. We investigate this scenario in models of inelastic dark matter, which give rise to visible signals at various existing and proposed LHC experiments, such as ATLAS, CMS, LHCb, CODEX-b, FASER, and MATHUSLA. These experiments can leverage the large center of mass energy of the LHC to produce GeV-scale dark matter from the decays of dark photons in the cosmologically motivated mass range of ~1 – 100 GeV . We also provide a detailed calculation of the radiative dark matter-nucleon/electron elastic scattering cross section, which is relevant for estimating rates at direct detection experiments.},
doi = {10.1103/physrevd.99.015021},
journal = {Physical Review D},
number = 1,
volume = 99,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {1}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: 10.1103/physrevd.99.015021

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 6 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Figures / Tables:

FIG. 2 FIG. 2: Schematic drawings of a timing layer at CMS (top-left), MATHUSLA (top-right), CODEX-b (bottom-left), and FASER (bottom-right), along with their locations with respect to the LHC ring. The red shaded region indicates the decay volume for each experiment.

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Inelastic dark matter
journal, July 2001


Decaying light particles in the SHiP experiment: Signal rate estimates for hidden photons
journal, February 2015


Review of Particle Physics
journal, October 2016


Search for disappearing tracks as a signature of new long-lived particles in proton-proton collisions at s = 13 $$ \sqrt{s}=13 $$ TeV
journal, August 2018

  • Sirunyan, A. M.; Tumasyan, A.; Adam, W.
  • Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2018, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1007/JHEP08(2018)016

Proposed Inclusive Dark Photon Search at LHCb
journal, June 2016


Nucleon electromagnetic structure revisited
journal, February 2003

  • Dubnicka, Stanislav; Dubnikova, Anna Zuzana; Weisenpacher, Peter
  • Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics, Vol. 29, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1088/0954-3899/29/2/316

Strong Constraints on Sub-GeV Dark Sectors from SLAC Beam Dump E137
journal, October 2014


Bino variations: Effective field theory methods for dark matter direct detection
journal, May 2016


Dark Higgs bosons at the ForwArd Search ExpeRiment
journal, March 2018


Heavy neutral leptons at FASER
journal, May 2018


Cosmology and accelerator tests of strongly interacting dark matter
journal, March 2018


Z boson mediated dark matter beyond the effective theory
journal, February 2017


Measurement of electron-neutrino electron elastic scattering
journal, May 2001


Search for Dark Photons Produced in 13 TeV p p Collisions
journal, February 2018


Secluded WIMP dark matter
journal, April 2008


The automated computation of tree-level and next-to-leading order differential cross sections, and their matching to parton shower simulations
journal, July 2014

  • Alwall, J.; Frederix, R.; Frixione, S.
  • Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2014, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1007/JHEP07(2014)079

Discovering inelastic thermal relic dark matter at colliders
journal, March 2016


Dark matter search in nucleon, pion, and electron channels from a proton beam dump with MiniBooNE
journal, December 2018


Effective theories for dark matter nucleon scattering
journal, May 2015

  • Hisano, Junji; Nagai, Ryo; Nagata, Natsumi
  • Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2015, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1007/JHEP05(2015)037

Monte Carlo treatment of hadronic interactions in enhanced Pomeron scheme: QGSJET-II model
journal, January 2011


Testing light dark matter coannihilation with fixed-target experiments
journal, September 2017


Impact of a resonance on thermal targets for invisible dark photon searches
journal, November 2017


Planck 2015 results : XIII. Cosmological parameters
journal, September 2016


Parton distributions from high-precision collider data: NNPDF Collaboration
journal, October 2017


Dark sectors at the Fermilab SeaQuest experiment
journal, August 2018


Search for Invisible Decays of a Dark Photon Produced in e + e Collisions at BaBar
journal, September 2017


Rho-omega mixing, vector meson dominance and the pion form-factor
journal, January 1997


Implication of neutrino backgrounds on the reach of next generation dark matter direct detection experiments
journal, January 2014


Observing a light dark matter beam with neutrino experiments
journal, October 2011


Search for neutral metastable penetrating particles produced in the SLAC beam dump
journal, December 1988


Potential for probing three-body decays of Long-Lived Particles with MATHUSLA
journal, February 2019


Dark Matter Search in a Proton Beam Dump with MiniBooNE
journal, May 2017


FeynRules  2.0 — A complete toolbox for tree-level phenomenology
journal, August 2014

  • Alloul, Adam; Christensen, Neil D.; Degrande, Céline
  • Computer Physics Communications, Vol. 185, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.cpc.2014.04.012

Gauge coupling renormalisation with several U(1) factors
journal, September 1988


Cosmic abundances of stable particles: Improved analysis
journal, August 1991


Standard Model anatomy of WIMP dark matter direct detection. II. QCD analysis and hadronic matrix elements
journal, February 2015


micrOMEGAs_3: A program for calculating dark matter observables
journal, March 2014


Cosmological Lower Bound on Heavy-Neutrino Masses
journal, July 1977


Light dark matter in neutrino beams: Production modeling and scattering signatures at MiniBooNE, T2K, and SHiP
journal, February 2017


Electromagnetic form factors of nucleons in the extended vector meson dominance model
journal, September 2010


Searching for confining hidden valleys at LHCb, ATLAS, and CMS
journal, May 2018


ForwArd Search ExpeRiment at the LHC
journal, February 2018


Signatures of pseudo-Dirac dark matter at high-intensity neutrino experiments
journal, October 2018


Mechanism for Thermal Relic Dark Matter of Strongly Interacting Massive Particles
journal, October 2014


EPOS LHC: Test of collective hadronization with data measured at the CERN Large Hadron Collider
journal, September 2015


Dark Matter Search Results from a One Ton-Year Exposure of XENON1T
journal, September 2018


Scalar dark matter candidates
journal, April 2004


Toward (finally!) ruling out Z and Higgs mediated dark matter models
journal, December 2016

  • Escudero, Miguel; Berlin, Asher; Hooper, Dan
  • Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, Vol. 2016, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2016/12/029

Echoes of a hidden valley at hadron colliders
journal, August 2007


Neutralino relic density including coannihilations
journal, August 1997


Illuminating dark photons with high-energy colliders
journal, February 2015

  • Curtin, David; Essig, Rouven; Gori, Stefania
  • Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2015, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1007/JHEP02(2015)157

GeV-scale thermal WIMPs: Not even slightly ruled out
journal, July 2018


New exclusion limits on dark gauge forces from proton Bremsstrahlung in beam-dump data
journal, April 2014


Search for vector mediator of dark matter production in invisible decay mode
journal, April 2018


An introduction to PYTHIA 8.2
journal, June 2015

  • Sjöstrand, Torbjörn; Ask, Stefan; Christiansen, Jesper R.
  • Computer Physics Communications, Vol. 191
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.cpc.2015.01.024

Lepton jets from radiating dark matter
journal, July 2015

  • Buschmann, Malte; Kopp, Joachim; Liu, Jia
  • Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2015, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1007/JHEP07(2015)045

Axionlike particles at FASER: The LHC as a photon beam dump
journal, September 2018


Model-Independent Bounds on Kinetic Mixing
journal, January 2011

  • Hook, Anson; Izaguirre, Eder; Wacker, Jay G.
  • Advances in High Energy Physics, Vol. 2011
  • DOI: 10.1155/2011/859762

Searching for long-lived particles: A compact detector for exotics at LHCb
journal, January 2018


Two U(1)'s and ϵ charge shifts
journal, January 1986


New detectors to explore the lifetime frontier
journal, April 2017


Three exceptions in the calculation of relic abundances
journal, May 1991


    Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.