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Title: The LiteBIRD Satellite Mission: Sub-Kelvin Instrument

Abstract

Inflation is the leading theory of the first instant of the universe. Inflation, which postulates that the universe underwent a period of rapid expansion an instant after its birth, provides convincing explanation for cosmological observations. Recent advancements in detector technology have opened opportunities to explore primordial gravitational waves generated by the inflation through “B-mode” (divergent-free) polarization pattern embedded in the cosmic microwave background anisotropies. If detected, these signals would provide strong evidence for inflation, point to the correct model for inflation, and open a window to physics at ultra-high energies. LiteBIRD is a satellite mission with a goal of detecting degree-and-larger-angular-scale B-mode polarization. LiteBIRD will observe at the second Lagrange point with a 400 mm diameter telescope and 2622 detectors. It will survey the entire sky with 15 frequency bands from 40 to 400 GHz to measure and subtract foregrounds. The US LiteBIRD team is proposing to deliver sub-Kelvin instruments that include detectors and readout electronics. A lenslet-coupled sinuous antenna array will cover low-frequency bands (40–235 GHz) with four frequency arrangements of trichroic pixels. An orthomode-transducer-coupled corrugated horn array will cover high-frequency bands (280–402 GHz) with three types of single frequency detectors. The detectors will be made with transition edgemore » sensor (TES) bolometers cooled to a 100 milli-Kelvin base temperature by an adiabatic demagnetization refrigerator. The TES bolometers will be read out using digital frequency multiplexing with Superconducting QUantum Interference Device (SQUID) amplifiers. Up to 78 bolometers will be multiplexed with a single SQUID amplifier. Lastly, we report on the sub-Kelvin instrument design and ongoing developments for the LiteBIRD mission.« less

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
Contributing Org.:
US LiteBIRD Team
OSTI Identifier:
1490483
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1526522
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515; AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Low Temperature Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 193; Journal Issue: 5-6; Journal ID: ISSN 0022-2291
Publisher:
Plenum Press
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; Cosmic microwave background; Satellite; Inflation; Polarization; B-mode

Citation Formats

Suzuki, A., Ade, P. A. R., Akiba, Y., Alonso, D., Arnold, K., Aumont, J., Baccigalupi, C., Barron, D., Basak, S., Beckman, S., Borrill, J., Boulanger, F., Bucher, M., Calabrese, E., Chinone, Y., Cho, S., Crill, B., Cukierman, A., Curtis, D. W., de Haan, T., Dobbs, M., Dominjon, A., Dotani, T., Duband, L., Ducout, A., Dunkley, J., Duval, J. M., Elleflot, T., Eriksen, H. K., Errard, J., Fischer, J., Fujino, T., Funaki, T., Fuskeland, U., Ganga, K., Goeckner-Wald, N., Grain, J., Halverson, N. W., Hamada, T., Hasebe, T., Hasegawa, M., Hattori, K., Hattori, M., Hayes, L., Hazumi, M., Hidehira, N., Hill, C. A., Hilton, G., Hubmayr, J., Ichiki, K., Iida, T., Imada, H., Inoue, M., Inoue, Y., Irwin, K. D., Ishino, H., Jeong, O., Kanai, H., Kaneko, D., Kashima, S., Katayama, N., Kawasaki, T., Kernasovskiy, S. A., Keskitalo, R., Kibayashi, A., Kida, Y., Kimura, K., Kisner, T., Kohri, K., Komatsu, E., Komatsu, K., Kuo, C. L., Kurinsky, N. A., Kusaka, A., Lazarian, A., Lee, A. T., Li, D., Linder, E., Maffei, B., Mangilli, A., Maki, M., Matsumura, T., Matsuura, S., Meilhan, D., Mima, S., Minami, Y., Mitsuda, K., Montier, L., Nagai, M., Nagasaki, T., Nagata, R., Nakajima, M., Nakamura, S., Namikawa, T., Naruse, M., Nishino, H., Nitta, T., Noguchi, T., Ogawa, H., Oguri, S., Okada, N., Okamoto, A., Okamura, T., Otani, C., Patanchon, G., Pisano, G., Rebeiz, G., Remazeilles, M., Richards, P. L., Sakai, S., Sakurai, Y., Sato, Y., Sato, N., Sawada, M., Segawa, Y., Sekimoto, Y., Seljak, U., Sherwin, B. D., Shimizu, T., Shinozaki, K., Stompor, R., Sugai, H., Sugita, H., Suzuki, J., Tajima, O., Takada, S., Takaku, R., Takakura, S., Takatori, S., Tanabe, D., Taylor, E., Thompson, K. L., Thorne, B., Tomaru, T., Tomida, T., Tomita, N., Tristram, M., Tucker, C., Turin, P., Tsujimoto, M., Uozumi, S., Utsunomiya, S., Uzawa, Y., Vansyngel, F., Wehus, I. K., Westbrook, B., Willer, M., Whitehorn, N., Yamada, Y., Yamamoto, R., Yamasaki, N., Yamashita, T., and Yoshida, M. The LiteBIRD Satellite Mission: Sub-Kelvin Instrument. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1007/s10909-018-1947-7.
Suzuki, A., Ade, P. A. R., Akiba, Y., Alonso, D., Arnold, K., Aumont, J., Baccigalupi, C., Barron, D., Basak, S., Beckman, S., Borrill, J., Boulanger, F., Bucher, M., Calabrese, E., Chinone, Y., Cho, S., Crill, B., Cukierman, A., Curtis, D. W., de Haan, T., Dobbs, M., Dominjon, A., Dotani, T., Duband, L., Ducout, A., Dunkley, J., Duval, J. M., Elleflot, T., Eriksen, H. K., Errard, J., Fischer, J., Fujino, T., Funaki, T., Fuskeland, U., Ganga, K., Goeckner-Wald, N., Grain, J., Halverson, N. W., Hamada, T., Hasebe, T., Hasegawa, M., Hattori, K., Hattori, M., Hayes, L., Hazumi, M., Hidehira, N., Hill, C. A., Hilton, G., Hubmayr, J., Ichiki, K., Iida, T., Imada, H., Inoue, M., Inoue, Y., Irwin, K. D., Ishino, H., Jeong, O., Kanai, H., Kaneko, D., Kashima, S., Katayama, N., Kawasaki, T., Kernasovskiy, S. A., Keskitalo, R., Kibayashi, A., Kida, Y., Kimura, K., Kisner, T., Kohri, K., Komatsu, E., Komatsu, K., Kuo, C. L., Kurinsky, N. A., Kusaka, A., Lazarian, A., Lee, A. T., Li, D., Linder, E., Maffei, B., Mangilli, A., Maki, M., Matsumura, T., Matsuura, S., Meilhan, D., Mima, S., Minami, Y., Mitsuda, K., Montier, L., Nagai, M., Nagasaki, T., Nagata, R., Nakajima, M., Nakamura, S., Namikawa, T., Naruse, M., Nishino, H., Nitta, T., Noguchi, T., Ogawa, H., Oguri, S., Okada, N., Okamoto, A., Okamura, T., Otani, C., Patanchon, G., Pisano, G., Rebeiz, G., Remazeilles, M., Richards, P. L., Sakai, S., Sakurai, Y., Sato, Y., Sato, N., Sawada, M., Segawa, Y., Sekimoto, Y., Seljak, U., Sherwin, B. D., Shimizu, T., Shinozaki, K., Stompor, R., Sugai, H., Sugita, H., Suzuki, J., Tajima, O., Takada, S., Takaku, R., Takakura, S., Takatori, S., Tanabe, D., Taylor, E., Thompson, K. L., Thorne, B., Tomaru, T., Tomida, T., Tomita, N., Tristram, M., Tucker, C., Turin, P., Tsujimoto, M., Uozumi, S., Utsunomiya, S., Uzawa, Y., Vansyngel, F., Wehus, I. K., Westbrook, B., Willer, M., Whitehorn, N., Yamada, Y., Yamamoto, R., Yamasaki, N., Yamashita, T., & Yoshida, M. The LiteBIRD Satellite Mission: Sub-Kelvin Instrument. United States. doi:10.1007/s10909-018-1947-7.
Suzuki, A., Ade, P. A. R., Akiba, Y., Alonso, D., Arnold, K., Aumont, J., Baccigalupi, C., Barron, D., Basak, S., Beckman, S., Borrill, J., Boulanger, F., Bucher, M., Calabrese, E., Chinone, Y., Cho, S., Crill, B., Cukierman, A., Curtis, D. W., de Haan, T., Dobbs, M., Dominjon, A., Dotani, T., Duband, L., Ducout, A., Dunkley, J., Duval, J. M., Elleflot, T., Eriksen, H. K., Errard, J., Fischer, J., Fujino, T., Funaki, T., Fuskeland, U., Ganga, K., Goeckner-Wald, N., Grain, J., Halverson, N. W., Hamada, T., Hasebe, T., Hasegawa, M., Hattori, K., Hattori, M., Hayes, L., Hazumi, M., Hidehira, N., Hill, C. A., Hilton, G., Hubmayr, J., Ichiki, K., Iida, T., Imada, H., Inoue, M., Inoue, Y., Irwin, K. D., Ishino, H., Jeong, O., Kanai, H., Kaneko, D., Kashima, S., Katayama, N., Kawasaki, T., Kernasovskiy, S. A., Keskitalo, R., Kibayashi, A., Kida, Y., Kimura, K., Kisner, T., Kohri, K., Komatsu, E., Komatsu, K., Kuo, C. L., Kurinsky, N. A., Kusaka, A., Lazarian, A., Lee, A. T., Li, D., Linder, E., Maffei, B., Mangilli, A., Maki, M., Matsumura, T., Matsuura, S., Meilhan, D., Mima, S., Minami, Y., Mitsuda, K., Montier, L., Nagai, M., Nagasaki, T., Nagata, R., Nakajima, M., Nakamura, S., Namikawa, T., Naruse, M., Nishino, H., Nitta, T., Noguchi, T., Ogawa, H., Oguri, S., Okada, N., Okamoto, A., Okamura, T., Otani, C., Patanchon, G., Pisano, G., Rebeiz, G., Remazeilles, M., Richards, P. L., Sakai, S., Sakurai, Y., Sato, Y., Sato, N., Sawada, M., Segawa, Y., Sekimoto, Y., Seljak, U., Sherwin, B. D., Shimizu, T., Shinozaki, K., Stompor, R., Sugai, H., Sugita, H., Suzuki, J., Tajima, O., Takada, S., Takaku, R., Takakura, S., Takatori, S., Tanabe, D., Taylor, E., Thompson, K. L., Thorne, B., Tomaru, T., Tomida, T., Tomita, N., Tristram, M., Tucker, C., Turin, P., Tsujimoto, M., Uozumi, S., Utsunomiya, S., Uzawa, Y., Vansyngel, F., Wehus, I. K., Westbrook, B., Willer, M., Whitehorn, N., Yamada, Y., Yamamoto, R., Yamasaki, N., Yamashita, T., and Yoshida, M. Thu . "The LiteBIRD Satellite Mission: Sub-Kelvin Instrument". United States. doi:10.1007/s10909-018-1947-7. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1490483.
@article{osti_1490483,
title = {The LiteBIRD Satellite Mission: Sub-Kelvin Instrument},
author = {Suzuki, A. and Ade, P. A. R. and Akiba, Y. and Alonso, D. and Arnold, K. and Aumont, J. and Baccigalupi, C. and Barron, D. and Basak, S. and Beckman, S. and Borrill, J. and Boulanger, F. and Bucher, M. and Calabrese, E. and Chinone, Y. and Cho, S. and Crill, B. and Cukierman, A. and Curtis, D. W. and de Haan, T. and Dobbs, M. and Dominjon, A. and Dotani, T. and Duband, L. and Ducout, A. and Dunkley, J. and Duval, J. M. and Elleflot, T. and Eriksen, H. K. and Errard, J. and Fischer, J. and Fujino, T. and Funaki, T. and Fuskeland, U. and Ganga, K. and Goeckner-Wald, N. and Grain, J. and Halverson, N. W. and Hamada, T. and Hasebe, T. and Hasegawa, M. and Hattori, K. and Hattori, M. and Hayes, L. and Hazumi, M. and Hidehira, N. and Hill, C. A. and Hilton, G. and Hubmayr, J. and Ichiki, K. and Iida, T. and Imada, H. and Inoue, M. and Inoue, Y. and Irwin, K. D. and Ishino, H. and Jeong, O. and Kanai, H. and Kaneko, D. and Kashima, S. and Katayama, N. and Kawasaki, T. and Kernasovskiy, S. A. and Keskitalo, R. and Kibayashi, A. and Kida, Y. and Kimura, K. and Kisner, T. and Kohri, K. and Komatsu, E. and Komatsu, K. and Kuo, C. L. and Kurinsky, N. A. and Kusaka, A. and Lazarian, A. and Lee, A. T. and Li, D. and Linder, E. and Maffei, B. and Mangilli, A. and Maki, M. and Matsumura, T. and Matsuura, S. and Meilhan, D. and Mima, S. and Minami, Y. and Mitsuda, K. and Montier, L. and Nagai, M. and Nagasaki, T. and Nagata, R. and Nakajima, M. and Nakamura, S. and Namikawa, T. and Naruse, M. and Nishino, H. and Nitta, T. and Noguchi, T. and Ogawa, H. and Oguri, S. and Okada, N. and Okamoto, A. and Okamura, T. and Otani, C. and Patanchon, G. and Pisano, G. and Rebeiz, G. and Remazeilles, M. and Richards, P. L. and Sakai, S. and Sakurai, Y. and Sato, Y. and Sato, N. and Sawada, M. and Segawa, Y. and Sekimoto, Y. and Seljak, U. and Sherwin, B. D. and Shimizu, T. and Shinozaki, K. and Stompor, R. and Sugai, H. and Sugita, H. and Suzuki, J. and Tajima, O. and Takada, S. and Takaku, R. and Takakura, S. and Takatori, S. and Tanabe, D. and Taylor, E. and Thompson, K. L. and Thorne, B. and Tomaru, T. and Tomida, T. and Tomita, N. and Tristram, M. and Tucker, C. and Turin, P. and Tsujimoto, M. and Uozumi, S. and Utsunomiya, S. and Uzawa, Y. and Vansyngel, F. and Wehus, I. K. and Westbrook, B. and Willer, M. and Whitehorn, N. and Yamada, Y. and Yamamoto, R. and Yamasaki, N. and Yamashita, T. and Yoshida, M.},
abstractNote = {Inflation is the leading theory of the first instant of the universe. Inflation, which postulates that the universe underwent a period of rapid expansion an instant after its birth, provides convincing explanation for cosmological observations. Recent advancements in detector technology have opened opportunities to explore primordial gravitational waves generated by the inflation through “B-mode” (divergent-free) polarization pattern embedded in the cosmic microwave background anisotropies. If detected, these signals would provide strong evidence for inflation, point to the correct model for inflation, and open a window to physics at ultra-high energies. LiteBIRD is a satellite mission with a goal of detecting degree-and-larger-angular-scale B-mode polarization. LiteBIRD will observe at the second Lagrange point with a 400 mm diameter telescope and 2622 detectors. It will survey the entire sky with 15 frequency bands from 40 to 400 GHz to measure and subtract foregrounds. The US LiteBIRD team is proposing to deliver sub-Kelvin instruments that include detectors and readout electronics. A lenslet-coupled sinuous antenna array will cover low-frequency bands (40–235 GHz) with four frequency arrangements of trichroic pixels. An orthomode-transducer-coupled corrugated horn array will cover high-frequency bands (280–402 GHz) with three types of single frequency detectors. The detectors will be made with transition edge sensor (TES) bolometers cooled to a 100 milli-Kelvin base temperature by an adiabatic demagnetization refrigerator. The TES bolometers will be read out using digital frequency multiplexing with Superconducting QUantum Interference Device (SQUID) amplifiers. Up to 78 bolometers will be multiplexed with a single SQUID amplifier. Lastly, we report on the sub-Kelvin instrument design and ongoing developments for the LiteBIRD mission.},
doi = {10.1007/s10909-018-1947-7},
journal = {Journal of Low Temperature Physics},
number = 5-6,
volume = 193,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {5}
}

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Figure 1 Figure 1: (Color online) (Left) Cross section of the cold mission system and insert, highlighting the sub-Kelvin instrument. The red and blue arrows indicate the optical path for the LFT and the HFT, respectively. (Right) The LiteBIRD sensitivities for each frequency band. Different colors indicate different focal plane modules. Themore » LFT has four types of modules with a staggering frequency schedule. The HFT has three single color pixel types with overlapping frequency coverage.« less

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