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Title: All-optical structuring of laser-driven proton beam profiles

Abstract

Here, extreme field gradients intrinsic to relativistic laser-interactions with thin solid targets enable compact MeV proton accelerators with unique bunch characteristics. Yet, direct control of the proton beam profile is usually not possible. Here we present a readily applicable all-optical approach to imprint detailed spatial information from the driving laser pulse onto the proton bunch. In a series of experiments, counter-intuitively, the spatial profile of the energetic proton bunch was found to exhibit identical structures as the fraction of the laser pulse passing around a target of limited size. Such information transfer between the laser pulse and the naturally delayed proton bunch is attributed to the formation of quasi-static electric fields in the beam path by ionization of residual gas. Essentially acting as a programmable memory, these fields provide access to a higher level of proton beam manipulation.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [4]; ORCiD logo [1];  [4];  [5];  [4]; ORCiD logo [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [4]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [2];  [2];  [2]; ORCiD logo [1] more »;  [2];  [1]; ORCiD logo [6]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [1];  [2] « less
  1. Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden - Rossendorf, Dresden (Germany); Technische Univ. Dresden, Dresden (Germany)
  2. Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden - Rossendorf, Dresden (Germany)
  3. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Univ. of Alberta, Edmonton, AB (Canada)
  4. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
  5. European XFEL GmbH, Schenefeld (Germany)
  6. Helmholtz Institute Jena, Jena (Germany)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Fusion Energy Sciences (FES) (SC-24)
OSTI Identifier:
1490650
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1560571
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515; AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Communications
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 9; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS

Citation Formats

Obst-Huebl, Lieselotte, Ziegler, Tim, Brack, Florian-Emanuel, Branco, João, Bussmann, Michael, Cowan, Thomas E., Curry, Chandra B., Fiuza, Frederico, Garten, Marco, Gauthier, Maxence, Göde, Sebastian, Glenzer, Siegfried H., Huebl, Axel, Irman, Arie, Kim, Jongjin B., Kluge, Thomas, Kraft, Stephan D., Kroll, Florian, Metzkes-Ng, Josefine, Pausch, Richard, Prencipe, Irene, Rehwald, Martin, Roedel, Christian, Schlenvoigt, Hans -Peter, Schramm, Ulrich, and Zeil, Karl. All-optical structuring of laser-driven proton beam profiles. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1038/s41467-018-07756-z.
Obst-Huebl, Lieselotte, Ziegler, Tim, Brack, Florian-Emanuel, Branco, João, Bussmann, Michael, Cowan, Thomas E., Curry, Chandra B., Fiuza, Frederico, Garten, Marco, Gauthier, Maxence, Göde, Sebastian, Glenzer, Siegfried H., Huebl, Axel, Irman, Arie, Kim, Jongjin B., Kluge, Thomas, Kraft, Stephan D., Kroll, Florian, Metzkes-Ng, Josefine, Pausch, Richard, Prencipe, Irene, Rehwald, Martin, Roedel, Christian, Schlenvoigt, Hans -Peter, Schramm, Ulrich, & Zeil, Karl. All-optical structuring of laser-driven proton beam profiles. United States. doi:10.1038/s41467-018-07756-z.
Obst-Huebl, Lieselotte, Ziegler, Tim, Brack, Florian-Emanuel, Branco, João, Bussmann, Michael, Cowan, Thomas E., Curry, Chandra B., Fiuza, Frederico, Garten, Marco, Gauthier, Maxence, Göde, Sebastian, Glenzer, Siegfried H., Huebl, Axel, Irman, Arie, Kim, Jongjin B., Kluge, Thomas, Kraft, Stephan D., Kroll, Florian, Metzkes-Ng, Josefine, Pausch, Richard, Prencipe, Irene, Rehwald, Martin, Roedel, Christian, Schlenvoigt, Hans -Peter, Schramm, Ulrich, and Zeil, Karl. Thu . "All-optical structuring of laser-driven proton beam profiles". United States. doi:10.1038/s41467-018-07756-z. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1490650.
@article{osti_1490650,
title = {All-optical structuring of laser-driven proton beam profiles},
author = {Obst-Huebl, Lieselotte and Ziegler, Tim and Brack, Florian-Emanuel and Branco, João and Bussmann, Michael and Cowan, Thomas E. and Curry, Chandra B. and Fiuza, Frederico and Garten, Marco and Gauthier, Maxence and Göde, Sebastian and Glenzer, Siegfried H. and Huebl, Axel and Irman, Arie and Kim, Jongjin B. and Kluge, Thomas and Kraft, Stephan D. and Kroll, Florian and Metzkes-Ng, Josefine and Pausch, Richard and Prencipe, Irene and Rehwald, Martin and Roedel, Christian and Schlenvoigt, Hans -Peter and Schramm, Ulrich and Zeil, Karl},
abstractNote = {Here, extreme field gradients intrinsic to relativistic laser-interactions with thin solid targets enable compact MeV proton accelerators with unique bunch characteristics. Yet, direct control of the proton beam profile is usually not possible. Here we present a readily applicable all-optical approach to imprint detailed spatial information from the driving laser pulse onto the proton bunch. In a series of experiments, counter-intuitively, the spatial profile of the energetic proton bunch was found to exhibit identical structures as the fraction of the laser pulse passing around a target of limited size. Such information transfer between the laser pulse and the naturally delayed proton bunch is attributed to the formation of quasi-static electric fields in the beam path by ionization of residual gas. Essentially acting as a programmable memory, these fields provide access to a higher level of proton beam manipulation.},
doi = {10.1038/s41467-018-07756-z},
journal = {Nature Communications},
number = 1,
volume = 9,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {12}
}

Journal Article:
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Figures / Tables:

Fig. 1 Fig. 1: Schematic of experimental setup and example measurement. Obstacles were inserted in the collimated Draco laser beam before focusing it onto a micrometer sized solid Hydrogen jet target with an f/2.5 off-axis parabolic mirror. An image of the laser focus (logarithmic color scale) is overlapped with a schematic imagemore » of the Hydrogen jet (5 μm diameter) to visualize the amount of laser intensity present in the outer lobes of the focus. Proton beam profile measurements via radiochromic film (RCF) stacks inserted on-demand at 45mm behind the target (7 MeV layer displayed, zoom-in on obstacles with different gray scale to emphasize imprinted structures) and a scintillator at 12.5 cm (exemplary data shown in Methods section) clearly reproduce the shape of the inserted obstacles, namely pick-off mirror and triangle. Zemax simulations confirm the effect of spatial filtering in the laser focus on the transmitted light intensity distribution that was measured by imaging a ceramic screen situated in front of the scintillator detector« less

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    Works referencing / citing this record:

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    journal, August 2012

    • Palaniyappan, Sasi; Hegelich, B. Manuel; Wu, Hui-Chun
    • Nature Physics, Vol. 8, Issue 10
    • DOI: 10.1038/nphys2390

    Towards highest peak intensities for ultra-short MeV-range ion bunches
    journal, July 2015

    • Busold, Simon; Schumacher, Dennis; Brabetz, Christian
    • Scientific Reports, Vol. 5, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1038/srep12459

    Nonlinear electrodynamics of the interaction of ultra-intense laser pulses with a thin foil
    journal, July 1998

    • Vshivkov, V. A.; Naumova, N. M.; Pegoraro, F.
    • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 5, Issue 7
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.872961

    Efficient laser-driven proton acceleration from cylindrical and planar cryogenic hydrogen jets
    journal, August 2017


    Near-100 MeV protons via a laser-driven transparency-enhanced hybrid acceleration scheme
    journal, February 2018


    Review of laser-driven ion sources and their applications
    journal, April 2012

    • Daido, Hiroyuki; Nishiuchi, Mamiko; Pirozhkov, Alexander S.
    • Reports on Progress in Physics, Vol. 75, Issue 5
    • DOI: 10.1088/0034-4885/75/5/056401

    Electric field detection in laser-plasma interaction experiments via the proton imaging technique
    journal, May 2002

    • Borghesi, M.; Campbell, D. H.; Schiavi, A.
    • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 9, Issue 5
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.1459457

    Dynamics of charge-displacement channeling in intense laser–plasma interactions
    journal, November 2007


    First results with the novel petawatt laser acceleration facility in Dresden
    journal, July 2017


    Relativistic Electron Streaming Instabilities Modulate Proton Beams Accelerated in Laser-Plasma Interactions
    journal, May 2017


    Vacuum laser acceleration of relativistic electrons using plasma mirror injectors
    journal, December 2015

    • Thévenet, M.; Leblanc, A.; Kahaly, S.
    • Nature Physics, Vol. 12, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1038/nphys3597

    Diagnosis of Weibel instability evolution in the rear surface density scale lengths of laser solid interactions via proton acceleration
    journal, April 2017


    Enhanced laser ion acceleration from mass-limited foils
    journal, December 2010

    • Kluge, T.; Enghardt, W.; Kraft, S. D.
    • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 17, Issue 12
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.3519512

    Manipulation of the spatial distribution of laser-accelerated proton beams by varying the laser intensity distribution
    journal, February 2016

    • Aurand, B.; Senje, L.; Svensson, K.
    • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 23, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.4942032

    Direct observation of prompt pre-thermal laser ion sheath acceleration
    journal, January 2012

    • Zeil, K.; Metzkes, J.; Kluge, T.
    • Nature Communications, Vol. 3, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms1883

    A light-weight compact proton gantry design with a novel dose delivery system for broad-energetic laser-accelerated beams
    journal, June 2017


    Laser-driven particle and photon beams and some applications
    journal, April 2010


    On-shot characterization of single plasma mirror temporal contrast improvement
    journal, March 2018

    • Obst, L.; Metzkes-Ng, J.; Bock, S.
    • Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, Vol. 60, Issue 5
    • DOI: 10.1088/1361-6587/aab3bb

    Laser-driven proton scaling laws and new paths towards energy increase
    journal, December 2005

    • Fuchs, J.; Antici, P.; d’Humières, E.
    • Nature Physics, Vol. 2, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1038/nphys199

    Optically controlled dense current structures driven by relativistic plasma aperture-induced diffraction
    journal, January 2016

    • Gonzalez-Izquierdo, Bruno; Gray, Ross J.; King, Martin
    • Nature Physics, Vol. 12, Issue 5
    • DOI: 10.1038/nphys3613

    Towards optical polarization control of laser-driven proton acceleration in foils undergoing relativistic transparency
    journal, September 2016

    • Gonzalez-Izquierdo, Bruno; King, Martin; Gray, Ross J.
    • Nature Communications, Vol. 7, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms12891

    Experimental observation of transverse modulations in laser-driven proton beams
    journal, February 2014


    High repetition rate, multi-MeV proton source from cryogenic hydrogen jets
    journal, September 2017

    • Gauthier, M.; Curry, C. B.; Göde, S.
    • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 111, Issue 11
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.4990487

    Dose-dependent biological damage of tumour cells by laser-accelerated proton beams
    journal, August 2010


    Energetic proton generation in ultra-intense laser–solid interactions
    journal, February 2001

    • Wilks, S. C.; Langdon, A. B.; Cowan, T. E.
    • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 8, Issue 2, p. 542-549
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.1333697

    Active steering of laser-accelerated ion beams
    journal, January 2008

    • Lundh, O.; Glinec, Y.; Homann, C.
    • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 92, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.2832765

    Robust energy enhancement of ultrashort pulse laser accelerated protons from reduced mass targets
    journal, July 2014


    Laser-driven ion acceleration via target normal sheath acceleration in the relativistic transparency regime
    journal, January 2018


    Ultrafast Laser-Driven Microlens to Focus and Energy-Select Mega-Electron Volt Protons
    journal, February 2006


    Invited Review Article: “Hands-on” laser-driven ion acceleration: A primer for laser-driven source development and potential applications
    journal, July 2016

    • Schreiber, J.; Bolton, P. R.; Parodi, K.
    • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 87, Issue 7
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.4959198

    Electron, photon, and ion beams from the relativistic interaction of Petawatt laser pulses with solid targets
    journal, May 2000

    • Hatchett, Stephen P.; Brown, Curtis G.; Cowan, Thomas E.
    • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 7, Issue 5
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.874030

    Proton acceleration enhanced by a plasma jet in expanding foils undergoing relativistic transparency
    journal, October 2015


    Isolated proton bunch acceleration by a petawatt laser pulse
    journal, January 2018


    Dose-controlled irradiation of cancer cells with laser-accelerated proton pulses
    journal, November 2012


      Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.